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HOSTESS POWER 


Quentin Letts on L_ 

sky queens and the jis 

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24 pages of executive 
and senior positions 

SPECIAL SECTION 3 




TIMES 


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BY JOlSHERMAN. POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT 


OLD FEOFI£ living m pri¬ 
vate residential homes aretb 
have their *mrsmg costs paid 
for by the Govenraiemlmder 
proposals being drawn up by 
ministers. ••' • " ; 

The plan. which could be r 
annotmced in fee Budget next ■ 
month and phased m over • 
several years, is designed to 
defuse mramting midd^dassV 
dismay over pensioners who 
have to sell their homes topay 
for care, denying theirchSd- 
ren their inhmtance.-'V" 
Ministers are looking, at a . 
£150 infiBdn.sdieine to cover J 
the 150X00 people who- now. : 
pay the full costs crftoefrcare./ 
The plan would coveronly : 
nursing oq>CTtses; residents' 
wuukl st31 becmected fopay - r 

ar rrj u nm n/laUrm jj-: 

though the costis ’Tdatiyely • 
modest now. it wittsoaT asihe 
population'ages. - V ■ 

Thesdteme wfll-be^e&st- 
tangible outcome PC 4,’^' 



y poirdt makin g ted 
jfbr extra funding • 

j . ' ” 

Many hive So do so after 
spteumigtwo or three yearsm 
less - , expensive residential 
homes once their’heafto dete¬ 
riorates, foeyneedtoe more 
intensive, care, of nnrsihg~ 
homes. wWdi can cost an 
exfcaDOO aJveek./.. \ 
si MSmStttm&tctim people 


month review of foe- grgwjng, 


Stephen Dorre^/toe Healfo 
Secretary, and the Dpwning 
Street Poficy Unit on die Ppme 
Minister's -carders. Jotej-Ma- 
jor, who wants to phase out 
inheritance tax/is concerned 
about die impattrfcdstfy care 


jrowffl nursnKhflmesiasedlo 

nosp&afc. Bin oyer the past ten 
, yeaS^mdre' andmote people 
havebeatmowecTratOTnirang 
homes, where they have to 
pkkfop thefaffl. “The issue is 
whether theStateshould pro¬ 
vide cteefronithe cradle to die 


[both on pensioners today and; grave, whkh was one of the 
on their children. who will be founding principles of 'the 
denied the home or nestegg NHS.^oDe mmistarial source 
toey were exporting. ■ . . ..^saict . . 

Other optiartS : indude rais-' '*■ •' Ikying part of toe cast 
ing the £8X00 savings'toe^ would, address this prohlem.- 


they were expecting. • 

Other options : indude isos-' 
ing the £8X00 savings thresh¬ 
old that cuts eff state care, for 
nursing home fees— although 
: could •’ mean raising me 

threshold for aBsoaal security 

benefits at oiorintaht cost — 
and offering, tax breaks-to 
those willing to save for their 
old age. Another longer tom 
measure could be to regime 
younger people to insure 
against the cost of going into a. 
home. • - 1 ■' 

In some cases, the ekteriy 
. have been forced to sefl. their 
bouses to pay nursing home, 
fees of £350-a week and more. 


without a huge mcrease in 


' sources are still nervous about 
the-long-term cost nhpbca- 
tions — state. spending on 
residential' andmtesmg home 
care has already risen to more 
than -Inman from £10 
million inl979. 'J 
The plan has also fared 
opposition iram Cabinet mizt- 
isterssuth as'Peter UBey, the 
Social S&anib? Secretary, who 
is arguing against any char g e 
on principle raffia- than cost 
•Mr Lafey, whose own bud- 


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it will be rectified." It was 
- hoped/that toe repairs could 
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easting thnescate fcff ccflnpte' 
turn of die vessel”. ., -- . ;.. * 

The :hdkapter. carrier , is 
bang: built,.for the .Rqyal 
Manses to replace too old 
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to the Indian navy. : . . 


- get would be marginally af¬ 
fected, bdieves that tftose who 
can afford it should pay for 
direr care and argued that the 

. inheritance argument holds 
: tittle weight. He argues that 
. only one person in six goes 
into a residential home and 
the average length of stay is 
only two years, so there is not 
. a huge problem to be 
■ addressed. 

- However. Mr Darrell is 
firmly pushing for change and 
. • is bidding for his budget to be 
expanded if necessary. He is 
thought to believe that im¬ 
provements in the standards 
of care for poorer pensioners 
has fuelled die sense of injus¬ 
tice felt by those having to pay 
. then - own way. ' 

Mr DorreD fcalso said to be 
considering a complete over- 
•. haul of residential and nurs- 

- ing care funding in the state' 
sector ' to complement • the 
dunces, so .that the Health 
Department^ would finance 

i hetelh ctoe costs while soda! 
services departments paid for 
acc ommodation. 

Ministerial sources admit¬ 
ted that disagreement over the 
best option could delay an 
announcement until next year, 
and some Cabinet ministers 
are'arguing that any an- 
' nonncement should be held 
bach for the Conservative 

manifesto. 

Bui one source said: “It 

- would -make good political 
sense to make an announce¬ 
ment'sooner — in the Budget 
—rather than later. The Prime 
Minister has bem looking at 
this for six months. But it 

‘ depends Whether agreement 
can be . readied between 
ministers-” • • 

It is likely that any package 
Will be phased m over several 
years, so that costs are con¬ 
tained inhiaBy. It is possible 
dial part of the programme 
will be announced in the 

- Budget with die remainder 
reserved for the manifesto. 


Cunningham 
election defeat 

John Cunningham, toe Shad¬ 
ow Trade and Industry Secre¬ 
tary, • lost his place in the 
Shadow Cabinet in yester¬ 
day's elections. 

The defeat for one of 
labour's most senior figures 
was toe only surprise in a poll 
that ■ saw Clare. Short 
Labour's spokesman on wotn- 
en*s issues, elected for the first 
time. 1 Donald Dewar, toe 
Shadow Social Security Sec¬ 
retary, fe to become toe new 
Labour chief whip. 

French banks 
raise their rates 

Four of France's largest banks 
announced a rise in the baste 
lending rate test night in a 
move that temps further eco¬ 
nomic and political pressure 
on toe embattled Government 
of Prime . Minster Alain 
Jupp& The increase from 7.9 
per cart to 82 per cent» toe 
first tightening of credit con¬ 
ditions since test December. 

. Terrorist ultimatum, page 14 

Appeal fahs 

A hospital consultant has been 
disciplined by an NHS trust 
-after writing to. The Times 
about the shortage of into- 
sivecare beds. Dr Bob Bown 
has lost his appeal against a 
formal warning issued over 
the letter-Page 9 



Red Rum. ridden by Tommy Stack, winning the National for the thin) time 

Grand National hero 
Red Rum dies at 30 


U was the passing of a hero, 
nothing less. Yesterday Red 
Rum died: a horse whose 
name was synonymous with 
die most precious and elusive 
commodity in sport—victory. 
Victory in the hardest, most 
exacting circumstances. Three 
wins in the Grand National; it 
really is true. We shall not see 
his like again. 

On May 3 this year, he 
stepped out of his retirement 
from public life to make an 
appearance at Aintree. home 
of the Grand National, to 
celebrate his 30th birthday. A 
grand age for a horse. 

John Burgess, his vet, was 
called to attend to him early 
yesterday. “For a short time, 
he had not been himsel£” 
Burgess said. "I found him in 
a distressed state, obviously 
very weak and showing signs 
of circulatory failure." 

There was nothing left to do 
but perform the last rites and 
say the farewells. Ginger 
McCain., his trainer for all 
three Grand National wins, 
said: 'The old lad has had a 
wonderful life and been a 


By Simon Barnes 

marvellous friend. A very 
remarkable old horse — seri¬ 
ously magical.” Indeed: not a 
bad bargain for 400 guineas, 
his price as a yearling. He 
began his raring career on the 
Flat, and did so. remarkably 
enough, by dead-heating. He 
went on to win three times 
over hurdles and five times 
over fences before Luriene 
Brotherton sold him for 6,000 
guineas to Nod le Mare. 

Red Rum then went to 
McCain’s yard, behind the 
secondhand car showroom in 
Southport, where he trained 
daily on the endless sands. 
From thei on. the rest is, of 
course, history. 

Red Rum won the Grand 
National in 1973 and 1974, was 
second the following two 
years, to L’Escargot and to 
Rag Trade, but came baric in 
triumph to win again in 1977. 
He retired on the eve of the big 
race the following year. 

He owes his place in nat¬ 
ional affections not for flashy 
looks or extravagant tech¬ 
nique, but for winning. Specif¬ 
ically, for winning the Grand 




Atntree 

RED RUM 


MAY 3rd 1965 
OCTOBER 18th 1995 


The plaque on the grave af toe course finishing line 


National, the biggest betting 
race of the year. He was toe 
horse who made a lottery into 
a certainty. 

There was nothing startling 
about his jumping, save its 
consistency. He jumped with 
something like a 
showjumpers care, a thought¬ 
ful economy, but he added to 
that a remorseless gallop be¬ 
tween fences that broke toe 
stamina and toe heart of his 
rivals. 

He would probably have 
been rather a bore to inter¬ 
view: no extravagant claims, 
no wild statements. I just take 
each fence as it cranes and 
gallop till 1 get past toe 
winning post Hewon24ofhis 
100 races over obstacles, and 
collected £114.371 in prize- 
money. which was a record for 
a jumper when he retired. 

After his retirement, he be¬ 
came a fun time celebrity, 
opening supermarkets and 
betting shops, taking on any¬ 
thing shore of after-dinner 
speaking. Every year from 
1978 to 1984. he led toe parade 
of runners before the start of 
the Grand National, every 
year he found it a perplexing 
experience: toe sounds and 
rights of Aintree on its Feast 
Day filled him with adrenalin 
and made him want to do one 
thing: ran. Unable to do so, he 
compensated every year by 
behaving extremely badly. 

He lived in his retirement 
withMcCain, who was always 
aware that be bad in his care 
a living national treasure. Red 
Rum remains, perhaps will 
always remain, the only horse 
to have won the Grand Nat¬ 
ional three times. He has been 
buried at Aintree. At toe 
finishing line, where rise? 


Sport, page 48 


Hi 



TRAVEL NEWS....40,41 

BOOKS........:..:..3839 

LAW REPORT...........34 


Howard ready 
to come out 
fighting as 
Lewis sues 

By Phtup Webster and Richard Ford 


MICHAEL HOWARD wffl 
today mount a vigorous 
fightback against calls for his 
resignation as the former head 
erf toe Prison Service prepares 
to take him to court for 
wrongful dismissal. 

The Home Secretary was 
reported last night to be ready 
to “come out with all guns 
blaring” in a Commons debate 
on toe service and although 
his position looked secure test 
night, the prospect of another 
potentially dangerous tussle 
with the courts was causing 
serious concern among 
ministers. 

Derek Lewis, who was 
sacked on Monday as Direc¬ 
tor-General of the Prison Ser¬ 
vice, yesterday issued a writ 
against Mr Howard, whose 
troubles were compounded by 
the resignation of a Prisons 
Board director over his treat¬ 
ment of Mr Lewis. Geoffrey 
Keeys, a non-executive direc¬ 
tor. said he strongly believed 
that Mr Lewis should have 
remained in office: another 
non-executive director is also 
considering standing down. 

The developments led to 
Alan Beith of the Liberal 
Democrats adding to toe calls 
for Mr Howard to resign, 
while Labours Jade Straw 
said Shadow Home Secre¬ 
tary's position was untenable. 
Downing Street reiterated, 
however, that Mr Howard 
continued to enjoy toe Prime 
Ministers full support 

Mr Lewis's writ dies a 
series of incidents which he 
claims show that Mr Howard 
regularly interfered in toe day- 
to-day running of the prisons. 
Mr Howard's denial of such 
interference is toe prime rea¬ 
son given for by ministers for 
the buck stopping at Mr Lewis 
and not him. 

The writ says that Mr 
Howard tried to alter search 
plans drawn up after an 


escape from Whitemoor in 
September last yean instruct¬ 
ed Mr Lewis to make state¬ 
ments critical of the Prison 
Officers Association, and re¬ 
quired him to go to the Home 
Office on average once daily to 
discuss operational matters. 

It also contests Mr How¬ 
ard* claim (hat he did not try 
to force the suspension of John 
Marriott, the Parkhursi gover¬ 
nor. after the escape of three 
dangerous prisoners in Janu¬ 
ary. The writ mentions the 
“edreme and unjustified pres¬ 
sure” exerted on Mr Lewis by 
Mr Howard to have Mr 
Marriott suspended. It also 
says that Mr Howard set a 
deadline for Mr Marriott to go 


Lewis writ .-.—. 2 

W illiam Recs-Mogg-20 

Letters.-.21 


and said that he would over¬ 
rule him if he did not comply. 

Mr Lewis's action infuriated 
ministers. Conservative Party 
sources said last night that the 
writ amounted to little more 
than a "glorified press release" 
and was dearly designed to 
enhance Mr Lewis’s claim for 
compensation. Sources said 
that Mr Howard would reply 
“robustly" to all toe charges 
against him and deny that he 
told Mr Lewis to suspend Mr 
MarrioL 

Mr Howard will also tell the 
Commons today that he has 
acted entirely properly within 
the terms of the agreement 
governing the relationship be¬ 
tween the Prison Service and 
the Home Secretary. This 
states that while he would not 
normally become involved in 
the day-to-day management of 
toe service, he would expect to 
be consulted by the Director- 
General on the handling of 

Continued on page 2, col 3 


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2 HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


Debutant delivers deadly line in dictation at Dispatch Box 


AS WE debate how far minis¬ 
ters are responsible for “oper¬ 
ational" matters, your sketch- 
writer remembers trying to 
counter las an M.P) a hostile 
question to the late Nicholas 
Ridley hum Dennis Skinner, 
about defects in the rail ser¬ 
vice from London to Derby. 

Ridley bad replied that this 
was “an operational matter, 
for the Chairman of British 
Rail". So I jumped up and 
asked him whether it was not 
true that the service was in 
fact much improved. 

Ridley mumbled, in his 
bored way: “As I refuse the 


brickbats, so 1 must refuse the 
bouquets. This is an opera¬ 
tional matter, for the Chair¬ 
man of British Rail " Or 
words to that effect- God rest 
his soul. Intdtectuai honesty 
is water in the desert of 
British politics. 

Which Is why the new 
Scottish Secretary. Michael 
Forsyth, so impresses. I 
watched this latest Scot to join 
the Cabinet make his debut at 
Scottish Questions yesterday 
afternoon. 

The Scottish Conservative 
Party in Parliament numbers 
eleven: a small pond. Yet it 



POLITICAL SKETCH 



already contains two very big 
fish. Malcolm Rifkmd, the 
Foreign Secretary, and Ian 
Lang, the President of the 
Board of Trade, are big and 
getting bigger. 

To watch Mr Forsyth is to 
see another serious contender. 
With the Tory Right now 
doubtful who leads it this 
most thoughtful of right* 
wingers grows even more 


interesting. Mr Forsyth has 
grown in Dispatch Box skill. 
Yesterday he was cool as¬ 
sured and deadly. 

Mr Forsyth tiriens to the 
question, thinks on his feet, 
then gets properly to grips 
with it Whatever defensive 
skill ministers may show in 
turning aside the argument, it 
is still a joy to see a politician 
impatient to engage with it. 


Forsyth, s small, stooped fig¬ 
ure. crouches bright-eyed on 
the front bench tike a panther 
who cannot wad to pounce. 

He leaps at the Dispatch 
Box, confident of his intellec¬ 
tual mastery, unafraid of 
what anyone may throw at 
him. because he understands 
his own argument He speaks 
in a cofled, measured, very 
slightly menacing way, as 
though dictating. 

Hansard rep or t e rs will 
need little work cm a Forsyth 
answer the phrasing, the 
grammar, the balance of sub¬ 
ordinate clauses—almost the 


p unctuati on — are all .there. 
One has little difficulty in 
believing the rumour dot his 
daughter used to keep puff- 
adders as pets. 

The ftew Scottish Secretary 
has plainly decided to ram 
home a simple message 
whenever he cam that a 
Scottish Parliament’s "tartan 
tax” will hammer Scotland. 
Running rings round ques¬ 
tioners, he took a rarschievous 
delight in ambushing them 
from unexpected quarters — 
praising, for instance, the 
general secretary of. the Scot¬ 
tish TUG with whom it 


Writ alleges daily intervention 

Lewis details how 



Home Secretary 
interfered in job 


By Richard Ford, home correspondent 


MICHAEL HOWARD inter¬ 
vened directly in the running 
of the Prison Service, includ¬ 
ing ordering its director-gen¬ 
eral to make hostile public 
statements about the Prison 
Officers' Association, accord¬ 
ing to a writ issued by Derek 
Lewis, the former Director- 
General, yesterday. 

Alleged details of the Home 
Secretary or Home Office’s 
intervention in operational is¬ 
sues on an almost daily basis 
were outlined in a writ issued 
by Mr Lewis claiming wrong¬ 
ful dismissal as head of the 
Prison Service. 

The writ, alleging pressures 
applied through ministerial 
interference, was delivered to 
the Treasury solicitors yester¬ 
day after Mr Lewis had spent 
several hours consulting with 
his legal advisers. 

It says that any targets that 
Mr Lewis failed to meet were 
substantially caused or con¬ 
tributed toby the “high level of 
involvement" by the Home 
Secretary. The writ lists 12 
areas where Mr Howard is 
accused of intervening: 

1. He is alleged to have 
intervened in an attempt to 


alter searching plans drawn 
up by the Prison Service after 
the escape of five IRA men 
from Whrtemoor top security 
jail in September 1994. 

2. He allegedly put Mr 
Lewis under “extreme and 
unjustified pressure" on Janu¬ 
ary 10 to suspend John Marri¬ 
ott as Governor of Parkhurst 
jail when Mr Lewis had 
decided to move him to 
another post The pressure is 
said to have included Mr 
Howard suggesting that he 
would over-rule Mr Lewis if 
he did not comply with the 
Home Secretary’s idea. 

3. Mr Howard’s alleged 
insistence that Mr Marriott's 
removal be “today" — the day 
he made a statement to the 
Commons — in spite of objec¬ 
tions made by Mr Lewis. 

4. He allegedly required Mr 
Lewis to make public state¬ 
ments “highly critical" of ac¬ 
tion fry the Prison Officers’ 
Association- This is believed to 
be Mr Lewis’s outburst after 
the escape from Parkhurst in 
January when he accused the 
association of obstructing an 
internal inquiry. 

5. Mr Howard is said to 


Countdown to 
governor’s move 
from Parkhurst 


EVENTS leading to the re¬ 
moval of John Marriott from 
Parkhurst jail are at the heart 
of allegations about Michael 
Howard’s involvement in day- 
ro-day running of the Prison 
Service (Richard Ford writes). 

Mr Marriott left the gover¬ 
nor's post after meetings in 
London and ran the Isle of 
Wight to discuss bis future in 
the aftermath of the second 
escape from a top-security 
prison within three months. 

Monday January 9: Derek 
Lewis arid senior advisers 
decide Mr Marriott should 
move from Parkhurst within a 
month- 

Tuesday Jan 10. 930am: 
Philippa Drew, then director 
of custody in the Prison Ser¬ 
vice, arrives at Parkhurst pris¬ 
on for a meeting with Mr 
Marriott She tells him that it 
has been decided there should 
be a change of governor. It is 
to be an orderly handover 
taking place in three to four 
weeks. 

9am-1Oam: Mr Lewis meets 
Mr Howard at the Home 
Office only hours before the 
Home Secretary is to make a 
statement on the escape to the 
Commons. Mr Lewis tells the 
minister he will move Mr 
Marriott within four weeks. 

(Mr Lewis says he came 


under intense pressure from 
Mr Howard to suspend the 
governor. He was given a 
deadline to agree and told that 
if he did not Mr Howard 
might overrule him.) 

The Director-General 
leaves the meeting and returns 
later after a paragraph is 
drafted saying Mr Marriott 
will be removed “today". Mr 
Lewis objects to the word 
“today" 

Noon: Miss Drew has 
lunch with Mr Marriott at the 
governor's home. 

14.15: They return to 
Parkhurst 

14.45: Peter Kitteridge, Pris¬ 
on Service area manager, 
arrives at Parkhurst for dis¬ 
cussions about three to four- 
week orderly handover. 

15.45: Miss Drew receives 
telephone call. She writes 
down what she is told, then 
returns to the governor’s office 
visibly distressed. The call was 
not from Mr Lewis. 

15.50: Miss Drew makes a 
telephone call to check she has 
received the correct message. 
She then tells Mr Marriott 
and Mr Kitteridge that the 
governor is to lose his post 
immediately. Within minutes 
Mr Howard tells MPs in the 
Commons that Mr Marriott is 
being removed that day. 


have pul pressure on Mr 
Lewis to increase the severity 
of internal disciplinary action 
against prison officers and 
governors. 

6. He allegedly required Mr 
Lewis to attend the Home 
Office on average once a day 
to discuss operational matters. 

7. The alleged refusal by Mr 
Howard in September 1995 to 
allow the Prison Service to 
proceed with an operational 
derision to cut the number of 
jails holding category A in¬ 
mates to improve security and 
save money. 

8. The alleged failure by Mr 
Howard to devote sufficient 
time to consider policy propos¬ 
als to bring in restrictions on 
home leave to protect the 
public. This resulted in a delay 
of about a year. 

9. A1 “z-year delay sail to be 
induced fry the “repeated per¬ 
sonal involvement" of Mr 
Howard or his agents in 
recruiting a personnel director 
for the Prison Service. 

10. The alleged requirement 
by Mr Howard that Mr Lewis 
delay urgently needed opera¬ 
tional restructuring of area 
manager arrangements. 

11. The “failure” of Mr 
Howard to provide resources 
to avoid delay in implement¬ 
ing the Woodcock security 
recommendations after the 
Whitemoor escape, despite as¬ 
surances given to the 
Commons. 

12. Mr Howard’s “dilatory" 
consideration of proposed 
Code of Operating standards 
forming the basis of introduc¬ 
tion of performance audit 
standards. 

The writ makes dear that 
Mr Lewis is seeking damages 
equivalent to lost salary, 
bonus payments up to Sep¬ 
tember 19% and other “conse¬ 
quential" losses. Mr Lewis is 
also seeking a declaration that 
his sacking was unlawful The 
writ, drawn up by Russell 
Jones and Walker, solicitors to 
Mr Lewis’s trade union the 
First Division Association, 
makes it dear that no disci¬ 
plinary action had been taken 
against the former Director- 
General before he was sacked. 

By initiating High Court 
action, lawyers expect to get 
access to documents that will 
outline the involvement of Mr 
Howard. 



Release 
of letters 
is part 
of media 
campaign 


By Richard Ford 




Michael Howard, top, leaving the Cabinet Office 
and Derek Lewis outside his union solicitors’ 


office in central London yesterday afternoon 


DEREK LEWIS claimed yes¬ 
terday that the Learmont re¬ 
port into the Parkhurst escape 
was “unbalanced, selective 
and inaccurate". 

In two confidential tetters 
which he had sent to die 
Horae Secretary, Mr Lewis 
criticises the document for 
being based an partial and 
second-hand opinions and of 
ignoring evidence provided by 
senior managers. 

Mr Lewis, sacked on Mon¬ 
day, opened up a new offen¬ 
sive against Michael Howard 
by releasing the letters, writ¬ 
ten earlier this month. It was 
the latest salvo in a swiftly 
organised media campaign. 
Within hours of being fired, 
he had hired his own public 
relations advisers who org¬ 
anised a string of television 
and radio appearances. He is 
being advised fry. Mill bank 
PR, a small public relations 
firm run fry Diana Saltman 
and Jackie Murphy, whom he 
has known since his days with 
UK Gold, the satellite, tele- 
virion channel 

The letters show that he 
wrote to Mr Howard during 
the Conservative conference 
alleging that the- inquiry re¬ 
port by Sir John Learmont 
was nqt wholly balanced. “In 
many cases, the report app¬ 
ears to be based on partial 
opinions given in interviews, 
in same cases second hand, 
rather than an substantive, 
impartial evidence." he wrote 
on October 12. 

The later adds: “In many 
cases, hard evidence has not 
been sought or, where provid¬ 
ed by the (Prisons) Board, has 
been ignored or dismissed. 
Examples include that on 
morale, paperwork, instruc¬ 
tions and training. I do not 
Chink the evidence, whether 
opinion or feet, has been 
presented in a balanced way." 

Mr Lewis's claims of minis- 
teriaTinterference in the .run¬ 
ning of tiie service . is 
supported in comments in a 
letter sent to the Learmont 
inquiry by Sir Duncan NfchoL 
a non executive director of foe 
Prisons Board. He wrote: 
“Ministerial involvement too 
detailed." 

The letters , released 
through the First Division 
Association, which represents 
senior civil servants, imply 
that Mr Howard should have 
been prepared to. continue to 
support him in his task of 
overhauling the service. 


Howard pledges to come out fighting 


Continued from page I 
operational matters which 
could give rise to grave public 
or parliamentary concern. 

Mr Howard’s dose col¬ 
leagues said last night that he 
had an answer to every allega¬ 
tion that had bem laid against 
him and that Labour would 
have “egg on its face" at the 
end of the debate. Even so. 


ministers were dismayed that 
they were embroiled in an 
increasingly bitter row with 
Mr Lewis for the third 
successive day. 

The former prisons chief 
had stepped up his attack fry 
releasing a dossier of confi¬ 
dential letters describing his 
relationship with the Home 
Office. He disdosed that he 


twice wrote to Mr Howard 
twice last week questioning 
the Learmont report, which he 
said was incomplete and not 
worth the £600,000 it had cost 
to produce. 

Mr Howard was spared 
another potential embarrass¬ 
ment last night however, 
when the Home Affairs Select 
Committee decided ■ not to 


recall Mr Lewis to give further 
evidence. 

The committee spEt on par¬ 
ty lines and the decision was 
readied only on the casting 
vote of the Conservative chair¬ 
man, Sir Ivan Lawrence. 


WflOam Rees-Mogg and- 
Diny. page 20 
Letters, page 21 


‘appears Scots Labour MPs 
have had aiaJJmg oat 

In case Mr JFwsyib should 
have any doubt of his ability 
to win toe argument, . I can 
assure him that he always 
can.- • 

Sometimes be looks tike the 
leading car in a race. Wh ere 
others go ffat out, Mr Forsyth 
is £31 duly in second gear. 
Winning wiH not ~be-"his 
problem. His problem is two- 
sided. 

First, he can ; look and 
sound like a. natural stage- 
v illain: a yvdkast Iago. He 
la rfc g apparent warmth. To 


remedy that be should study 
old video-tapes - of David 
Hunt as Welsh Secretary. 
Second, intellectual mastery 
can . lead to incatztion. - - 
Yesterday he told the 
House "1 may be the-last 
Scottish Secretary with the 
power to axgue tor Scotland 
from within a United King¬ 
dom Cabinet”. 

- Ministers are not supposed 
to contemplate defeat If Mr 
Forsyth could team a tittle 
more cuddliness and dreurn- 
spectioa nothing would stop 
.him; but (Ms sketdrwrifo; for 
due, would be sany: 


art 


ad* 





Minister 
denies 
softer line 
on IRA 


Sunday 
man wins 


Telegraph 


By Auexandra Fkean 
MEDIA CORRESPONDENT 


The. 1 Government denied. 
Unionist claims yesterday that 
it had changed its position on 
foe decommissioning of IRA 
weapons, 1 Michael - Alteram, 
Northern Ireland. Minister, 
repeated that die' IRA must 
begin to decommission before 
all-rparty talks, but 
emphasised a more flexible 
approach, saying that nobody 
had a “monopoly of wisdom". 

His comments came after 
Sir PatrickMayhew, North¬ 
ern Ireland Secretory, said 
that he would consider alter¬ 
native suggestions from a 
proposed international disar¬ 
mament oommission. 


CHARLES MOORE, Editor 
of The Sunday Telegraph «. 
has been appointed editor 
The Daily Telegraph, outing 
three weeks of’uncertainty, 
and speculation at the two 
broadsheet tides. . 7 

Mr Moore! 38. will replace 
Max Hastings. 49, who re-. 
signed to become Editor of the 
London Evening Standard 
early next year. Dominic 
Lawson, Editor.of the Tele-.. 
graph-owned Spectator mag: 
azure is to be Editin’ of The 
Sunday Telegraph. 

The Canadian entrepre¬ 
neur Conrad Black, ownerof 
had initially 


GPs to be tested 


Measures to raise foe -steak 
dards of doctors who w&tfc, 
badly were promised by.Ste-. 
phen Dorreu, foe Hettigkgecb 
retary, yesterday, 
treatment provided 
must be biased on evklenjee^^ 
clinical effectiveness and^mit. 
for money- Doctors mbs. 
have to undergo .reg^^^. 
fresher coansesto. keepa&£asi; 
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THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


Injuries leave mother unable to bring up daughter she had longed for 



By Emma Wilkins 


A MOTHER who suffered 
horrific burns whena friend 
poured medicated spiritSon a 
garden barbecue has no pros¬ 
pect of leadng> a. normal- life 
again, y.fhe High" Court in' 
London was told yesterday;. : 

Julia Cbute, 48. who is suing 
for damages, says that she 
was so 3adfy injured in the : 
accident five years ago that 
she is unable to care for hex- : 
riflughfer , Arabella, at home. 
The child, who was aged six at • 
the time, was sort, away to 
boarding school V'd. 

“I would never .haw sent 
Arabella away if I hadn’t had 
the agadentd* Mrs C&ute, 
from Winchester, said.“She* 

3 the first girl in my husband’s 
family for five generations. 
She is so precious to os.” 

Mrs Chute, whose husband 
Robin is the estates bursar at 1 
Winchester College, was at a 
lunch party -in her friend 
Amanda St AubynVgarden, 
when the accident happened. 
Mrs St Aubyru. foam Stock- 
bridge, Hampshire, poured 
methylated spirits on the lit 
barbecue, which . formed a 
fireball that blew on to Mrs 
Chute. 

She suffered burns to 21 per 
cent of her body, developed a 
life-threat erring infecficnfand • 
has undergone ten znsgarop- 


4 

a 


erations. -The accident was 
witnessed by Arabella and 
Mre Orates son. Charles, 
then 1L who suffered burns to - 
-his Shoulder: Mrs Chafe;'who - 
is in constant pamframbanis 
to her neck, arms, chest and 

-stomach,; and suffers 'from 

posrtrauhatic stress dadttfer, 
is seeking damages relating tet¬ 
her fixture loss of earnings and 
costs of treatments, estimated 
at ESOftOOCL Gem ral damag es 
of £70,000 for pain and suffer¬ 
ing have afready been agreed 
. with Mrs St Aubyn’s insurers, 
who admit liability. It is' 
understood that foe two 
women remain friends. 

Mrs Chute had worked as a 
bilingual personal assistant to 
a wiitt merchant She gave up 
' her job when she had ter first 
child.-but-was intending to 
return to work when foe 
accident happened. Her inju¬ 
ries mean she will never work 
again, the court was told. , 

Mrs C3mte told foe corat: 
“There is never a moment 
when lam free of pain. I have 
shooting / pains which 1 
describe ^as being like -bee 
stings. Sometimes they are so 
severe they make me jump. 

1 sleep very badly. If I am 
hxeky. I getaboutoae.or two 
hourT'uninterrupted sleep.” 
Each mowing and evening. 


Mrs Chute removes pressure 
garments which she wears 
under her clothes and applies 
cream to her bums-“leant get 
through a day unless I have a 
rest' at about 4pm for an 
hour.” •'.. 

Household tasks such as 
deaning.ironing and washing 
: leave-Mrs Chute exhausted. 
She employs a housekeeper to 
carry oat the domestic duties 
foat she mice did herself. Mr 
Chute, who looks after Win¬ 
chester College’s land inter¬ 
ests. helps - to prepare 
vegetables for cooking. 

The damages daim indudes 
. foe costs of domestic help, the 
expense of adapting and mak¬ 
ing dofoes to cover scars on 
her neck and die cost of 
alternative treatments, includ¬ 
ing reflexology and foe Alex¬ 
ander Technique, which helps 
to relieve the pain. 

, Richard Methuen, for Mrs 
i St Aubyn, suggested foal Mrs 
Orate might be able to carry 
out translation work from 
home. But Anthony Rossi 
Mrs Chutes consultant at 
Oddstock Hospital said she 
would never be able to work 
ggafn. "She Me suffered a 
shattering thing. I don't fed 
she has any prospect of further 
employment" 

. . Thehearing was adjourned. 


• -’"Ws? ... 


M. 









TuinaerleaYtngBBCC'. 


5..= : 


KJti. «_l 


presenter 
for Elm 


By Alexandra Frean 
MEDIA CORRESPONDENT 


nv' has' poached Anthea 
Turner from fo e BBCs Nat- 
ional LotteiyLive programme 
in a deal which wul make her 
one of foe highest-paid pre¬ 
senters on British television.' 

Turner signed a two-year 
contract yesterday with nv, 
which is oefieved to be worth 
£1 million. She already earns 
an estimated £600,000 as a 
presenter ' cm GMTV. foe 
breakfast television station. 

The deal will be a blow to 
foe BBC. Although ratings for 
the National Lottery draw 
have been steadily dedining 
from a peak of 18 mdlxm and 
critics have panned tiK pro¬ 
gramme, it attracts 12 trumoo 
viewers ami boosts au d ie nc es 
for foe whole of the Saturday 
evening schedule. -' 

Turner will leave , when her 
contract expires in April At 
ITV she will work an a prinfe- 
time show called AU You 'Need 
Is Love and. wffl then develop 
etther programme ideas. 



churches that 



By Roth Gledhill, religion correspondent 


THE Archbishop ofCanter¬ 
bury criticised dergy who are 
retocteram baptise foe babfe 
of parents who tfo n(tt attend 
iefiteehl - - t: ... - 

- T)r Seohge Carey, speaking ' 
oair'dr'visit to dioceses <?■ 

Worcester and Lichfield last 
ni^it argued foal the Church 
of England^ mission was to 
foe entire nation. He told 
dergy and laity ^aot to build 
too mam barriers around 
churbbfite”. ' • 

Stewing into a foeofogjcal 
minefield-vdikh is certain to 
be debated by tfe General 
Synod over foe nod few years, 
the -Archbishop said: “I re¬ 
main immensely gratdul that 
foe church to which my par¬ 
ents took me to be baptised did - 
hot turn them away on the 
of their ara-atfen- 
ob a Sunday- & was. a;- 
c&urch fora received 
and perceived foe flick¬ 
ering faith they had.” * 

Dr Carey-wanted 
using foe finer points 
trine to dose doors on 
“We must beware ofii 
ing pofides that sound foeo- 
lo^craly correct bat which fofl. 
to encoaraass - the spiritual 
aspirations of those whom we 
serve," he said. • . • 

Baptism has beomne an 
incr^sihglyccxitentious issue 
in. a : church with deep divi- 
sfohsover questions of sescual- 
ityand dmrdimanforp: Some 
evangelicals and' traditional¬ 
ists'are concernedthatmfl- 
lions of beofde.in Britain are 
nominalry AngKcan and ware - 
baptised in their Jkxtel parish. 


doo- 


church.^but comparatively few 
attend church asaduhs, except 
possibly to get married. 

Stone; dergy, largely , from 
the' evangelical wmg of die 
CHbrch, 'are - rehictant to 
baptise babies where parents 
are not churdigoers, offering 
them a service of Messing or 
“foanksgivin| after chfld- 

In law, dergy have to 
baptise babies from within 
their parish but the Church 
accepts that baptism can be 
delayed to prepare foe par¬ 
ents. Tony Higton, rector of 
Hawkwell in Essex and 
founder of Action for Biblical 
Witness to our Nation, said: 
"ff the Archbishop gives foe 
impression foal anyone can 
come for baptism whether 
they have thought about it or 
not, that is unhelpful. 

“This is a real problem. Tb 
•baptise anyone without prepa¬ 
ration is a gross misuse of foe 
Sacrament But to take a 
totally soda fine is really 
lacking in being merrifuL The 
happy solution is if a parent 
comes to'faith. But if they 
don't, you have to weigh up 
whether yoa are misusing foe 
Sacramenton foe one hand or 
being exclusive on the other. 

“Yon geta range of parishes 
,foat seem to bsprase anything 
that moves, and same that 
don’t .even believe in infant 
ba ptis m. If neither parent can 
make the promises, such as T 
turn, to Christ*, with integrity, 
we would encourage them to 
haye a Messing or thanksgiv¬ 
ing savice-" 




a new source of income 


By Alexandra Frean 

MEDIA CORRESPONDENT 


THE Royal British Legion % 
entering the charity scratch-. 
card war by launching its own ‘ 
version of foe game wifo £ 
record top prize of £ 100 . 000 ... 

The legion is aiming to 
irase ££00,000 throu^i foe 
sale of four naBionQ scratch- 
cards for its Pom pay 
appeal winch starts next 
Monday. The odds on-foe 
jackpot are one in a anDion- 
Cokrad Bobby Hansconfo. 
assistant general secretary of 
the Royal British : jbe fflon, 
whose patron is foe Qitten. 
said that foe legion had to 
kemfltxent of modern fond; - 
irasmgmsdwds. “We are not 
fihdmg it any raise 

nxraeyfiran collecting tins or 
door lo door appeals." ; • 
He adfod that he hoped 
thatpeoplewotfoi beattracted 
to foe poppy Day serah*- - 
cards by ffle-Actftat of every 
£1 spent 20p would go direct r 
to foe charity. Only S 6 ps . 
centoftheprooeedsof cards. 

- m^rn. iiMif OWt! fir 


--2?.a£iiB?JT5H 


LEGION 



result of competition from the 
National Lottery. 

Lord- Mancroft, whose 
Scratch-n-Wm soratchcard or- 
gafosation is running the 
Poppy Day game fin 1 foe 
fcgktu, said be expected 
Camdot to raise the top 


foe National Lottery. goes 
(fired to the National Lotted 
tes Charities Board. 

The launch off foe Poppy 
Day^cratehcard— foe first to. 
display a charity's name and 
logo on its fece—comes amid 
growing cwjccms about-foe 
dfetts foe; National -Lottery 
has had On charitable dona-. 
tkmiTbeNalwnalCounalof 
Voluntary Organisations has 
esfiniBted font individual 
. mg to djarities amid derime ' 
by £276 nd&ion this year as a 


£50000 to Eioaoba -They 
will do araything to squash 
us," he said. A spokeswoman 
from Camdot said: “We cer- 
tainty see a top prize of 
£100.000 as very viable." 

• Sales of cards have exceed¬ 
ed aQ expectations since Cam- 
dot launched its first Instants 
game on March 2L Although 
Cametofs card sales have 
dedrned from a peak of £44 
mflfion a wed, foey are stifl 
running at between £26 mil¬ 
lion raid £29 million a week. 
Tbtal sales so tor have topped 
ElbUfion. 

The legion’s test Poppy Day 
appeal- raised £15 million to¬ 
wards its overall income of 
£24 mfilion. Last year the 
charity had to take £ 2 Smil- 
\ lion from reserves because of 
cashflow problems. 



Motorist 
fined for 
splashing 


walkers 


By Edward Gorman 


Julia Chute yesterday. She has undergone ten operations and is in constant pain 


A MOTORIST who drove 
through a puddle, soaking an 
elderly pedestrian and his 
granddaughter, was fined E50 
yesterday and had three pen¬ 
alty points put on his licence. 

Brendan McNulty. 26. who 
drove through foe puddle on 
Blackpool promenade, was 
also fined £420 by the town's 
magistrates for failing to pro¬ 
duce his MoT test certificate 
and insurance documents, 
and had a further three points 
imposed for those offences. 

McNulty, a hotel manager 
who has returned to Blackpool 
after living in Italy, was 
convicted in his absence in 
1991- He had been charged 
with driving without due care 
and attention after a police¬ 
woman saw the puddle inci¬ 
dent, which the court was told 
left the pedestrians in a state of 
shock McNulty's solicitor, 
Chris .Capaldi, said that he 
had not intended to splash 
them mid had immediately 
offered them £30 to help wifo 
their dry-cleaning bills. 

“That was the money he had 
on him at the time," Mr 
Capaldi said. “He also offered 
thorn a free night's accommo¬ 
dation at the hotel he man¬ 
aged at the time." Mr Capaldi 
said that McNulty was forced 
by another car to swerve. 

McNulty said later that he 
was considering an appeal. 
“It was a genuine mistake and 
I pulled over to apologise. 
They seemed happy with my 
offer bui the police got 
involved." 






STARTS HERE 



IN THE TIMES 


Julia Llewellyn 

Smith meets Griff 
Rhys Jones, comedy 
tycoon 


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Bernard Levin, Caitiin 
Moran, Lynne Truss 
and Education 


IN THE TIMES 



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HOME NEWS 5 



DYLAN UAfTTWEZ 


VAUXHAIL ispSeringinore 
than. 4.000 assetttbly fitte 
workers 'the chanceto use a 
company car, felting.' Britam’s 
most popular pay perkfonto 
foeshqpfioar. v- _ .’-,v. 

Manual workers haye'beeni 
tokitbaf they canbave'a car' 
every 18 mortfhs in a -rental 
scheme cnndd ixst flwta 

less than £100 a :-.ni6ittlL 
VauriraDwiHpayroadtaxand 
insurance in a scheme.fhat 1 s 1 
part of an attempt .to break 
deadlocked pay negoti^iOTs : 
ThesdKmevvouldbe.opei^ 
initially to uftik£¥s''wjtth ten 
years’ service at the plants jn 
Luton. - Bedfordshire. and 
Ellesmere part, Metseyside. 

It would mdude all dk; 
company’s "models; L£oom a 
£7,000 Carsa up , to the £25.000 
i'Qmega executive modeL The 
■’ vehicles. on offer are "nearly 
new", an industry term fta- 
models toathaare spent adibit 
life as demonstrators in deal¬ 
erships, as company camxr in 
daily riattal fleets. Scene couki 


fe justVjEW. toteiks bid, with 
: Vtesg-"feiif.^OO-.'-inSes on the. : 
dock.' Workers wotfldbe free : 

• to dwosetany iaodd, : 

Degbafl^&e'dealhavebeea - 
k - put to tmicras after pay negb& 
towns collapsed earitei das 
■wvredt The fompany has: 
tiered3,5-per-cepa on wages 
iiesct yearra cost afirving nse 
. in 1997. plus a days extra 
-holiday, .VauxfraH calculates : 

• that toe: total .tSll for3toe 
increase and its company car 

j*cbeme wouldvbe «bout 
-fi 2 mininn but unions have 
rejected flat packageteadare 
threatening to . baflot; on a 
. stiikeL. / . . \ *' : ‘ 

Bruce Warinan. Vauxhaflv 
i director of. perssannet said 
r yesterday:. "We think our 
.: workforce ; wffl . Kke this 
: scfaesnea Jot The deal is fior^ 
ever and means that every 18 
’ mraiflisretwoyeareth^can 
simply c hoose another model- 
from the stockavaftalfe” 

■■■ VauxhaB has nearly 10,000 

• ’workers, and about 40 .per. 


cent would qualify immediate¬ 
ly for Ifte scheme, called the 
Nearly New Car Roll. A 
sbopfloor worker would be 
aide to rent a Corea for £95 a 
month, a Cavalier for about 
£J2Da mantiiar an Omega for 
about £200a month. 

Similar cheap rental 
sctemes are already ayaflabie 
in many car. companies, but 
they are tr&dhionalfy'linjited 
to managers and executives. 
; The‘ Inland Revenue taxes 
sudr employee perks as a 
benefit in kind. 

-v Although the cars are be 
officially classed as used, toey 
are in mint condition- As with 
most - carmakers, Vauxfaafl 
produces hundreds of models 
each year that are never sold 
as new. Dealets use them as 
, denaxnstrators. addle com¬ 
pany man* ynwrt anmH imws 

use them for only a few weeks. 
■ Daily:rental companies use 
stock for a short-time; then 
return it to manufacturers or 
send it to auctions. 



Shell rules 
against sea 
disposal of, 
Brent Spar 

By NftK Ncniitii. •'. 

BNVUUNMENI 
CORRESPONDENT > 

SHELL suiinisedtheGcwem- 
ment yesterday by reding opr 
any suggestko ftiat tito-BseaT, 
Spar might yef be dumped'at 
sea. The disclosure was made: 
as indCTjgtdattasessqrg'said 
a detailed study of .ifcvpfl 
platform had showir it 'cook; 
tained Kttfear no tancwaStes. 

Shell's estimates 
to have been .more accumse 
than (hose of Greenp e^JIn 
the summer,' Sheft 
rassedits govennneut sap; 
praters by capttnl^^te ^ 
J Greenpeace campa^ J i fo 
plans for ah Atogmjc 


The^ XSovernnoit remans 
oorandued to disposal" at sea 
for about . 50 big ; platforms' 
coming to die end of their 
■fives. ‘ Yesterday, John 
Wybrew, Shett UK director of 
corporate .affairs, said H»- 
prarticalitics of putficojanion 
still meant that the company 
would go for.otter options.' 
such as recycling or an artifk 
dal reel • 

Tlie study of Brent Spar by 
Det Norske Veritas, a nori 1 ' 
profit assessor, frmnd jfhat 
Shelia estimates tor 1 o3, 
sludges, .ratfioactivify and 
heavy metals wide more accu¬ 
rate than Greenpeace’s. Thie 
radioactivity'was too tow to be 
classified untfesr imer n a lfop al 
rules. 

Ofe-Andrea# Hafruor, vk»- 
presidentof DNV. said; "Jhe' 
total amount of hydrocarbons 
is estimated to he 75 to'lOQ' 
tonnes, com p ai ed with Shdl*s 
esrinurte of S3 and .Green¬ 
peace'S original estimate of 
5350 tonnes." Greenpeace lat¬ 
er admitted there were flaws 
in the way volunteers sampled 
v the Brent Spar's tanks dining 
’ its summer oceupatifl t i.' 


Man held 
in teacher 


ease 


__I gatfny fl 

ipig irf a teacher in her 

: room ai r cs ted a 47 w _ 

man yesterday. Tub brothers, 
aged 14 and 15, hire already 
toi mm dtdia custody >7 
au^strataiin Hiddnsfidd. 
West Yorkshire,' accused , of 
her tonrder. - , 

> EveBTowdb, 48, was found 
beain to death «m a sofa at 
her bone’ in. die Dalton 
-district of Haddcrsfidd on 

A*W“ t3 ;L r . . . • •• •• 

Miurder arrest 

TtoScehiv esfig i tfmg toe mm-i 

■ . a*-; 

tad^ed whik wukmg her dog 
now her home in AseotHm- 
dex^^ehwood, Ozfioidddrc, 
hare rearrested a 20yeaxMjld 
man who was qnesthmed and 
furitastiMBtlL . 

Polteeman shot 

PoBce is Bristol Tnwe 
hmndic d aa in quiryaf ter an 
officer was accidentally dwt 
in the tog by a colleague as 
-they, pot <» crpripment lhe 
' ofikxr. who was hft in toe 
thigh, underwent surgery at 
Bristol Royal Infirmary. 

Epileptic robbed 

A mother was robbed after. 

. she coUqpacd wftb^an epitop-. 
tic fit as die waited tor her 
fire^eamld daughter oitf. 
side a pitoiy sdnol . ti 
Chadwefl St Bsax A 
man j stole ' a carrier hag 
cootaiinng two videos. 

Falcons seized 

Fflto h Bedfordshire have 
sored sir rare Heanort fid- 
cons, bffieyed to have heor 
smuggled iido, BriiahL'They 
were found at a house-, toi. 
Sandy a mfe from the head-, 
quarters of toe Royal Society: 
fortoe Protection Birds. - 



By NigelHawkes, sciENCE BbrroR r ; 


AZVfEWCAN baseball foatobe- 

moamng their teams’ lack of 
success have been givenk hew 

agjlanation: jet lag. 

Doctors hare examined the - 
records of 19 tefons. based c#i 
the east and west coasts,- 
which often hare to take bag 
jg^its between time aones 
with litfle time to recover. . 

The sevaity-bf jet lag and 
the time needed to .recova 
depends on tire, nmnberjof 
time zones crossed and jfae 
direction rf travel, accord^ 
to Dr Lawrence Rcdtt and Dr. 
Wilfiam Schwartz,-, of- the 
University of Massachusetts 
Medical School and Dr Hay 
ert Lew, of Brigham and 

Womens Hogtiial in Boston 

TVavdfing from westto east 
is worse, requiring a tonga: 
recovery time, they say m 


. Jtetwt So if jet lagis a factor, 
teams from toe west taoast 
should do rigmfeanfly worse 
m away^^ games that inytftre 

^^^^eThree bt^ 

tween 1991 and 1993,. home 
teams vron5(>per cent of fbefr 
games — toe 1 wdHcnown 
“home fidd"- advantage. But 
brane tcams wool 62.9 par can 
t^ toieir sanies if: toe insSras 


The: toite Team coukl CHi 

average; expert to score 124 
more nzns than usual -when 
. their opponents had. just com- 

1 I I’ll iililiiiiei l ilOTfnl 


If-flie visaing ^^ team had 
traveBeti westward, brane ad¬ 
vantage was only moderate^ 
iocreased, vo.562. per cenL: 

Body and Mind, page 18 




The mffitary rack of Umrao 
Singh teportto^phbtogri$b, 
Ocicber 1$) . is tfaal of 

^T pr^^ r^stibandar. 

Tesoo has asked us to make 
toe r cnmpany does 
tkxt make donations to pofe 
■ * - **'Tdiaand Man- 
171. 


THE Rover 200 Hatchback, 
above, was the most eagerly 
awaited car b ** ro**bf d on the 
first day of toe London Mo¬ 
tor Show, as almost the only 
modd not previewed before 
toe doors opened at the Earls 
Court. Exhibition Centre 
(Kevin Eason writes). 

The 200, which costs be¬ 
tween £10,000 ami £15,000, is 
the next step in Rover's move 
away from its lfryear depen¬ 
dence on Hmida of Japan 
into n new role as a subrid* 


Rover takes wraps off 


iaiy of BMW of Germany. 
John Towers, Rover’s chief 
ex e c uti ve; said toe British 
company was to fine for new 
investment that could create 
hundreds of jobs. 

Each company is consider¬ 
ing b « M i Bg a plant to 
engines for Rover and 
BMW. A deehaon will be 
made this year. Mr Towers 
refused to confirm toe p ote n* 


tial investment but ft is under¬ 
stood a new phut could cost 
£300 miPwm and produce 
500,000 engines a year. 

Vanxhan is bidding for 
£150 mflBon of investment to 
bnfld the Corsa at Loton. 
Transferring from Spain 
might yidd 1000 jobs and 

tinnMf nntpirt at the ptanl. 

Peugeot is conridermg 
making a successor to the 205 


model at Ryton. Coventry, 
which has rased production 
from 1,600 to 2^50 cars a 
week and ent toe workforce. 



Motor Show special 
on Saturday 

• £2 off entry to the show 
•The top ten star cars 
•Ten £300 in-car CD players 
to be won 


Screening 
for breast 
cancer 
extended 

By Jeremy Laurance, 

HEALTH CORRESPONDENT 

ROUTINE screening for 
breast cancer is to be extended 
to older women in a study 
announced by the Govern¬ 
ment yesterday. Women aged 
6^69 are to be included in the 
study in an attempt to an the 
death toll from'breast cancer, 
which claims 14.000 lives a 
year. 

Baroness Cumberiege. a ju¬ 
nior Health Minister, said the 
study would test the effective¬ 
ness of routine screening be¬ 
yond its current age limits of 
50 to 64. Older women are 
entitled to screening every 
three years but only those up 
to 64 are routinely invited. 

Lady Cumberiege was giv¬ 
ing the Government’s re¬ 
sponse to the Commons Select 
Committee on Breast Cancer 
Services. In July it said that 
routine breast screening in 
women aged 50-69 reduced a 
woman's chances of dying 
over the ensuing 12 years by 25 
to 30 per cent and said that the 
upper age limit for inclusion 
in the caU-and-recall system 
should be extended beyond 64. 


































• to 


6 HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995, 


West’s daughter 
tells of childhood 
sex abuse in cellar 


By Bill Frost and Richard Duce 


ONE of Frederick West's 
daughters told yesterday how 
she was sexually abused from 
the ageof eight by him and her 
stepmother, Rosemary West, 
in the cellar of their Cromwell 
Street home. 

Winchester Crown Court 
was told that the abuse contin¬ 
ued until Anne Marie Davis 
ran away from the house in 
Gloucester when she was 15. 
Mrs Davis, now 31, was bom 
to Frederick West and his first 
wife, Rena Costello. The re¬ 
mains of Ms Costello were 
discovered buried in a field 15 
miles outside Gloucester. 

Mrs Davis moved to Crom¬ 
well Street with her father and 
stepmother in 1972. when she 
was eight. Brian Leveson. QC. 
for the prosecution, asked her 
if she remembered her first 
sexual experience. “Yes, 1 do." 
Mrs Davis said, her voice 
faltering. “How old were 
you?" Mr Leveson asked. “1 
was eight-" “Who was in¬ 
volved?" “My stepmother and 
my father." 

Mrs Davis described being 
taken downstairs to the cellar 
“My father was in front. 1 was 
in the middle, my stepmother 
was behind. I was very fright¬ 
ened- l then had my dothes 
removed." 

Asked who did this. Mrs 
Davis, in tears, replied: “Rose¬ 
mary did. 1 was crying and 
just asking ‘What is going on. 
what is happening?* * 

At this point Mrs Davis 
became extremely upset and 
said: “1 was told that I should 
be very grateful and be lucky 
that 1 had such caring parents 
that thought of me. and they 
were going to help me to make 
sure mat when I got married I 
would be able to satisfy my 
husband and keep my hus¬ 
band- 1 was led to believe that 
all loving parents behaved in 
the same way." 

Mrs Davis said that during 
die sexual attack Rosemary 
West was holding her down 
and “laughing and son of 
smirking". 

“It hurt so much I just 
wished that I was dead. I felt I 
shouldn’t be so ungrateful. 
They were doing this to help 
me." Afterwards she was in¬ 
structed by the Wests to tell no 
one of what had happened. 


Mrs Davis said she was 
subjected to further violent 
sexual attacks by her father 
and stepmother. She remem¬ 
bered her father “coming 
home from work and he had 
made a metal object I think it 
was shaped like a U with two 
protruding handles. 

"I felt unnerved. I don’t 
know why. He said he had 
brought it as a ley for the 
children. The next time I saw 
it. my stepmother Rosemary 
asked me Go go down into the 
basement 1 was very appre¬ 
hensive after the experience I 
recounted earlier. 

"This object was against the 
wall. I felt frightened because 
my dad wasn’t there. 1 was 
told to undress. I didn’t want 
to but Rose was getting some¬ 
what annoyed. 

“I think I was strapped to 
the instrument l was fright¬ 
ened. I was completely naked. 


WESttRH£r: 


i was gagged. Rose started 
hitting me with her fists and 
hands, and with a belt, swear¬ 
ing at me, calling me names. 

“Then I remember my 
father being there. He had his 
work overalls on. I remember 
looking at my dad. pleading 
with him with my eyes. My 
father had sexual intercourse 
with me. Then he went I pre¬ 
sume it was his lunch hour." 

Asked how the incident 
ended, she claimed: "Rose¬ 
mary sexually abused me.” 
Later she was given a salt¬ 
water bath which Rosemary 
told her would sting but make 
her feel better. “She made me 
a cup of tea," Mrs Davis said. 
Looking at her stepmother 
sitting in the dock, she added: 
"She was so kind to me." 

Mrs Davis claimed that 
when she was nine, her lather 
would tell her stepmother to 
make sure bruises did not 
show. "It had to be on my 
torso and not my face. To hide 
any marks or bruises her 
parents would give her a note 
asking for her to be excused 
from games. Once: unknown 
to her. a teacher noticed 
bruising and she returned 
home to find a lady from “the 


welfare" bad called on Rose¬ 
mary West. “I was sent off to 
get changed ... I remember 
the lady went and I had the 
biggest hitting of my life.” 

Mrs Davis also told die 
court that her father and step¬ 
mother doted on each other. 
“Rosemary had so much love 
for my dad. she would have 
done anything for him." 

Mrs Davis recalled life at 25 
Midland Road. Gloucester, 
where she had lived with her 
older sister Charmaine, whose 
remains were later found be¬ 
neath the kitchen of the 
ground-floor flat 

Asked how she had got on 
with her stepmother at Mid¬ 
land Road, Mrs Davis said: 
“At first I used to call my 
stepmother Rose and my Dad 
smacked me onetime. He said 
5 he was my mum and I was to 
call her mum. I never objected 
to anything. Charmaine used 
to aggravate Rosemary and 
try to upset her. antagonise 
her." 

Asked how her stepmother 
reacted to Charmaine’s behav¬ 
iour, Mrs Davis said: “She 
used to smack us and tell us 
off. and Charmaine would 
never cry. I used to ay and 
plead with Charmaine to ay 
and show some emotion. But 
she wouldn't. She felt like if 
she cried she was giving in. I 
remember that one time 
Charmaine was tied to the 
bed." 

Charmaine would talk to 
her about how her real moiher 
would come and take her 
away one day. “I came home 
from school one afternoon and 
Charmaine wasn’t at the 
house. I asked Rose where 
Charmaine was and she said 
her mum had come to take 
her. 

“I didn't feel or seem con¬ 
cerned. 1 knew that’s what 
Charmaine would have want¬ 
ed. I knew that the smacks and 
hidings would stop now and 
that my sister was happy. She 
was where she warned to be." 

Rosemary West has denied 
murdering nine girls and a 
young woman, among than 
her awn daughter Heather. 
The trial was adjourned until 
today, when members of the 
jury will visit the house in 
Cromwell Street. 








Dover’s continental gateway 



By Christine Buckley and Tim Jones 


FRENCH businessmen in Ca¬ 
lais are pressing ahead with 
plans to bid for a controlling 
interest in the port of Dover to 
stop it from felting into “hos¬ 
tile hands". 

They are prepared to pay up 
to £150 million for their histor¬ 
ic rival, as a shield against 
further erosion of business on 
the crucial cross-Channel fer¬ 
ry route that provides 80 per 
cent of the French port’s trade. 

The Government is due to 
announce plans shortly to 
privatise Dover port The 
French fear it could be bought 
by an operator who wanted to 
diversify more into cruise 
shipping, and wind down foe 
ferry business in the face of 
tough competition from 
EurotunneL 

Dover and Calais lie within 
sight of each other across 22 


miles of often stormy sea. A 
business merger makes sense 
to C5ty analysts, but there is 
strong opposition from the 
English side. The French 
would gam a huge marketing 
advantage by controlling a 
shipping route. One London 
analyst said: “Eurotunnel 
hasn’t got sufficient capacity to 
handle all cross-Channel traf¬ 
fic and there will always be 
ferry operators. Sealing a 
route would give Calais a 
greater ability to control 
prices." 

P &0, the ferry company, is 
also keen to .bid for Dover. 
P & O pays about £12 million a 
year in taxes to the port 
Although these are being re¬ 
duced in the face of 
Eurotunnel co m pe ti tion, they 
are still a significant part of 
the company's operating costs. 



Dover in 1816, a year after French ambitions met their Waterloo 


You don’t have to be a Direct Line customer to apply. 


Sorry building societies, 
your mortgage rates are 
still too high. 

(Direct Line is still 
£50* a month cheaper.) 


•Typical Mortgage of £Bp.OOO repayable ovW 25 years C30O mooddy payments). -j 

Lender 

> APR 
(Variable) 

Monthly Repayments 
(after tax refteQ . 

Mofiddy saving Total Payable 
wthffirtctliro 

WOOLWICH 


£594.90 

£56.98 £178,470 

HALIFAX 

- &6% 

£594.05 .. 

£56.13 . - £178^15 

NATIONWIDE 


£592.91 

£54.99 £177,873 

m'lk'Tai*, UM, 

7^2% 

. £537.92 

— £161,376 


Ants based pit Standard Variable Rate Repa ym ent . Mc rt g y , cumttt at 28tb Septera hw 1995. MIRAS has been 
catatfcrted mKfer current tax tegbtadoa which iwydtw. 


Building societies have changed their rates. We’ve changed our rates. So 
nothing’s really changed. You still save over £50 a month if you transfer your 
existing mortgage to Direct Line. Your legal costs are still limited to only £300 and 
you can still arrange everything from the comfort of your own home. 



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n^. tfairt cprAI ■iuftpmKttil.'fartosrffatal 7tt» rtudwu jwpwff nataMton fee *g fee i nftwfl »i f to t*m tos iiWKi - «nc t, dm fe 

' YOUR notkeerup repayments on a 

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Whitehall admits 
smear campaign 
against Casement 


By Nigel Williamson. Whitehall correspondent 


WHITEHALL admitted yes¬ 
terday that it used the homo¬ 
sexuality of the • Irish 
nationalist Sir Roger Case¬ 
ment to discredit a campaign 
intended to save him from 
being hanged for treason. 

The Home Office has re¬ 
leased papers showing that 
Casera®t who was hanged at 
Fentonvflle in August 1916 
because of his attempts to 
recruit German aid for Irish 
Independence, was the victim 
of a well-orchestrated “dirty 
tricks" campaign that had 
nothing to do with the charges 
against him. 

Casement was a voracious 
homosexual who recorded his 
exploits in diaries. Documents 
made available at the Public 
Record Office in. Kew yester¬ 
day show tow government 
officials circulated them to 


journalists, politicians and 
other opinion formers who 
might have supported pleas 
for clemency. 

The papers show how the 
diaries were given to the 
American ambassador in Lon¬ 
don in an attempt to diminish 
American-Irish support for 
the campaign to commute 
Casement* sentence. 

The Cabinet was told on 
July 19. 1916, when it was 
considering the clemency plea 
that Casement “had for years 
been addicted to the grossest 
sodomincal practices". A 
paper from Sir Edward 
Troup, a Home Office official, 



Casement: diaries seized 
in Special Branch raid 



made dear the intention of 
using Casement* homosex¬ 
uality to blacken his name. 

As the Cabinet considered 
pleas from W.B. Yeats, John 
Masefield and Sir Arthur 
Conan Doyle among others, 
ministers were told that if 
Casement were .executed “the 
knowledge of his immoral 
character, which is probably 
by this time fairly widespread 
in Ireland, wifl alienate sym¬ 
pathy and prevent his being 
treated as a martyr". Armed 
with this reassurance, clemen¬ 
cy pleas were rejected. 

Successive governments. 
have since denied the existence 
of Casement's diaries, let 
alone that they had bean used 
in a propaganda campaign 
The diaries were finally-made 
available to historians in 1959 
and to the public last year.. 

The documents also , show 
bow the press — mostly the 
Daffy Express — was used to' 
condemn Casement as a 
homosexual. The Home Office 
carefully recorded every de¬ 
nouncement of Casement as 
“a moral degenerate", al¬ 
though there fr is not dear at 
what level the campaign was 
authorised. A total of 14 docu¬ 
ments have been withheld for 
at least another ten years on 
national security grounds. 

The papers suggest that the 
diaries - were supplied to 
Whitehall by the Special 
Branch, which obtained diem 
.in a raid on Casemenrs 
London borne. The Home 
Office sought advice from 
Harley Street doctors encase¬ 
ment's “sexual perversion” 
and even the Archbishop of 
Canterbury was consulted. 
The Archbishop paid tribute 
to Casements “capacity, his , 
enthusiasm and his apparent 
straightforwardness" but re- i 
fused' to comment on his -, 
homosexuality or to back the 
ptea for demency. 

It is dear that. Casement's , 
homosexuafify had nothing to > 
do with the case against ton. i 
In a paper to the Cabinet, Sir ! 
Emley Blackwell, an under- I 
secretory at the Home Office , 
said: “It really has no rdafion 
to the actual offence with 1 
which he is charged.” - - '• 




P&O already owns Lame 
port in Northern Ireland. 

In Dover, a recent opinion 
poll showed that 90 per cent of 


cent of the 600 port employees 
were opposed to privatisation, 
and 75 per cent of staff said job 
security would be worsened 

The thought of die French 
flag flying over the old gate¬ 
way lo England has angered 
James Hood, the' Mayor of 
Dover, who has written. to 
Queen Elizabeth die Queen 
Mother, in. her capacity' as. 
Lord Warden of the Caique 
Forts, to ask her to intervene. 

Mr Hood, a welder ar die 
harbour, said that he found it 
difficult to conceal his anger. 
He said: “I represent a Lab¬ 
our-controlled council which 
is opposed on principal to the 


harbour being privatised." But. 
the thought that it could be' - 
run and controlled fry the 
French is hard for a British 
person to take. It is an historic 
port which epitomises Britain 
and its spirit It should and 
must always remain in British 
hands." 

Gerard Barron, spokesman 
for fhc.- Calais. chamber of . 
commerce, said yesterdaythat • 
Calais wanted a controlling 
interest in Dover to prevent ft 
felting into “hostile hands". 
He said: “We would be disap¬ 
pointed i£ the peopfe-of Dover 
opposed, our plans. It makes '. 
good sense and it is-.good • 
business for both ports to 
work more closely together.” 

The Government is deter- , 
mined to go ahead with priya- ? 
ti sat fon as a means of 
revitalising the port Last, 
year's pre-tax profits showed a - 
heavy blow from discounting 
on port taxes charged to the • 
ferry companies and from job ; 
reductions, tumbling., from.. 
£11.4 million in 1993 to £5 mil¬ 
lion. Sales slipped from 
£51.3 million in 1993 : to 
£45 million last. year. In the 
first nine months of this year, ■ 
Dover dealt with 13.8 million 
passengers compared with 15 
million for the. same period \ 


Dover and Calais became 
twin towns hi 1973, recogu 
ing their modem intents 


of An {do-French hostil¬ 
ities. Calaiswas long a 

bol of English ambitions. 
MaryTuder, who died ist. 

1558—theyear that the 
Frendi recaptured the j 
—said: "When lam dead; 
and opened yoa shaft find * 
Calais fying in my beait'V 
Richard Coeur dc lion, 
departed front Dovtr op 
Third Crusade, and in -" 

1422 Henry Ywasbroogtyt 
back through Dowr after; 

Ins death in France. Merer*? 
centfy. Dover payedavt: 
fal part in the«vacnatnm of 
troops from Dunkirk 
during the Second World 
War. Dover, whose coat 
of arms is shown above, has-’?®: 
a population of30,000. - 
Cakti&.wfaose flag is bdowr. 
has100,000. Both towns il 

are controlled fay sodafist .'V3r 
co unriU; i M B mu gfa Calais 
has a. communist mayor 


£150milhdn for iiie port seem 
lpgh. More modest Gity.estF- 
mates range between *£75'mft- 
lion and ElOOmillion — the 
latter based on- the. perfor¬ 
mance of Mersey Docks. . 



‘Feet-good’ factor | 
eludes families ?c 


THERE is no sign of a “fed- 
good" factor in the latest set of 
fanufy-spending figures pub¬ 
lished today by the Govern¬ 
ment The average household 
is spending E5 more a week: 
than a year ago bid most of 


By Ian Murray ‘ ' • ■.• ••?•-■/ 

a “fed-., ever, the gap between the^ 
sttsetof amount spent on food and -f 
es pub- that spent on housing -has . 
jovem- narrowed from 2L2 per coxtin^ 
osebotd 1960 to 1.4percent .. ? 

a week' ,. The average household^ 
most of spends J6 percent cm hasare^. 


that- increase is. down.. to’; goods and services. Tobacco^ 

m flat! on _ ’So rlnam fan rncf O n nr Aaitf.nf v' 


inflafion. 

Pay increases have pushed 
up the average gross house¬ 
hold income by £16 a week, 
but after tax and-inflation the 
average family has only £3 
more to spend on icomries 
than it did a year ago. • 

People spend most on food, 
as they have done ever since 
tiie annual review-of family 
spending began in 19S7. How- 


is down to just, 2 . per (tead ef K 
average jpeidmg from 6 per*^- 
cent in I960, but the averages 
drinks bills is up from 33per -. 
cent to 43 per cent of income: •!." 

The average income of 0ms : 
poorest 20 per cent of hodse-i-r 
holds is £79 a week compared, ■: - 
with £853.70 a week of - the v 
highest-earning 20 per ceiit 
O Family Spending (Statibr-:;- 
nery Office. £34.95) 


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THE times THUR gnay OCTOBER 191995 


of bu 



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‘ £■ - 


t T Hands’ End the Direct Merchants from America, 
x Awe understand your scepticism. Millions of our most 
devoted customers felt the same way, once... 


..j.-S'. 


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Like you, a lot of Americans had their doubts. 

Could we really deliver clothing so well made - 
at prices so fair - with service as friendly as we 
promised? 

Well, millions and millions of customers later, 
the answer is “yes.” And now that we ve been in. 
the UK for over five years, a lot of sceptics on this 
side of the pond are true believers, too. 

One reason is our merchandise. As you can see 
from the examples here, we feature tasteful cloth¬ 
ing in the classic American style. 

And we never stop working to make them better. 


UK, it took some getting used to. In our adver- 
tisements and catalogues, we wrote catalog , and 
color and favorite - the way we do in the States. 

But now, we’re well established in the UK. 
With a thriving home-from-home in Oakham, _ 
Rutland. And we’re letting our Oakhamites talk 

their way. 

Which is why we now spell catalogue with a tee. 


If tfs better for you, it’s better for us. 

Year after year, we keep going back, adding 
features and construction details others have 

taken out , 

Just this year, we introduced a new version ot 
our cotton Mesh Shirt - a staple in our catalogue 
since 1983. But our new version has eight major 
improvements. 

We never, ever reduce the quality of a product 

to make it cheaper. _ 

Where we come from - the good, hardworking: 
farm country of Dodgeville, Wisconsin - folks 
take pride in doing an honest day’s work. And we 
expect our products to do the same. 

Of course, when Lands End first arrived in the 





Our Drifter.Sweater is 
an American classic. (Know another 
classic that’s only £24.50?) 


At Lands’ End, we sell a 
ton of sweaters. But the 
Drifter,™ our “better cot¬ 
ton sweater,” is one of the 
very best sellers. 

We have it made from a 
strong, silky, long-staple 
cotton from California’s 
San Joaquin Valley. 

Which is carded, then 
combed out to produce a 
luxurious softness. (Some 
folks omit this extra step.) 

It’s yarn-dyed for superb 
colour. And knitted by the 
worlds best knitters-the 
British. Each piece-front, 
back and sleeves-is 
knitted separately to the 
body’s contours, then 
, linked together for a 
superb fit. (A sweater 
that’s only cut-and-sewn 


Drifter Sweater 


Men’s: 


Colours: 


06674AA4 
100% cotton 
£24.50 (phis £2.95 
packing and delivery) 
Classic Navy. Dark Wine. 
Evergreen. Fawn. Red 
M.L.XL 


Colours 


Women’s: Q6676AA3 

100 % cotton 
£24.50 (phis£2J5 
packing and delivery) 
Classic Navy. Dark 
Wine, Evergreen, Red. 
Soft Sapphire 
S.M.UXL • 

To order, youican call us free of 
charge on: 0800 220106 
with credit card information 
(MasterCard/Access, Visa. AMEX. 
Della, number and expiration dale) 


Are we finicky? You have no idM. 

As Direct Merchants, we always go straight to 

Ihe manufacturers for our goods. _ 

So we can work closely with them on improving . 

our products. . 

And then, at the end of the day, we pnce. our 

products fairly and honestly. 

You can call us any time-24 hours a day-ancL 
talk to a friendly, well-trained British Operaton ln 

the comfort and convenience of your home. . •: 

Well deliver a few days later. (It will take just a 
little longer for something monogrammed or 

hemmed.) V 

Nicest of all, you can’t go wrong. H you don t 
like something, return it It’s GUARANTEED. 

(And that’s in addition to your statutory •.. 

^Sofcafl or write for our free catalogue:Who v ^ . 
knows? We may make a 



■ —_■? 
- 95 




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: 5 v 


CKir stonewashed Square are 

hardworidng - and authentic. 


to size cannot fit as 
nicely.) 

One result is, the Drifter 
keeps its shape through 
repeated washings. 


These days, most jeans 
bear only a slight resem¬ 
blance to the sturdy 
American jeans of yester¬ 
year. They’re “distressed," 
or skintight or decked out 
with gimmicks. 

Not our Square 
RiggersJ™ Which are cut 
from yam-dyed, pure 
cotton denim. In the 
rugged, 14 3 A oz. weight 
that generations of cow¬ 
boys and farmers 
swore by. 

The only difference is, 
we stonewash ours. So 
there's hardly any 
shrinkage; no stiff¬ 
ness or scratchi¬ 
ness. They’re Eke 
well-worn favourites' 
right out of the 
package. 

There’s a rust¬ 
proof zipper and 
rivets; x-tacked 
seams on the 
rear pockets 
for strength; 
double- 
stitched 
side seams. 

Even a 
watch 
pocket 
How 


Stonewashed . 
Square Riggers 


Men’s: 


33703AA4 
100% cotton denim . 

£25 (plus£2^5 ... 
packing and delivery) . 
Colours: Antique Indigo. Black. 

Charcoal. Indigo and Tan 
Waist 30-44 even, 
plus 31.33,35 and 37 

Women’s: 18317AA2 

100% cotton denim ’• 

£25 (plus ££95 
padring and delivery) 
Colours: Antique Indigo, Black. 

Indigo and Loden 
Sizes: USA even sizing 4-16 

(ads Operator for 
conversion) 

To order, you can call us free of 
charge on: 0800 220 106 _ 
with credit card information 
' (MasterCard/Access, Visa. 
AMEX. Delta, number 
and expiration date) 


out of date' 

or out of 

K^e^Be.badiin lOO g^Aig. A c^fer that won’t 

it wouldn’t surprise curt. :' ' ' ' " ^ 

us jo see our Intariochen™ . 

Jsffl being happOy worn by you can wear itm alltands 
-h® customers^. of situationsanditTUifc : - 

• The style is ft®timeless; right kil ~ V 

- and J^cqrafartable. V; ——• - ■" ■' •" ■ 

We use only strong, fine 
longstaplecotton, combed 


31 tit 
: ! beisht 
i sher 


Beak ft 
casts tit 
on moi 
of all h 




if 


to coax out ite natural; soft- 
. ness. And,the interiock 
knit is rich, cushiony but 
breathable. 

Unlike some interlock; r • 
polos, ours isn’t stretched 
in the finishing. So, it 
resists shrinkage later on. 

There’s jersey tape in • li¬ 
the neck,- to be smoother 
against your skin: A -r 
neatly finished* plackfet 
Side vents to prevent l ■ ' 

© &9SJUtHdt‘&id Dimt 


.' = -;‘ 7 Long'SfcisCi■ l 

_■ Interlochen Knit Shirt 


Cdonnti dasdc Na^,barhWhie,i _ 

• Ivory, light Laded -w - ‘ 

Mat*: ' 123S4AA2 • 

'V •: 100% cotton^ 


.. £19.50 (plus £2195 - v 
and delivery). 

[ SBes: Sy M, UXL'-?• - - ' 

«W3SAAd •••■ 

- :100% cotton- 
- V, r; £19^0^pliis £^95- 
: .pacJriSg^d (StBv&ryy 
Sjzes: ’ - $, Mj L, „ 

To order. y6u«an tafl uS firee ctf ■ 
r- charge ooi 08^&-220 106*;- .. . 

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For bur free cat^ogue^ec^ ^ll^ 
FREEPHONE: 08 
quoting reference 

on FREEFAk: 0800- ; 2?2 p| . 

Name^ " 

•• • .• ■ 

Address-— 






JJairline ofl 

Mts for 

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Post Code 



Or mail to: Lands’ End Direfct Merchants, UK limited^ . -4* J - 

EREEFOST, PQlings Road, Oakhara, Rutland LE15 0?Y- V-- 
From time to time we make portions of our mailing Est swailable 
to carefully selected organizations whose products may be of, 
interest to you,.ff you would prefer not to receive such mailings, 
please tide this box: □ : . 21- ' 

Lands' End Ditert Merchants, UK limited' ■ '. '■ v . r ; 

•.pmirigs Road, Oakham,Rudand22 ; 2 : 2 2 

Registered in England #2583731 . . . • . : 

Our guarantee does not affect your statutory rights, i.... 

Prices effective until December 31,1995 >_>. ‘ . • . 




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THE TIMES.THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


A. HOSPITAL oonsuMant lias; heBc^j&fnxn kenfto Leeds 
been foOTpCnat by &f HHS ufta^sahttaisauecare bed 
trust after -writing : to. The ■ muM be found. ' 

75^^ abota tfce- sborta^ of "' ^Jarnes Johnson.- diairman 1 
mteisive.cate beds.f- : .of the BMA. consultants* com- : 

Dr Bob Bown;, consultant . z ninttefc.isaltfc. *T1« trusts ao- 
Pfo? 1 ?*? Part V tSm m fosaptining tins otd- 

Hospfial NHS-Tfcost, Cam^ sultam isan outrageifaal can- 
berfcy. Snmy^bas kwtlris -notvgo .uncbaDeaged- The 
appeal agrir^afrpn^ wan*-;. consiatant did not intend his 
mg Which was issued over ffarf V^rfaVisrn to hf riirfyrty rriot** - 
letter. ■-Tte. -Brifisb-M^dKal.^^^crj&iniey Pait»but wastalk- 
Association descrfoetir.; fee feck of Intensive 

that* ^ fegTpp m ' 

te rm s (rf 

matters ofpuhnc ccjncerii ^'.^ ■:>NHS that any manag em en t ■ 

Dr BCfwn said cibfejetter tan’ attaint fb'. prevent a 
Iasi Ajpril . that-;dMi'.1atk ^ r doctor eqnessiag le gitimate 
intensive .cate beds.- in the^ craicejns in this way.”. . ! 


on *efiScrob* bffier.{NUic^s n . 
He ritedifte casecaLa. trian 


liver feffare whn : had-beoi 


: Andrew Morris* chief execu¬ 
tive^of ftimky Park, said die 
case'was not aJbbut gagg in g 
doctors but about accuracy. - 
DrBdwn's letter in The Times 
had attracted large-scale at- 


transferred 20OmBeslo Leptis - tention from the media 
because mb. dose* mtensivfe because it was wrongly a s- 


carebedwas>railahie: ;.^-r- sumed diat Frimley Paries 
Hesaidhisregistr^bad , services-were inadequate, 
sp^ ftwr bemrs on the phone “People have a right to 

trying to tind a bed mr the speak to die press but they 


man. dumrewhich he was 
“not available to cope with out 
other seriously 91 patients?. 


have gor to be accurate.** Mr 
Moms said. "We felt his tetter 
misrepresented-the situation 


He addedi “Not surprisingly, . at FrimleyPark- 
we arenow having greatefiffi- •. “We had a spare intensive' 
culty recruiting juniorstaff.” =' care "bed at die time but we 
Dr Bawn wrote his tetter ar domt do Kver transplants, so 
few weeks after another case.,' die patient had to be trans- 
wfrich received wide publicity; ferred elsewhere. We have 
in which a patient with head’ never had problems wtthined- 
mjuries was transferred by ical staffing.” . 


Hawk turns 
great tit 
into weight 
watcher 

ByNigjsl Hawkes . 

SC1SNCB EDITOR .■ 

THE Ml iud ;;ri»e* ft tte ' 
qnrnmhnk in . English 
woodlands has been mir¬ 
rored by fiie wusffine of fhe 
birds bn which they feed. - 
When spairrmhawfa were 
in dedme in flic 1960s as a 
result of pafeoiinig by peak 
rides, great tits grew fat. No 
longer needing to be nimble 
enough to escape predators, 
they could afford to fiK up 
with food add ghe' diem- 
selves a better chance of 
survivingtftewnder. 

But when die sparrow: 
hawks began to return in the 
1970s. the great tits bad to 
modify their strategy, scien¬ 
tists from the Department of 
Zoology at Oxford University 
and foe British Trust for 
Ornithology report in Ma¬ 
ture. They bow had to; hat 
anee the., danger rtf being 
caught against the risk of 
starving. 

Between 1970 andI980, the 
weight of gnat tits caught at 
Wytham Woods in Qnbrd*: 
shire decreased by ahnost a 
gram from an average of B 
grams. The scientists found 
that die change wan not due 
to the avafladmityof food. 


Beak fossil 
casts doubt 
on mother 
of all birds 

-. BrOt|R$dENCEEDtroft ■ 

.THE oldest beak in the world 
may-force scientists to reconh 
rider how birds evolved. A r 
fossil bin! 140 million yeanr 
old found in northeast China 
is'tbe oldest to possess a beak, 
andis almost as old as the 
supposed ancestor of afl birds. 

■ Ardiaebpteryx. 

Tble bird,: Confiuiosomis 
sanctus, was about the sue ofa 
pigeonand had daws, sug¬ 
gesting that it lived in trees. 
Brnwrile Archaeopteryx had 
toothy reptilian jaws, foe new 
bird -had a true beak and 
feathers similar to modem 
binis. This suggests, accord¬ 
ing to a team from the Chinese 
Amdemy of Sciences and the 
universities of Kansas and 
, North Carolina, reporting in 
Nature, that it was considera- 
My more advanced th an Ar- 
duzeopteryx. That is a' puzzle, 
because the two birds were 
near-contemporaries. 

The team says that either 
birds evolved rapidly from 
Archaeopteryx ar therewas an 
undiscovered group- that 
evolved even earner, meaning 
iiait'Ajdidedpteayx was not 
die ancestor of birds. 

; Leading arfide, page 21 


New airline offers 








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Top: the cottage before restoration and after, with the Pickavants. Above: demolition in progress yesterday 




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_ HOME NEWS 9 

Two arrested as 
their 18th century 
home is bulldozed 


By A Staff Reporter 


TWO men were arrested yes¬ 
terday altar council workers 
bulldozed an JSth century 
cottage during a dawn raid by 
planning officers and riot 
police. 

The demolition came at the 
end of a three-year planning 
row in which William Pick- 
avant, 67. a former soldier, 
and his son Lester. 33, vowed 
to lie in the path of the 
bulldozers rather than watch 
tbe demolition of the £86,000 
cottage thgy bad spent four 
years restoring. 

The cottage, which has 
stood outside the village of 
Wymeswold, Leicestershire, 
for more than 200 years, was 
renovated four years ago. But 
this morning, acting tinder 
planning laws, officers from 
Charnwood Borough Council 
supervised its demolition. 

The council ruled that the 
detached building should not 
have been converted to a 
cottage because it was not 
granted planning permission. 
The Pickavants claimed they 
did not need permission 
because they were merely 
restoring a house which had 




* -y 


been os the land for centuries. 
William Pirkavant who lives 
next door to the cottage, 
fought the council's decision 
at Leicester Crown Court in 
February but lost He was 
convicted of ignoring a coun¬ 
cil notice to remove the cot¬ 
tage and was fined £500 
pounds and ordered to pay 
£500 costs. The Recorder in 
the case, Christopher Butler, 
described him as “foolish and 
stubborn”. 

Tbe Pickavants were being 
held at Loughborough police 
station for conduct likely to 
cause a breach of the peace. 
Lester, who lived in die cot¬ 
tage with his girlfriend, was 
arrested after claims that he 
threatened to lull the council’s 
chief executive. Stephen 
Pealfidd, who oversaw the 
demolition. William Pkka- 
vant must pay the cost be¬ 
lieved to be about £12,000. 

A council spokesman said: 
“The Pickavants muted the 
council by claiming that die 
building would be a bam and 
only admitted their intentions 
once building work was well 
under way.” 






.. 5? ^ ; ' 








HOW CAN YOU HAVE 
FUN ON THE M25? 


The London Orbital is not 


known for its scenic 


mountain ranges, rolling 


valleys or wonderful panoramas. Only the tailbacks are spectacular. But in a car like the Punto Sporting you 
could be forgiven for enjoying the experience. While waiting in neutral you could look at the racy red dials and 


By Harvey Emorr, travel correspondent . 


ret .. .cut-price 
Vis to begin 
uton.to C3as- 
b with single 


u vj 

tire, wants to 
Britain “as 


ut - 

ace cut-price 
s next year. 
thricwMy 
a £29. When 
sold, prices 
9. £49 and 
just before 
apest return 


and has a 


efimdabfe. 

_ A - **-“- 


Vo tickets 



Carlnsurance 
over £300? 

Cafl Admiral treeon 

0800600800 


Admiral 


will be? issued: seats will be 
sold direct to passengers by 
• telephone or via the Internet 

EasyJet is based on “peanut 
aariines” miheUpted States, 
socalled. because foe only in- 
ffight extras^are peanuts. Tbey 
have been able to undercut 
established operators by re¬ 
ducing their own costs. 

Stdios Hajrloannou, the 
founder of EasyJet said: 
There will be frills available 
on our flights but they wffl be 
for sale. We wiB have a kiosk 
on board where papers, 
drinks and.’sweets can be 

bought Bm apart from that all 

we will offer is the lowest 
possible fare. 

“If a particular Sight is not 
selling well we may offer all 
the seats at £29, but increase 
the price to a maximum of £59 
single if the demand isimgc.“ 
EasyJet has negotiated a 50 
cent discount on the tram 




British Midland said yester¬ 
day that it was lifcriy to 
introduce a kwcost p ackag e. 
British Airways, however, 
said it would not match tbe 
EasyJet feres. “We fed we 
already can attract the whole 
marker with a range of feres 
catering for everyone/* it said. 


the sports steering wheel which packs a 42 litre airbag. Or you could blast Beethoven’s Ode to Joy on the 
4x30 watt music system. And when the traffic does move, so does the Punto. Its 1.6 multipoint fuel injected 
engine will get it moving quicker than you can say Hartford Tunnel contraflow. Power steering, central locking, 
are all standard, and an immobiliser makes sure that only you have fun, and not the car thieves. With 
Fiat Easiplan you could be enjoying a trip in the Fiat Punto tomorrow. Punto prices start from £7,340* on the 
road. For more information, call 0800 71 7000 or visit your local dealer. The M25 will never be the same again. 


1 - e 


FIAT BASK PLAN REPAYMENTS 


PUNTO SPORTING: 
£10,251-18 (ON THE ROAD) 


£119.00, 



FINAL PAYMENT: 
£4,919.67 


AMOUNT BORROWED: 
£6,674.18 


APR 10% 


TERM: 

25 MONTHS 


INTEREST CHARGED: 
£1,101.49 


FIRST PAYMENT: 
£179.00 (INC. £60 ADMIN) 


TOTAL PAYABLE- 
£11.412.67 


FIAT PUNTO SPORTING. THE ANSWER. 


mm 


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10 HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 19 1995. 


European Court ruling 

Employers support 
end of positive 
sex discrimination 


TALENTED women should 
be appointed on merit rather 
than through positive dis¬ 
crimination. employers said 
yesterday after quota schemes 
were rendered illegal by the 
European Court ot Justice. 

British companies said that 
the ruling was an endorse¬ 
ment of their approach to 
encouraging greater equality 
through promoting capable 
candidates whatever their sex. 

Eleven million women in 
Britain now work, an increase 
of million in a decade — 
twice the rate of die rise in 
male employment. Soon more 
women than men will work 
but a study by the Equal 
Opportunities Commission 
suggests that not until 2028 
will they be paid the same as 
men. 

Opportunity 2000, an initia¬ 
tive by Business in the Com¬ 
munity which aims to improve 
women's employment pros¬ 
pects, sets no specific numeri¬ 
cal target but hopes that by the 
turn of the century improve¬ 
ments will have been made in 
promoting women. Bat Corco¬ 
ran, director of operations, 
said: “The confusion comes 
from the difference between 
the words quota and target 
Many of our members have 
targets, which are expected 


By Lin Jenkins 

outcomes of their equal oppor¬ 
tunity policy rather than a 
specific figure that they have 
to meet. 

‘'Companies use targets to 
measure how effective their 
policies are in retaining 
women in the workforce and 
allowing them to reach their 
full potential." 

Under the Sex Discrimina¬ 
tion Act 1975, setting quotas 
and positive discrimination is 
banned, although firms are 
allowed to encourage more 
women to qualify for jobs 
where their numbers are low. 
The case taken before the 
European Court of Human 
Rights by a German, who 
challenged a policy of promot¬ 
ing a woman in preference to a 
man where they had the same 
q ualificati ons, would have 
been outlawed under British 
legislation. 

Opportunity 2000 has 287 
signatories, including British 
Airways which has just 
launched a recruitment drive 
aimed at making the ratio of 
male to female pilots more 
dosely resemble their custom¬ 
er profile. Of the 3,000 pilots 
anfy5Q are women and Barba¬ 
ra Harmer, 39, a former 
hairdresser, is the only 
woman to have flown Con¬ 
corde. Advertisements to at¬ 


tract trainee pilots have been 
placed where young women 
might see them, including in 
Cosmopolitan. The airline 
said its polky did not amount 
to positive discrimination and 
that efforts were being made 
to attract applications from a 
broad range of candidates. 
"Once that has happened we 
will pick the best people.” 

Shell UK, another of the 
Opportunity 2000 employers, 
acknowledges recruiting more 
men than women. Efforts to 
take on more women are 
hampered by the fact that 
most science graduates are 
men. 

At Lloyds Bank, Kim Foster, 
the Opportunity 2000 manag¬ 
er, said it was good business 
sense to encourage all employ¬ 
ees to develop their skills. “No 
one wants to feel they have 
been promoted just because of 
their gender. It is condescend¬ 
ing to all talented men and 
women to imply that.” 

Barclays Bank runs 
women-only courses to im¬ 
prove their career skills. "We 
do not operate positive dis¬ 
crimination, but these courses 
enable women to compete oa a 
level playing field.” Jane 
Vidler. a spokeswoman, said. 

Janet Daley, page 20 



Michael Portillo being interviewed in his office yesterday.He toWT^T&nes^thafhewasriotanti-Etfrope,’ 

Portillo declares his 


By Michael Evans 

DEFENCE CORRESPONDENT 

MICHAEL PORTILLO ro¬ 
bustly defended his views on 
Europe yesterday and ap¬ 
peared unmoved by reports 
that he was to be asked to 
restrain his language in any 
future speech about European 
defence. 

A group of pro-Europe Tory 
MPS met Malcolm Rifldnd on 
Tuesday evening and had the 
impression that the Foreign 
Secretary would try to restrain 


Mr Portillo from deploying 
the type of language he used in 
his controversial speech at the 
Conservative conference m 
Blackpool last week. 

In an interview with 77ie 
.Times, Mr Portillo said he had 
had no indication that Mr 
Rifidnd, his predecessor at the 
Ministry of Defence, was in¬ 
tending to restrict his state¬ 
ments cm Europe. 

The Deforce Secretary in¬ 
sisted that he was not anti- 
Europe. just anti-federalist “I 
think the speech appealed to a 



















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■Jo 


’4- <6 


Christian Aid 

We believe in life before death 


m 


Feef better. Prices charged by the big drug companies trading in Name. 


THINK 

ACT 


the third world are being challenged. Think of the misery you could Address 
relieve by helping us fund more projects to provide affordable healthcare. 

Act now and we’ll show you how to get involved. 


.Post Code. 


To; Christian Aid, Freepost, London SEI 7YY or call GS9I 33 34 35 

(CiM» n J9p per mmae ehan na and 49p at all ottier naj lUjuttmd Qhi **o 1U00J 

CMODTiiOTf 


very large number of ; 
and I resent the __ 
that I had erected an Aunt 
Sally. There is a serious debate 
about European integration 
and I wanted to make the anti- 
federalist case robustly. 

“I think people express 
themselves differently in dif¬ 
ferent places. My job at fee 
party conference is to inspire 
the Conservatives and to at¬ 
tract new voters to the Conser¬ 
vative Baity and . this speech 
will have had both effects.”.. . 

Since the party speech, Mr 
Portillo has spent some time 
reassuring people, in the De¬ 
fence Ministry and outside,, 
that h is peroeived anti-Earppe 
position — strotigly .criticised 
by Jacques Santer, President 
of the. European Commission- 

did not in any sense, other 
than in his speech’s choice of 
words, dash with agreed gov¬ 
ernment policy. 

• He said: “What I am, is ian . 
anti-federalist. I’m not an anti- 


European. still less an [ a 
xenophobe. Dm from a multi-, 
ethnic European background.. 
I’m able to ,■understand a 
number; of European late 
guagesand speak one or two 
aftftemmysdf.T believe in co¬ 
operation with other nations 
told I see inyself as a globalist 
“In other words l believe 
that oar development ra the 
European Union, for instance 
on free trade, should be seen 
only , as a stepping stone to 
wider arrangements far free 
trade -in the world, because if 
free trade is good for Europe,. 
it must be good for wider 
groups., of nations as wdL 
Malcolm Rifldnd and I are at' 
one there. So all that puts .me 
rather a long way from The 
igeon-hole description of 


He gave his full support to 
the government approach in 
developing a strong European 
pillar.in Mato through the 
Western European Union but 


situation wjiere a. 
volvipg fee integrity 
1 alliance member would/ jfafcl 
involve the Americans.. . 

“Ilbefieve that European' 
seafrity ;valL for as tohg-ti? ‘ 
anyone ran foresee* rest dnaa . 
Atlanti c alliance.- . - 'T . T 

While fry instinct an Atlanti- 
dst. he added: “Its worth re-. 
Tnembering that the Atlantic 
Alliance, Nato, contains two 
North American,: countries 
.and 14 European countries. 

: faid that that rafio is going to - 
continue mewing towards a 
■ European bias^ (when Nato 
t ak e ? in new members from - 
eastern Europe). 

"To talk about an Atlantic 
Alliance is not to say some¬ 
thing that minimises the Euro-: 
pean contribution'but it is to 
say that it is the integration of 
American and European na¬ 
tions in the security of Europe 
that is important ... indeed 

fundam ental.” 


Rented US fighter jets 



A SCHEME to lease Ameri¬ 
can F16 aircraft instead of 
upgrading RAF Tornado F3 
air defence planes is being 
seriously considered, Michael 
Portillo confirmed yesterday 
(Michael Evans writes). He 
denied that the plan would 
call into question Britain’s 
participation in the four-na^ 
tion Eurofighter programme. 

The Deforce Secretary said 
he was "100 per cent” behind 
Eurofighter, although be 
admitted that while he was 
Chief Secretary to the Trea¬ 
sury he had been sceptical 
about the programme. 

“The questions that were. 


raised in my mind about 
Eurofighter have been re¬ 
solved," Mr PortOto said. “I 
now befieve it to be a highly 
capable and very competitive 
aircraft” Leasing—“not buy¬ 
ing^ — Fife was a short-term 
option to fill the gap until 
Euro fighter came into service 
in 2002.. 


weaponry and possibly its 
systems, adapt it to the roles 
that we now. foresee for our 
fighter aircraft, or would you 
do better, to lease admittedly 
an old aircraft, bat one that is 
designed as a fighter? 

“Tornado was mainly con¬ 
ceived of as inte r cepting in- 
= bombing aircraft' 


Mr PortOto said that he had r from the Soviet Union. The 
not made uphis mxnd wheth- . new envisaged roleis likely to 


er to lease Fife or upgrade the 
Tornado, unofficially estimat¬ 
ed to cost about El 15 million. 
The debate simply is that the 
Tornado was not designed as 
a high-performance fighter- 
But can you, by chang in g its 


be accompanying ground-., 
attack aircraft in some theatre 
of operation, probably distant 
from the UK” hesakL 

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ROVER 620ti KEEPS 37 LAND SPEED MCORDS UNDER ITS BONNET. 

(but keep it under your hat.) 

Rover 620ti in a Top Gear road test. 

' Two >* *' 

, :-V v : ^ j _ jnarathon test. 

..*• •: At which point a certain Mr Hyde took over. 

“This Rover is a beast. Honesdy. 

Tut tut Mr Hyde. “It’s a sleek but discrete saloon for those who 

want to hurry but don’t need to shout.” 

Oh really Doc? “It’s got traction control and stonking great 

16 inch alloys with Pirelli P-Zero tyres ... 

B, *o joy, »° ^ of psychologist, ^rywhere, ** *■»= 

f It possessed an onririirg ability to separate the niaw &om Ac boy. 

!\\ V:' ^ ■ (For the man, we also indude our 

security coded RDS ladio/ossette, vehicle 
5 . '% immobiliser wid perimetric security system. 

Forrbeboy.tske * 8>““ Sil ™ ,! “° C !P °” 

: As final prooli we’ll conclude with two more road testers’ gems 

from the 620ti’s press-cuttings file. 

.; “It’s a scorcher.” Guess who? 


above ALL. IT’S A ROVER 


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12 POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


Howard’s survival depends on silence 



M ichael Howard is in 
serious political trou¬ 
ble because he has 
made an enemy of the person 
who is in a position to embarass 
him most. Bat Ms survival as 
Home Secretary depends not on 
the substance of the allegations 
fay Derek Lewis, nor on constitu¬ 
tional questions of ministerial 
responsibility, but on whether be 
retains die support of Cabinet 
and backbench colleagues. So 
far, he does. 

Whether ministers slay or re* 
sign depends on the political 
mood of the time. Of course, 
farther damaging charges, or 
rather the build-op of charges, 


can tip the balance against a 
minister. But it dots not really 
matter how forceful and eloquent 
Jack Straw is in deploying 
Labour’s case in tins afternoon's 
debate unless he can prove that 
Mr Howard has deliberately 
misled the Commons and can 
therefore shake the confidence of 
Tory MPS in Che Home Secretary. 

A total of 71 Cabinet ministers 
have resigned since 1945, Three 
fifths quit because of disagree¬ 
ments of principle and over 
polity, ranging from Aneurin 
Bevan and Harold Wilson in 1951 
to John Redwood , four months 
ago. A further four have gone 
because of personal scandals: 




iiu- -:;i 


tearing five who have resigned 
because of their conduct in office. 
These are Hugh Dalton over a 
Budget leak in 1947. Lord Car¬ 
rington and Humphrey Atkins 
over the FaHdands in 19S2, Leon 
Brittan over the Westland affair 
in 1986 and Nicholas Ridley in 
1990; though die latter was 
because of his remarks about 
Germany in a Spectator inter¬ 
view rather titan because of what, 
be did as Trade and. Industry 
Secretary. 

There was often an interval 


between the original incident and 
resignation. The decisive factor 
was the hostility of feflow MPs. 
Some ministers have resisted 
going at first but June affimatefr 
accepted the verdict of..their' 
colleagues. This applied"..even 
when Sir Thomas Dugdalc rc- 
sigiwsl as Minister of Agriculture 
(not then a Cabinet post} in 1954 
over the action of his officials in 
die Crichd Down compensation 1 
case. It is a popular myth that Sir 
Thomas’s resignation is a pure, 
and rarely repealed, example of a 
minister taking rspondtifity for 
the conduct .of Ins cfyfl servants 
even without knowing af tfae time 
what they had dene. Private 


papers published after Sir Thom¬ 
as's death show that be resigned 
as a direct result of Tory 
backbench criticism rather than 
as a matter of principle. 

This is shown bylhe many cases 
where senior ministers 'fcnfe-.ief'” 

mainrf despite furious rows over 
the actions of Ifaifo-department. 
This has apptied .particularly.over 
prison and security matters—fbr, 
instance, Roy Jenkins in 1966 - 
after the George Blake escaped 

W iTRam Wbitelaw inl982 after 
an intruder' broker info the ‘ 
Queens bedroam.Ketmc&Bak- 
er in 1991-92 after an escape from 

Britton prison. and a socoesskm 
of Northern Ireland. Secretaries; '■ 


These ministers have had die 
'gmpatfy of their badgwadias, 
who haveaccqjtedfiteir explana- 
fum and have argsed thaf any- 
errorenieed lo bfe put hr-the 
rrimfettof dtrar broader record; ; 

Pr^Mimstes are normaRy' 
reditctont ^to. / lose ministers 


position. Similarly, . Looh 

- The political romafesenovrf 
■ sot- recovery; of Ac 
■' r Government wndd;. 



rancwm t-TO . tose mrowm* - to/TCSiglL Aparf. --- - -j-r- 

becahse ofdie potential' damage ^ehrow Jot Sir P etcxUay tfrBK 
Btrtif tfae / fonner 


•J W “O ... - 

_^ Thus fire departures of 

Eoro Caaiugftm 'and Mr Afioris. 
vaere -^ea^saiy-to -satisfy Tiny 
Mgti cB^ ftte Ar gtntine inva- 
: "Hdktands and to 

Margaret TbatefcerV 


. do,’"after;aDT 

batihis Urngfi bne on tew and 
order. Their sSetH* *s Mr How-r 
jante strangest support at 
pre^nt t 


Major’s allies back think-tank’s attack on nanny State and dependency culture 


.... *; -•. 


New forum plans 
Thatcherite cure 
for social problems 

By Nicholas Wood, chief political correspondent 




JOHN MAJOR has given his 
private blessing to a new Tory 
think-tank dedicated to carv¬ 
ing out a revolutionary new 
social policy agenda for the 
rest of the century. 

Viscount Cranbome, Leader 
of die House ‘of Lords and a 
key ally of the Prime M mister, 
has agreed to be patron of 
PDliteia. a new “forum for 
economic and social thinking’’ 
to be launched officially next 
month. The Greek name re¬ 
fleas its mission of redrawing 
the boundary between the 
individual and the State. 

Viscount Cranbome, a scion 
of the Cecil family, the coun¬ 
try's oldest and most distin¬ 
guished political dynasty, 
played a central role in Mr 
Major's re-election campaign 
in die summer and has since 
been instrumental in healing 
the rift with a bruised Tory 
Right. 

Lord Parkinson, a former 
Tory party chairman, is to be 
the forum’s treasurer, which 
is another sign that it is 
being set up with the encour¬ 
agement of the Conservative 
Establishment 

The fomm’s aim will be to 
sharpen the divide with Tony 


Blair, die Labour leader, over 
welfare reform, education, 
health, crime, public spending 
and taxation and measures to 
tackle unemployment U will 
champion individual and fam¬ 
ily-based solutions in contrast 
to Mr Blair's “statist” ap¬ 
proach to such problems. 

It will campaign for a cut in 
state spending from its present 
44 per cent of national output 
to about 30 per cent and press 
the case for incentives for the 
better-off to beqome less reli¬ 
ant on the State. The forum 
will also seek to revitalise the 
internal Tory debate over poli¬ 
cies for the next manifesto and 
a fifth term of Conservative 
Government 

Dr Sheila Lawler, a former 
Cambridge don and for die 
past seven years deputy direc¬ 
tor of the Centre for Policy 
Studies, will be Politeia’s new 
director of studies. 

Dr Lawlor is understood to 
be dose to Norman BladcwelL 
the director of Mr Majors 
Downing Street policy unit 
Her decision to leave the CPS, 
theinost influential of theToiy 
think-tanks in the Thatcher 
era. symbolises a realisation 
among key elements on the 


Tory Right that the time has 
come to forge a radical new 
agenda around the Prime 
Minister. 

In an interview with The 
Times yesterday. Dr Lawlor 
said that the forum would 
seek to apply free-market 
Thatcherite ideas, which had 
worked so well in the econom¬ 
ic sphere, to the big social 
problems of the 1990s. "The 
great agenda of nowadays is 
how far can we have a 
framework that does not 
penalise enterprise and thrift. 
The great danger of targeting 
is that we are penalising those 
who have saved." 

She believed that the fo¬ 
rum's policy agenda is in tune 
with the Prime Minister’s 
thinking. "He does not want 
dependency and he’s very 
keen to allow people to get on 
with their lives. This will be an 
ideal forum without any of the 
baggage of the past. 

“One of the great problems 
of die 1980s and the early 
1990s was one did not go as far 
as the social agenda. Every 
party recognises that there are 
social problems in our country 
—crime, broken families, poor 
education, a growing depen¬ 



dency culture and, most of alL 
unemployment 

“If you can solve unemploy¬ 
ment a lot of other problems 
will solve themselves — the 
way in which people are cut off 
from society, the way in which 
families have difficulty in 
bringing up their children. All 
lands of things are related to 
not being employed. 

“On tiie Left they say all 
this is down to economic 
liberalism: the Thatcher revo¬ 


lution failed, everybody was 
out for themselves and com¬ 
munities disintegrated. 

The Left says that what we 
have to do is recreate govern¬ 
ment and we will have a 
society which pulls together. 
But the real problem of the 
1980s and tile early 1990s was 
that we left in place huge areas 
in which the State still ran 
people's lives, in education, 
housing and employment. 

“All kinds ot restrictions 


and regulations remained 
from schooling to pensions 
... But intervention did not 
succeed in the economy and it 
is time to change that statist 
approach to the daily lives erf 
people—to look at how best to 
help people to help themsrives 
and what is the best basis-for 
high, employment- 
“We are taxing people. Wfe ; 
are spending them money. We 
are choosing their schools. We 
are giving them education 


which, we all agree, is not 
good enough, forcing them to 
use certain state services and 
taxing them for the privilege. 
Then, at the end of the day. wfcj 
are - giving them incoani 
support 

**We are continuing to 
'dependency. We are 
more and more people into 
bracket where they-' cad 
spend their own -mob&y' 
because the State is spending 
it for them." . = 


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Lottery ‘should aid libraries’ 


A LABOUR government 
would allow public libraries 
access to lottery funds, Chris 
Smith, the party's spokesman 
on the arts, promised yester¬ 
day pohn Young writes). 

At present only libraries 
categorised as an archive or 
those that occupy an historic 
building qualify for lottery 


money. Mr Smith said Lab¬ 
our wanted to change the 
rules to allow lottery money 
to be used for new library 
buildings but be did not want 
to see lottery money used for 
basic core funding of the 
public library sendee. 

Mr Suntil was quaking at. 
a conf eren ce in London 


organised by the 
Association and timed to 
coincide with a lobby of 
Parliament in protest at cuts 
in Unary funding. The] 
datum said it made no' 
for Bbraries to be 
lottery money when it 
be used to build or refuibirii 
sports and arts centres^ 



MPsforce 



Commons 

watdiAog 

BvAjmkmLeATflLEV ■ 



THE > firs^ ombudsman off- 
CcKnmons standards is to 
^ppbmiHf ion a jreatfy: re^. 
!<fiKod salary to prevent a wkvfc 
6f critirism-.frtxn MTS’torn- 
rptefrangaboitt tiiefr own pay. 
Proposals'to p^y flie Parha- 
' CmomisskxKx far " 

_up to €98.000 feavt 

r shrived because, oT toarf 
MPs earning only a third 
it would resent Trim ' 
_ their outside bus- 
interests. However, the 
to scale down the 
will prompt doubts 
tile calibre of candidate 
an appointment winch 
MPs said would “deter- 
c the whole ethos of the 
ousels rules and procedures 
conduct". 

MPs suggested in July that 
commissioner should be 
_ in line with members of 
the judiciary, giving the Com¬ 
mons the option of appointing 
on a salary -crf-‘ ETiOOO to 
£98,000. Now the Commons 
committee in charge of the' 
appointment hasdedded that 
tiie salary should be less than 
£50.000, more in line Srifo : 
MEs’ pay, which will rise to 
£34i)8S in January. - ■ - 

_ Backbench • -■ MPs have 
voiced oweenr abqur the opnF- 
ritisskiner eamingmuch mare 


titan -the peo^ewhose finari- 1 
oal mterests he is scnitinisihg. 
Onesemor MP ?s5d yestatia^V, 
“Thisisaseric»spftariai^ff 
tiiiswhote system of maintain-^ 
ing standards is to be effective^- 
the salary iKue has to be 
handled sehsftivriy.* , . 

The commisskmer, who is 
likely to start wodc next yeas;'* 
will be responsible for mam- -, 
tabling a register of MPsr 
financial interests, investigat 
ing com^ainls about MP£. 
cotKhuxand offering^advioebti 
pn^riefy and efyks.Arecds*-; 
mendation onj ;the appean^ 
meat is expeded to- be pat to ' 
the Conrinans later tbris' 
month. The post is expected to 
be full time. ' 


Tory is freed to 
seek safer seat 

By James Lanoale, political reporter 


THE Tory M P Nick Hawkins, 
who has been searching for 
seat safer than his marginal 
Blackpool South, has now 
been abandoned by the con¬ 
stituency association there. 

Tory chiefs voted almost 
unanimously on Tuesday 
night to begin the process of 
selecting a new prospective 
parliamentary candidate. The 
move came on the same day 
that Mr Hawkins joined the 
Government payroll vote as 
parliamentary private secre¬ 
tary to the Defence Ministers. 
Nicholas Soames and James 
Arbuthnot. 

Aithough Mr Hawkins has 
applied to several other seats, 
including Southend West. 
Same and Reading West, he 
has so far been unsuccessful. 

Although local party bosses 
daim the move is a result of 
minor changes to the constitu¬ 
ency boundaries and is entire¬ 
ly amicable, some members 
are known to be dismayed by 
what they see as Mr Haw¬ 
kins's desertion of his constitu¬ 
ents, whom he has repres¬ 
ented since 1992.HL$ majority 
of 1.667 will almost certainly 
be overturned by Labour at 
the next election. 

Labour was quick to 
capitalise on the latest of what 


IN PARLIAMENT 


YESTERDAY in the Commons; 
Oadibencft osbam sating iritti Govern¬ 
ment poicy ton onte Ltfn America. A! 
2 J 0 pm. Qjsstfcra ie SajCfcri mttstaa 
Mowed by Oppoettw debate on rtf 
privatisation, h me Lords: debates on 
Oas 50, repot stage, aid o» Social 
SecuMr (Income Support and Cttfns and 
Payments) A m endment Regulations. 

TODAY to me Qonmcns: questions © 
Harm OMoe n A wte i s and me Prime 
Mnisttf. Debates on the Prison Service 
and Bw tom amhwssy of the Cfuo* 
caBy Stok and Dtutded Persons An. in 
Sw Lords; dobtf e on Town ant Ctvtiry 
manntog (Cost oMnoMeal BB and the 
Oops (rautinp of tend) 80. 


they describe as the "chicken 
run” of Tories from marginal 
to safe seats. Prank Dobson. 
Shadow Environment Secre¬ 
tary, said that Mr Hawkins 
was now “a chicken with 
nowhere to roost". 

Mr Hawkins said: "I expect 
my own future to become 
clearer over the next few 
months. I have been enor¬ 
mously grateful for the creisis- 
tent and, continuing support of 
my constituency chairman, 
deputy chairman and Black¬ 
pool South Conservative 
Association." 

John Bostock. the party 
agent for Blackpool South, 
said there was no ill-feeling 
and Mr Hawkins would now 
be able to look fra* a new 
constituency without feeling 
beholden to his present seat. 
“We have finally released him 
from his ties to us." 

Collin Hanson, the party 
chairman, said that until Mr 
Hawkins found a new seat 
the constituency party would 
not have known whether a 
new candidate was needed or 
not." Nick is an extremely con¬ 
scientious and good MF. We 
could da with keeping him. It 
has been entirely amicable on 
both sides, although I am very 
sad that it has happened." . 


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OVERSEAS NEWS 13 



*****,* ' »* 

*" Pri^T^fiJS 



=*>.‘£3; ;; 

**■ 'Wl 

.. .. ■” * a - R HiUf 

M p s foift 
Pay cut fc, 
Commois 

watchdo 



By Charles Bremmer, Brussels'correspondent 




!a «hui 
- **fc*M* 

p*-L 

••• •^,:'Z rJlL * 

' • r t5h» 


•" - 


fi:, 

** r 
■ *' J"'V 
a ■s. 
< ^ 

': JR- 


"•■«■!■ •- 


WILLY OAES-’w$d Jfls ted 
Nato for the past -yeaec,- will - 
make a final attempt to'keep 
his job' -as Srcreiaiy-GeneraJ 
today when he gbestx&xe.fhe 
Belgian parliament^ 1 to pjead. 
his innocence on .caartie* of 
corruption. ' - •• j' 1 " '**■ 

The Belgian pplitnpal work! 
befieves mat if- would take s 
near-mirade for th£l50-seai 
chamber, sitting m.camera, to 
reverse fee decision « an att- 
party commission vwrich rec- 
ommendedon .Saturday .that 
the 56yem-^bfd .forfirer-inmjy: 
ter shctold be infected for bis' 
aUegedinwdhreoMnt bwtparty 
bribery afedrifit fee ia$e^-1980s. 

® A derision to lift Mr Claes's 
immunity and send hrm he-.; 
fore the high court vs expecfod 
to trigger hsi^gnatibn fran’ 
Nato and acceterate a search 
for his successor at fee head of 
the Western Affiance. ;=;• :?/ 

Mr Claes gave a brief and' 
“realistic” assessment ofhjS: 
position .when he met .Nafo; 
ambassadors for -lunch cm. 
Tuesday, diplomats saife Het; 
told than that be still hoped tp 
avoid hvfictmem but indicated 
that a derision against him. 
would end his long.fight;to, 
ding to. the. office feat he 
assumed oh .October..]?.1994. 
after the deafe of Germany.^ 
Manfred Wonter. ; 

The pressure is high for a 
swift transi tion to avoid drift, 
just as Nato-is about- to 
embark an a large-scale oper¬ 
ation to police the- Bosnian 
peace and is redesigning itself 
to handle .the hew, balance of 
power in Easton Europe. The 
most cited figure as Mr C3aes^ 
successor . remains - Uffe; 
EUeman-Jenseh,'. ;feeformer 
Danish foreign. Minister and 
leader,;- of ■ the. opposition 
liberal. Party. 

Other fovourril names are. 
Ruud. Lubbers, 2 fee former 
Dutch Prime Minister, VoD^r r 
Rfihe,-,. fec.-GOma^iDefthfie. 
Minister, and JElaQCisyao.tSai;. 
Broefo/^ f^?cw 




.•tf- 



Dehaene: told- MPS to 
obey their oonsdenees 


eign Minister and now the 
— European Commissioner for 

- External -Affairs.... Malcolm 
-. RSfkfod’ b also befog- iqsor. 

tfoBodr^ despitc . . Ins'' recent 
switch-from Defence to For¬ 
eign Secretaiy.' j -Dcwglas. 
.mirct his predecessor as For- 
. esgn'Secrtrary, is said to have - 
ratal himself out ■ 

Mr CUfcs;.preparing for his 
last stand, was being advised 
_ ;by colleagues not to adopt fee 
. emotion^ approaches his. 

. appcararke/before fee comr 
messron last week, where he 
proclaimed his innocence and 
depicted himselfas thevictim 
of prifitical machination. The. 
Sriattm^GenaraL whoseaus- 

- tern appearance masks a vola¬ 
tile personality, will be 
allowed to address fee parlia¬ 
ment, but will not .be ques¬ 
tioned fay MPs before they cast 
their secret vote-late today. 

! Jean-Luc Dehaene the Bel¬ 
gian Printe Minister,has dealt 
a blpw tb .Mr Oaes by in¬ 
structing jMPs. to ybte wife 
thrir consrienoes rather than- 
observe political solidarity. 
..-Mr DehaeriEfS'centre-Left co-■ 

.. alitinn indudes Mr Claes's 
. flemish Sorialist Party. 

•"The fornter -Foreign and 
; v-Eccraomics VM&Irtteinsists 
■ that heVis , befog railroaded 
. -.over a scandal of relatively 

- - iminnr fliminjs inm in whirih tin 

pne asserts feat he made any 
. personal-g^-Ofc is making 
much of the fed that the 
prosecutbrs-have produced no 
. jiew; evidence, nor advanced 
material proof of his guilt 
-.Instead, they.have.gathered 
. “fofecatfons. of- guilt" over 1 
alleged bribes to his party 
-team tine Itahan Agusta and 
French . Dassault •; aviation', 
.tons in retam-fof bigmilitaiy 
cniflracts m.1988. • ,;/' 

j - -The commission ctmfimied 
tins ^^mjproafe- in k 

• yesterday. Theprosecirtor 
; .eremhasised^feaT-there were 

; “suferiejxt ihdiaticnis” Jo jusr.,, 
•fey' partiatitepts. decision to: 
^fodipt; Mr, Claes “for; corrup-. j», 

- ticai r ^s.v.a. peipetrator, co- 

- perp^raJpr oraccampKceand 
.. for iforgeiy/ and Iraud”,. the 

coqumssioh reportsaid.: 

. The irrixnt said tiie material 
rifedby fee prosecutor against 
.Mir Cfees mtdGuy Coeme. a 

• party colleague, “seems to 
..constitute the successive and 
.•continuous manifestation of 
- feesamg criminal intent". . - 

Mr' Claes must convince at 
least 76 MPs of his innocence. 

' “I hope feat lean count on my 
political, comrades," he said. 
The hearing is. likely to last 

• until ercly tomorrow. . 


Leading article; page 21 


L CORD 5 

1.99 



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One pf Eldin Esovic’s rdatives kisses him before his departure from Bosnia yesterday 


Sarajevo 
children 
leave for 
Britain 

ByQvr Foreign Staff 

MEMBERS of his family 
bade an emotional farewell to 
13-year-ofd Eldin Esovic yes¬ 
terday as the Bosnian boy left 
hospital in Sarajevo to fly to 
Oxford far treatment 
With him on the flight was 
Jadranka Zeienovic. a 15-year- 
old girl. Eldin will be treated 
at the Raddiffe Infirmary for 
the terrible injuries he suf¬ 
fered in a grenade explosion; 
Jadranka will be admitted to 
the Hospital for Sick Children 
in Glasgow for treatment of 
intestinal problems. 

The boy lost his sight and 
most of his arms when a 
grenade with which he was 
playing exploded He is un¬ 
aware of fee extent of the 
damage to his eyes: before 
leaving Sarajevo he was urg¬ 
ing doctors to remove the 
imaginary bandages he be¬ 
lieved would prevent him 
looking out of the aircraft as 
he flew to Britain. 

Since he was injured he has 
been using fee stomps of his 
arms to try to remove the non¬ 
existent bandages. “He has 
hopes of seeing the world one 
day." Vesna Cengic, his doc¬ 
tor. has been quoted as say¬ 
ing. "but one day he has to 
know fee truth." 

Since die blast. E!din’s 
father. Esad. whose wife was 
killed two years ago. has kept 
a constant vigil at fee boys 
bedside in fee Sarajevo Stale 
Hospital. 


Belgrade and 
Sarajevo act 
to restore ties 

From Tom Rhodes in Washington 


SERBIA and Bosnia agreed to 
establish liaison offices in 
their capitals yesterday, pav¬ 
ing the way for the resumption 
of diplomatic ties severed by 
Belgrade three years ago. 

The Clinton Administra¬ 
tion. preparing the ground for 
negotiations in America be¬ 
tween the warring parties 
later this month, announced 
that the talks would be held in 
the less than personal sur¬ 
roundings of Wright-Patter- 
son airforce base at Dayton. 
Ohio, rather than the intimate 
setting of Camp David. 

Officials continued to re¬ 
main optimistic of a successful 
outcome, but Richard Hol¬ 
brooke, the American special 
envoy to the region, played 
down the agreement to open 
offices between Sarajevo and 
Belgrade when he visited the 
Bosnian capital. “This is a 
small step on a long and 
difficult road." Mr Holbrooke 
said after flying into Sarajevo 
with Carl Bildt of the Euro¬ 
pean Union and Igor Ivanov 
of Russia. 

The two countries broke off 
diplomatic communication 
when Bosnia ceded from 
rump Yugoslavia in 1992, 
sparking fee conflict which, 
despite a countrywide 
ceasefire last week, continued 
to flare in northwestern Bos¬ 
nia yesterday. 

Mr Holbrooke, who was 
shuttling between the two 
capitals in advance of Ameri¬ 


can peace talks scheduled for 
October 31. will co-chair the 
negotiations at Dayton wife 
Mr Bildt. 

When President Carter host¬ 
ed fee Camp David talks on 
fee Middle East he estab¬ 
lished an atmosphere of great 
intimacy between Menachem 
Begin, fee Israeli Prime Min¬ 
ister. and Anwar Sadat fee 
Egyptian President President 
Clinton, however, is leaving 
fee day-today negotiations to 
Mr Holbrooke and Warren 
Christopher, the Secretary of 
State, who will open the lalks 
and shuttle back and forth 
when necessary. The White 
House is only too aware that 
negotiations could fail and 
damage Mr Clinton if they 
were to be held in more 
“presidential" surroundings. 

The base, whose high fences 
will fend off media interest, 
has three separate but identi¬ 
cal generals' quarters which 
will house the presidents of 
Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia 
when they arrive in America 
for the proximity talks. 

□ Banja Lnka: Two French 
pilots shot down during a 
Nato bombing mission have 
been kidnapped from hospital 
either by a gang seeking 
ransom or by Bosnian Mus¬ 
lims. Radovan Karadzic, the 
Bosnian Serb leader, said. In 
Belgrade, Herv£ de Charette, 
fee French Foreign Minister, 
said he had no fresh news 
about fee pilots. (AFP) 


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14 EUROPEAN NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


US fears march of fundamentalist Muslim creed across North Africa 


By Mark Huband 

NORTH AFRICA CORRESPONDENT 

WESTERN policymakers are pre- 
P^fog for Algeria’s armed msui- 
gency to descend into outright dvfl 
in the light of the military-' 
Government’s failure to 
talks with Islamic militants 
That intensifies worries that other 
states in the region may be unable 
to contain idamic militancy. 

-The United States and France 
the Algerian crisis as a threat 
to the entire Mediterranean region 
sod one over which their influence 
w extremely Smiled. “Beyond the 
for-reaching consequences for Al¬ 
geria itself, gains by foe most 


radical Islamists could embolden 
extremists in ndghbonring North 
African stales such as Tunisia or 
Morocco, key American allies in 
the region.“ David Welch. US 
principal deputy assistant secre¬ 
tary for Near Eastern Affairs, told 
the congressional African affairs 
subcommittee last week. 

Vital strategic issues are bong 
raised in Washington. Bruce Rod- 
el, deputy assistant secretary for 
Defence, told the same committee: 
“The Department of Defence has 
serious concerns about the turmoil 
in Algeria. A power vacuum in 
Algeria or a hostile government 
coming to power [there] carries 
very dangerous ramifications for 


which the US must be prepared.” 
Mr Reidd identified the need to 
keep free the Mediterranean 
seaiane between the Atlantic, the 
Gulf and the Indian Ocean as the 
key defence-related concern. *Tf the 
Algeria situation deteriorates to 
full-scale dvfl war or Algeria 
becomes a hostile Islamic revolu¬ 
tionary state, these forces could 
rapidly complicate the US military 
operations worldwide,” he said. 

Increasing tensions within Alge¬ 
ria's militaiy-badced Government 
between those determined to de¬ 
stroy the hardliners and concilia¬ 
tors seeking negotiations have 
isolated foreign governments from 
the centre of power. In the mean¬ 


time. foreign influence ova - the 
armed fundamentalists inside the 
countiy is non-existent. America 
has avoided the trap of being 
portrayed as the Islamists' enemy 
by promoting dialogue between 
the Muslim groups and the Gov¬ 
ernment. but to no avail. 

France, after initially softening 
the anti-fundamentalist line it 
adopted when the Islamic Salva¬ 
tion Front (FIS) appeared poised to 
win the 1992 election, has re¬ 
established its public ties with 
President Zeroual. who is dne to 
meet President Chirac at the UN 
next week. There is agreement in 
the West that Algiers’s con¬ 
frontational strategy is not the 


solution to the crisis, but France is. 
unable to mediate because it is too 
deeply entrenched with Algeria's 
French-speaking middle Ares to 
which it bequeathed power on 
Algerian independence in 1962 
after 130 years of French colonial 
rale. That middle class is the 
hardliners' main enemy. 

President Chirac has said be will 
press Mr Zeroual to reopen dia¬ 
logue with all -parties and hinted 
that continuation of French aid to,, 
Algeria, worth £700 m3fibaayear r 
would depend on the creation of a 
democratic system. However, talks 
with the hardliners collapsed this 
year and led to the FIS and other 
political parties, which won 80 per 


. cent of the vote in the 1992election, 
boycotting the presidential elec¬ 
tion planned for November 16. . 

Westein concerns over Morocco' 
and Tunisia have centred on the 
ability of those countries' govern¬ 
ments to undermine support for 
the extremists by improving living 
standards and thus denying them, 
their constituency among the poor.. 

While a direct militaly spillover 
from Algeria . Is unlikely, unless 
-refugees flood into Morocco, and 
~ then push towards Southern Eu¬ 
rope, the war is regarded in the 
W«t as a potential morale booster 
for foadamentalists in the region. 
In Tunisia. Mamie leaders were 
given kmg prison sentences in the 


early 1990s. In Morocco. Yassine 
Abdessalam, the fundamental^ 
leader, is under house arrest 
his followers have been jailed- 
in neither countr y has T slanust 

sentiment been obliterated. 

. Algeria's presidffltia 1 efec^ 
which Mr Zeroual is expected n» 
win. is expected to intensify wha 
was described yesterday by one 
diplomat in Algiers as tbe Goverre 
menfs "takeno-prisoners war 
• Turn Al«en- 


a WHHM HK.Hdimuw* * ■. 

aa newspapers sported security 
service daims on Saturday mat up 
to 400 mililants. including Mezrak 
Marfan L the FIS mflifaiy com- 
wuuider- were ktiled last week in 
the eastern province of JfljeL 


Chirac ordered by 
terrorists to cut 
links with Algeria 


THE Islamic terrorist group 
believed to be responsible for 
the recent wave of bombings 
in Ftance has issued an ulti¬ 
matum to President Chirac to 
cancel a planned meeting next 
week with President Zeroual 
of Algeria or face further 
bloodshed. 

The day after another bomb 
exploded in the Paris Metro 
injuring 29 people, the 
London-based Arabic news¬ 
paper al-Sharq al-Awsat re¬ 
ported that the Armed Islamic 
Group (GIA) had sent a list of 
four demands to the French 
Government. 

The GIA. an offshoot of the 
banned Islamic Salvation 
Front and one of the most 
radical of the groups trying to 
undermine French support fior 
the military-installed Algerian 
Government, has claimed re¬ 
sponsibility for the bombing 
campaign in France which has 
killed seven people and in¬ 
jured 160 since July. The 
terrorist group also demanded 
that President Chirac suspend 
all economic aid to Algeria, 
dose the French Embassy in 
Algiers and condemn the pres¬ 
idential election due in Algeria 
on November 16. 

France provided about six 
billion francs (E770 million) in 
economic aid to Algeria last 
year. : - r . . 

The French Interior and 
Foreign Ministries yesterday 
refused to comment on wbeth- 


From Ben Macintyre in parks 

er the CIA's demands had 
been received, but French 
security officials have con¬ 
firmed that the document is 
genuine, al-Sharq al-Awsat 
t reported. 

1 President Chirac yesterday 

: rejected accusations that the 
planned meeting in New York 

> on October 23 with President 

> Zeroual, a retired general who 
: is expected to win next 

- month’s election, amounted to 

- an endorsement of his candi- 
: dacy. “The President's wish is 
f not to support anyone." M 
t Chirac's spokesman said 

yesterday. 

: Amid growing fears that 

t France could be dragged into 
t die Algerian conflict, leaders 

> of the Socialist opposition 
condemned the meeting as 

i “inopportune”. Jean-Marie Le 

- Pen, the leader of the far-right 
; National Front, described the 

move as lunatic". 

President Chirac and Alain 
Juppe, the Prime Minister, 
both rejected accusations that 
the Government is meddling 
in Algerian politics and insist¬ 
ed that the meeting, which wfll 
take place during ceremonies 
to mark the United Nations’ 
fiftieth anniversary, would 
create a “dialogue" through 
l which pressure could be put 
on the Algerian Government 
to introduce democratic 
reform. 

Hervfi de Charette. the For- 
■ eign Minister, sought to play 


down tiie significance of the 
meeting with President Ze¬ 
roual, which he called a nor¬ 
mal diplomatic encounter 
between two heads of state. 

More than 40.000 people 
have died in the political 
violence that has engulfed 
Algeria since 1992, when the 
military-backed Government 
cancelled elections which 
Muslim fundamentalists were 
poised to win. 

The Foreign Ministry yes¬ 
terday repeated calls for all 
French citizens still in Algeria 
whose presence is “not essen¬ 
tial" to leave the country 
immediately, as the authori¬ 
ties reinforced security across 
France in the wake of the 
bombing on Tuesday. 

About 14^500 police and 
troops have already been de¬ 
ployed in the emergency sec¬ 
urity operation, codenamed 
Vigjpirate. and a further 4500 
will now be added, Jean-Louis 
Debit, the Interior Minister, 
said yesterday. “We have 
mobilised the security forces 
as never before." M Debit 
said, while admitting: "We 
can't prevent all bombings... 
because there are millions and 
motions of people who travel 
by Metro, train, bus or car 
everyday." 

- The GIA is also reported to 
have drawn up a hit-list of 
french journalists whom it 
has sworn to (till for opposing 
its “holy war”. 


Parisians 
face up to 
security 
failure 

By Ben Macintyre 


THE first bomb on the Paris 
Mttro last July killed seven 
people, leaving the city bewil¬ 
dered and incredulous. 

Subsequent attacks did not, 
however, cause the same level 
of carnage and, buoyed by 
promises that the Government 
would soon round up those 
responsible, the city became 
almost resigned to a world in 
which litter bins were sealed 
agafostpotential bombers and 
a visit to the supermarket 
meant every housewife had to 
have her bag checked. 

The explosion that ripped 
through another underground 
train on Tuesday blew away 
any complacency and illus¬ 
trated the grim truths many 
Parisians would rather not 
face: the threat from Algerian 
extremists has not abatecL 

“ Paris is scared,” Le 
Parisian said in banner head¬ 
lines yesterday. Le Figaro 
talked darkly about a new 
“collective hysteria". 

An armed gendarme now 
stands guard outside every 
Metro station. At rush-hour 
yesterday, Metro trains were 
halfempty. many commuters 
having opted for the bus. 

For the first time. French 
authorities have admitted that 
the attacks—eight so for, with 
seven killed and 160 injured — 
have begun to affect tourism. 

The police have carried out 
about 1.85 million identity 
checks on French citizens and 
although many arrests have 
been made, only five suspected 
terrorists have been caught 


fienisillili 


•7- :*■?'} 





SAY 



I 


Until then, there’s Glenfiddich to enjoy, 






Jeazroe Caiman. the French¬ 
woman who this week be¬ 
came the world’s longest- 
living person al die age of 
120 years 238 days, holds her 
Guinness Book of Records 
diploma during a celebra¬ 
tion yesterday at her retire¬ 
ment home in Arles. Mme 
Cahnent, who recommends 
laughter as a recipe for 


One for the 
record book 

f Records longevity and once met Yin- 
i celebra- cent van. Gogh, set her 
ter retire- record on Tuesday after 
les. Mme passing tie age of 120 years 
Drum ends 237 days.at winch Japan's 
reipe for Sdrigechiyo lzumi died in 


1966.' "I am very brave-add 
fear nothing," die told re¬ 
porters. Blind and almost 
deaf, she hoped everyone 
wonld “live a fife as happy" 
as hers and agreed to kiss 
some of die reporters. Her 
doctor said die 120-year 
mark had motivated her. 
“Now die has few goals to 
fulfil." (Renter? 


New trial threat for Stasi spy 


MARKUS WOLF. East Ger¬ 
many's notorious spymaster. 
had his six-year jail sentence 
overturned yesterday. Howev¬ 
er, the former Stasi general 
was not celebrating too much: 
tiie judges have ruled that he 
must face an investigation in¬ 
to whether he ran spy opera¬ 
tions from countries such as 
Sweden or Austria. 

Herr Wolf, 72, controlled 
agents who penetrated every 
political party in West 
Germany: he is regarded as 
foe most successful spy chief of 
the Cold War years. The 
federal court of justice has 


From Roger Boyes in bonn 

been contemplating his case 
since May. Then, foie Constitu¬ 
tional Court roled against the 
prosecution of espionage as 
long as foe spying was carried 
out exclusively from East Ger¬ 
man territory. Tiie legallogic 
was dear. East German spies 
obeyed East German laws and 
could not be held guilty of 
treason. 

Moreover, they should be 
treated equally with West 
German spies. That appeared 
to get Herr Wolf — who has 
since become a minor celebrity 
— off the hook. He was sen¬ 
tenced in 1993 to six years' im¬ 


prisonment for treason and 
for bribing West Germans to 
spy for the East 

The judges yesterday or¬ 
dered prosecutors to see if 
there is enough evidence for a 
new trial on the basis of his 
spying activities in non-War¬ 
saw Pact countries. It is 
known that be met German 
agents in Sweden and Austria. 

If the prosecutors can make 
charges ofblackmail and brib¬ 
ery stick, then Herr Wolf may 
yet end up behind bars. But 
legal sources say the roost 
likely outcome is tfiat further 
charges will be dropped. 


Fiji hints 
at French j 
envoy ban j 

Suva: Fiji has suggested that j 
France should recall its am- i 
bassador because his safety 
cannot be guaranteed while 
Paris continues to test nudear 
bombs in the South Pacific, j 
Filipe Bole, the Fiji Foreign | 
Minister, was quoted as tell- j 
fog Jacques Godfrain, the I 
French Minister for Coopera- J 
tion. that "Paris might like to J 
think at recalling its ambassa-1 
dor from Fyi, possibly for at 
prolonged consultation for six j 
months, instead of Fiji send-/ 
fog him away.” i 

The ambassador, Jacques-? 
Andre Costilhes, said he wa?. 
surprised by the comment^, 
which could beseenasencouy- 
agfog violence. He said Frji 
should guard him. (Reuter) f 

Sharon to seek/ 
Arafat arrest j 

Td Avne Ariel Share rj, a 
leading member of the right- 
wing Likud Party, said font he 
would recommend that 'i assir 
Arafat the Palestine L faera- 
txRi Organisation dik f. be 
captured and brought tt Jeru¬ 
salem to face trial as a "war 
cri minal " if Likud wires tiie 
election next year (Christopher, 
Walker writes). Mr Sh iron, 
foe former Defence Mir ister. 
ruled out any chance of i nain- 
tafoing tiie relations wirjh Mr 
Arafef^ established, by 1 : the 
present Government. |- 

Most Portugujese 
‘struggle to read’ 

Lisboa: More than half jof the 
Portuguese population/ aged 
from 15 to 64 has serious 
difficulties reading ana writ¬ 
ing. a study by the ] Social 
Sciences Institute showed. It 
said 5.7 million peopBe had 
problems working witffi writ¬ 
ten material and most (people 
did not read-newspapers. An¬ 
tonio Guterres, the f Prime 
Minister-elect, is to boost edu¬ 
cation spending. (Reuter) 

j 

Drive to cru$h 
Tamil rebels^ 

Colombo: Sri Lankaiu forces 
launched air «nrf Artillery 
strikes against Tamil Tiger 
rebels on the second day of a 
push to crush their/ Jaffna 
stronghold The Army said it 
had tolled 61 guerrillas. The 
government says more than 
50,000 people have died in the 
12-year war. (Reuter) 


Swedish leader will 
face fraud inquiry 

From Nicholas George in Stockholm ' 


MONA Sahlin. foe Swed¬ 
ish Deputy Prime Minister, is 
to face a criminal investiga¬ 
tion into her misuse of gov¬ 
ernment credit cards, pros¬ 
ecutors said yesterday. 

The move cast further 
doubt on her ambition to 
succeed Ingvar Carisson. the 
Prime Minister, who is to step 
down next March. Mrs Sah¬ 
lin, 38. who had been the only 
candidate for the leadership 
of foe ruling Social Democrat¬ 
ic Party, has withdrawn her 
candidature for the job until 
after the outcome of the 
inquiry. Mr Carisson made it 
dear yesterday that he had no 
intention of changing his 
mind about stepping down. 

According to the prosecu¬ 


tors, Mrs Sahlin could face 
charges of breach of trust and 
fraud. "There is reason to 
assume that Mona S ah tin's 
handling of the credit card 
and tbe subsequent invoicing 
was criminal," Solveig Rib- 
erdabL foe assistant prosecu¬ 
tor, said yesterday. 

Mrs Sahlin. who has paid 
bade the money, with interest, 
said she welcomed foe investi¬ 
gation. She has admitted 
making mistakes but insists 
that she is not a cheat 

In the meantime, attention 
is focusing on Jan Nygren, foe 
Minister of Coordination, as 
tiie next favourite to lead the 
party. Goran Persson, the 
Finance Minister, is also 
under pressure to stand. 




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191995 


OVERSEAS NEWS 15 





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Anxious Palestiman families expelled from Libya wait aboard the car ferry anchored off the Cyprus port of Lamaca for news of their fate 

Syrian signal of hope for stranded exiles 


From MichaelThcoxxjulou on board the countess m, off Cyprus 


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THE fate of 650 Palestinians* 
including, more than 300 
young.childreh and babies, 
-stranded on board a car ferry 
off Cyprus after being expelled 
from Libya, remained uncer¬ 
tain last night, after Syria 
agreed to accept most of them. 

It/was undear whether the 
Greek captain of the'Cyprus- 
flagged Countess M was pre- 
paredto set sail unless all 
would be accepted. 

Syria, wbidi turned the ship 
away eaiher this week. said it 
would take those with Syrian 


documents. Most had these, 
but others were travelling on 
Lebanese and Jordanian 
papers. Palestinian officials 
said 600 had Syrian travel 
documents and had Hved in 
Syria, before going to Libya. 

Before the Syrian decision 
that could end their ordeal, the 
passenger s were angry, say¬ 
ing they were being used as 
political pawns. “We don’t 
know why wete here,** said 
Omar. 35, a dvil engineer and 
father of two. “It seems our 
fault is we are Palestinians.” 


There were children every¬ 
where on board, playing in the 
carpeted corridors while 
mothers dandled babies suck¬ 
ing at bottles of milk. Mona. 
27. whose five children were 
huddled round her. said: 
“There isnt enough baby 
milk, or Pampers or medicine 
and we have no doctor." 

“They are angry and ner¬ 
vous.” said Samir Abu 
Ghazala, head of the Palestin¬ 
ian mission in Cyprus, who 
was given a rapturous wel¬ 
come when he visited the ship. 


anchored a mile offshore. 
•They’Ve lost everything in 
Libya and have been thrown 
into the unknown." 

Publicly, none was willing 
to blame Syria or Ubya for 
their plight, in case they were 
admitted to either country. 
Privately, many were furious 
with Colonel Muanunar 
Gaddafi, the Libyan leader, 
who ordered the expulsion of 
30,000 Palestinians, ostensi¬ 
bly to expose the shortcomings 
in the deal between Israel and 
the Palestine Liberation Org¬ 


anisation, which made no 
provision for hundreds of 
thousands of refugees. 

“Gaddafi said ‘youVe got a 
country, now go to if,” said 
Etedal Hiattid. 23, in a 
Lamaca hospital, where she 
was expected to give birth to 
twins last night An RAF 
helicopter airlifted her from 
the ship on Tuesday. Sobbing, 
she said: “1 miss my husband 
and little girl — she’s four — 
they Ye still on the ship. Of 
course." she added hurriedly, 
“we don't blame Gaddafi”. 


Three die I Commonwealth rights abuses attacked 


heads at parties,; and; ^*(rash-. 
ing" (bribery) and fraud, are 
part of everyday fife /: - Jvi' 
Nigeria* incurable tasteTbr 
spending beyond-Its means is" 
manifest iaAbwa. LaiSTStite. 
*i. nfifitajydecHtea to move the - 
capital franrdhacttK lagi» te 
bush in foe middle of ‘.the; 
country. Twtenfy yeto frtter, : 
Abuja’s skylinejs dotted With 
skeletons . .of half-finished 
buildings — costs have multi- 



A safe distance from, the. 
President's gleaming' while. 
villa, sprawfing Gaiki vfflage' 
offers a glimpse of the lifestyle 
endured by xnost-Nig«?rians:; 
The stunt settlement of an. 
estimated 50&Q0O in r centraL 
Abuja has ho running water; 
or electricity.'- CMdren~scam-; 
per in rotting pfies af. garbage 
and hidden from. view .-a 
female leper, fegswrappediEr 
plastic, squats cm her haunch¬ 
es by a stream of greyish filth . 


is.ijudj4aL<rr»f this/ from, the ; 
saiae mari. wha bail already : 
said fl^liriy: that the duet 
widely TjeSeved to: have won 
the 1993 presidential devticn.- 
:is guBty. 

Waiter .Ofonfgaro,,ihe.Inr 
-formation Minister, is. plead¬ 
ing,'wife Western govern¬ 
ments for greater sympathy. 

; OnapoflKifedroadinLagaK,! 
pondered hisplea while, two 
police offioere denbunoed me 
as a spy; a~ subversive and 
anti-Nigerian. My protest,that 
their Government bad invited 
me was met. only by threat of 
arrest and at the end of my IS-' 
minute dn$^ ’ one inqdred 
vdiether he ctiuld have “amiK 
thmg for foe wedtend”. 



new 


The Galaxy is flic ultimate fleaWfourwbeefs pri the 
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fonafir- fhf* orhr«l nm vehicle, the executive car, me- . 


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mountainsfof a weekendjauat • ■ . 

AUyrai have to do to win the seyd>seater Galaxy ; 
GLX ZOi (np 08.000) is collect five put of sewen tokens 
to beprinted in The Times.daily un^Saiuni^,: - 


form triudi MU be printed on Sgunfey.^ ; ; - 

- Clv«r RaffcTjriuirt- 


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- Nr OTrigl ^wcs Newspapers - TOKEN5 

amipetitiMi rules apply- >"— 


prisons 

.:Bv bOGo Gilmore 

KEVVA^S Government has 
come iu»der-renewed critf 
asm. over 1 its human rights 
Eceaid after a senior minister 
disclosed that at least three 
people die each day in die 
amniiys squalid, overcrowd- 
ed prisons. ..... 

The disdosore was made 
hy Eranas Lotodo, the Home 
Afiiurs Minister, who told 
parliament ftiat 819 prisoners 
had dred smoe the start of the 
-year. They bad succumbed to 
diseases that izhdoded malar¬ 
ia, tuberculosis. Aids, diar¬ 
rhoea, pneumonia and 
typhoidOftbetotal, 291 were 
1 on remand swaitmg trial 

The news was greeted by 
sbmdi of “shame” from oppo¬ 
sition politicians- Backed fay 
sections of the media, they 
haveaccosed tbe Government 
of disregard .for human life. 
An editorial in yesterday* 
East'Africon Standard said: 
Til's no longer a dirty- secret 
youdonYhave to be sentenced 
to death to die in Kenya’s 
prisons.” 

In June. Mr Lotodo admit 
ted file country* prisons were 
overcrowd by 30 per cent, 
with 37,000 living in space 
designed for 21,000. Press 
reports claimed that die pris¬ 
ons were five times over their 
’ Emit 

Earlier this month, Em¬ 
manuel OTCnhasu, a High 
Court judge, said jails were 
hot much.better man death 
cfamnbers and the Govern^ 
mem-did not follow official 
’ diet' and hygiene guidelines. 

7 : Poorly clothed toad naked, 
.prisoners slept on filthy mat¬ 
tresses in overcrowded crib. 
According to human rights 
activists; they are regularly 
beaten by guards, food is poor 
and scarce; and medicine is 
! rarefy available. 


By Michael Bbvyon 
DIPLOMATIC EDITOR 

AN INFLUENTIAL Com¬ 
monwealth human rights 
group yesterday denounced 
widespread abuses in many 
Commonwealth states, and 
accused governments of ignor¬ 
ing the 1991 Harare declara¬ 
tions on democracy, freedom 
of expression and die rule of 
law. ■ 

A month, before the 52- 
nation summit in Auckland, 
foe Commonwealth Human 
Rights Initiative said that mili- 


Caste row 
topples 
hardliners 

From Christopher Thomas 
IN DELHI 

INDIA'S biggest state gov¬ 
ernment collapsed yesterday, 
forcing Drifo to impose direct 
rule ami bringing hope to the 
embattled Congress party that 
its fortunes may be rising. A 
general election is expected 
early next year. 

Uttar Pradesh, population 
120 million, had a unique 
political arrangement in 
which high castes from foe 
hardline Hindu Bharatiya 
Janata Party (BJP). shared 
power with “Untouchables", 
now more commonly called 
Dalits (the oppressed). 

- - Mayawati, foe Chief Minis¬ 
ter. was foe first woman 
Untouchable to reach such 
political heights. Her 
Babujan Samaj Party re¬ 
signed when foe BJP with¬ 
drew its support after caste 
arid policy dashes. 

The peculiar political mix 
had lasted just over four 
months: The two parties, 
which represent foe opposite 
ends of foe Hindu social 
spectrum, came together out 
of ejqtafiency after the previ¬ 
ous coalition collapsed. 


tary rule was incompatible 
with full membership, and 
called for the breaking off of 
sporting links with Nigeria. It 
has already called for the 
country’s suspension until it 
has restored human rights 
and produced a firm timetable 
for a return to civilian rule: 

Kamal Hossain, a former 
Bangladesh Foreign Minister 
who chairs the human rights 
advisory commision, said: 
“There's no justification far 
treading lightly in the case of 
Nigeria. We have to come out 
loud and clear and say there's 


no room for this in foe 
Commonwealth.” 

The report coinrides with a 
Foreign Office warning to 
General Sard Abacha that 
unless his military Govern¬ 
ment accelerated moves to 
return to democracy. Britain 
would consider additional 
sanctions against Nigeria, 

Yesterday'S report, entitled 
Rights Do Matter, con¬ 
demned prison conditions in 
India, and said torture in jails 
had become the norm in 
Pakistan. The report also criti¬ 
cised Kenya's ban on indepen¬ 


dent radio stations, and Zim¬ 
babwe's hostility to private 
broadcasting. It expressed 
alarm at the concentration of 
media ownership in Britain 
and criticised the Government 
for not condemning French 
nuclear tests and for refusing 
frill citizenship to British na¬ 
tionals from ethnic minorities 
in Hong Kong. 

Malcolm Rifkind, the For¬ 
eign Secretary, will not attend 
foe summit, and some coun¬ 
tries may see this as indicative 
of Britain's lack of interest in 
foe Commonwealth. 


Gaddafi 
to expel 
million 
aliens 

By Mark Huband 

NORTH AFRICA. 
CORRESPONDENT 

UBYA is planning to expel 
more than a million foreign 
workers in what is regarded 
as a response to its worsening 
economic problems and rising 
unemployment. 

Details of Tripoli’s intention 
emerged at a meeting of foe 
United Nations Security 
Council sanctions committee 
late on Tuesday. The commit¬ 
tee rejected a request from 
Ubya for the UN embargo on 
flights to the country to be 
lifted to allow the expulsion of 
1,067,000 workers who, the 
regime of Colonel Muammar 
Gaddafi claims, are on its 
territory illegally. 

Last month, Libya expelled 
5,000 of its Palestinian popula¬ 
tion of 30.000 in an attempt to 
disrupt the Middle East peace 
accord creating Palestinian 
self-rule in the West Bank and 
the Gaza Strip. The new wave 
of expulsions, which would 
reduce foe population of Libya 
by a fifth, appears to have no 
direct political motive, accord¬ 
ing to Western diplomats. 

One diplomatic source said: 
“In the case of the Palestin¬ 
ians. there was a strong polit¬ 
ical motive. That has been a 
feature of the leaders behav¬ 
iour in the pash to threaten or 
to go through with the expul¬ 
sion of foreign workers of one 
nationality or another. It has 
been used against Tunisia and 
Egypt But foe picture we have 
been gating is that there are 
now economic problems too. 
exacerbated to a certain extent 
by the effect of sanctions.” 

At least 500,000 of those 
faring expulsion are Suda¬ 
nese. 300,000 are from Chad 
and 250,000 from Mali. The 
rest are from other West 
African countries. In letters to 
foe UN committee, Libya 
sought permission for facili¬ 
ties for Libyan or UN aircraft 
and said that more than 2200 
flights would be needed, it 
said it had reached agreement 
with countries of origin for the 
foreigners’ return. 

Air links to Libya were cut 
as part of UN sanctions in 
response to its failure to hand 
over two men accused by 
America and Britain of re¬ 
sponsibility for foe bombing of 
a Pan Am flight over Lock¬ 
erbie in 1988 in which 267 
people were killed. 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER!? 


16 OVERSEAS NEWS 


Dole urges Powell 

to keep out of 

White House race 

From Mahttn Fletcher in wa^jncton 

m 11 -MW rf wHUltl/lW" W11' 


ROBERT DOLE, the from- “fly 
runner for the Itepubbcan *UkJ 

presidential nonunabcm, is Newt 
publicly discouraging General Spea* 
CoHn Powell, ms strongest harsh 
potential rival, from entering eneri 
STrace. As he nears to 
decision, however, the forma" ™ 
Chairman of the Jomt Ctaefe hmw 
of Staff has begun conspiaJb 
ously courting the partys sfo™ 
dominant conservative wmg^ “ 
Mr Dole is warning Gener- pwre 
al Powell that the adulation he mix* 
has encountered during ta now 

national book tour is deceptive our a 

!mdta popularity will start to 
slide the moment he declares focu. 

his candidature. 

The general has been tore 
lobbed “more softball ques- to to 

toby the media in the last can. 

30 days than anybody m men* ^ 

ory" said the Senate leader the l 
who is making his thW mss 
attempt to enter the White — 
House. “He will discover,.I 

think, you are most popular in IV 

politics the day you get m and 
the day you get out" A book . 
tour was not the same as U. 
stumping across Iowa or New 
Hampshire. “You have got to W 

have a message. You have got m 
to have an agenda. You have ga 
got to have some ideas. 1 " J* 

General Powell’s book tour Ri 

ends in Norfolk, Virginia. so 

tomorrow. He .w® J 

whether to run withm the next a« 

three or four weeks, but is aj 
seeking to broaden his sup- u 

port by reaching out to the w 
Republican Right Having mi- d 


Officials 
‘lied over 
size of 
march’ 

By Martin Fletcher 

LOUIS FARRAKHAN says 
he will sue America's National 
Park Service for underestimat¬ 
ing the size of Monday’s 
Million Man March in Wash¬ 
ington for racist reasons. 

The Nation of Islam 
claimed he had organised the 
biggest demonstration m 
Washington’s history, with 
well over a million men, but 
the National Park Service’s 

estimate of the attendance was 

400.000, making it only 
fourth largest political rally. 

“Racism, white supremacy 
and hatred for Louis 
Farrakhan disallows them 
from giving us credit," Mr 
Farrakhan said at a two-hour 
press conference. “We cannot 

and will not allow [the marri* 

ers'l place in history to be 
written out simply because m 
white supremacy." The park 
service stood by its estimate. ^ 
Mr Farrakhan called for a 
summit of the country’s black | 
leaders to develop a political 
agenda, to create a fund to 
promote black businesses and 

to set up a task force to counter 

black social disintegration. Six 
congressmen called for a 
national commission to report 
on race relations, and Newt 
Gingrich, the House Speaker, 
said the march was “a wake- 
up call for aD America". 


* —- ^ 

rm 

strategist. said. With polls 


iwm/uiK««-r-~ o - strategist, said. With polls 

Sssi?<5 

“£3f “ “MCSS.'Ss 

hil ^- pn ? h SSirSoo^ MrClmton,andaremajkable 

emphasiseslusp^onalopi^ J^ttface on Tuesday night 

ESSfilgSSSl 

ssass 

aSEfcfi gfcWJP 

to say to be acoeptable for the Hi 


OJ is back 


New FBI rules 
of engagement 

Washington: The FBI is 
changing its rales of en¬ 
gagement to avoid a repeti¬ 
tion of its action at Rulqr 
Ridge, when the wife and 
son of Randy Weaver, a 

while separatist, were tolled 
during a siege three year s 
ago (Tom Rhodes writes). 
Deadly force may now be 
used only in the face of 
death or serious injury - 


wnn ns agenua. “V— 

disowned that decision, blam¬ 
ing it on his staff. Phil 
Gramm, a presidential rival, 
suggested that his Senate ool- 
league was having trouble 
deciding “who he is and what 
he stands for. 

□ Wife’S complaint Hillary 
Clinton, in an unusually can- | 
did discussion of her ti me in 
the White House, protested 
that first ladies are caught in 
an "inevitable double bind", 
criticised if too active and 
criticised if not active enough- 
She begged to be judged solely 
by her performance. 

Mrs Clinton was speaking 
at tiie end of a Latin American 
tour that avoided politics and 
inspired several American 
newspapers to suggest that 
she had adopted a more trad¬ 
itional First Lady's role, lest 
she prove a liability to her 
husband’s reelection chances. 



on course 

Panama Gty Beach. Honda : 

OJ. Simpson, whose chipping 
ixHhc-dark alibi was ridicnka 
by prosecutors at his nraroe 

triaLwasbariconagotf cours 

tins week watched by. h* 8 

jnrffiriend, Paula Bartnen. 

“The man just came to p*ay 
some goff and that's wh at he 
did," said Paul Sylvester, main 

ager of foe pro shop and food 

services at the Hombre Goff 

dub, wtoefa is privately owned 

but open to foe public Mr 
Simpson shot an 8Z on the 72- 
par course in a foursome of 
two local residents, whose 
names Mr Sylvester wo uld not 
disclose, and the course super¬ 
intendent Joe Imnan. Mr 
imwan fold a reporter flat™ 
Simpson’s game was a bate 

shaky on foe first half but men 

improved. The trial was not 

mentioned. (4FJ 



O.J. Simpson aigiies golfing P° i ° B< IW il| 8^a ame g L y i<lti ^ a Y , ^‘ e ^*yl 1 ' s 


Car boom brings 

Moscow traffic 

to a standstill 

From Richard Beeston in Moscow 


UN staff 
feel the 
burden of 
red tape 



Saddara Hussein being sworn in on the Knnm 

_ . -r bythepoKce. 

Saddam pledge to Iraq 

.. .nKu“rvwm- described it, persists. T< 


p a g hdnd: President Saddam 
Hussein, in his first speech to 
the nation in more tiian_ three 
months, promised that in ms 
next seven years in power he 
would follow the same path as 
in the past Saddam, speaking 
in the Iraqi parliament after 
his election, gave no hint 
anything would change now 


that he is President by “popu¬ 
lar” referendum rather than 
because of the coup of 1968. 
State television inexplicably 
___I riw» rmv 


after most Iraqis had gone to 
bed. Artillery gave Saddam a 
101-gun salute at the ceremony 
on Tuesday. (Reuter; 


FROM the elegant, tree-tin^ V 
boulevards of Moscow's s 
centre to the eight-lane high- » 
ways that dissect the city, the a 
Russian capital is grinding to 

a halt c 

Groaning under the strain 
of thousands of new care t 
arriving on the streets each. 1 

week, Moscow's chaotic traffic < 
system is in danger of becom¬ 
ing gri (flocked from one < 
bumper-to-bumper rush hour ] 
to the next _ _ : 

“We already have about L5 
million vehicles an the ro^ltn 
Moscow." a transport official 
said. “The bad news is that the 

number is increasing by about 
2(XX000 a year. We cannot 

rjjnp H 

The problem is partly due to 
construction work in the city 
centre, which has blocked off 
key intersections and brought 
the rest of foe capital to a 
standstill. Aggravating the sit¬ 
uation are Soviet-era practices 
which continue to rule the 
streets; the strict road hierar¬ 
chy. which if anything has 
become worse since the col¬ 
lapse of the oneijarty state. 

As in the Brezhnev era, 
convoys of black Zil limou¬ 
sines and Mercedes escorts 
carrying President Yeltsin and 
other leaders to work travel on 
roads cleared of other traffic 
by the police. 

The “automotive-age food 

chain", as one local columnist 
- described ft, persists. Top bu- 
i reaucrats and rich bankers 
L expea to be able to push to the 
l- front of a line of cars by virtue 
► of their status. “The Zhi^uli 
r (Lada) defers to the Niva, 

o which gives right of way to the 

a Volga, which gas cut an by 
y the Ford Escort, which gas 
driven off the road by the 


Volvo, which gets blown to 
smithereens by the inevitable 
Mercedes-Benz," wrote Daisy l 
Sindelar in the Moscow Times, e 
"Pedestrians don’t stand a i 
chance." 1 

Added to the rmtation c 
caused by highway ditism is i 

the chronic state of most of foe s 

city’s roads. Although Yun i 
Luzhkov, the Mayor of Mos- i 
cow, can take credit for un- : 

proving foe condition of some , 

streets, the newly surfaced 
stretches of highway appear to 
be concentrated along routes 
used most frequently by the 
Kremlin elite. . 

For the rest of the aty foe 

sight of a road repair crew is a 

distant memory. Ear her this 
year the situation became so 

serious that a local newspaper 

ran a “Miss Pothole" competi¬ 
tion, asking readers to send m 
photographs of the city's larg¬ 
est holes, some of them big 

enough to swaflow a small car 

and still have roam for a 
motorcycle or two. < , 

To get round foe nightmare 
on the roads. Muscovites have 
foe alternative of going under 
or over the congested streets. 
But the Moscow Metro, once 
the pride of socialist mass | 
transport, is stretched to ca¬ 
pacity. Delays are now so 
common that the authorities 
provide written expla natio ns 
l about delays to long-suffering 
i commuters, whose bosses no 

- longer befieve their excuses for 
s bring late for work so often, 
e The other option, to roar 
e above the problem, is stffl m 
!i its infancy. Vertikal-T, a new 
u company with six Mi8 trans- 
e port helicopters, provides a 
y shuttle service between Mas¬ 
ts caws three airport s and two 
ye points near the city centre. 


From Peter Capella 
IN GENEVA r 


UNITED NATIONS employ- t 
ees fed they are workin g in a c 
nepotistic environment oram- t 
nated by excessive bureauoa- i 
cy and political pressure, but c 

remain motivated by a univer- J 

salideaLacoordingtoavrorid- < 

wide survey by UN staff. Of 
the 4,252 employees who^re- 

spanded, 62 per cent said that 

bureaucracy was theorgan: 

isation’s main weakness.- 

Seventy per cent said «v 

enjitment procedures faffed to 

hire the best candidates: Tw> 
l tViTrdg." induding some of foe. • 
organisation's . directors, felt 
that having “good fr iends" 
was the mam factor in career 

advancement- ... 

But directors were less ot- 
thusiastic about a proposal by 

71 per cent that foey would like 

to evaluate their supervisors: 
One respondent said: 

UN should not be a ship with 
several decks, where some get 
suntanned and others w ont. 

But foe first attempt to draw 

a picture of UN staff shows 
that, despite bring donfoat 
ised by bureaucracy, political 
meddling by states, and the 
lade of money, they appear to 
be driven by anoverwtelmmg 
belief in their mission. Only 12 
per cent claim to be there 
because of the pay. ,7„-. 
Bm staff have doubts about 

i the effectiveness of the world 

■ body, especially in the areas of 
foe environment, human 
r rights and development _ 
v Heidi MacLean. a pnvfoe 
j consultant advising on UN 
r reform, said: “The whole org- 
a. apisatioh is at a crossroads. ■. 
i- of nee ding to move beyond 
o . talking about.diange,.to actu¬ 
ally achieving it" 


' RMliElWAltoOvto iN MAbMD 

Spain was ^ore^eda^ ftey would do so 

c«s yesterday *^**g*. -Sf^Tcbunlry where 
from l9 r^wnal i S^tiS and bribery are a 

ed arritearsalmMajcKca.. .■ t tay w asiwi is 

‘ A t^jary ofnmfi mai and a: . --Vwt Snaniards 

ijsgggi jffJSSS 

oki man guilty of : ? ^pnouilce thrir rrig hbours. 

ISgS win 


nine 'wffl uy'snn^r. cases in 
Spain’s regnal coutya. . -. ■ 
,*; Migud CW, an,.adyisri7fo, 
the Justice Mimstty, said ^ie 
dday in mtroducing' titeJury 
system was because of fears 
that “foe always slow. and. td 
ihnes incrediHy slow and 
confused, judiaal- irachme 
would.be upseteven more"., ; 

Three years ago a gowrm 
matt survey showed that 4/ 


oejqre .carai* w* — 

?iwflr be" seot" a 
. ffl^rfn-rnn agte'on forir private 
fives. P«^ 

Will b^ecte^ men reduced 
to ninfc jetrors plus two re- 
serves- At least seyea votes 
yrifi beiteiededfo convttt and a 
5-4majorily to acquit 
1 Cases That W0T be tried by 
jury indude murder, nwn- 
slau^iter. al»se ^ of pubhc 
office.- housritteakmg and, 
starting forest fires. ' . . 




Star tried to help brother die 


From Quentin Letts in new york 


Moore: would be ready 
to repeat her actions 


an AMERICAN television 
presenter has stated that she 
tried to help her cancer-ndden 
brother die. Maty Tyter 

Moore, star of counties® Re¬ 
vision shows since tne i»ys. 
spoon-fed her brother ire 
cream into which she bad 
mashed a potentially fatal 
mixture of pills- 
The attempt to end her 
brother’s life failed and he 


enaurcu iuiui» -rr. 

dying three months lata. 
Miss Moore said, however, 
that she would do it agon. 

Miss Moore’s announce¬ 
ment. in a forthcoming auto- 


wnorahhv stoked debate in of adult Americans support 

£^TS£rBm™..the {^ s »S^L a S p, -^S 

SSSW'ffij® 


mwica -- . 

"People need to know who is 
in charge of life and death, 
and that is God." 

Roy R. Torcaso, the former 
nF tVw Hrnilark Soc¬ 


iety and a veteran campaigner 
ffir “death with dignity" said: 
“It is horribly cruel to force 
people to endure unrelenting 
pain." He said that 73 parent 


vunu u w fi —-— 

was so ill with kidney cancer 

that “ft was impossible to hug 

him — he hurt too much. He 
asked me to mash fthe pfflsj 
into ice cream, the only food 


ms a u o wm -- 

She and other family memr 
bers sat by his bed with “a 
mixture of sadness, anticipat¬ 
ed relief, and fury". 






amid the 
noise 




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Ho w long-distance travellers can minimise jet lag □ A guide to the heart and liver □ Clues to fertility in the white cell count 

THE Medicines I T7 • I British Airways has consider- I UJdrv flrifllr -‘.1/ ‘Xondac.Mna Oait oiae mw' | ^ 

Control Agency, AZ AAi^t VI ff able expertise in passenger health. KlaKy 11111111 - ; (in^ w&aiE^garama<jrwas| cefis. 


THE Medicines 
Control Agency, 
the organisation 
which supervises 
the use of drugs in 
Britain to ensure 
high standards of 
safety, has written 
to the suppliers of the synthetic 
hormone melatonin to warn them 
that in future it wtG be available 
rally on prescription. 

Melatonin is usually produced 
by the pineal gland, little bigger 

than a pea and tucked away under 

the brain. It is the only hormone 
thatthe gland produces. 

The role of melatonin is uncer¬ 
tain and extravagant claims are 
made for its rquvenating powers. 
The medical view is that mdato: 
rim probably governs circadian 
rhythm, die cyclical activities of 
the body which are often referred 
to as the body dock. 

The body’s timekeeping is badly 
disturbed by any travel across 
time zones and it is this disruption 
of arcadian rhythm which h is 
thought accounts for jet lag. One of 
the popular, but unproven, meth¬ 
ods of countering jet Jag is to take 
additional melatonin before going 


Keeping up 
the rhythm 


to sleep; its advocates 

recommend that it 
should be taken for 
some days before 
travel as well as 
when away. 

Dr Michael Da¬ 
vies. director of 
health services for 
British Airways, does 
not share the confi¬ 
dence expressed in 
melatonin by a mud) 
travelled author, who 
returned to Britain 
this week after a ten- 
day tour in which she 
stayed in eight differ¬ 
ent cities, and zig- 



MEDICAL 

BRIEFING 

-*- 

Dr Thomas 

Stuttaford 


from jet lag and made 
her trip productive. 

Dr Davies says: 
“Nobody knows why. 
or even if, melatonin 
is an efficient treat¬ 
ment for jet lag. The 
hormone does act as 
araild hypnotic and it 
is possible that by 
making certain that 
travellers sleep, their 
jet lag is reduced. 

“We recommend 
that passengers who 
find it difficult to 
steep while away 
should take a short- 
acting sleeping pQl 


zagged across North and South one that has completely left the 
America, before canting back via body in six to eight hours. This 
Paris. The author swore thar it was treatment seems every bit as 
regular melatonin that saved her effective as taking melatonin.* 


British Airways has consider- 
abb expertise in passenger health. 
Its advice on jet lag is that if a 
passenger arrives at a destination 
m dayhght he or she should not 
resist the urge to have a quick 
sleep if it has not been possible to 
take a nap on die aircraft If the 
stay overseas is for less than four 
days Dr Davies says it is as wen. if 
possible, to stay on home time; for 
longer periods the changeover to 
local tune should be as fast as 
possible. If a passenger arrives at 
the destination at ni ght , sleep is 
easier, but for the first night or two 
a sleeping pill may be needed. 

BA also offers in-flight exercises 
as part ofits “wdl-bemg m the air” 
programme. These are designed to 
keep the muscles moving and 
thereby reduce the remote possi¬ 
bility of suffering a deep vein 
thrombosis, and later a pulmo¬ 
nary embolism, a risk in any form 
of travel when the passenger is 
sitting for any length of time.' 

BA is now liaising with some 
hotels at hs long-haul destinations 
to provide its holiday passengers 
with an anti-jet lag package; of 
exercises and spa treatments after 

their long flight 


■■■.SOME peqjdtfS 
lives are haunted 
I- *::Y^-J by the'posabflity 
Ev-YYl of arise mthelevel 
m -- of tiie liver en- 

zyroe, gamina-ghi- 
tamyl transverase,'- 
the gamma-GT of 
the annual medical examination 
winch is often taken as a bench¬ 
mark of die fiver's health, -and 
therefore a guide to the amount a 
person is drinking. The authori¬ 
ties are also concerned by the 
gamma-GT level Despite repeat¬ 
ed warnings by doctors toatioo 
much alcohol is only one of many 
possible causes of increased gam* 
ma-GT, . marry politicians pnd 
court officials stm equate it vwti i 

over-indulgence. 

The message that a raised. 
gamma-GT isn’t always relatedto • 
fiver disease is." reinforced by 
research published in the Ameri¬ 
can Journal of Epidemiology. The 
study, funded by the British Heart. 
Foundation and carried oufrby Dr 
Goya Wannametitwe and her 
team at foe Royal Free Hospital in 


-London, found that only one man 

in five wi&ainghgamma-GTwas 

a heavy drinker- 

' Doctor* arc accustamelto cabre 

wtw, despite an afccfatd^^S 
which wouldn't disgrace, a Meth¬ 
odist mmisteTj have been warned 
not to-drink so much. However, 
while the survey confirii&'toat a 
patient with a high. gamma-GT 

isn’t necessarily a secret drinker, it 

does tatiotte an increased tikeE- 
hood of a heart attack. Men wfflt 
ganmiaGTfcm the top 2& per cent 
Bad a 40 per cent inereasedchance 
ofaheart attack. v 

Babyboost 

I / ”. . WHEN British as- 

JB/B tronauts were 
AHHir bong selected to 
. ..jkBBB" jom the Russian 
. spare programme 

flr ■ ' *one of me tests 

demanded by. the 
~ r- : Soviet medical au¬ 
thorities was a prostatic s me ar .. 
Prostatic fitnd had to be massaged 
out of tbeir prostates, a nd nte n 
examined under the microscope to 


check iar the presence of whtte 
cells, indicative of pus andpos- 
sfljje infection- The procedore^TS 
gpcomfo rtable.. sometime pant- 
fid, and twt surprisingly Use 
woukH* parts couMnt under¬ 
stand ite relevance to spacejra^ 

The white cefl count, whe&erm 
semen orprbstaticfluid, 

v - * ^ trifol imli wnAAffnA 


iarec Drinui uic T . 

'ami It is of considoabterefc- 
vasce when a couple nremidtng 
rf^vtyrin n difficult This has re- 
benfly been cmvinangfy con¬ 
firmed by research.published -m 
to eJourndl of ReproductiveAfedi- 
dne. When the doctors found that 
there was feucocsiospennia, 1 de- 
fined as ihore Than lrniH»*J white 
lyiia . per inL Aty treated both 

' im«h rlm»n/plnV_ H hmad 


The curse of the thick 


spectrum antibiotic which is par- 
ticularty effe c ti ve in penetrating 
prostabc-'tissue. The treatment - 
: was-effective in two-thirds of. die 
cases. In these men the count was 

red u ce d to nonnal levels. After six 

months more than half toe female 
partners of the successfully treated 
men had conceived, but only 6 per 
cent of those women partnered by 
-men "whohad not responded to 
doxycydme became preplan! 


liVu* - T- l * - Aj 


T raditional remedies 
are often the best So 
it is surprising bow 
few people resort to 
inhalational therapy far toe 
commonest of all ailments — 
the common cold Ten minutes 
with a towel over tile head 
breathing in the steam from a 

with^enthob works ESTa 
mirade for unblocking the 
nasal passages. At the same 
time it prevents the most 
grievous complication of toe 
add — sinusitis. 

The sinuses are large air- 
filled holes in the stall on 
either side of the nose, whose 
prime function is to humidify 
and warm air on its way down 
to the lungs, while filtering out 
bacteria, viruses and other 
particulate matter. By protect¬ 
ing the lungs bran datnagp, 
however, toe sinuses them¬ 
selves are vulnerable to infec¬ 
tion. Repeated attacks damage 
their fining, resulting in 
chronic sinusitis — a constant 
source of misery for those 
afflicted 

The sinuses become filled 
with a sort of infected glue that 


head may be over 


New thinking and new surgical 
techniques have led to a revolution 
in the treatment of chronic 
sinusitis, says Dr James Le Fanu 



ENT surgeon Grant Bates using a nasal endoscope 


drips down the bade of the 
nose, causing sufferers to 
wake in the morning with a 


up". The head feels heavy, 
headaches are common, and 


of smell, and with it toe ability 
to enjoy food — and not 



These days, it only cakes a matter of months 
tor your bonnes to took oat of da se. 

At least choose healthcare that's always 
setting the trend. 

On-going investment in our Cuscombealdt 
computer system keeps us one jump ahead of the 
industry, it enables as to offer the fracst. most 
efficient administration - even tailor schemes 


2 nd documentation to snic the larger company. 

And our dcxEcavcd service - need top in our 
recent Gallop poll - will never go out 
of fashion. 

B Guardian 

Health 


there is a curious deadening of 
mental function that makes it 
difficult to c oncentr ate. To 


v3e taste in the mouth. They compound their misfortune 
fed, and indeed are, “bunged patients often lose their sense 






infrequently they give off an 
unpleasant odour, or halitosis, 

that is socially inhib i tin g. 

But probably toe worst 
problem for those with chronic 
sinusitis is that it has in tile 
past been so difficult for both 
family doctors and ENT spe¬ 
cialists to treat successfully. 
Such pessimism is no longer 
warranted. Ear, nose and 
throat (ENT) surgeons now 
realise that the condition is not 
intractable and that past fail¬ 
ures may have been due to a 
poor understanding of the 
working of the sinus. This has 
now been corrected and as a 
result “the treatment of chron¬ 
ic sinusitis has been revolut¬ 
ionised In the last decade", 
says Robert Slade. ENT spe¬ 
cialist at tite Royal United 
Hospital Bath. “Eighty-five 
per cent of patients can now 
expect to have a good or very 
good outcome." 

I n order to appreciate toe 
significance of this dev¬ 
elopment, it is necessary 
to darify the function erf 
toe sinuses. Ate enters through 
an opening, or ostium, at the 
back of toe nose and then 
circulates to toe four main 
groups of sinuses. Bacteria 
and other particles are 
trapped in a fine layer of 
mucus on the inner surface of 
tiie sinuses and then expefled 
bade out through the nose by 
the action of mfllfons of 
minute hairs, or aha, beating 
rhythmically about 700 times 
a minute. Damage to this 
mucocfliaiy transport as it is 
known, lies at the 
heart of chronic 
sinusitis. 

U. for any reason, 
toe opening into the 
sinuses is nar¬ 
rowed, tins reduces 
tire amount of air 
flowing through 
them, depriving the 
mucus lining of oxy¬ 
gen. This renders 
the mucus secre¬ 
tions more acidic. 

■which in turn im¬ 
pairs toe action of 
toe cilia. A vicious 
drde then sets in 
where the sinuses 
become more vul¬ 
nerable to infection CT sea 
and the mucocfliaiy 
transport is further 
impaired so the ire 
fediie organisms 
cannot be removed. 

“As the disease pro¬ 
gresses tite mucus 
lining becomes ire 
creasingly dam¬ 
aged. with a 
decrease in the 
rhythmic move¬ 
ment of the cilia to 
less than 300 beats 
per minute," says 
Kathryn Evans, 
consultant ENT 
surgeon at the 
Gloucester Royal 
Hospital A bloc 

For almost a cen¬ 
tury ENT surgeons have 
sought to treat mis problem 
with the Caidwefl-Luc opera¬ 
tion, named after its pioneers. 
Hus involves making a hole in 
tire lower part of tite sinuses, 
allowing mem to drain with 
the hdp of gravity and at the 
same time stripping off the 
damaged fining of the sinuses 






„V ■ i. L . 


Robert Slack performs keyhole sinus surgery. 


themselves. The limitation of 
this approach has become 
dear as a result of two 
important technical advances 
which in turn have led to the 
revolution in treatment 
The first is the CT scanner, 
which has given surgeons a 
much better understanding of 
the anatomy of the sinuses and 
particularly toe crucial part 
played by any narrowing or 



CT scans: healthy sinuses, dear of infection 


Y" " 

w 

f 

V 

* 




A blocked bead typical of chronic sinusitis 


obstruction of tire ostium in 
creating the videos cycle of 
chronic sinusitis. 

Second s the nasal endo¬ 
scope. a thin metal tube which, 
allows a thorough inspection 
of the inside to the nose all die 
way back to the pharynx The 
consequent change in percep¬ 
tion of tite nature of the disease 


is summarised by David Km-,, 
nedy, an ENT surgeon in 
Baltimore: “The conventional 
opinion has always been that . 
toe lining of the sinuses be¬ 
comes irreversibly diseased, 
and needs to be completely 
removed. But now we have 
come to realise, that 
chronic sinusitis is primarify a 
disease of obstruction of the 
ostium." 

The priority now 
is to relieve that 
obstruction, which 
is also performed 

■thro ugh toe endo¬ 
scope — an opera¬ 
tion known as 
Functional. &ido- 
scopic Sinus Sur¬ 
gery, or FESS. The 
ostium is dfredfy 
seen and is widened 
by cutting , away toe 
, tissue surrounding 
it This enormously 
improves the venti- 
lation of toe sinuses 
and tire, damaged . 
linin g should men 
• heal spontaneously. 1 
ection “After surgery - it 
- - may take - many , 
months fortbe nru- 
cosal changes {dam- | 
age to the lining of . i 
toe sinuses] Jo re- I 
verse;” said Dr Ev¬ 
ans, So supplemen¬ 
tary treatments 
with regular inhala¬ 
tions, antibiotics 
and steroids will be 
necessary during 
this time " 

Fbor years ago. 
on beaming a con¬ 
sultant in Batin 
Robert Slack 
trained in toe key¬ 
hole surgery neces-. 
usitis saxy for FESS. and 
has been using this 
minissiUy invasive technique 
on patients ever since. He says 
that even though it may not be 
possible to relieve an toe 
symptoms fcff too* who have 
suffered frran tinunkr sinusitis' 
for many years, "there, is 
absolutely no doubt that-pa¬ 
tterns are doing a lot better 
than in toe past" 1 . 





[ni.-iini.:, n-'f/'U. 


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Qttentta-I^its reports from New York on the fiftieth anniversary of the stewardesses’ union 



'•'TT jS, 

"7 5 • 

" ~-zi •. 

- *ra.n 

• — 

■: . :/ 


id' factor 

amilies 



e glamour people 



tusedvfo IftiV behaviour Oilman threw a 

I Naruy, fly me” as the plate of fish - at stewardess 
m frpwy -wobbled Lori Roster when- she told 
tww& meaisie five min- him that sorry; she. had ran 
tne s afte r take-off and the DC- out-of the pasta option: TTie 
10 droned: towardsmusing. denizens erf' eebnomy -dass 
altitude. American business-^ have also braved hungry 
jpefr would select an kfrline . 'litigants, be ft suing when 
on the-prettiness of its host- luggage drops oat of ewer- 
•and smile appreciative:. .. head bins or trying to job an 
tffiD jhe better endowed attendant’s arm in the hope 
held put both ,aims to ihat hot coffee wiD be spilfed 
ate emergency exits. ■ and hefty compensation en- 

? t h^^ jainourhas faded; sue from the s caldin g. Same 
■ are . 110 toga-. . airlines now servecofiee that 
yHli ght,. th e catering . fa tepid to avoid stich trouble. 
seldcBnextendsb^onda /• .Plainly, we have, come 


ly when the better endowed 
girls held put both .arms to 
indicate emergency exits. - 
But the gfatoour has faded: 
High beds .are ho longer., 
worn- inflight,, -the catering 
now seWcm extent^ - 


i Lr _>—• - wc; nave unne 

packet of nuts, and -AmerrcaS sothc distance from ibe days 
airlin e cabin, staff- are. when, all male, passengers 
organised; and ready .-to. use • • - dressed like Cary Grant. aU 


their rollectiye rmzsda. They 
have become the 
miners of the air. 

Their " trade ‘Wg 
union, the Associ-. -...; . 
attorn of Profes- . -. etvni 
skmal. Flight At- . ‘ 
tendinis, this : fri rr 
weekeeiebrates its J -V *i 
fiftiethbuthday.lt .,. c w m . 
falls .at a time : of 
unprecedented . 1 / . • 
growth but re-.-- .yQl 
duced profit mar- 
gins and .pfatoex pJxSSl 
service. ...Some - 
100,000 " Ameri- •> 
cans now, earii a 
Irving as flight at- • 4 

tendants fit was only57,000in 
1980). but the hours are long, 
the job is less fun, and, their 


We were 


:to marry 
sbmenice 
^ourig •: 


dressed like Cary Grant, all 
women wore hats and carried 
■ ' handbags.andtiie 
captain addressed 
Vere passengers as 
... “ladies and gentie- 

’twi raen" rather than 

, ' L - folks". 

1TTV„ was in the 

“ ■ *- '. Sixties that the 
Tiirv* Vterm “stewardess" 
1UCC - yidfled-to “flighr 
no ;• • • attendant" and 
*■*« . airfihes started to 

riopr’ Vdno P s'*** <*-.**■-■ 
[lgci strict . require- - 

meats made of 
cabmsBdt.Oneof 
these w^s a coin: 

. . pulsoiy ’ retired, 

merit age of 32,anda bar on 
stewardesses marrying. -' 
Plumpness was. also fortad- 



whh elegant uniforms." says 
Miss Lauterbach. who recalls 
that m war-rationed America 
she would often be given 
presents of chocolate, scent or 
stockings by admiring GIs. 

"It is harder work now, bui 
modem attendants are paid 
well." Miss Lauterbach says. 
Pay, which cunently aver¬ 
ages about £25300 a year, 
was ihe driving fores when 
she and four stewardess col¬ 
leagues founded the associ¬ 
ation in 19-15. Some of the 
women are getting together in 
California this week'to mark 
the success of their organis¬ 
ation. which only last week 
secured a 17 per cent pay rise 
for a group of attendants and. 
in 1993. organised a strike at 
American Airlines which 
shocked the business. A more 
recent dispute at Alaska Air¬ 
lines has also seen withdraw¬ 
al of labour, followed by an 
improved contract offer. 


M iss Lauterbach 
recalls that in 
her day most of 
the women in 
the business came from mid¬ 
dle-class homes where the 
father was probably of mana¬ 
gerial rank and disapproved 
of strikes. “It was hard to sign 
up some of the girls," she 
says. The founder of United. 
William Patterson, regarded 
stewardesses in an almost 
paternal manner. “We were 
supposed to work for a couple 
of years. Then he expected us 
to get married to some nice 
young man," she says. 

Mid-air safety training was 
non-existent, and there were 
no male cabin attendants. But 
there was that certain chic 
which attached itself to air 
travel. People still had won¬ 
der in their eyes, but as that 
wonder has receded, so has 
the flair of in-flight sendee. 

“The job is now less enjoy¬ 
able," concedes Ms Gal¬ 
lagher. “Attendants fed they 
do not have as much time to 
get to know the passengers." 
Mind you, given the ill- 
mannered passengers you 
fend to get in the air these 
days, that may not be such a 
bad thing. 


standing toAmerican fifehas den and. until last yepr. one 
changed. Subsonic travel’s - airline retained a-woght~re- 
glamorous adornments have striction. fiefr stewardesses. For 
become -airborne :^safety - instance, * woman o£5ft Sin, - 
officers. .-5 ; ^ r jflesstiiati^yMu^ oldi.was-'. 

Thegrowth to numbers can not meantto weigh more than 
be attributed ip the detegul^- * 1351b. Tfoj^vtomen up^ttkSv 


tion of American aBirtesto' 'this nfaxupum vrea^ti bfc^ 
the fate Seventies,,' which, came 144b.:w.;---■■ 
allowed many , smaller barn- The Association of Profes- .- 
ers to set up in business-and, . sional Flight Attendants has 
through compe ti tion, reduced^ dtusefled away at its man- 
fares on many routes. Two, 1 ber$fconffitton& It negotiated 
consequences were-tifat ato on- Arose high heels, and 
lines did not spend so much’airlines ^ evenhfally accepted, 
on frifls, and. ftytog. became " that heels need.be worn in. 
an affordable option for a -airport concourses only, not 
wider group of people. , .. , • on the plane. The assoriatton 

Modem airnne staff- (riff has-badgered airlines over air . 
horror stories- sgnte.- .cpja^ty anjets—:it is cheaper 

passengers. A. recent survey ' to reduce tiie intake of fresh : 
of employe^ at;Ndtthwest v air.Jtot that is pot god for , 
ScRitirwest.apd TWA desenb-; ^ atte^lants*. health. Another 
ed outbreaks of dfagt^ceful aifei of concem_- has' been.: 


Delta’s first flight attendant Laura Wizark, in 1940; five years later they had a union 


caiaiT crew’s feet All that 
standing up plays havoc with 
the corns. ■< 

There have been more seri¬ 
ous developments, such as 
assaults on stewardesses by 
passengers. These have hap¬ 
pened on ^budget and youih- 
market airlines whose atten¬ 
dants, wear gym shoes and 
shorts'and are encouraged to 


sit alongside passengers and 
chatter. The trouble is, these 
attendants do not look as 
authoritative as they used to.” 
says the- association's Jill 
Gallagher. The new uni¬ 
forms are comfortable but 
they can lead to problems-" 

It was a different story, in 
the Fbrties, when Edith 
Lauterbach was a stewardess 


with United Airlines and. one 
day, found herself looking 
after a planeload which in- 
-eluded 21 sailors just back 
from the war. In the course of 
that DC-3 flight to Denver, 
she recalls, every single sailor 
proposed to her. separately. 
Evay offer was graciously 
turned down. "We were the 
glamour people, i suppose. 


AMNESTY WEEK 15 -22 OCTOBER 



/_ • i The racing driver will soon be patrolling a new beat, as Giles Coren discovers 

-V f ■(. < ■ :V , ’ - . ' , — -— — ! - ;• — 1 1 .. ..... 

Whv Nisei Mansell 

trilbyftemfaastadieand_the.. ' » ▼ AlJ ± " lTlwlluVll obsessive collector of pol: 



Spedai constable Nigel Mansell 


.TJ^'pigel Maaseff always; vranted 
r l^y. lo be a p<riiceman_You- could 
1 tdlbytiie moustadie andthe 
efrommy dopeanour- It is. easy to 
imag ine him jQodng his knees and 
J saying * ^Uo. ’eQo. ’dk)" For Mansell 
is a ^throwback to. Ate days when 
itobbm wo^ .stripy shirts and car- 
f ried bags marked “sw^". ; . 

.. Thus it was a great coup for a 

- nostalgicgovernmenl when Britain's 
•: greatest'r*ring drive - of the modem 

^e, and aTpiy to boot, was sworn in 
as a special constable in Gxeter 
: yesterday, responding to recant calls 
-for 10,000 dew recruits., 

. The organisation has indeed seen 
better days. ftwasmJ673thatan Act 
of Barliamoxt first aflowed local JFs 

- to anoint spedai constables, and by 

: the Goyemmeot could calf <m 

370,000 Specials to police the Chartist 
> upheavals. A similar number turned 
out during the. Fenian alarm of the 
1860s. But numbers have fallen from 

- 130J3Q0“atthetumaf this century to 
only 20,000 today. 


wants to be Spedai 


Such a high-profile recruit can only 
help foe cause, as Mansell joins a 
short but distinguished list of Spe¬ 
cials that includes agriculture minis¬ 
ter Douglas Hogg, former Treasury 
minister. Jonathan Aitken, and 
Rfllington Place murderer John 
Christie. The appointment of Christie 
tended to enforce the old music hall 
refrain that “you can't trust a Spedai 
like an old time copper". 

It has already been established that 
Mansell will not be bringing his 
formidable driving skills to the force. 
But as the "Commandant of the 
Special Constables in Devon and 
Cornwall. Max Andrews, says: 
“Mansell will not be a spedai Special, 
just a Special." 


Why, then, is he doing it? "He is 
expressing his desire to serve the 
community," the Commandant says. 
“He is someone who is prepared to 
stand up and be counted, which fa all 
we require from a recruit That and 
their spare time." 

But won’t there be problems with 
his celebrity? “By the time he actually 
goes out on patrol.” Mr Andrews 
says, "people will have forgotten all 
about it They may not even recognise 
him. At the moment, kids are 
probably going up to eveiy police¬ 
man in the country and asking him if 
he is Nigel Mansell." This, as we 
already know, is because all police¬ 
men look like Nigel Mansell. 

The same cannot be said of Elvis 


Presley. But the King was indeed a 
sort of voluntary policeman. An 
obsessive collector of police badges, 
the only way he could procure a 
badge of the Bureau of Narcotics and 
Dangerous Drugs was by joining it 
In a famous meeting with President 
Nixon, a badge was sent for. and 
Elvis became an honorary deputy. 

Mansell is not a known collector. It 
is more likely that he saw the story of 
Mike Carr, the teacher and spedai 
constable who was instrumental in 
recapturing the Parkinurst escapers 
in January- and dreamt of glories 
beyond the race track. 

At any rate, there fa one thing for 
which he is particularly well quali¬ 
fied: the delivery of every traffic cop's 
favourite line. 

Thus motorists warmly amid pale 
the day when they are waved down 
for speeding on a busy high street, 
and a friendly, moustachioed face 
leans down to the open window to 
inquire: "Who do you think you are. 
Nigei Mansell?" 



WWLEHU’OIS FOR HUNI! 


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Goran was 
one off the 
first people in 
the former 

Yugoslavia to 
experience 
the nightmare 
off racial 
hatred. 

He never lived 
to tell the tale 
Or did he? 

Somehow you can tell just by looking at Goran char 
he was unlikely to be a desperado. He worked as an 
agricultural engineer in the small town of Vukovar. 
which before the confk'cr had a mulcr-cchruc population. 

In November 1991. the town was overrun by Serb 
paramilitaries Goran and his mother hid with other 
terrified townsfolk in a large cellar. 

But the paramilitaries dragged rhem out and took 
them to a ‘clearing centre' where people of different 
religions and ethnic groups were made to srand apart. 
And where women were separated from rhe men. 

This heard ess “selection" was the last rime Goran's 
mother Ivanka saw her son. He was taken away in 
what was rhe first mass “disappearance'' of former 
Yugoslavia 

Ivanka prays that her son is still alive and has tried 
without success to find out what became of him. 

Since Goran vanished into the smoke of war. tens 
of thousands of other people in former Yugoslavia 
have simply “disappeared” leaving their families with 
an agony of hope and despair chat can never die. 

This is why Amnesty International works in 
Bosnia and other countries with families of those who 
have "disappeared". Please help. 

You can do ir by joining Amnesry International or 
by sending us a donation today. 

Today is Thursday 19 October. 
How many more days, 
how many more deaths, 
before you join us? 


















































Janet Daley 



■ The European Court’s ruling will be 
welcomed wherever real women rather 
than their spokespersons gather 


S exual discrimination 
in the job market is 
illegal: official. The 
European Court of Justice 
has agreed, rather startling¬ 
ly, with Britain. The sense 
in which die Court is in 
accord with our law might 
be confusing to those who 
have not been paying atten¬ 
tion. You may have been 
under a misapprehension 
about the Sex Discrimina¬ 
tion Act of 1975. Passed at 
the high point of the febrile 
ride of feminist protest 
wasn't that law intended to 
prevent prejudice against 
women in the work place? 

And if the Act was all 
about making way for mare 
women in employment 
how can die European 
Court be upholding that 
law when it pronounces that 
women must not be given 
preference over equally 
qualified men? Simply 
because both the Act and 
the European Court are 
determined to prevent gen¬ 
der bias of any land. And 
for a woman to be employed 
or promoted in preference to 
her male counterpart purely 
on the ground of her genital 
plumbing, is just as dis¬ 
criminatory as purblind 
bigotry against women. 

Being wefl-inten- _ 

tioned in your 
favouritism does ‘ft is 
not come into it 
Unfairness is un- WOI 

fairness and it is 
all wrong. 

The 1975 Act — who 

with peculiar 
foresight consid- PCD 

ering that it was wrr 

drafted in the u 

heat of public 
passion — saw rite looming 
prospect of positive dis¬ 
crimination and banned it. 
It anticipated that the eager¬ 
ness to make up lost ground 
might tempt employers (or 
those who put pressure on 
them) to set quotas for 
women. And was it ever 
right Particularly in the 
public sector — not to men¬ 
tion foe Labour Party — foe 
idea gained ground rapidly 
that deliberate steps were 
needed to right the inherited 
imbalance between men 
and women. 

Strict numerical quotas 
were illegal in employment 
— but not in the Labour 
Party apparently — so the 
favouring of women (or 
ethnic minorities which 
come under the same stat¬ 
ute) had to be carefully 
worded. Given two candi¬ 
dates of precisely equal 
qualification and experi¬ 
ence, the female one could 
— it was thought—be given 
preference without contra¬ 
vening foe law. Just how 
precisely equal two people 
can be in every respect 
except sex, is something of a 
mystery, of course. If you 
are determined to shoehorn 
more women into, say, se¬ 
nior management positions, 
then you may wefl interpret 
that equality rather loosely. 

But however far it bent 
over backwards, that ploy 
has now been ruled out by 
foe European Court “Posi¬ 
tive action" — a euphemism 
for reverse discrimination 
— is as illegal as its cruder 
stable mate, the numerical 
quota. This ruling will raise 
a cheer wherever real 


‘It is young 
working- 
class males 
who are in 
peril, not 
women’ 


women — as opposed to 
female spokespersons — 
gather. Such women do 
wish to be treated fairly. 
They do not wish to be 
indulged or patronised and 
they are folly aware of the 
justified resentment that 
they will incur if they are 
allowed to leapfrog over 
their male colleagues. And 
even the ambitious among 
them have husbands or 
boyfriends, brothers or sons 
whose hopes and aspira¬ 
tions are very dear to mem 
and whose frustration they 
share when an expected 
promotion is snatched away 
and delivered into the 
hands of a less able (or no 
more able) woman as a 
matter of polity. 

And real women have 
other worries about the 
plight of their men. It is not 
the economic future of 
young women which is 
most perilous now but that 
of young working-class 
males. This week's edition 
of Panorama was devoted 
to the growing discrepancy 
between the school perfor¬ 
mance and aspirations of 
girls as opposed to boys. 
The deputy head of a com¬ 
prehensive school was dis¬ 
traught by the under- 

_ performance of 

many of the 
OUng promising boys 

in his school, 
mg- Girts of similar 

na 1pc ability applied 

naies themse i V es, 

Xe in worked hard and 

got their quaftfi- 
. not cations — deter- 

, en ’ mined to make 

1 1 something of 

_l ' _l _ their futures. But 

once the bqys hit adoles¬ 

cence, they fell in with the 
local lout culture and gave 
up on 5dtool altogether. 

F our particular boys 
who had shown real 
ability at II, were fol¬ 
lowed through to their 
present depressing fate, ei¬ 
ther on foe dole or employed 
in jobs that were well befow 
their potential. They mum¬ 
bled desultory regrets about 
making no effort at school, 
or about giving up low-paid 
jobs so they could spend all 
day in foe pub with their 
mates. Meanwhile, the girts 
packed their bags for univ¬ 
ersity and a better life. 

What their saddened 
head did not mention as he 
racked bis brain for an 
answer to this dflemma, 
was foat 30 years ago those 
bright boys would probably 
have got through to a gram¬ 
mar school that would have 
pulled them decisively away 
from their tribal defeatism. 
Put into an atmosphere 
where achievement ana am¬ 
bition were part of foe ethos, 
they might have wot 
through. Boys are pack 
animals. The desire to be 
“one of foe lads" has to be 
countered with unflinching 
authority if it is to have arty 
effect So great was the 
desire not to impose “mid- 
die-dass values" on work¬ 
ing-class children, that we 
discarded foe discipline and 
incentives which made such 
boys fit for adult life. Girts 
are self-motivating. They 
can look after themselves — 
and. it seems, they increas¬ 
ingly will have to. 



# S9. * 3* 


Howard’s Home front 


N ot for the first time, it is 
Judge Stephen Tuxnim 
who has pointed to the 
heart of foe matter. The 
distinction between the “policy" and 
foe “operatkms” of foe Risen Service 
is indeed “bogus". 1! this is interpret¬ 
ed as meaning that the Home 
Secretary's aspirations are policy, but 
the consequences of his policy are 
operational, foot it does indeed 
follow that Michael Howard is "not 
responsible for anything". Inevitably, 
foe Home Secretary will be held 
responsible even if he does maintain 
that the people carrying out his policy 
are to blame. In the House of 
Commons today he has to satisfy 
Members of Parliament that the 
prisons have been run properly 
during his period of office and that be 
told Parliament the truth about foe 
decision to remove foe Governor of 
Parkhurst Prison. 

Plainly this will be a difficult 
debate for Michael Howard. I do not 
think he will have to resign unless the 
Labour Party can conclusively prove 
that he has misled the House of 
Commons. At this stage, in this 
Parliament, with the Government 
struggling to recover after years of 
unpopularity, it would be too damag¬ 
ing to lose a Home Secretary. The 
Prone Minister is standing behind 
Michael Howard and has tittle 
political option but to do so, though 
be must be very disappointed at tins 
new set-back. 

Beyond question, this has dam¬ 
aged the Government Michael How¬ 
ard is weakened because he has lost 
tiie confidence of most of the crime 
professionals, including many 
judges, many of the polios, many 
chief constables, many prism gover¬ 
nors. and even senior rivO servants. 
Ministers are judged, in the first 
place, by those who work in their 
field. 1 cannot remember a Home 
Secretary who has had so little 
support from those who have ob¬ 
served his policy decisions at dose 
quarters. They did not think much of 
David Waddington; they think even 
less of Michael Howard, If a Home 
Secretary loses the confidence of the 
professionals, that is bound to spread 
to PtirUaraent to the press and to the 
public. 

Why has Michael Howard been so 
unsuccessful in keeping their sup¬ 
port? The first criticism one hears is 
that he is too political. The Horae 
Secretary must often, in the interests 
of justice or humanity, do things 
which are not going to be politically 
popular. The professionals believe 


Issues of social order require moral 
thoughtfulness, not political rhetoric 


that Michael Howard has put polit¬ 
ical popularity too far ahead of sound 
decision making. But they also 
consider that he is not a good 
politician, that he does not have the 
sensitive antennae to tell him what 
wifl be popular and what will be 
dangerous. A very political Home 
Secretary who is rather bad at politics 
can only be precariously balanced on 
the high wire of his office. 

The Home Secretary has to deal 
with a wide variety of different cases, 
many of them with a moral dimen¬ 
sion. He needs therefore to be 
sensitive not only to foe morality of 

the issue but to the _ • 

public sensei of mo- 

ralfty. which may fl/V*/ 

not be quite the \jy 7/, 

same thing. For 

more than 35 years LJ 

now, the British law 

on prostitution has 

been determined by - -— - 

tiie Street Offences 
Act 1959, which followed a recom¬ 
mendation of the Wdfenden report. 
That Act made the moral distinction 
that prostitution cannot be prevented 
but that people do not want to see 
prostitutes accosting their clients in 
the streets: that is perhaps a shrewd 
tribute to the national combination of 
realism with discretion. 

The Home Secretary at the time 
was Rab Butler. He was worried by 
the original proposaL He did not 
wish to appear to be condoning 
prostitution.The Lord Chief Justice® 
the time. Lord Parker, was against it. 
I remember Rab telling me how he 
bad resolved the matter. He took his 
usual weekend train to his constitu¬ 
ency. When he alighted at Saffron 
Walden he was greeted by the station 
master. He took him aside and asked 
his opinion. The station master 
considered that people did not mind 
prostitutes, but did not wish to see 
them in public places. Rab preferred 
the judgment of the station master to 
that of the Lord Chief Justice, and the 
Act was carried. 

As Rab wrote to Harold Macmil¬ 
lan: "In its quaint and graceful 
traditions, and foe variety of its 
problems, the Home Office is unique 
among Government departments." 

Every Home Secretary needs his 
own station master. Somehow be 
must get an understanding of public 


Rjees~Mogg 


feeling foal has never been the same 
thing as judging foe mood of foe 
Conservative Party co nfe re n ce. In 
1958 Rab Butler wrote a minute to tiie 
Permanent Secretary at foe Home 
Office, which is quoted in Anthony 
Howards biography: "I am to an¬ 
swer 28 blood-thirsty resolutions at 
the Co ns erv ati ve Party co n fe m ce at 
Blackpool With tiie greatest difficul¬ 
ty we have chosen one out of the 28 
which is at least moderate. On this I 
can mate a reasonably calming 
speech." He did make a calming 
speech, which was wefl received. He 
emphasised foe importance of klenti- 
. fyjng foe causes of 
, crimes * ■■ '••••'■' ■ 

* . .• Michael Howard 

7j2fn has never seemed to 

i 1. want to calm the 

\ An/T/r Conservative Party 
VmDjSjL Conference,. but 
OO rather to exploit its 
— -- -— traditional feelings 
to win its applause. 
The whole country shares foe anxiety 
about crime that is expressed at party 
conferences, but does not share foe 
emotional mood. How best to counter 
crime, how best to determine sentenc¬ 
ing policy, how to run foe prisons or 
foe potioe. seem to foe rest of us to be 
difficult questions, needing a lot of 
information and thought. 1 remem¬ 
ber Douglas Hurd, as Home Secre¬ 
tary and supported by Ms junior 
minister, John Patten, hdd a Home 
Office openday an crime. Those of us 
who attended came away with a 
deeper understanding of tiie prob¬ 
lems. and an even deeper respect for 
those who have to deal with them. 
That day was as remote as could be 
from the atmosphere of Michael 
Howard and panting a finger and 
saying: “If you don't want to do the 
time, don't commit the crime..." If 
that sort of rhetoricwere tiie solution, 
crime would have been abolished 
long ago. 

I n Britain the prison population 
is now about 50,000, which 
happens to be approximately 
foe same number as that of tiie 
staff under the Home Office. Our 
total population is about 60 nuffion, 
which means that one person m L200 
is in prison at any one .time. In tiie 
United States, there are one million 
people in prison, or one person in SO. 


Most American crane statistics are 
worse than ours; obviously a large - 
prison popofatioafalikefy to be one of 
tiie consequences of a high crime 
rate, but there seems to be so 
evidence that increasing the prison 

population armafly y ^p r fj ! crime: 

There is-a difficultproblem'of 
deciding tiie right sentence, .in each, 
particular case; despite occasional 
lapses; British judges are rather good, 
at that; & is _ not an emotional issue. ■ 
but cne of analysis and experience. 
No doubt some criminals ought to 
receive longer s e nt e n ce s , but a larger 
number should not be in prison at alL 
Thto'fe'particttiariy true of women 
prisoners on. minor offences. 

' In a letter toTheTimes on October 
16, Lord Wirafleshaip, who was 
chairman of foe Famfe Board in foe. 
1980s. made adevastatingcritidsm of 
Micffadt flawaid*s^ “two strikes and' 
you're oUf* proposaL - He showed 
from US experience that tins'would.. 
dog up the courts, increase foe 
number of prisoners, and escalatefoe 
costs. People who have dealt profes¬ 
sionally with these penal issues know 
that simple solutions which.may- 
appear to foe public when they are" 
first heard often bare damaging 
consequences 1 and actually make 
tilings worse: We like to think that a 
Home Secretary, with afl the re¬ 
search advice available to him,-has 
really thought things thro ugh: Sim-, 
ptistic responses, to the serious social 
evfl of crime are not good enough. 

The Home'QBce. issues of social 
order require a moral thoughtful¬ 
ness, a wisdom, in those responsible'. 
for dealing with them. If Michael 
Howard now folds himself almost 
alone, apart from Ms Cabinet col-, 
leagues who have little choke but to 
bade hmrup. it is because he has not 
inqfressedpeoplewfto khowwhat foe 
issues are wim a capacity far non-’ 
political seriousness. I afo hot sure 
that Jack Strawis any more convinc¬ 
ing an the labwir side — he sounds 
fite another “political” Home Secre¬ 
tary in the maidn&He makes cheap 
points and uses ‘dfamgennous 


Windy Sly 


HE NEVER ducted a fight when 
he was Rocky or Ram bo. But 
Sylvester Stallone's last-minute de¬ 
rision to pull out of yesterdays pro- 
am match at the Alfred Dunhfll 
Cup at St Andrews astonished 
organisers and fans. Apparently he 
was too scared to perform. 

The thought of playing for the 
first time in front of a large crowd 
in windy conditions on the famous 
Old Course got the better of him. 
He cancelled Ms appearance in a 
telephone call to the tournament 
director Peter German on Tuesday 
night but did not give a reason. 
This was all the more puzzling as 
he had played a practice round on 
the Old Course with his partner, 
the world number two Ernie Els, 
and acquitted himself admirably, 
scoring a par on the notorious 17th. 

Butbefore he fled he comment¬ 
ed: “IVe never played in a pro-am 

before Im scared Scotland should 

be the world leaders in kite- 
making. You could fly the whole 
country in this wind." 

And of playing with Els. he 
added: “With him, you know you 
are going to lose, so there's no 
pressure on you.” As spectators 
were told that Gavin Hastings, the 


Scottish rugby captain, was now 
the best-known celebrity in action, 
organisers were putting on a brave 
face: "These things happen.” said a 
spokeswoman. "He had business 
commitments and had to go back 
to London." 

• It mas a frightfully exciting day 
yesterday for Charles Moon. Not 


pjw 


“ Howard's gone right out of 
fashion " 


only was he appointed the Editor 
of The Daily Telegraph, but he 
also got stuck in the lift on his way 
to see the newspaper group's 
chairman „ Conrad Black, before 
lunch. Although it meant he kept 
his guest. Douglas Hurd, waiting 
at the Savoy Grtil for IS minutes, 
the convivial nature of the lunch 
made upfor his tardy arrival. 

A last toast 

THE PORT and lemons were at 
half mast in Southport yesterday 
after foe news broke of Red Rum’S 
death. And no drinking spot was in 
deeper mourning than the Bold 
Hotel where the Grand National 
winner once popped in for a drink 
himself. 

Tommy Stack, the jockey who 
rode Red Rum to the third of his 
Grand National victories, was des¬ 
olate yesterday on hearing of foe 
champton hunfla^s death. He took 
him to out drinking on the night of 
his victory in 1977. “The horse was 
invited into the hoteL and proceed- 
ed to walk up the steps and into the 
lobby for a drink." he said. 

He has form 

THE SACKED bead of the Prison 
Service. Derek Lewis, who is new 



suing Michael Howard, was a 
gawky schoolboy with remarkably 
large feet according to his contem¬ 
poraries at WreJdn College, in 
Shropshire But he showed a. re¬ 
sourceful flair from an early age. 

A chap who shared a study with 
him explains. “We kept a gramo¬ 
phone in our stutfy for a whole 
term and managed to keep foe fact 
from tiie housemaster.” he sakL "ft 
was illegal, you see, and he was 
part of the conspiracy. The record 
player was kept in a biscuit tin.” 
Crumbs! 


Lost love 

JENNIFER EHLE. the actress 
who plays Elizabeth Bennet in the 
BBC’s lavish production of Pride 
and Prejudice, has broken op with 
Cotin Firth, who plays Mr Darcy. 


The Jove they found on. set — the 
lass they share after the wedding 
scene was considered by the film 
crew to be a deeply passkmate ex¬ 
change— has faded. - 
Bui not without great efforts on 
firth's part "He new back from 
South Africa especially to try to 
plead with her,” says a fellow ac-. 
tor. But in vain. Their last canoodle 
can be seen in the final episode of 
foe BBC series on Sunday. 

Khan do 

THE DAPPER drapers of Lahore 
where Jemima — now Jautila — 
Khan lives with Imran, are cash¬ 
ing in on the caravans of her stu¬ 
dent friends using her new home 
as a staging post as they back-pack 
around Pakistan. The dress code in 
Lahore is strict arid in foe Khan 
residenre visitors must wear foe 
shalwar qamlz, the tunic and 
pyjama bottoms that Jemima wore 
as her gans«way outfit 
When the dusty rabble arrives, 
Jemima points them in foe direc¬ 
tion of a shop selling suitable 
clothes. Because of the new trade*' 
prices for the outfits have risen 
from £60 to £300 since foe.mar- 
riage. It is doing, wonders for foe 
tool economy. 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


Two 
tribes go 
to war 

Paul Barker on 

•who gains from 
assisted places 

I ’tis a battle for a better meritocra¬ 
cy. On education policy, John 
Major and Tony Hair hare 
drawn their lines in tiie sand. They 
are now going to stand and fight till 
they drojvin flic way bareknuckle 
boxers used to, before tiie Queensber- 
ty Rules. 

In Blair'S speech at party corifer- 
ence, tiie most striking educational 
theme wasn't tiie laptop for every- 
schoofcinki (tittle use if they can't 
even read). It was his e m p has is on 
“exceflence”and “arfrievemenr. This 
was no Leveller'S speech. All the 
same, be repeated Labour's cranmit- 
ment to abolish the assisted places 
i scheme, under which bright children 
| of poorer parents are state-funded to 
go to puhoc school The money, he 
I said.'would fund smaller primary 
classes. A neat equation. 

| John Majors speech to the Conser¬ 
vatives was just as meritocratic. But. 
unexpectedly, he confronted Blair 
head-on over assisted places. He 
fodn*t merely defend them. He said 
hewould double them. The bade—a 
highly symbolic one—is on. 

Though it dates bade to 1961, the 
scheme fa surprisingly tilde known. 
Local councils detest it, and put out 
; no jnformatiOT to patents. On this 
level, Blair's attack resembles Barba¬ 
ra Casttes ferbdous battle in the 
1970s to abolish NHS hospital pay- 
beds. It multiplied demand. Many 
people hadn’t blown they existed. 

■••A- t present about 5$00 pupOs a 
/\ year are chosen, cm academic 
JL JL merit Their 'bursaries are 
means-tested; nearly half go com- 
ptetefy free. It was Mrs Thatcher's 
response to Labour's abolition of 
dfrect^raiit schools. These schools. 
-Whiditookziianybright local child¬ 
ren in return for state funding, bad 
been the leading edge of the state 
s&od system. They flew a proud 
. banner. Twenty years ago. they were 
/driven into thepmate sector. So far 
"as Fain see, to m ane's advantage. 

Manchester Grammar School flew 
tiie highest banner of afl. Now 280 
Out of its L450 boys 'are on assisted, 
places. .The Mg*• master/'Martin 
. Stephen, on his^Vide 

soefal am 1 emnic mix' —a true 
'raihboW%i3&titfoi^.'He'adds:.*'Any- 
tiring tint aflafts 'us to admit more 
-pupusanacteieriricineift, regardless 
of background, isto be wdoopted," 

; Who- benefits? A MORI poll found 
tint foe social groups who gained 
most-were tiie lower, middle, dass, 
arid Asians. These may well be the 
samepupOs: tiiechfldren of'Mr arid 
Mrs^fktriwho rim yourctmaer shop. 
Aaearfier study, byRra&ssreTony 
Edwards^ ai'gued -that tiie scheme 
wasritrritehi^lmaa’-i^tfofld^ it 
depends which inner-city chOtirm 
you mean. •. 

. The schone fa also niucJi used by 
pares# from foe depressed middle ■ 
das:, ‘teachers, vicars, divorced 
mothers. Brit fitfen, few people/ever 
dimbedfoe meritocratic ladder from 
near foe bottom to near tiie top. On 
: Desert Wand Discs last Saturday, 
Richard Hoggart restated the psydio- 
. logical.traumas,at this journey up¬ 
wards, which he foist set oat in The 
Uses of litenuy. SSJhin print after / 
almost 40 years, tins became one of 
the hot gospel trats of foe drive 
towards comprehensive schools. /" 
"Now you can argre against assist¬ 
ed places an various grounds. Is it. 
for.example, a good way to spend 
~£KHm8facfi in England and Wales? . 
But Blah'S equation of abolition and 
smaller classes . has ‘ been ■ wSdety-;: 
decided ">s . eoonomicaEfy illiterate., 
Pvgjfls not funded at public schools 
must be educated by- foe State.' 
somewhere rise: The Times E&ucit- •... 
■tionat : Supplement says abotrtjc® 
would retease OTly EHLS mfltibn in ' " 
die first year. ‘ 

M uch. af.tiie oljectioiDL isV- 
rea^y an objection to pub-, 
lie schools, arid anything 
that buttresses them. But as-a s. 
meritocr at, you . could ..argue for, 
anything that stops the rival educa¬ 
tional systems being a tribal divide, 
Afreadycfoe bareauaatic htxrtocte 
dedy of state schools is breaking . 

! down. David Bhxokctt Labour's edn- ' 
c ation spokesman, may say foat mri 
i. tare no academic selection 
p aiu iUed. But such statements are ; 
nct wartfi tiie air they are uttered - .' 
mfolCfa wfaat grounds wffl Labour's 
■‘foundation schools" — Blair’S ver¬ 
sion Of Opting OUt — admit mptk? 

And tf selection is ever ruled cot, 
oofhing wffi do more to buttress tte - 
private sector. - \ - 

, k -M an ockfly unhistorical ap; 

■ proadi. AsEabour^ EducationSecre^ 
taiy in foe 1960s, Anfooby Crosland 
; launched the drive to abolish gram- 
! mfttuSchools.^wb3efeavmgfe»fwyfnp 
"jagg afone. it gave pS&«hoOte> ; 
, tbefr biggest boost fo^decadesiDciwe ' 


.■ * 

* -Sj* 


10 -- 


Crime fa one Of,the issues about 
winchfoe public feds most strongly. 
The electorate would certainly repu¬ 
diate a softandpe^nissive abroach, 
but expects an mfofroed and serious 
one. It fa the job of a Home Secretary 
to educate foe public About tiie real 
options. That fa tite way to buM 
confidence in the fight against crime, 
and the only way to bufld, pubEc. 
confidence in tiie Heme. Secretary 
himself. 




:«H)K It 


k \R\ 


1 «n . , 

iv! 




• s. ^ 

' . s * ^’ , 

^ A*. . 


P-H-S 


fttaroentocraiyyouneedasmarg- 

.stqggc the ladder asposabfe. wifo v v, . .. , 

st^-aot too far tbday i/ '•* -. .... 

cyOaimt/ttf essays fa-pobfehed^to . -.-t ... ’ " 

ifoppurfrie aghtfefo birthday of tiie' ? . :: •. 

' }\. 

>0te i J’'- ■ .> ^ 

term. r3bl :.'>*/ • ■.-• .. <r - 

Jgv ggy : -V. H... •*.-/ v.; 

c j Mnasgr has p®- * *. 

-• • 

fat V..".; .;>&■.tv- 


m 





























191995 


21 


7.;<- 



NUNN FOR NATO 


Whichever way. the: Bdgfaii Eariiamqtt 
votes today/WiSy Claes must either resign 
as Nato SecrdarH3caeral or be pushed 
through die exit Mid back to the morass of 
Belgian poEtfcs'whencE'he.camt.- Ms stay- f 
mg can only damage. Nato further. As Mr' 
Claes confronts his past—clouded i^afleg- 
aficms of corruption, fargeryand fraudreiat- 
ed to aniis contracts —Nato leaders need to 
cast a stea^er ^ye cn the alliance’s future, 
th anth ey didwfaeri.toeyiappoin te d him 13 
months , ago. Nato is poised fartqugh cha^ 
llenges in.B(^iia; ^!ead lie grand strategic. 
decisions, on enlargement and ora relations 
with Russia- Mr Glaes’ , s. successor needs to 


Nato wffl. >iqt find ihe right eandiSate 
unless its i>ahtiirar^ firk shed same 
bad old . habits. Mr Claes got the job tor all 
theworst reasons: because itwas considered 
the “turn" of a smallcotnrtty.fcecaiiise of the 
convention that Nstofttrip administrator is a 
European ^ and because .another Belgian, 

. Jean-Luc Debaene, had failed in .bis bid to 
# head the European Commission - Mrnfe nprc 
got what they deserved for treating the lea¬ 
dership, of the world's most important mili¬ 
tary alliance as a political consolation prize. 

Depressingly, Nato governments appear 
set to repeat last year's mistakes.' They say 
that they want a pdlttical heavyweight. Yet 
the same names are circulating as lastyear.! 
The only twowho would cstrrywdghtwbere 
it most matters, in Warrington and Mos¬ 
cow, are Douglas Hurd and : Volker Ruehe, 
the German Defence A^rnst^bm n either is 
thought to ward the job. The rest are frbm 
small Nato countries: Ruud; Lubbers, toe- 
former Prime Minister of TheNdherlands 
and seemingly eternal candidate for inter- < 
national positicHis, toe EU’s Hans van den 
Broek and even the lacklustre Norwegian 
politician, Thorvald Stohenberg- The front¬ 
runner, Denmark^UffeEDemann-Jensen, 
inspires only lukewarm oithusiasm — and. 
none in France, which is furious over XKrt- 
mark’s opposition to French nuclear tests. 

The absurdity of this-situation is thatonly 
one obstade stands between Nato and .an. 
outstanding hew Secraary-Geberah the cM 


taboo.agamst ah.'American. Ministers say 
fodt meritshould come before nationality; 
. now is toe tone toshow that they mean it 
: All other things besng equaL toe pref- 
: erehce for a; European is uridetstandabfefor 
twb reasons. The first is toe equally firm 

tradition that Americans hold toe two top 
milit ary positions in Nato, that of Supreme 
Allied Gmnmander and the Southern Eur¬ 
ope command The second is the french 
, insistence that Nato must not be US-domin¬ 
ated. although this concern could be met by 
oj^sefeiciionfor the Soothero Europe ram- 
- mandas well as foe Secretary-Generalship. 
. L AH things,, however, axe riot equal. There 
istofeasrDtteposstofcAmericmwhowbuW 


arid its Atfantitist .bedrock than all the 
availabie^uropeam'put together. The most 
qbvfous is Senator Sam Nurui. rite ranking 
Democrat on * toe • congressional Armed 
Sendees Committee . who recently an- 
nounced that he wiB not sedii a 6fth term. 

\ Since toe pc^Vietnam days . Senator 
Nunn his been Nate's most formidable, al~ 
thou^ nctuncritdcal.defejKtercQthe HOL 
He has a reputation for expertise m military 
matters, for independence of mind and for 
the ability to pick bos issues carefully and 
probe deeply- He has a talent for reaching 
. across party lines to build agreement on 
.. defence policy. Hi has given deep study to 
relations with Moscow, Qn enlargement, the 
other great issue before Nato. he is a realist 
who is determined that .nothing should 
weaken Nato as a military, rather than a 
“pohticalof psydidognal ,, aIliance. 

. Support for $iich a break with precedent 
cannot be birilt ovemight and ministers will 
be tempted, m view afthp imminent Bosnia 
operation. tofiU the post immediately. They 
shorild think twice. Nato can survive a tem¬ 
porary vacuum better than another weak 
appointment In Bill Clinton, America has 
the feast Atlantidst President since toe war. 
Vftflibtit a firm US commitment to Euro¬ 
pean security, Nato has no future. Sam 
’Nunn could badge the widening Atlantic 
Britain should set out to persuade Nato to 
r beat a path to toe senators door. 


j 


GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE REFORM 

Opposition to Mackay*s proposals is misguided 

The row that ishrewM in^Gd^^ 'manned:The authors reported that “some 

—^ .1 ft ' . ■y - m —' ,4 • ,J ‘ ■ *_ .< »*» ^ • _ _ • • t „ J, 




upon a.. ... 

who oppose EradMackayof nOfe^ertfs 
proposedBUI areconviricedtom irwai make 
divorce easier, in at feast tiireequarfets of 
cases, it will -actually make divoite'b^dfer.: 
There is . a danger of a ‘senrible, HXKrk - 
passianale, feinulj^eritatedmeasurebemg 
deraflttl by a grpim'toaf seems yritfolly to* 
nusundemandthenature of toe proposals. 

The current system of. divorce law has 
nothing to recomrriend^it Although it pro^ 
vides for'atwoyear separation bdore bus- - 
bands and wives rian legally part, tois pro^ - 
visioa is used by very fw coimles. the vast 
majority. T5 per cent, mstear*8° “quidde" 

divorces. As lOTg.as toey can prove unrea- 
sonable behaviour or adultery, they can win' 
a divorce in as little as toree to four-months. 
Usualfy toe divorce goes^torough before the . 
finances^ are smted-, out and ijefore; agree- 
ment has beaiTeadted over toe tibildrenu. - 

The result is that couples who begin 
divorce proceeding in a relatively amicable' 
mood can rarely avoid ending tbeoi in 
rancour. AccusatiorK fly across the court- 


than a feeakdown" and that “many people 
simifly do not know whether their marriage 
is at an end: indeed they may be using the 
‘legal system as away of^findirig out" 

. The adyant^e pf tbe Lord Chancellors 
iribfwsals is toat toey aDowfor a compulsory 
year before divorce proceedings'could start 
During this pause.- for. reflection, couples 
would beencriiiraged to use the services of a 
mediator, who would seek to calm tenpers 
rather than stir up animosity between the 
two sides.. Some couples might well decide 
not to gp torough with toe divorce. Others 
would at least be able to s^tie arguments 
about ritoney and chfidren before they 
finally went to court A divorce would not be 
granted until toese matters were agreed. 

The Lord. Chancellor cannot legislate 
; away conflict between two people. But toe 
current system seems folegislate for conflict 
The proposed; Bill would lengthen toe 
average time taken for a divorce to be 
granted and woirid remove much of toe 
carrirorriation that osrraxQy takes place. 


room in an attempt to persuade thebench. Most importanL.it would put diildren first 
tiito one paring briiavkHto was imreason-.. _ Jbbn Patten, toe former Education Seo- 
able or that' another’s was ^un&ithfuL The retaiy, iias-led the opposition to this Bill, 
intervention of lawyers acting for each side . dairaing that every change to divorce law 
is bound to inflame toe acrimony, given the.. has increased the number of subsequent di- 
adversarial nature of their job. - J vrirces. That is because every change to the 

Some couples go to toeir lawyers sffltt un-' ^vorce law has made divorce easier. This 


sure about whether they really want a di¬ 
vorce. But the legal system carries them 
al ong , like awa.ve.in.the sea, towards inevi ¬ 
table parting. A study of divorces by Davis 
and Murch in 198S found that 51 .per cent of 
divorced men and 29 per cent of divorced 
woiriafi would haveprefeTed tohave'stayed 


change would make it harder for most 
. people and would make toem ponder before 
doing smie&mg; that they might later re- 
gr^TtereiseveryreasonwbytheGovern- 
memshouldafiow a free vote on divorce. But 
: iso MP should oppdsfr this humane measure 
; on nuSunderstood-grounds. - 


KARA AVIS 

When ‘eomiie’ met ‘Ardiie’: old birds.trom the Jurassic age 

rds, befieve it or not are the; test-known 
imal group: tiie taxrmomjrof their living 
sries and subspecies is considered ty 
ilogists to. be fuller than that of mammals 
d reptiles. But curiouriy. toeir fossil re: 

-d is the poorest by -fer.: perhaps because 

__ r ,v.. Mnie qTft tVuTMOht to" 


ery m a tthwte uunese provmw-yi 
sed avian rariairts from tbe Jurassic age. 
is. a team of Chined . arid AnieriCMi 
olarsiwrttes in todays, issue of 
latest fossil provides evidence of a bird- 
e^vhkto is ahndst as old as toe oldest so 
encountered. Thar tide belongs of course 
toe Archaeopteryx iiriiograpmcc -- 'dj 

v serapbook-wiekfing schoofebtid of 

• . _« . . . i-aUatnidluni".' 


a agCWUUW ——- * . ... 

erierabfe “Archie" now has oOT^nyj 
nto toe Urinean poetry at wto^ ag 
scientists areskSled, tife new old bird 
ten named Conjudusbmis sancim,a? 
idy pmfurius Bird- Let us’call'tier 

de” for sbori. . • 

■ discovery of Gwmie in -northeastern 
. however, seems to have queered Ar- 
ffight-path a bit He; poor fossiL m^r 
rthebird who.goes teck furtoesj^-so 
ptff teritecks Imow; but GwimeTtos- 


coveririg suggests toqt there are likely to be 
otoer. yet imdiscoitered birds, vtoich pre¬ 
dated Archie by^tnanyyeais< What a loss of 
v dignity there would bein a decline from toe 
oldest bird tomere qix»idam. 

Cexirue; although only a few years 
younger than- Archie, was a vastly better- 
designed scat of bird—a Spitfire, as it were, 
to Ardtfe^ Sopwito Camel- Doctors Hou, 
Zhou, Martin and ft^ueda — toe Nature 
bird quartet — suggest cautiously that this 
could be explained in one of two ways. 
JStoer - teds like Grarnie evoked from 
. primitive to less, primitive at a pace more 
rapid than the evolution which occurred in 
other lifoforms or — and -tois is where 
heart’s-wfil break or leap r- there was “a 
Jong, bto undiscovered pnArcheopteryx. 
: spisode in aviation”. 

. ,e&hmiansentoreason|ngtoasedon anob- 
servation of toe speed at wMai mammals ev- 
olved. say, or plants did) suggests that those 
wto bet on paleo-matters would he taking a 
risk wto the tot option: “an unexpected, 

; rapid departure from the primitive avian 
.condition to a more derived morphology” 
doesnof make an attractive scientific argu- 
’ naaiL There must have been an older bird. 
;Antoiers days on toe higher perdu we fear, 
imh grEfL Blamsit all ofi Connie. . 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 

I Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone 0171-782 5000 


Prisons chief and toe Home Secretaiy’s responsibilities 


. from toe General Secretary of the 
Association of First Division Civil 
Servants 

Sir. Your leading article today, “Our of 
prison: Howard sacks his executive 
agent", states that the departure of 
Derek Lewis as Director-General of 
toe-Prison Service yesterday was “as 
inevitable as it was overdue”. 

Mr Lewis has met every perfor¬ 
mance criterion set by this Home Sec¬ 
retary and achieved a reduction of 75 
. per cert in toe escape rates from UK 
prisons. Deplorable as toe outbreaks 
from W hi temoor and Parkhurst were. 
Sir John Teannont is right to ack¬ 
nowledge that no prison system can 
guarantee to keep all those inside who 
should stay there. No Home Secretary 
has ever secured the enormous re- 
’sourtes necessary. 

■However, this Home Secretary has 
teught to embrace the credit for all the 
achievements of the Prison Service, 
whilst distancing himself from all the 
failures. He.has done it through two 
principal means. He claims, first of 
all. that there is a dear division 
between his responsibility for toe 
policy of toe Prison Service, and the 
Director-General's for toe operation of 
toe service. He further claims thar his 
responsibilities, in any case, only 
extend as far as being accountable to 
toe House of Commons by explaining 
what happens in toe Prison Service. 

On both counts be is incorrect. 
Questions of Procedurefor Ministers, 
published by the Cabinet Office in 
1992, makes it dear that be, and all 
ministers, are both responsible for the 
conduct of their departments and ac¬ 
countable for those departments. 

So Mr Howard, whether he ack¬ 
nowledges it or not, is responsible for 
both toe policy and the conduct of the 
Prison Service. Moreover, toe division 


he has sought to draw between the two 
is self-evidently untenable. Prison Ser¬ 
vice policy must be obvious to every¬ 
one. It is'to keep those who are con¬ 
victed inside prisons. We do not need a 
Home Secretary to tell us that, but we 
do need me to tell us how he proposes 
to do it. 

Yours sincerely, 

ELIZABETH SYMONS. 

General Secretary. 

The Association of First Division 
Civil Servants, 

2 Caxton Street, SW1. 

October 17. 

From Mr Robin Estridge 

Sir. As a prison board of visitors mem¬ 
ber for weD over twenty years. 1 find it 
extraordinary that the Home Secret¬ 
ary can avoid responsibility for the 
present state of the Prison Service. 
Frequent changes of minister, fre¬ 
quent changes of policy, have led to 
complete confusion of endeavour. 
Only the loyalty' and professionalism 
of the Prison Service staff has avoided 
a catastrophe. 

Yours faithfully, 

ROBIN ESTRIDGE. 

Whins Brow, Macclesfield Road. 
Alderiey Edge. Cheshire. 

October 17. 

From Mr Edward A. Hackford 

Sir, Pharaoh asked them to make 
bricks without straw. Moses pointed 
out such a policy would affect pro¬ 
ductivity and quality. Pharaoh dis¬ 
missed it as an operational, not a pol¬ 
icy, issue. 

Yours sincerely. 

EDWARD HACKFORD. 

7 Homewood Road. 

St Albans, Hertfordshire. 


From Mr Philip M. Lid gate 

Sir. Your leading article calls for more 
communication within the Prison Ser¬ 
vice. The Learmom graphic on toe 
front page of your earlier editions, 
comparing toe height of toe pile of cor¬ 
respondence received by our prisons 
in three months with that of Ben Nev¬ 
is, would indicate there is already for 
too much. 

Yours faithfully. 

PHILIP M. UDGATE. 

Flat 2.43 Branksome Wood Road. 
Bournemouth. Dorset. 

October 17. 

From Sir lan Morrow 

Sir. In toe corridors of power it is 
whispered: “The minister must be 
credible whatever the cost" 

Yours truly, 

IAN MORROW. 

2 Albert Terrace Mews. NW1. 

October 17. 

From Mr Peter Tarrant-Willis 

Sir. If power without responsibility is 
the prerogative of the harlot down toe 
ages, what is power without blame? 

Yours faithfully. 

PETER TARRANT-WILLIS, 

108 Mill Lane. NW6. 

From Mrs Eslvn Craven 

Sir. 1 think Jack Straw is very foolish 
to press for the resignation of Michael 
Howard (report. October 17). Doesn’t 
he realise that Howard is the Labour 
Party’s biggest asset? 

Yours sincerely. 

ESLYN CRAVEN. 

Keepers Cottage, 

Lanrick. Doune, Perthshire. 

October 17. 


Attempt to cut crime with tougher sentencing policies 


From His Honour Joseph Dean 

Sir. It seems unwise to reject out of 
hand Michael Howard's proposals 
( reports, October 13) to pur a bit more 
backbone into toe criminal justice sys¬ 
tem — so Jong toe victim of toe penal 
reform movement 

Between 1975 and 1987, when I sat as 
a Crown Court judge, we were sum¬ 
moned regularly to a suburban poly¬ 
technic for a ritual brainwashing. This 
would indude an address by a 
prominent member of toe penological 
enlightenment urging us not to send 
defendants To prison or, if we did. only 
for toe shortest lime. 

Judging by their regular reduction 
of sentences, this objective was then 
supported by toe Court of AppeaL At 
one point we received a message from 
that court that all sentences of up to 18 
months were going to be halved, but 
we should not be dismayed. 

The same objective was promoted 
by a succession of Criminal Justice 
Acts, culminating in the notorious 1991 
Act. which threatened to put the 
criminal courts out of business and 
had to be hurriedly repealed. The 
Home Office made its contribution to 
toese initiatives by enlarging re¬ 
mission and parole and easing the 
pains and penalties of prison life. 

it was aD well meant But it has not 
worked: For whatever may be the mix¬ 
ture of reasons, crime has increased 
beyond all imagining. In this state of 
affairs serious proposals to try to 
improve the position should be consid¬ 
ered seriously, even at the risk of some 
bonfire of judicial vanities. 

It is hardly realistic to assume that 
c riminals will be deterred, and only 
deterred, by the likelihood of bring 


caught when they (like the public at 
large) believe that the likely conse¬ 
quence of bring caught will be a sen¬ 
tence that is manifestly non-deterring. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOSEPH DEAN. 

The Hall. 

West Brabourne, Ashford. Kera. 
October 14. 

From Mr Neville Goldrein 

Sir, There is a popular and widely- 
held misconception that most con¬ 
victed criminals are sent to prison, and 
many people are therefore surprised 
that after suffering that penalty a sub¬ 
stantial proportion re-offend. 

During the 1970s and 1980s. when 1 
sat as a deputy cireuit judge. I found 
that the vast majority of offenders had 
been through the gamut of cautions, 
probation, community service, fines, 
and a good deal of counselling before 
they were eventually incarcerated. I 
have no doubt that this is still toe case. 

During the course of all those stages 
the one-off offenders, the occasional 
delinquents, the “spur-of-the-moment" 
offenders, are sifted out. Many of than 
never reoffend: they have had their 
“frightener" and that is a sufficient 
deterrent Some of them need to have 
tins experience more than once, going 
up the punishment ladder, before 
learning a lesson. 

That is why toe proportion of recidi¬ 
vists is higher titan people expect The 
offender has become accustomed to a 
life with criminal episodes, all else 
seems to have failed no advice or 
counselling seems to have been heed¬ 
ed, and so he is locked up. The threat 
of prison has not been, in many cases, 
even a deterrent It is merely a gamble 


that has not come off — unless the 
term itself is substantial. 

But if the prospect is of a longer sen¬ 
tence, and in some cases a mandatory 
one. then the deterrent becomes pro¬ 
gressively more real A short term is a 
new experience and perhaps just tole¬ 
rable, a long term is a grim prospect 
Thus I believe that the Home Sec¬ 
retary’s proposals to make prison into 
a true deterrent may indeed help not to 
increase but to reduce the prison pop¬ 
ulation. 

' There is one other most important 
aspect from the viewpoint of the victim 
— and all of us who are potential 
victims. As the Home Secretary him¬ 
self suggested at Blackpool last week, 
when offenders are in they are not out 

I am, Sir. yours truly. 

NEVILLE GOLDREIN. 

Torreno, St Andrews Road. 
Bhmdellsands. Liverpool 23. 

October 17. 

From His HonourJudge Victor Watts 

Sir. “A mandatory life sentence” may 
have the right ring for a Conservative 
Party conference. But it means thar 
people who have neither seen nor 
heard toe victims or the witnesses, and 
have not listened to the arguments 
addressed at toe trial, will largely 
determine the time actually served. 
Further, the reality will be that the 
time served wfl] rarely bear sensible 
relation to the label attached to the 
sentence. 

This is not justice. It is window- 
dressing of toe most transparent kind. 

Yours faithfully. 

VICTOR WATTS. 

28 Abinger Road, Bedford Park. W4. 


India’s VC hero 

From Mr John B. McGarr 

Sir, Umrao Singh, VC, has been guar¬ 
anteed a £1,200 per year increase on 
his £100 per year VC pension. Mr 
Nick Leeson is to sell his life story for 
£450,000. 

The'juxtaposition of these two facts 
on your front page (October 14) serves 
to underline a sad reality about our 
society's values. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN B. McGARR, 

12 Redhill Wood, 

New Ash Green, Longfield, Kent 
October 17, 

From Major-General J. D. Lunt 

■ Sir, Umrao Singh, VC, late Indian Ar¬ 
tillery, is correctly pomayed in your 
photograph this morning as wearing 
toe badges of rank of a subahdan he is 
certainly not a havDdar (sergeant), as 
stated in your report 
He became a viceroy's commission¬ 
ed officer junior commissioned officer 
since independence) and held toe 
highest attainable rank in that cate¬ 
gory when he went on pension as a 
subahdar-major and honorary lieu¬ 
tenant He was a havfidar when he 
won his VC in Burma on December 
15,1944. 

I am etc, 

JAMES LUNT, 

Hilltop House, 

little Mfltori, Oxfordshire. 

October 16. 


Business letters, page 29 
Sports letters, page 44 

Letters to toe Editor should carry a 
daytime telephone number. They 
may be sent to a fex number— 
0171-782 5046. 


Tomorrow’s Army 

From Mr Alexander A, R. Ferguson 

Sir. Your report on “ ‘Soft teenagers’ 
deterred by Army's tough image" 
(October 14) is wrong to lay the blame 
on the teenager and ignore the direct 
correlation that exists between toe 
Army's under-recruitment and the do- 
sure of all junior entry units. 

The single-entry system is not work¬ 
ing. The minimum entry age of 16 
years and nine months means that a 
gap may exist between leaving school 
and joining toe infantry, during which 
young people can pursue other ave¬ 
nues ot training, education or em¬ 
ployment. 

The traditional Army apprentice¬ 
ship scheme is now under review and 
1 understand that its replacement is 
unlikely to offer students the sort of 
training and qualifications that will 
attract them. 


The junior entry scheme, set up in 
toe 1950s and scrapped in 1993, to¬ 
gether with the Army apprenticeship 
scheme was guaranteed to retain most 
graduates because they became part of 
the Army family at an early age. With 
the average age of entry now being 20, 
this advantage has been lost 

Unless toe junior entry is resur¬ 
rected and toe Army apprenticeship 
scheme recognised as a proper ap¬ 
prenticeship, under-recruitment will 
persist if riot worsen. 

When will the MoD address this 
matter and accept that errors concern¬ 
ing its training base have been made 
and need to be rectified? 

Yours faithfully. 

A FERGUSON 
(Senior lecturer). 

Army Apprentice College, 

Harrogate, 

North Yorkshire HG3 2SE. 

October 14. 


Smoking guidelines 

From Dr Michael Russell 

Sir, The revised guidelines on the 
Duties of a Doctor (reports, October 
12) from the General Medical Council 
emphasise that it is the duty of doctors 
to help their patients rather than 
blame or punish them for behaviours 
such as smoking. It will no longer be 
acceptable for doctors to withhold 
treatment, such as bypass operations, 
from people who are unable, or even 
unwilling, to stop smoking. 

Paradoxically, the one treatment for 
smokers which is formally banned un¬ 
der the NHS is precisely toe one which 
will benefit them most — that is treat¬ 
ment to help them stop smoking. 

Nicotine gum and patches are well 
proven to be the most effective treat¬ 
ment aids available, doubling smo¬ 
kers’ chances of quitting successfully. 


Yet, despite toe solid scientific evi¬ 
dence, government has decreed that 
these tods may not be prescribed un¬ 
der the NHS. 

The briefest of interventions by doc¬ 
tors could do more than any other 
single measure to reduce the preva¬ 
lence of smoking. The GMC guide¬ 
lines will have a major influence on 
activating doctors to advise the use of 
nicotine-replacement therapy for ad¬ 
dicted smokers who want to stop, al¬ 
though they would have to pay for it 
themselves. Could the GMC perhaps 
persuade the Government to lift its 
ban an use of NHS prescriptions for 
effective treatments for smokers? 

Yours faithfully, 

M. A H. RUSSELL 
Professor of Addiction, 
institute of Psychiatry, 

The Maudsley Hospital, 

Denmark Hffi. SE5. 


Qualities needed 
for modem hymns 

From Canon Michael Saward 

Sir. St Paul distinguished "psalms, 
hymns, and spiritual songs" (Ephe¬ 
sians v, 19 and Colossians in, 16) but. 
regrettably, today few people seem to 
be aware of the difference. The new 
Methodist book (report and leading 
article. October 14) is. for the most 
pan, a book of songs for small child¬ 
ren. It doesn't purport to be a hymn- 
book. 

A recent definition says that "a 
hymn is a series of connected verses, 
usually addressed in worship to one 
or all of the Persons of the Holy 
Trinity, logically developing a Christ¬ 
ian theme, usually in metrical and 
rhyming form, to a rune capable of 
being sung by a congregation". Noi 
much room for moo-cows there. 

There are at least 150 modem 
hymns of real quality which have 
been written since I960. As a hymn- 
book editor I have read well over 
2,000 modem texts, no more than 10 
per cent of which hare any real merit. 
Perhaps only 20 will last for a century. 
Quality hymn-writing has always 
been rare, and every known hymn- 
book has substandard hymns. 

Thus the issue is not a confrontation 
between traditional hymns versus 
modem songs, bur whether or not 
churches and worshippers will learn 
to accept the validity of St Paul’s 
valuable distinction and to seek out¬ 
standing examples of all three cate¬ 
gories. 

Incidentally, it wasn't John Weslqr 
who wrote 6.000 hymns, ft was his 
younger brother Charles. 

Yours faithfully. 

MICHAEL SAWARD 
(Canon Treasurer, 

St Paul’s Cathedral), 

6 Amen Court. EC4. 

October 14. 

From the Team Vicar. Tenbury Wells 
Team Ministry 

Sir, Your leader reminds me of a 
hymn which was known as the Spin¬ 
ster* Prayer. It contained toe fine: 
“Give me a man-, Give me a man-. 
Give me a mansion in toe sky." 

Yours faithfully. 

COUN V. HLTTT. 

Old Yew Tree Farmhouse. 

Ashford Bowdler. 

Ludlow. Shropshire. 


Veterinary troubles 

From Dr Peter D. Rossdale 

Sir. Clinical teaching of undergrad¬ 
uates at university veterinary schools 
(letter, October 16) depends upon toe 
very substantial resources required 
for toe handling of cases, especially 
those of large animals — resources 
which are now becoming increasingly 
available in the private sector, staffed 
by young, highly trained and compe¬ 
tent clinicians. 

If this teaching were to be made av¬ 
ailable in the veterinary hospitals of 
the private sector, particularly in the 
fields of equine and canine medicine 
and surgery, the resources now devo¬ 
ted to maintaining hospitals run by 
university veterinary schools could tie 
channelled into toe leaching facilities 
of academic science and research, and 
undergraduates would be exposed to 
front-line rather than referral con¬ 
ditions. 

Yours faithfully, 

PETER D. ROSSDALE. 

Beaufort Cottage Laboratories, 

High Street, Newmarket, Suffolk. 
October 16. 


Ursula Wyndham 

From Mr David Liddle 

Sir, In toe mid-1970s when 1 was res¬ 
ponsible for the public library in Pet- 
worth, in Sussex, complaints had 
been received that books of local 
interest, particularly those referring to 
the Wyndham family, had been de¬ 
faced by written comments in the 
margins. The perpetrator, who took 
no steps to conceal her identity, was 
the Honourable Ursula Wyndham 
(obituary, October 13). 

For my confrontation with the lady 
I had to negotiate on foot a long drive¬ 
way through a field of goats. Our con¬ 
versation fook place with her leaning 
through an upstairs window and my¬ 
self on the drive below. Her defence 
was robust She had a right and a 
duty to correct statements concerning 
her family. 

My response, which was the best I 
could think of at the time, was that she 
should write her own book and not de¬ 
fare die work of others. There were no 
further complaints and Ursula Wynd¬ 
ham’s first published success occ¬ 
urred some years later. 

Yours faithfully, 

D. W. LIDDLE. 

37 Grove Avenue, 

Coombe Dingle, Bristol, Avon. 
October 13. 


Short rations 

From Air Commodore J. G. De'Ath. 
RAF {retd) 

Sir. Computer discourtesy and the in¬ 
capability of current systems to deal 
with a third initial (letters, September 
23. October 2. 10. 14) could be less 
important to some of us than their in¬ 
ability to produce an apostrophe. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN De'ATH. 

Jesus College, Oxford. 

October 14. 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 



COURT CIRCULAR 


BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
October ]& The Ri Hon Anthony 
Blair MP (Leader of the Opposition) 
this morning called on The President 
of the Republic of Finland at Bucking¬ 
ham Palace. 

The Rt Hon Paddy Ashdown MP 
(Leader Of the Liberal Democratic 
Parry) afterwards called an His 
ExceUenqr. 

The President of die Republic of 
Finland later visited the Confedera¬ 
tion of British Industry. New Oxford 
Street. London WO. and was re¬ 
ceived by the President (Sir Bryan 
Nkhoism) and die Mayor of Cam- 

deniCouraDorDrSadaDeshinukh). 

His ExcdkOCT delivered a Speech 
to the Council and subsequently 
attended a Bilateral Meeting between 
the Confederation trf British Industry 
and the Confederation of Finnish 
Industries and Employers. 

Tbe President of the Republic of 
Finland visited No 10 Dawning Street 
for talks with the Prune Minister. 

Afterwardslhe President and Mis 
Ahtisaari were entertained to Lun¬ 
cheon by ihe Prime Minister on 
behalf of Her Majesty's Government. 

The President of (be Republic of 
Finland this afternoon visited the 
Finland Trade Centre. PaD MaH. 
London SWl. and was recsivad by Mr 
Oili AnttSa (Conuneraal Counsdkn)- 

later His Excellency attended a 
Reception at the Royal Institute of 
Jnienujiona) Affaire. St James's 
Square. London SWl. and was re¬ 
ceived by the Chairman (the Lord 
Wright of Richmond} and gave a 
Lecture. 

The President of the Republic of 
Finland and Mrs Ahtisaari this 
evening received an Address of 
Welcome at a Court of Common 
Council and afterwards were enter¬ 
tained at a Banquet by the Rt HOn the 
Lord Mayor and Corporation of 
London at GuOdhalL 

The Duke and Duchess of Kent 
were present. 

Mrs Ahtisaari this moniiQg visited 
the Fabereft Exhibition m The 
Queen* Gallery. 

Later Mrs Ahtisaari rafted the 
British library. London WCL was 
received by the Chairman (Sir An¬ 
thony Kenny) and subsequently 
toured the new British Library build¬ 
ing in Easton Road. London NW1. 

Mrs Ahtisaari this afternoon un¬ 
veiled a plaque to Jean Sibelius at IS 
Gloucester Walk. London W3. and 
was received by the Chief Exec ut ive. 
English Heritage (Mr Christopher 
Green}, the President, UK Sibelius 
Society (Mr Edward Clark) and the 
Mayor of the Royal Borough of 
Kensington and nvi<» (Councillor 
Paul Warrick}. 

Afterwards Mrs Ahtisaari attended 
a Recital and Reception at the Finnish 
Residence. Kens in gton Palace Gar¬ 
dens. London Wg. 

Sir Jbnodxy Daunt was received by 
The Queen upon his appointment as 
Lieutenant-Governor Of the Isle of 
Man. 

— Lady Daunt was also received by 
Her Majesty. 

Sr Alan Urwick was received by 
The Queen upon retinquiriiing hts 
appointment as Serjeani-ai-Arats in 
Ordinary to Her Majesty (House of 
Commons}. 

Mr Veter Jennings was received by 
The Queen upon Ins appointment as 
Serjeant-at-Arms in Ordinary to Her 
Majety (House of Commons). 

The Queen hdd a Council at 
12.40pm. 

There were present the Rt Hon 
Antony Newton MP (Lord President), 
the Lard Phaser of CanqyQie (Min¬ 
ister of State. De par tment of 'Dade 


Luncheons 

Prime Minister 

The Prime Minister and Mis 
Major were the hosts at a luncheon 
heW yesterday at 10 Downing 
Street in honour of the President <rf 
Finland and Mrs Ahtisaari The 
other guests were; 



and Industry), the Rt Ron WiEiani 
Waldegrave MP (Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury) and the Rt Hoc Brian 
Mawhiuney MP (Minister without 
ftortbiioi- 

Mr>Nigel Nfcholls was in atten¬ 
dance as Cleric of the Council. 

The Rr Hon Antony Newton MP 
had an audience of Her Majesty 

before the CoundL 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh this evening attended die 
Annual National Service for Sea¬ 
farers in St Paul's Cathedral and 
were received fay Alderman Sir tall 
Newall (representing the Lard 
Mayor) and die Dean (the Very 
Reverend Eric Evans). 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Patron. 
Outward Bound Trim. Ibis morning 
chaired a trustees' meeting at 
Buckingham Palace. 

His Royal Highness. Master, this 
afternoon attended the Trinity House 
Civic Lunch at Trinity House. 
London EC3. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh woe re pres e nted by Ad¬ 
miral of the Fleet the Lord HiH- 
Ndrton at die Service of 
Thanksgiving lor the life of Admiral 
of the Fleet Sir Vaiyl Begg which was 
held i n St MartoHn-the Fields this 
afternoon. 

The Duke of Kent was represented 
by Captain Marcus Barnett 

BUOONGHAM PALACE 
October I& The Duke of York, 
Patron, today attended a Luncheon at 
the Fleet Air Ann Museum. 
YeovBton. Somerset. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
October l& The Prince Edward. 
Chairman. The Duke of Edinburgh* 
Award Special Projects Group, this 
evening held a meeting at Bucking¬ 
ham Palace. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
October 1& The Princess Royal 
President. Save the Children Fund, 
this morning «<twvlwt die Annual 
Public Meeting at Westminster Cen¬ 
tral Hall. London SWl. 

Her Royal Highness. President 
British Knitting and Clothing Export 
CoundL this afternoon visited Austin 
Reed. Regent Street. London WL and 
afterwards visited Aquascutum Lim¬ 
ited. Regent Street 

The Princess Royal, taron. Nat¬ 
ional Association of Citizens Advice 
Bureaux, later opened the Pimlico 
Citizens Advice Bureau. Tadibrodk 
Street. London SWl. 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourke was in 

altwirianrfL 

ST JAMES’S PALACE 
October 1& The Prince of Wales this 
morning chaired a m eet ing of The 
Prince of Wale Coordinating Com¬ 
mittee ar St James's Palace. 

His Royal Highness this afternoon 
gave a Luncheon for the MiUmtium 
Commissianers at St James's Palace. 

The Prince of Wales reooved the Rl 
Han Malcolm Ri&tind MP (Secretary 
of State for Foreign and Common- 
w ealth Affairs). 

His Royal Highness. Chancellor. 
University of Wales, received the 
Lord WDliams of Mcstyn (tile PTO- 
ChanceOor)- 

The Prince of Wales this evening 
gave a Reception for the Justice Trust 
Appeal a! St James'S Palace. 

His Royal Highness later attended 
the Royal Him Performance of 
French Kiss at the Empire Cinema, 
Leicester Square, London WC2. 

The Queen has ben grariousty 
pleased to appoint Mr Andrew 
MacKay MP to be Vice Chamberlain 
at Her Majesty's Househo l d . 


Powell MP. and Mrs Powell. Mr and 
Mrs Quendn peel Mr and Mis 
Thomas Richardson. Mr and Mb 
D avid Burns. Llentenant- 
Commander Toby WQUamson and 
Mr and Mb Soderic lyne. 

Tallow Chandlers'Company 
Mr NLM.L Sutcliffe, Master of the 
Tallow Chandlers’ Company, pre¬ 
sented the company's medals and 
awards to young employees in the 
Federation of Fto. Oita and Seeds 
Association at a luncheon held 
yesterday at Tallow Chandlers' 
Hall The Duncan Knight scholar¬ 
ship was presented to Mr Ahmed 
Yassin and the Theatre Lighting 
award to Mr Jgnado Sastre. 


Service reunion 

Clover Ch* 

Brigadier John Woodroffe. Presi¬ 
dent of the Clover Club (8th Indian 
Division}, with members of the 
chib and their ladies, attended the 
annual reunion hdd yesterday at 
HM Tower of London. Mr Lind¬ 
say Wince presided. 


Banquet 

Corporation of London 

The Duke and Duchess of Kent 

were present ala banquet given by 

die Corporation of London last 
night ai Guildhall to marie the visit 
to the City of Lotion of the 
President of Finland and Mrs 
Ahtisaari. Hie Lent Mayor and 

Corporation presented an address 
of welcome. The Lord Mayor and 
Lady Mayoress, accompanied by 
the Sheriffs and their ladies, 
received the guests. Among those 
present woe; 

The Minister for Foreign Affairs of 
Finland, the Ambassador of 
Finland and Mia Biomqvtst. the 
SecretaryOeneral to the President, 
the Managing Director of Finnish 
Forest industries Federation and 
Mis Rawer, the Undersecretaries at 
State lor the Political Department 
and the Department for External 
Economic Relations, the First Alde- 
de-Camp to the President, the 
Director-General. Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, the Chin or 
Protocol the Director-General tor 
the EU-Secretsriai. the Adviser to the 
President, the second Alde<je- 
Camp to the President, the 
Counsellor, Press and cultural 
Department. 

The Ambassador of Latvia and 
Mb Lasts, the Ambassador of 
Lithuania, the Norwegian 
Ambassador and Mis vnalsen. the 
Ambassador of Iceland, the Deputy 
High commissioner tor South 
Africa, the Lord chamberlain an d 
the Countess of Airiie. Viscount and 
viscountess cotvltie of Cuirass, 
viscount Cralgavtm. the LOid- 
Ueotenant for Greater London and 
Lady BramaU. the Lord 
Justice. Lord and ladyCaxnoys 
and Lady Auckland. Lord 
Elion, Lord and Lady Moontevans. 
Lord Cockfldd, Laid and Lady Tboe. 
Baroness Smith of GUmo 
Lotd and Lady 
TulltchetUe, laid and 
Hamey, the Secretary 
Scotland and Mb 
M ichael and lady 
Minister at state. Northern Ireland 
and Lady Wheeler, the 
Minister of State for Energy and 
industry and Mn Eggar. Mr Tristan 
and Mrs GareHones. 

The Master of the Rods and Lady 


Division and 
and: 


**-»■ ____ 

lion and Lady Scott. Sir Peter 
Lady Petrie, the Chte? of the Ad¬ 
ana Lady Graydon. General Sir 
Garry and Lady Johnson. Air Chief 
Marshal sir Denis Smallwood. Air 
Marshal Sir Timothy and Ladv 
Garden, sir Leslie and 
Fielding. Sir Charles and 
PoweiL sir Thomas and uaay 
Mannheison, the Commissioner. 
Metropolitan Police, and Ladv 
Condon. Sir Patrick Conmu*. Mr, 
and Lady Cormack. Mr Stanley and 
the Hon MB Wright, the lard 
Provost and Lady Provost of 
Edinburgh, the Lora Major and 
Lady Mayoress of Westminster, Miss 
Victoria Roberts, representatives of 
the services and civfi service, and of 
city institutions. Aldermen. 
Common coundmen and Officers 
of the Corporation of London and 
their escorts, and representatives of 
organisations with commercial and 
cnltunu links with Finland. 


staff and lady Graydort. Gener 
Garry and Lady Johnson. Air < 

M«gh«l - “ 


Birthdays today 

Sir Leslie Boreh am . former High 
Court Judge. 77: Professor Sir 
Robert Boyd, physicist and 
astronomer. 71 Mr Matthew 
Carrington. MP, 48; Dr David 
Dark. MP. 56; Sir John Cullen, 
former chairman. Health and 
Safety Comm is s i on. 69; Mr Hifl 
Davies, rugby player, 32 Mr 
Simon Dyer. Director-Genera), 
Automobile Association. 56; Mr 
John Evans, MP. 65; ihe Very Rev 
David Frayne, Provost of Black- 
bum. 61; Mr Bernard Hepton, 
actor. 70t Mr Paul Hoimer. dip¬ 
lomat. 72; Mr SX. James, former 
senior partner, Simmons and 
Simmons. 65; Sir Robert Jenmngs. 
QC. farmer president. Inter¬ 
national Court of Justice. 82 Mr 
Aim fc Carrfc writer. 64; Mr 
Graham Lock, former chief exec¬ 
utive. Amalgamated Metal Cor¬ 
poration. 64; Mr Bill Morris, trade 
unionist. 57; Miss Mavis Nichol¬ 
son. broadcaster. 6& Admiral of 
ihe Fleet Sir Mkfaael Pollock. 79: 
Sir Allan Ramsay, diplomat. 58; 
Air Chief Marshal Sir Anthony 
Sidngsky, 62 Sir Hamid Walker. 
diploma!. 6% Major Sir Patrick 
Wall former MP. 79; Mr Peter 
Whiston. architect, 83. 


Service dinners 

RNR Officers’ During Ocb 

captain Ashe Lincoln. QC RNVR. 
presided at a Royal Naval Reserve 
Officers* Dining Chib Ladies’ 
Night and Trafalgar Dinner held 
on board HQS Wellington last 
night Admiral Sir Jeremy Black 
and Lady Black were Guests of 
Honour. Admiral Black proposed 
the toast The Immortal Memory. 

The light Infantry 

Major-General Michael Regan 
presided at the annual dinner of 
The light Infantry Chib held last 
night at die Naval and Military 
Club. 



Forthcoming 

marriages 




The musket ball that killed Nelson, encased in a locket, is among 600 items 
recalling Britain's greatest naval hero that went on show at the National 
Maritime Museum in London yesterday. Other relics include the uniform in 
which he died at Trafalgar, with bloodstained bullet hole, and his pigtail 


Memorial services 


Admiral of the Fleet 
Sir Vaiyl Begg 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh were represente d by 
Admiral of the Fleet Lord HtD- 
Nortoo at a service of thanksgiving 
far the tile and work of Admiral of 
the Fleet Sir Vaiyl Begg held 
yesterday at St Martm-in-the- 
Ffefds. The Duke of Kent was 
represen t ed by Captain Maims 
Barnett. The Ven Michael Bucks. 
Chaplain of ihe Fleet officiated. 

Admiral Sir Jock Slater, First 
Sea Lord, read the lesson. Mr 
Timothy Begg. son. read The 
Desiderata and Mr ftaer Begg, 
son. read from the works of 
Rudyard Kipling- Lord HiB-Nor- 
ton gave an address. Among 
others present were 
Lady Begg (widow). Mis Timothy 
Begg and Mn Peter Begg 
mauRbi«S3n-liw), BUSS Miranda 
Bess, Miss Katherine Bette. Miss 
Harriet Begg, Miss LucyBegg. Miss 
Tessa Begg. Mia swy Begg. Mr 
Ptter Begg. Mr Tiro Begg and Mr 
Simon Begg (granSctilldreD). Mrs C 
Clarice; Lord Carrington. KG. CH. 
and Lady Carrington. Field 
Marshal Lord BramauT KG. Lord 
Greenhtn of Harrow. Lady H1U- 

Ntmnn. lord and I --* 

Wotvwcote. the Hon —„- 

the Hon Mrs Hensman. the HOn 
Vice-Admiral Sir Nicholas andiixty 
HUi-Norion. 

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry 
Leach. Admiral of the Fleet Sfr 
wmiam and Lady savefey. 
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael 
Pollock. Admiral Sir Peter and Lady 
Abboa. Admiral sir John and usr 
Bush. Admiral Sir Desmon 
»r_ Admiral S 


Prayer. Admiral Sir Horace and 
Lady Law. Admiral Sir Rae M 
Admiral sir David and 
williams. General 5Irian and 
Gourto. General Sir Charles and 
Ingfon. Air ChJe! Marshal 
Str David Evans. Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Nigel and Lady Maynard. Air 
Marshal sir Timothy Garden 
(representing the Chief of Air Staff 
and the Air Force Board). Vice- 
Admiral Sir Peter and Lady 
Ashmore. Vice-Admiral sir David 
and Lady Brawn. VKe-Admlral Sir 
Geoffrey Dalton. Vice-Admiral str 
John Forbes. Vice-Admiral Sir Toby 
Frerc. vice-Admiral Sir Ian and 
tidy Hogg. Vice-Admiral sir Louis 
le Ballly. Vice-Admiral Sir Hugh 
Mackenzie. Vice-Admiral sir John 
and Lady Martin. Vice-Admiral sir 
lan McGeocb. Admiral Sir william 
O'Brien. Vice-Admiral Sir I wan and 
Lady Rattes. Vice-Admiral Sir 


John Roxburgh. Vice-Admiral sir 
Anthony Tippet 

Rear-Admiral Sir Ronald and 
Lady Forrest, Rear-Admiral sir 
Leslie Townsend. Rear-Admiral sir 
Richard and Lady Trowbridge. 
Rear-Admiral B 3 Soaker. Rear- 
Admiral ARB Stnrdee, Major- 
General sir Brian wyidhore-smiift. 
commandant Dame Marlon 
KraieweU. sir Philip and Lady 
Adams. Str Janus and Lady 
Dunnett. Lady potter. Lady Rowan. 
Sir Reginald and Lady Setxmdt Str 
Roberf Speed. QC. LadyTwlss, Lady 
wyaehara. vicewwmirai J H Dura. 
Rear-Admiral J J Blacfcham, Rear- 
Admiral James Cook. Rear-Admiral 
Anthony Davies. Rear-Admiral CC 
H Dunlop. Rear-Admiral and Mrs B 
W Ellis, JtearAdmfral and Mis 
Edward Gueritz, Rear-Admiral and 
Mrs H w E Hollins. Rear-Admiral 
Guy F Harriet, Rear-Admiral B J 
Morgan. Rear-Admiral I G W 
Robertson. Major-General p R Kay, 
Major-General and Mrs H A 
Lasoeties, Commandant Elizabeth 
Cralg-McFeebr, Captain M £• 
Barrow. RN, Co mm ande r M j 
Robbins, Captain D w s Buchan of 
Auchmacoy. Captain J W Mott, RN. 
and Mrs Moo. 

Mr A. C S Adams. Mr Peter Bland. 
Mis S BrtenalL Mr Sam Claxke. Mis 
JWSon.NttaDdMnRWFoid.MrR 
Gw Fryer, Mr Christopher G1U.MP 
Mr ana Mxs C E F Gcagh. Mr 

Grand*. Mr and Mrs A Hamfl_ 

Mr A R M Jaffray. Ms S Keenan. Mr 
and Mrs D D Undsw, Mr and Mrs 
w R Merton. Mr RJ Pennw. Mr 
*~ M ncy Jtedman. Mr T Ruck-Keene, 
— anti Ma D C J Rutherford. Mr 
John Smoker. Ms Dominic ~ 
Pearce, anti many other friends. 

SirPMEpOppabdrar 
A memorial service for Sir fMBp 
C^peohrimer will be held at St 
Georges, Hanover Square. WI, at 
11.30am on Tuesday. November 7. 
Frederic Lloyd 

A service of thanks giving for the 
life of Frtrieric Lloyd will be beidal 
noon on Thursday. November 16. 
1995. at the Queen* Chapel of the 
Savoy. Savoy HH1. London. WCL 

Painter-Stainers’ 

Company 

TIk; following have been installed 
as officers of the Painter-Stainers* 
Company for the ensuing year 
Master, Mr B£. Edwards; Upper 
warden. Mr RJA. Price; Renter 
Warden. Mr R.C. Hougtuon. 


Today’s royal 
engagements 

Ihe Queen and The Dulse of 
Edinburgh win attend a thanks¬ 
giving service in Westminster Ab¬ 
bey at S.0Q to mark the completion 
of its restoration. foQoned by a 
reception at College Green, SWL 
The Duke of Edinburgh, as 
Hooocaxy Life Mentha* and Past 
President of the Marytebooe 1 
Cricket Chib, will open the new 
indoor cricket school at Loots at , 
1130. 

The Princess Royal, as Patron of 
the Basic sms Agency, will attend* 
an annual c onfe re n ce at Queen 
Elizabeth n Conference Certtre at 
1030; as President of Patrons. 
Crime Concern. wQl attend the 
launch of Coiting Crime In Rural 
Areas: A Guide for Parish Court- 
dZr at the Bazbkan Centre, at 130: 
win amend ihe Customs Drugs 
Awareness Day at The Custom 
House. lower Thames Street EC3, 
at 23S; and win attend a Trafalgar 
Night dinner ai the Royal Naval 
College Greenwich at 7J5. 

Princess Margaret will a tte nd a 
banquet at the Finnish Residence. 
14 Kensington Palace Gardens, 
W8, at 8.15. 

The Smith and 
Nephew Foundation 

The Smith & Nepfcew {foundation 
Awards c e rem a uy to banoar Is 
Mows, Scholars and Bursais was 
hdd at the Banqueting House. 
WhhehaD on Tuesaay.OctobaD. 
in ffie FoundaOtm's 21st Anniver¬ 
sary year. The Guest erf Honour 
was the Countess of Limerick: 
CBE. for the past ten years 
Chairman of the British Red Cross 
Society. Many other em in e n t fig¬ 
ures from the healthcare pro- 

gfen yp wwlwd . 

Legal appointment 

Peter Charles lister Clark to be a 
g rant j udge assigned to the south 
eastern circuit. 


Mr FJA Chapman 
and Lady Sarah Fortescoe 
The en&gBnent is' announced 
between Frauds. eWesrsonof Mr 
and Mrs Mkbad Chapman, of 
Tboringtcia' House. Stda-by-, 
Nsyfand. Suffolk, and Sarah, 
daughter of Mrs Jocrfyn Hambro 
find the late Earl Fdrtescue, 
erf Green Farm, Odffingtan, 
Gfoutesterrime. ' 

Mr S. Didc 

and Mass F. Cy&rick - 
The mgagHnent is announced 
between Simon, second son of Mr 
John Dick, of Newark, Notting¬ 
hamshire. and foe late Mrs Jfuqy 
Dkt and Hnefla. eldest datigjua - 
- of Commande r -and Mrs' David 
O'Brien.. of Landfazd Wood. 
WDisinre: • 

Mr D.W. Dupree \ 
and Min MAL Jttrgess - 
The engafiement is announced 
between -David Dupree. oS ' 
' Washington DC, Son of t»& fate Mr 
and Mis Josqpb W. Di^mse. of. 
Rakigh, North Carolina, and .. 
Manure, daughter erf Mr and Mis 
. Michael Jnrgens,- of SSchester. 
Hampshire. ~~' 

Mr MJ3^. GUhe : 
and Misg S.L. Edwards 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew, eldest son of 
Mr and Mis Otiver GGbe. Trf 
Doftvidi and Sarah, ekter 
daughter - of Mr and Mxs 
Robert Edwards, of WSsteadL 

Bedfordshire. 

. Ms G.C. Hodgson 
and Miss CE. MiBar '1 
The Bigagemem is announced 
between Guy. son of Mr and Mis 
William Hodgson, of HDxogham. 
Iiucbbrihire. and Catherine, elder. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs $aodty 
M3far, of Eubank. MRUothtan. 

Mr R. Kannel 

and Mias V. Hartnett 

The engagement is announced. 

between Richard, son erf Mr and 

Mr Nigd Kannel, and Deborah. 

daughter of Mr and. Mrs JM. 

Hartnett of Effingham. Surrey. 

MrKXN.Lewtt 

and Miss E-E-lyafl ... 

The ffn g3g^rot»nt is announced 
between Kevin, son of the late Mr* 
Cyril Lewis and of Mrs Mairwen 
Lewis. :(rf TufBey Avetue. 
Gfoocester, and daughfla - 
of Mr and Mis Harry Iyafi, of. - 

BHwihan) Rnt mw»- L I I nrn W cVriTT * 

MtNjCW. Sdfers ‘ 

■ndMra AM. Jeasop Price 
The engagement fa. announced 
beCwem Nicbalas, sun crf Mkhad 
and Angela SeOeis. of Porto, 
Portugal, and. Anna, rider: 
daughter of Anthony and Kay 
Jessop Price, of Cobham. Surrey. 


Mr AJ- Peebles 

and Miss G,M.ChmdD 

The engageromt is announced 

between Andrew, son of Mr and 

DrAndwnyl^riJtes.ofWiddiam- 

breaux Rent, tovl Gina, daughter 

erf Mr Paul CSanrili. of Ccflumbus, 
Ofafo. and MR Sandra Wlldnson, 
of Sparta. New Jersey. 

MrCELStniffi 

xnd Mia. A.G Smith 

Ihe engMonent is announced 
between Cmazks. sou of Mr aral 
Mrs Frier Smith, of Goodman- 
ham. Yorkshire, ‘ and Amanda. 


•SmraL £rfTrfohfldd.Hampsfcim 

Mr R-T.G. Tyson 
nd Mfas CT. Jaeger 
The engagement is announced 
between Rotrfn, soacrfMr and Mrs 
■John Tyson, of Canteibury. Kent, 
and Cttti^na, dau^uer erf Mr and 
Mis George Ja^er, erf Middte- 
bury. VamonL USA. 

Marriages 

Mr MJUcC Rondel 
and Misa A. CnrondBy 
The mamage took place on Octo¬ 
ber 7, at Christ Chuieh. Bray. Co 
r> »hi in , of Mr Marie R. de 
tTiftgrHm Roodri and Mint jUlimn 
Cronndty. . 

A reception was beid at the 
Court Hotel, KflKruy and the 
honcymocHi is being spent abroad 

Mr S.C. Littsier 
«ndMiss SiC. Oppcabdmtx 
A Sendee of Blessing ^as held at 
the Churehof St Mmy and St John 
the Baptist Newtown. foQowiiig 
the marri a ge in Rffi^sclere cm 
Saturday. October 14. erf Mr Ste- 
phor Lussier. sen of die late Mr 
LeOaLusskr and of Mrs Kathken 
lustier, of Bosun, and Miss 
Sonitic Oroenbeuner, eldest 
dan^ster of Mr Anffmxy Oppen- 
hcamer. of Burgbdere. Hamp¬ 
shire, and Mrs Frederick Barker, 
of Hlgbworth. Wihsbire. The Rev 
Carl LnPrevost officiated. 

The bride was attended by Lara 
Isaac, Megan Pudray, Tara 'Wig- 
gin. Fred.Kedmg, George Saltitt 
and George Simon. Mr Albert 
Moncada was best man. 

A reception was held at the borne 
of the toide arxltbe bentymoon 
will bespem abroad. - 


MrPJ.Sesrie . .. 
and Miss JIM- TheHnsson 
The; marriage took place at'St 
Margaret’s Church. Westminster 
Abbey, on. Saturday. October 14. 
199% o£ Peter James Searfe and 
Joanna Mary Theflusson. Canon 
Donald Gray officiated. 

A reception .was hdd at St 
Ennui's HoteL ’ 


Dinners 

, Sricntificliatrinantt Makers 
Company 

Mr Dsnd WslBs, Master ot the 
S dentffic fawnwimr f. _MaJcers’. 
Oomnany . p wwmwi compa¬ 
ny's 1995 Awanfe for the best Royal 
Eosinetr faucteots at the Sdmbl of 
Mrattuy Survey to Major ItG. 
Dash and IaooeCnroaral KM. 
Edwards at an admtstiou court 
dinner held last night, to Scientific 
Instrument Makers* - Hafl. Art 
miralSir Lindsay&ysoriwasthe 
priucqral guest and speaker. GCBn? 
nander Gey Brodckbank also 
spoke. The guests iaduded the 
Masters of the Spectacle Makers*. 
Cfoctmakera*. T atm de rera * and' 
Eng me ery Compares. Msqor- 
Genezal MJ*.G. Wilson. Director 
General nf Military Survqr. and 
UeutenantObfonri. RJ?. Pram, 
Chief Instructor of the School of 
Mifitazy Survey. . . \.-V 

. Bcforethe dinner Mr Wallis was 
installed as Masts. Mr ffiD Lyons, 
as Senior Warden and S& Ivor 
Cohen as Junior Warden. . • 
Uai ver sfe y qf Re a d i ng : 

As part of tfae TswmyBm 
Arauversary Oefetr ations of ihe 
Law Dqjartment a ffihner is to be 
hrid at Iincobrsinn. OM Haflon 
Thursday, November y.^ Any 
graduates who have not received 
details from the Dgartment and 
are interested in attnffing, Aould 
contact Paid Jackson at the 
Department TO (0I7SQ 3185%. 
Pax (0173^753280. 

Church appointment 

The. Rev David Wallet Curate;" 
Aldvtidc to be Team "VScar, 
Crawley (QndxsKxV 


Royal College 
ofPhysitiaiis 
of London 

Fbllowing the ffarvesm Oration. 
'ddhKXHL -by,' Professor John 
Swafesl-the pretident, SrTesSe 
Thnrfi^ f -toto IjaSy Turnberg 
together with College Officers and 
Rffipwa ente rtain e d thefe guess to 
Dmnw . it the College cm the 
occasion of toe Harman Cdriira- 
tkm. Among those present were; . - 

'Sir ‘ Roger Bannister. . sir--Dcvfd 
:■Buna mis Mazgaret Beckett; MP, 
Sir WnUerBodmer, Lord Brain, lard 
kike*, sir Norman Browse. " ~ 
justice Butier-Sloss, Lord Butte 
Sfr Ttm Cbesseis. Professor umm 
Barbara Norton. Baroness Cox, 
Baroness Comtteriege. Lord Def 
Dr Sada Destmmktt phe Mayor 
CamdexQ. Mr st^hen DorxmL mp. 
Ratttec. Lord Howas, Sir 
UmL Lord Hayhoe. Sir 
Alex JamuL sir 


Derm Lasdun. Dame June 
Lord Feyton_of Yeovil. Sir ua.no. 
Plastov, the Hon Mn Joseph Rank. 
Dame Kaddeen Raven. Lord Rayne. 
Str Merle Rtctunond. Dame 
Rasemap' Kue. Sir winiam 
Shapland. str.Maurice Shock. Sir 
Harry and Ladv Solomon, sir 
wmiam SteveteyTstTKetni smart. Sir 
Rodney Swee&uun. sir Keith 
Ttiamas; Dame Margaret Torner- 
gg^^^Georgewrit; 

Anniversaries 

BIRTHS: Alfred Dreyfus. French 
army officer wrongly frn p r is c u e d 
far espionage, MflJhausen. Alsace. 
■ I895fc An^nste Lumfere. patneerof 
motion' iRcntres, Besancoo, 1262. 
DEATHS: IQpg John, rrigned 
1199-1216, Newark. Nottingham¬ 
shire, m6; Jonathan Swat satirist 
DubSn. 1745; Ernest Rutherfrad. 
I^ysxist Cambridge, I907; Jac- 
q o riiwe - dn Prfe, odtiSL Loodcn, 
I9B7. 


BMDS: 0171 782 7272 
PRIVATE: 0171 48! 4000 

He la the Dvtns CM. On «w- I ROD - On Qrtobar ISO*, to 
NKM Mr Bmrtiay jactSmt 
mad Robert, a ton. How 

Barclay (too. 

■COTT - On October 3rd 
1995, la Dorchester, to 
Sophie Code WoUenJ and 
Raw.inn.curiaiiM. 
WARD - On October 12 tb 
1995, to Caroline Cad* 
McLeod) and Pool, a 


PERSONAL COLUMN 


TRADE: 0171 481.1982- 
/ FAX: 0171-481 9313 


Trt* 


A 


no tsML 

Damd 6 : 26 (RE2XX 


BIRTHS 


*» Cor Timm. 


CHTICO* - Ob October 14I& 
1995. to Onrgt and Sandra, 
the gin of a son. Andrew 
John, a mow for ateta 
and 

PLETT - On October x3*h 
>996 alThe Borden OaoM 
Hcapttai, SenOand. to Cta* 
and John, a ga ctf M er . ZOt 
OlaMDL 

FOUNTAIN - On October 
I ith. u Rebecca Code 
Parse os) and Mlfc*. a 
deuBtner. lacy Alexandra, a 
stoer tor Tbm and Owttona 

HOBBS - On October XTBkto 
Joanna (n*a Bntsa) and 
Frances. « o a u p hte** . Me 
Josephine. 

KILLY - To toy wwlato 
wife Becky, toask yen for 
our MaoUftet sons. Jamas 
and Matthew (bora 18 th 
October 1995). nur »»t 
aea ntoa. 

K» - On I*S Oetooer 1996. 
ia Gnanoua (ate eoMto and 
Timothy, a son. Owns 
Mktad Jams. BBS rOoz. a 

Brother lor Itotoaeea and 



FHILPS - jean on l«ra 
October 1995 passed 
BeaceftaUjr away. Paaecat 
Service at St Aoflnsttna’s 
C&nreh. Tboroa Saar, on 
Wednesday 20 to October ■> 
2 an. to tiswe d tor fames 
ornttaB. tan By Oman 


Bams and a vary dear 
Aont and Oreat-Aont. 
Sttvtet and cwium i tol Res 
Hill Crematortnm os 
Tuesday October 24th at 
1J50 m. Bs itirt B n Co- 
oparattve taws Sendee. 
8999 Spring Gaadans. lab 
Dtamtor 542801. 
BELLWOOD - OB l«tb 
October 1995. Mayra 


Nuratog Home. C o trheste g . 
after some years of poor 
twstth. OecBy aged 90 yon. 
widow or Walter and dear 
bwUmt ot Gffl Od&bIs and 
enrol. Funeral ax Ontirt 
Church no Monday 23rd 
October at R50 pm. Fl o we r s 
to WJL Shapharu. 95/94 
High Street, Catdwexar. 

(Wnni - Koneth WaBar. 
on 16th October m>. 
peacefully alter a short 
mn— ■ Ran Sarrioe oa 
Monday 2Srd October at 
»— S to od PartBa Church, 
CtoBiawrl Iffnoox. No 
monratop and no Dewars 


to WMnwoed Scrotan Posy 
Centre (Rtdlno for Uw 
Handicapped! c/e sister 
Mary Aar. 30 fimmlnpdslu 


HHbertev Street. London 

SW1P 2YY. 


Jaratt . on 1701 October. 
1995. or Motor Nettrena 
Dbeosc. to Hnmweod tab 
HontW. H w warda Ilian. 
Srose*. Alan WesJay Johns. 
C-M.C.. 0.8.EL. S.Q.A. 
(Pakistan), aped 64. at 
cnettatd. Srasex. Snrrtrad 
tor mi war Joan and dtOdna 
Mara and Bra. Fmm 
Servlet at the Sony and 
StnseiCn inabalidiL weatn. 
on Monday S9rd Oetsbsr. 
1994, aC 2 pm. D o m a iuu s. tf 
desired, for Slobt Savers 
asd/cr MKDA may he amt 
C/o Masters • 8m, 4 
Denmans im» uadfhM, 
HH1« as (01444) 482107. 
to whom e DBStete e may be 
node repardlnp the 
Maaorfal Setoca.» be taaM 


ateoCMhar ot itenaaam and 
Hber-tetow of Onto end 
lpvtaa «rnsdfauter of 
Andrew. CntistopiRr and 


ax Silhtofr Cathedral an 
Thursday 26tta October, 
1998 at 2 pin. Family 
Sowers adbf bn donations if 
desired (or The Stroke 
Association, c/o l.N. 
Newman ue.. Funeral 
tom, tttib Home . 05 
WtaansterSfraeLW^my. 
Wfflx, S>I 1HL. 























































































































































































































































































































































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’ - aim 


^Obituaries 


... "■' ■:/:?&■'''•-*&!?: ^•' , ' - sw.. ■••;' 

.. . _• V7~.;. - r 


John Walker, D ir e cto r' 
and first Connor <rf the 
National Gaflery ofv. 
Washington, tfiedon' 
Octoberl6 aged88. He 
wasbwii on Dccetibef 
..-••'.■■%-1606.: 




&J&M 


> 'A*osfgjQed Angkgjhile, he 
orix}xdj $.; 'doSe.:#&d$ -Sir 

i^ gw^tocio r of 

&^i*e iSofeW snd AIbert-' 
Mti&an3> -imt ^Btoffejhr 
Ctejc ffis fink?i wrtfr Britain 
had been -'cmfeifted v f$r his 
maiTiage^^-iD.-s 3937-30f- -lady 


THE- 1 Natfemal. Gallery 'of ; Mti&ur* -iracrSfr,‘K&l>eiIi 
Washington.- which- houses Gteic Hfe Enfcg wife Britain 
one of the greatest coflectiwis -had bS'amodedv by his 
of pictures-amd sculptures in ' - marriage: -»rUn»7 
the world, is not yet 60 : years' Margar^p^^^aodrin 

was Johnnie. Walker, wfnrat -. . ys. 

only helped to plan. <tengn -■ lahn 

an d construct it but*'more ' a 

unpo rtanfly, was resppnsibfc ; 

for acquiring many of the 7 nn irmi 

works of art which established 

its repittatfon. As. its curator, Ca<negai^^^- : ^^ ^MS 

and later director, .he persuafl- 

ed some of the richest Amen- ‘ fe'Was 

can coIJedors of me century to - 

donate or seU irim iheir pie- •- the 

tores so *at he OM2d htortg; pfgih 

them on the gaBery^wafls. - 

He.freely admitted that fife ; , wfeuid five, but he recdrered. 
supreme Measure curator ^ though for noBty years he was 
was’ “bgpng paintings ■ and...' confined fa" a whoddjair.To 


sculpture w^h other peopfe^ •'.. entertain him: Mft irt)htfn»r triple' 
f% nKHiey". h -was a pleasure • tor oft visits toartgaflerie in = 
- which he turned, tb the great \ New Yak; and he discovered 
advantage of the American art not .only a foye cf pictures fiut 
world. Sddmn can a gaBezy an awibiticai toheacuiator - 
director have - been cro ctoser ;.; Heefeaed^ngb to Harvard, 
terras with such weaWiy. con- K. which had a fine art? depart- 
noisseurs as tire ; -nsaitcoaiSiaHTed to be the best 

ily. Armand Hammer and ” in America, 7 ~asd 1 with two' 
others, whose '-masterpieces .; friends, Lincoln Kerstein and. 
enddl up in the gafleiy. But it' "Edward Warburg, opened, the 
was Walker's charm and inK Harvard Soeiety Confenh 
erring eye which ensured that : - parary Arte vriudi showed 
hegotcadythfibesL ' ; woilabyariistt 

The three years that fie 'edattotimeinAfrtoitx^^ . 
spent as assistant to- Bernard:.,... pn graduating, he,was sent 
BerenstmatrTMiint!ieI®()s. . to .FlOTenqi to .vtorit. vrith 
laid the foundations""of“his Berbisoii,^^’and naffer three 

great knowledge and lovie of : yairs as ciis assistant, went to 
the Jtalian Renaissance and- . Rome \^bere he headed.the 
he remained a dose friend of ‘fiisa : arts departmertf at the 
Bececison'S. visfting Inm every American Acadenq^. It was 
year until bis death in 1^// thaeftqttemetand married 
But he was also an eariy. Margaret Drummond, dan- 
enthusiast of modem art. and - gteerefXordBerth, the British. 
a gallery which he hdped/ta. ^ ambassador during the Mus- 
fouud while still a student at . sofini era. •■ 

Harvard Univeraty.asrved as I / .iri WS he learnt ofiphm$:by 
a model and^^ inspfraticBi to establish 


JOHN WALKER 



'ah aztgalleiy.m Washingam, 
and wrote to Melon’s son, 
Paul, to ask if there might be a 
place for him an the staff; he 
found himself appointed its 
diirfcuratw in 1939. Although 
the fibufous Mellon pictures 
.'were,to be the core of the 
gallery^ collection. Walker 
jmm^iatdy began looking 
round for- sources of other 
wenis of art. His physical 


condition prevented him tak¬ 
ing an active part in the war, 
but he was sect to Europe to 
1945' to help recover and 
preserve works of art looted by 
the Nazis. The next years were 
spent identifying the key col¬ 
lections of great art held in 
America and persuading their 
owners to sell or donate them. 

He was angle-minded in his 
pursuit of pictures, whether it 


was Rembrandt's Aristotle 
with the Bust of Homer, 
Fragonard's La Useuse or El 
Greco's Laocoon. But it was 
the purchase of Leonardo da 
Vinci's Ginevra dei Bend 
from the Prince of Liechten¬ 
stein that he regarded as his 
greatest coiqj—it took him 16 
years, and the price (reputedly 
less than $10 million) has 
never been disclosed. In 1962. 


DONALD BANCROFT 


at the instigation of Jacqueline 
Kennedy, he helped arrange 
the visit of the Mona lisa to 
Washington — the first time h 
had been lent by the Louvre. 

Walkers connections yridx 
the rich art-coUecting families 
of America undoubtedly 
helped him in his quest for 
great pictures. But it was his 
charm, diplomacy, persistence 
and patent integrity which 
made them warm to him and 
predisposed them in his fa¬ 
vour in the teeth of competi¬ 
tion. His timing was usually 
impeccable. “In the United 
States." he once wrote (tongue 
to cheek), “it is axiomatic that 
the undertaker and the muse¬ 
um director arrive almost 
simultaneously.*' 

He was as good fn tactfully 
refusing paintings which he 
considered mediocre as he 
was in acquiring the best of 
them, and he always insisted 
that they hang in perfect 
conditions. He was adamantly 
against the over-deaning of 
pictures, regarding it as an act 
of vandalism. 

He admired British galler¬ 
ies which he believed to be for 
the enjoyment of art and 
criticised those US galleries 
which concentrated on what 
he called “quick viewers" and 
attendance figures. Although 
neither he nor Margaret 
counted themselves great en¬ 
tertainers, they were stars to 
the Washington social 
firmament, and an invitation 
to their house in Georgetown 
was much sought after. 

On retirement in 1969. he 
and Margaret moved to Eng¬ 
land, though they kept a house 
to Florida and crossed the 
Atlantic frequently. The au¬ 
thor of several books on art, he 
served on many arts organ¬ 
isations, including the art 
advisory committee of the 
National Trust. His wife died 
in 1987. They had two children 
—ason who died young, and a 
daughter Gillian who survives 
him. 


Donald Bancroft, 
schoolmaster, died on 
September 28 aged 81- He 
was bora on October 29. 

1913, 

DONALD BANCROFT was a 
remarkable schoolmaster, a 
brilliant teacher of both 
Classics and English. But be 
by no means fined into any 
conventional Mr Chips mould 
— being also an accomplished 
freelance radio scriptwriter 
and even ultimately a broad¬ 
caster in his own right. 

Bom in Halifax, he was 
educated at Halifax Grammar 
School and won a Classics 
scholarship to Corpus Christi 
College, Oxford. There he took 
a first in Mods and a second in 
Greats. He then went to teach 
at King's School, Rochester. 

He was only 25 when war 
broke out and originally 
served to the Royal Artillery 
before, along with many other 
classical scholars, being re¬ 
cruited as a cryptographer at 
Bletchley Park. 

In 1948 he was appointed to 
teach Classics at Lancing Coll¬ 
ege. He had a powerful intel¬ 
lect and a lively imagination 
and combined this with a 
direct Yorkshire biunmess. 
These qualities gave a fresh¬ 
ness to his approach, while his 
great love and respect for 
words and their meaning in¬ 
spired his pupils with a love of 
literature and encouraged 
their efforts to write Greek 
and Latin prose. 

His wide literary interests 
led him to build a specialist 
English department and, al¬ 
though he continued to teach 
some Classics, he became 
head of English at Lancing 
untii his retirement in 1978. He 
taught many pupils who have 
since made their names — 
including Christopher Hamp¬ 
ton, David Hare and Sir Tim 
Rice. A steady stream of 
classical scholars went on to 
Oxford and Cambridge, large¬ 
ly thanks to his guidance. 



He was not content merely 
with the role of being a 
schoolmaster and from 1955 
onwards worked as a free¬ 
lance writer for radio. He 
abridged 160 books for 
Storytime and Book at Bed¬ 
time on Radio 4. He was 
always producing original 
work and was gratified when 
some of his short stories began 
to be broadcast an Morning 
Story — thirty of them. Their 
entertainment value sprang 
from his acute observation of 
character and situation and a 
gift for dialogue, with irony 
ever lurking below the sur¬ 
face. He compiled a number of 
progammes for Radio 3. 
which included five pro¬ 
grammes on the Sicilian Expe¬ 
dition of Thucydides. 

To the end of his life he 
enjoyed delighting audiences 
with his literary musings and 
he was a gifted reader with a 
wonderful sense of timing. 
Some time ago. while she was 
still with the BBC, Margaret 
Howard interviewed him for 
Pick of the Week: she paid a 
compliment to his engaging 
personality and went out of 
her way to highlight the 
quality and excellence of his 
contribution to radio 
entertainment. 

He is survived by his wife 
Dome and two daughters. 


PETER DINNICK 


BRYAN JOHNSON 








DrPeterl 
junusAdiHti 
September IS aged He 

was born , oil J 
;;i9|T 

- . * ’ -s v 

■ ■J OSWALD PETER. 

' affectionately knownJ& O 
was an anaesthetist- whose 
carieer covered'1 
“rag and bottkrailaes&esiafir 

ic wD^Safems of thei^^^ 
day. The safety of these sys¬ 
tems owes mudi to his. fife-, 
time’s work on .. British, 
European and International 
standards bommRtees>^tidid 
all {hi? at the same time as 
being a busy dpctcfr 7 at tlfe^ 
MiddlesexHospitaL 
There hie faced; a 
clinical woridoad. inducting 
the daunting, task bn one 
occasion of anaestfraiang 
Winston Churchill. Fbr 25 
years he was the hospital's 
senior anaestis«ist.^a 
involving^ a cpnt 
mimstrative burdea 
He came from ® medical 
fampy — iris father was a 
surgeon and aaxazipatQring 
him on life various profession¬ 
al journeys gave nis son : an 
encyclopaedic knowledge of 
England’s road& Educated ai 
University College SchoOL he 
trained ar tbe Mradlesex HOs- : 

phaL qualifying in June 1939- 
By 1940. he had, obtained the. •: 
+ Diploma in Anaesthetics, tire 
<< onfyprofes^tHialq n a fifica liaa • 



then available. That same 
year — during~tfre Blitz — he. 
became the ’ senior- resident 
anaesthetist cafe of then oily 
two residents. As ' bis junior 
teller odpnrifirited: “Weworked 
veafy: hard; and of course 


surgery was much quicker 
then." 

; After service in the RAF tis a 
spedaEst anaesthetist - in 
-North Africa and in Italy, 
where he met his wife Marga¬ 
ret he applied to his old 


hospital and was appointed 
- consultant Perhaps his out¬ 
standing crusade and contri¬ 
bution was to safer anae¬ 
sthesia! in the areas of both 
training and equipment: in 
this connection,he was an 
adviser on anaesthesia equip¬ 
ment to the DHSS. His impor¬ 
tant early papers were on 
deaths associated with anaes¬ 
thesia and the lessons to be 
drawn from them. Because of 
hfe.mechanfcal interests — he 
was an arid motor raring 
enthusiast — he was well 
placed to balance the conflict¬ 
ing interests of manufactur¬ 
erstechnical experts and 
doctors to attain safer anaes¬ 
thetic apparatus. 

Although modestly describ¬ 
ing himself as suffering from 
“altitude sickness”, he man¬ 
aged to maintain an enthusi¬ 
astic contribution to high level 
professional meetings. He 
also continued to indulge his 
other love— sailing—almost 
up till his death. 

In bis latter years, he had 
time to pursue his interest in 
the classical literature of reli¬ 
gious philosophy. He also rook 
great interest in the affairs of 
his local church at Empshott, 
Hampshire, as churchwarden 
and a member of the parish 
council- He was a member of 
the deanery synod of the 
diocese of Portsmouth. 

Peter Dinnick is survived by 
" his wife and their son and 


PERSONAL GOLUMN 


wanted 


MJWV Itttt.* Alta v Bn*, 
um i tuett n Nor 


ANNOimCEMENlW/ 


ANIMALS 
IN NEED 


FLIGHTS 

DIRECTORY 





YOUR WILL 

B*ou an mafcfnaypur v* 
ptaM tfttntr of BQ3HA- Wl 
cwfcfH w Miv l eiinenwd 
«iiaan who tarn km Bute h 
tba axvtoa of ttta country. 




Bryan Johnson, actor and 
singer, died of cancer 

yesterday aged 59. He was 
born on July IS, 1926. 

BRYAN JOHNSON was a 
classical actor of same distinc¬ 
tion, but his brief moment’of 
fame with a wider public came 
in 1960, when he represented 
Britain in the Eurovision Song 
Contest. His song Looking 
High, High, High sold more 
than a million copies, despite 
the fact that it came only 
second in the competition. It 
established his reputation as a 
singer. 

Bryan Johnson was born in 
London. His brother Teddy 
Johnson also went into 
showbusiness, marrying the 
singer Pearl Carr with whom 
he formed a husband-and- 
wife singing act (by coinci¬ 
dence. they came second in the 
1959 Eurovision Song Contest 
with Sing Little Birdie). Bryan 
won a place as a chorister to 
Westminster Abbey as a boy. 
but his ambition was to act. 
and he appeared in local 
amateur shows and panto¬ 
mimes. Even as a yoirth. he 
was noted for his distinctive 
voice which in later years was 
compared to that of Robert 
Donat or Sir John Gielgud. 
Johnson was embarrassed by 
such claims and used to 
modestly murmur “Pm 
known as ‘the voice’, but 
nobody remembers my face." 

He trained at LAMJDA, 
which he joined with a schol¬ 
arship at the age of ten. The 
academy evacuated to Hamp¬ 
ton Court during the war, but 
eventually closed because of 
lack of purpils. One of his old 
tutors then introduced him to 
Donald (later Sir Donald) 
Wolfit, and Johnson joined his 
company to 1942. 

He played a number of 
Shakespearean parts in reper¬ 
tory throughout the 1940s, the 
most notable being the Fool to 
Wolfit's King Lear. They were 
a well-matched pair, and nei¬ 
ther of them upstaged the 
other, which in the case of 


Wolfit was unusual In be¬ 
tween tours with Wolfit and 
his third wife Rosalind Iden, 
he appeared, much to Wolfit’s 
annoyance, in a series of 
classical plays at the Old Vic 
Theatre under the direction of 
Tyrone Guthrie. 

But Johnson had two sides 
to his personality. Although he 
believed passionately to classi¬ 
cal theatre, he was also drawn 
to the idea of variety and 
music halt After leaving 
Wolfit's company around 
1950, he turned to the world of 
light entertainment Wolfit re¬ 
called, to dismay: “He was the 
best Fool I ever had." 

Johnson’s variety career got 
off to a good start in the 1950s. 
He was the leading man in the 
touring productions- of The 
Student Prince and Lock Up 
Your Daughters, as well as 
three variety shows at the 
London Palladium. In 1956 he 
had some success with a cover 
version of Eddie Fisher's hit 
Cindy, Oh Cintfy, and a 
similar success followed with 
All of You from the Cole 
Porter score to die film Silk 
Stockings (1957). 

The turning point came in 
1960 when he represented 
Britain in the Eurovirion Song 
Contest singing Looking 
High, High, High, staged that 
year in Belgium. Despite the 
fact that he was awarded only 
second place, the song made 
him a radio celebrity, and he 
was forever afterwards billed 
on variety posters as “Mr 
Looking High. High, High”. 
However, by the early 1960s, 
popular* music was undergo¬ 
ing a revolution, and ballad 
singers such as Johnson were 
beginning to look decidedly 
passC. 

Pantomimes and summer 
seasons followed, and occa¬ 
sionally he would appear to 
his own adaptation of A 
Christmas Carol, in which he 
played Scrooge. The final twist 
to his career came in 1988 
when a chance meeting with 
the Irish poet and playwright 
Patrick Galvin led to a sugges¬ 



tion that he star in Galvin's 
one-man show about the life of 
Oscar Wilde. 

Johnson was initially ner¬ 
vous about the project, having 
seen the famous production by 
the Irish actor Micheal 
MacJUammoir. which he 
thought he could not follow. 
However. Galvin managed to 
persuade him that, as in 
MacUammoir’S performance, 
the voice was the essential part 
of the show, and The Impor¬ 
tance of Being Oscar opened 
at the Pavilion Theatre, Brigh¬ 
ton, later to 1988 to ecstatic 


Critics once again drew 
attention to Johnson's voice 
and his “gorgeous antique 
diction" and so, to a sense, his 
career had come full circle. He 
later took the show to the 
provinces and to London, 
where it was recorded at the 
October Gallery, off Totten¬ 
ham Court Road. , 

Johnson was regularly in¬ 
vited onto BBC Radio 2, often 
together with his brother Ted¬ 
dy, to talk about Wolfit or the 
history of variety. 

He is survived by his wife 
Kathleen, whom he married 
five years ago. 


LORD HOME FACES 
CRISIS FORMING 
GOVERNMENT 

From Our Political Correspondent 
The Conservative Government were still 
caught in crisis when Lord Home left 10 
Downing Street at 11.6 pm. last night. At (he 
end of along day of tension and suspense Mr. 
fanler, Mr. Masdling and Lord Hailsham, 
who had been the three rivals for the 
succession, still had reservations about serv¬ 
ing in the Administration which lord Home 
had been invited by the Queen to try m form 
just after noon. But just after 1030 p.m. it 
became dear that in a series of separate and 
collective interviews the reservations had 
slightly lessened. 

He has not yet kissed hands on appoint¬ 
ment as Prime Minister and Rra Lord of the 
Treasury- This must be properly regarded as- 
immensely significant. It shows mat lord 
Home, unlike all other Prime Ministers 
designate since Mr. Bonar Law in 1922, could 
not fed secure enough of his position, when 
the Invitation came, to iftfonn the Queen 
immediately that he accepted the charge to 
form an Administration. He undertook to 
make the attempt. But last night reliable 


ON THIS DAY 
October 19,1963 


The resignation of Hamid Macmillan as 
Prime Minister because of ill-health fed by 
"normal processes of consultation’' to the 
appointment as successor of Lord Home, who 
died earlier this month. 

Conservative backbench opinion understood 
in private discussions with some of die 
principals that Lord Hailsham considered 
refusing to serve. Mr, Butler and Mr. 
Maudhng reserved their positions, and Mr. 
Madeod’s intentions were still not clear. 
Speculation also aimed bn the position, in the 
new dreumstances. of Mr. Enoch PuwtQ. the 
Minister of Health, and also Sir Edward 
Boyle, Minister of Education, who, with Lord 
DDhoroe. the lord Chancellor, was one of the 
last ministerial visitors to 10 Downing Street 
late last night. 

Lord Home began the task cl crying to form 


an Administration to succeed Mr. Mac¬ 
millans knowing that his three rival can¬ 
didates had been surprised and bitterly 
disappointed by the choice that had been 
made; and that a group of influential Cabinet 
Ministers had discussed into the eariy hours 
of the morning how Mr. Macmillan's derision 
to pm forward his name could be changed. 

Within two hours of being called to 
Buckingham Palace to hear the Queen’s 
invitation (on Mr. Macmillans advice). Lord 
Home went to 10 Downing Street to begin a 
series of separate interviews with his three 
defeated rivals for the draft. 

Lord Home began to be seen as a 
compromise candidate for the party leader¬ 
ship a fortnight ago by only a few members of 
the party hierarchy, ft is arguable that a 
widespread determination to stop Lord 
Hailsham and Mr. Butler prepared the way 
for Lord Home's eventual choice. But in the 
two or three days before Mr. Macmillan 
informed the Queen of the party consensus 
doubts had arisen inside the Cabinet and die 
rank and file members in the Commons about 
the wisdom o/selecting an aristocrat. 

In this way pariiamemary opinion moved 
increasingly behind Mr. Butler. Thertirst 
rumours of Lord Homes selection caused first 
incredulity and then mttiienuuion.... 

















































































THE TIMES TODAY 


CK%V 


THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995J 


The old may get free nursing 

■ Old people living in private residential homes will have their 
nursing costs paid for by the Government under proposals 
being drawn up by ministers. 

The plan, which could be announced in the Budget and 
phased in, is designed to defuse mounting middle^lass dismay 
over pensioners who have to sell their homes to pay for care, 
denying their children their inheritance.Page i 

Howard to come out fighting 

■ Michael Howard will today mount a vigorous fightback 

against for his resignation as the former head of the 
Prison Service prepares to take him to court for wrongful 
dismissal. The Home Secretary was reported to be ready to 
“come out with all guns blazing" in a Caramons debate on the 
service___—— - Pages i, 2 


Launch accident 

A £140 million helicopter assault 
ship for the Royal Marines. HMS 
Ocean, has been damaged after 
an accident during its informal 
launching ceremony-Page 1 

Barbecue horror 

A mother who suffered horrific 
bums when a friend poured 
methylated spirits on a garden 
barbecue has no prospect of lead¬ 
ing a normal life again, the High 
Court was told _ Page 3 

Shop floor perk 

Vauxhalt is offering more than 
4,000 assembly line workers the 
chance to use a company car. 
taking Britain's most popular pay 
perk to the shop floor —Page S 

West trial 

One of Frederick West’s daugh¬ 
ters told how she was sexually 
abused from the age of eight by 
him and her stepmother. Rose¬ 
mary West, in the cellar of their 
Cromwell Street home—Page 6 

French invasion 

French businessmen in Calais are 
pressing ahead with a bid for a 
controlling interest in the port of 
Dover to stop it from foiling into 
“hostile hands". They are pre¬ 
pared to pay E150m-Page 6 

Consultant’s penalty 

A hospital consultant has been 
disciplined by an NHS trust alter 
writing to The Times about the 
shortage of intensive-care 
beds—- Page 9 


Women choose merit 

Talented women should be ap¬ 
pointed on merit rather than 
through positive discrimination, 
employers said after quotas were 
made illegal by the European 
Court of Justice-Page 10 

Tory thoughts 

John Major has given his private 
blessing to a new Tory think-tank 
dedicated to carving out a revolu¬ 
tionary social agenda—Page 12 

Claes’s last plea 

Willy Claes, who has led Nato for 
the past year, will make a final 
attempt to keep his job as Secre¬ 
tary-General today when he goes 
before the Belgian parliament to 
plead his innocence on charges of 
corruption-Page 13 

Islamic ultimatum 

The Islamic terrorist group be¬ 
lieved to be responsible for the 
bombings in France has issued 
an ultimatum to President Chirac 
to cancel a meeting with Presi¬ 
dent Zeroual of Algeria-Page 14 

Ferry refugees 

The fate of 650 Palestinians on a 
car ferry off Cyprus after being 
expelled from Libya remained 
uncertain although Syria has 
agreed to accept most of 
them--—.- Page 15 

Dole hits back 

Robert Dole, the front-runner for 
the Republican nomination, is 
discouraging General Colin Pow¬ 
ell from the race —.Page 16 


Death of a champion 

■ Red Rum, a horse whose name was synonymous with the 
most precious and elusive commodity in sport — victory, died. 
Three wins in the Grand National: it really is true. We shall not 
see his like again. On May 3 he had stepped out of his 
retirement to make an appearance at Aintree, home of the 
Grand National, to celebrate his 30th birthday...Page 1 


THE TIMES CROSSWORD NO 19,990 


ACROSS 

I Resort to richer language to 
impress (S) 

6 Child holding mother back — 
they're ramblers |6) 

9 Mate upset — king escapes snare 
16) 

10 Mugging up about a ghost (8) 

11 Well covered by hair in fringe, in a 
word (8) 

12 Some oxygen I allow to get warm 
16) 

13 1 would love to be in it, that was 
natural {5) 

M Temperate zone |9) 

17 Entering hilly area, leading ama¬ 
teur driver loses part of car 19) 

19 Mark two {5) 

22 Citrus flourishing in the country 

( 6 ) _ 

Solution to Puzzle No 19.989 


ffisisnisnsss ana®0 
snnsiHiDffla 
sfflouisBS maansaa 
HBcasnaan 
SHSED QHfDQIlOBHH 

a ® 0 is a n 
EOBHfflSffiB nsaa 
{S0HOQSSI3 
BEES HSHOSaSS 
0 Q 0 a 0 9 

BEraSSKOBH EHBBB 
KBS0S1C1I33 
SSE0D0H Dnsfflaas 
s & n h n h ra h 
nimaras BEssargBtlfl 


i 








PrevtaK Welsh Guards on duly in 
Northern Ireland come under toe 
c^itiny of fihn-tnakcr Molly Din- 
een. In the Company of Mat 
(BBC2. 9pm) Bull"* 

Bond enjoys a rude, and send-off 
from Mel and Griff-Piage 47 


Fast bowler Angus Fraser with bis son Alex and fiancee Denise Simmosds as toe England cricket team set off far South Africa. Page.46 


Economy: Retail sales dropped by 
0.4 per cent year on year in Septem¬ 
ber. the first such foil since July 
1992. Unemployment however, fell 

to a four-year low_Page 25 

Banking: Wells Fargo launched the 
largest takeover bid in US banking 
with a $10.1 billion offer for First 
Interstate..—..Page 25 

Big gains: Graham Kirkham, 
founder and chairman of DFS. is 
set to make about £60 million from 
the sale of part of the shares his 
family holds in the furniture group 
that floated on the stock market two 
years ago-Page 25 

Markets: The FT-SE 100 rose 3QJ8 
to 3593.0. Sterling's index was un¬ 
changed at 842 after a foil from 
$15738 to $15697 but a rise from 
DM23298 to DMZ2337 ....Page 28 




Cricket England set off to South 
Africa with same comphmeotazy 
words from Bob Woohner, the 
South Africa coach, speeding them 
on their way.. Pages 46.48 

Tennis: Steffi Graf, the joint world 
No f, was defeated in the second 
round of the Brighton Internation¬ 
al tournament by Mariaan de 
Swardt, the South African 
outsider. ——, Page 48 

Rugby Union: Damian Hopley, the 
Wasps centre, is dose to claiming 
the England right wing position for 
toe game against South Africa next 

month.. „—Page 42 

Rugby league: Australia and New 
Zealan d both name inexperienced 
hookers for their Halifax World 
Cup semi-final dash at Hudders¬ 
field on Sunday-Page 43 



Hapless Hugh: A dreadful slap¬ 
stick comedy. Nine Months, is not 
what Hugh Grant's career needs 
right now: other new films this 
week include a fine Italian movie, It 
Postum, and the videogame spin¬ 
off, Mortal Kombat: - Plage 35 

Potter’s gospot The Royal Shake¬ 
speare Company has staged Den¬ 
nis Potter’s uneven but provocative 
1969 play about Jesus, Son cif 

Mail-:---Page 36 

Yoimg batons: Some of the world's 
top young maestros have been bat¬ 
tling ft oat at the first Bernstein 
Conducting Competition ...Page 37 

Chance encounter: The counter¬ 
tenor Michael Chance is preparing 
for a leading role in English Nat¬ 
ional Opera's new staging of Pur¬ 
cell’s Fairy Queen _Plage 37 


IN THE TIMES 

■ SHOW-STOPPER 
Win a £4000 holiday for 
two in Brazil in The 
Times Around the World 
in 80 pays competition 

# n. 

■ THEATRE 
Benedict Nightingale . 
on the new production 
of John Osborne’s, 

A Patriot for Me 


FteeBteFteseantorntotfKworidiig 
. of toe sinus means doctors can now 
offer relief from toe misery of 

rfirnrir c inflarriatinn .. Pagr 18 

Attendant problem*: The growth of 
cheap air travel has reduced the 
ride of toe ooce-gfamoraus stew¬ 
ardess to Bate mare than an air¬ 
borne safety officer--Page 19 


Byzantium: John Julius Norwich'S 
history completed; &uen Arm¬ 
strong. on God and Matthew 
d’Ancana on the Gospels -Page 38 
Wystan’s world: Peter Adcrqfd on 
W.H. Auden; Matthew Parris on 
Andrew Suliwanv apologia far a 
gay conservative; Oliver Letwincm 
Michael Portillo———-Pagfe39 




Nunn for Nato 

As Mr Qaes confronts his past—■ in 
toe shape of charges of corruption. 

forgery and fraud - Nato leaders 

need to cast a steadier eye on the 
alliance's future than they did 
when they appointed him .Page 21 

Grounds for reform 

The row that is brewing to toe 
Conservative Party over the iefanu 
of divorce law is based upon, a 
. fandamental These 

who appose the Lord Chancellor 
are concerned that it wffl m ake 
divorce easier it will hot—Page 21 

Rare avis . 

irnngwM* the excitement among 
patartwitehers at toe discovery in 
a remote Chinese province of 
fossilised avfan remains from toe 
Jurassic age—i-Page 21 


WILLIAM REES-MOGG 

At this stage, in this parliament, 
with theGovernment struggling to 
recover after years of unpopularity, 
it would, be too damaging to lose a 
Home Secretary. The Prime Miais- 
1ear’ is standing behind Michael 
Howard and has little political op¬ 
tion but to do so-- Page 20 

PETER RIDDELL 
Even publicity seeking Tbry MPs 
have been quid. Most do. after afi, 
bade Mr Howard* tough line on 
law and order. Their silence is his; 
strongest support ——,—Page 12 
JANET DALEY : 

Women wish to be treated fairly. 
They do riot wish to be indulged or 
patronised and they are fully aware 
of toe justified resentment that they 
will incur if they are allowed to 
leapfrog----Page 20 





□ General: England and Wales wfll 
be mostly dry and bright with sunny 
periods, but it may be more cloudy 
near western coasts. Over Cumbria 
there will be a little rain. 

The for north of Scotland will be 
bright and very windy with scattered 
showers. Eastern Scotland will stay 
mostly dry until rain arrives in the 
evening. The rest ol Scotland and 
Northern Ireland will be rath®- cloudy 
with rain at times, becoming more 
persistent lata. 

England, W Midlands, Channel 
fates, Central N England: dry with 
sunny periods. Wind brisk, south¬ 
westerly. Quite warm. Max 16 to 18C 
(61 to o4F). 

□ SW England, 5 Wales, N 
Wales, NW England: cloudy at 
times, some sunny spells. Wind 


fresh, southwesterly. Max 16C (64F). 

□ Lake District, Isle of Man, SW 

Scotland, Glasgow, Central High¬ 
lands, Argyll, N Ireland: mostly 
rather cloudy, rain at times, becom¬ 
ing more persistent later. Wind fresh 
to strong, southwesterly* Rather 
cool. Max 14 to 16C (57 to 61F). - 

□ N E England, Borders, Edin¬ 
burgh & Dundee, Aberdeen: 
mostly toy, some bright spells, rain 
later. Wind fresh to strong, south¬ 
westerly. Max 1GC (61F). ' 

□ Moray Firth, NE Scotland, NW. 
Scotland, Orkney, Shetland: 
bright or sunny intervals, ^scattered 
showers. Wind strong to gale, 
westerly. Cold. Max 12 to 15C 
(54 to 59F). 

□ Outlook for t omor row and 

Saturday: a dry start in the south. 
Rain in the north spreading south 
later. . . 


23 Engineers likely id be dependable 
(8) 

24 Start running business (8) 

25 Thrusting head of the river? (6) 

26 Spile voiced in private (6) 

27 S pedal treatment involving pi¬ 
mentos (8) 

DOWN 

2 Many a dog deprived of love gels 
angry (7) 

3 Run into the quiet dilapidated 
entrance (9J 

4 Traveller ©dine—and doit again 
16) 

5 Which reporter’s name upset an 
architect? (11,4) 

6 Direct noisy workman to the exit 
18) 

7 When one is accommodated in a 
hotel, extravagance initially is 
foolish (7) 

8 Vest worn by one in a suit (9) 

13 He’s succeeded in transmuting 
their iron (9) 

15 A bet is on the cards here (9) 

16 Find record's finished (8) 

18 Conducted an orchestra first, one 
not wry successful (4-3) 

20 Archipelagowhere I arrive in ship 
(7) 

21 Schoolchildren pm up a boo-boo 
(«} 


Times Two Crossword, page 48 


For Ow tales! AA iretfWroad*CTks wtamaScn, 24 
hours a day. dial 0336 40? followed by the 
a ppm p na a coder 
London & SC (raffle, roadworks 

Area wfflin M25. 731 

feseV!-<eri3iBece&iBw^Bw*syC^ _733 

KfinVSuTW/Su5&w.Hart£..734 

MStondonOrta&lQrty. _.736 

National traffic and raMwodts 

Nawrtaf motorways ... .-.737 

Wea Courtry. -. 738 

Wales.... - .739 

MdUtftts . 740 

ExXAnpa .-.74? 

Northwest England -. 742 

North-east gncbrid .. 743 

Seouand . .- .744 

Northern Ireland.. . 74$ 

AA Roadwaicft rs cnarged at 33p per rrmule 
(Cheap ratal and *9p per ramue « all other 
limes 



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rr savsrs 


LONDON TO 
FLORENCE 

from £119 return. 



LONDON TO 
ABERDEEN 

from £75 return 


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Mr Lewis'S dfaappo ritment at k»- 
ing his job is oiida^tazitiab^ 
toe fuss he is Tnalring is irnttigni- 
fieto to say ite feast The idea of, 
him-now- suing Mr Howard for 

Mm Wafkor, Director and first 
Curator of toe National Gallery of 
Washington; Bryan Johnson, ac- 
for and singer; Dr Peter Dnnridk,. f 
aifflestodKl rf ‘ *’ - ' ■ .Page 1 23 

breach of contract is absurd 


—Eyernng Standard 


until flic deficit is saf^y down. Ttie 
President already givies far^tobinudi 
away —The Washington Post 

Home Secretary's responsibflities: 
tnu^rer sentekang; qualities need¬ 
ed for modern hymns.—Page 21 























































































































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TRAVEL 40,41 

Air travellers to 
Sydney pay for 
soundproofing 


25 



SPORT 42-48 

Steve Douce: 
seeking a new 
mountain to climb 


A TALE 
OF TWO 
EMPIRES 

Books 38,39 






TIMES 


; -~ :i! * - BUSINESS'.EDITOR Ubadsay Cook 

7 -““- 1 ' ' 

; 


THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


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WELLS FARGO, the Sail 
Francisco-based bank, has 
launched the largest take¬ 
over bid in US^.banking 
history with a $10.1 billitm 
offer for Kzst Interstate; a 
rival in Los Angeles. 

Thebid is the most dramatic 
devetoptnent so far in the 
merger boom sweeping 
through the US hanking in¬ 
dustry, which has produced 
deals worth mote than $35, 




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Tbeoffieroutstnps themes^ 
er between Chase Manhattan" 
and Chemical Bank-' an*; 
nounced in August rad.is 
unusual in bong die first 
hostile bid in the sector rind!' 
the late 1980s. If it goes : 
through die deal wfll create 
one of the top ten banks in 
America. The combined bank 
would bav?r assets of about , 
$107 billion, making it «foe 
second largest in CaKfbrnia. 
although it*would stfll fie: 
ozdyfealf die size of Batik of 
America. 4 ..... ‘.-v. ^; ,t 

Frank Soozro, banking, aria- '■ 
lyst at 'SG 

York, said: “First Interstate ‘ 


want tb fight ibis, but they ate 
upagainsttbe best-bank 
management in the country;" 

Write forgo fo offering & 26 
per eent premium to . First 
. : Interstate’S shareprice in an 
■ affpaper offer, but First Inter¬ 
state ntunedi&lely rejected the 

proposal as unwelcome and. 
.inadequate. William Sort 
first. Interstates - chairman, 
said: "We are deeply disap¬ 
pointed that Wells Fargo 
would take this uninvited 
'"action." He said his board 

Mr Start admitted that his 
frank had already been in 
" strategic talks wifii Wdls Far¬ 
go as well aS several other 
: banks. Walls F&rgofebelieved 
to have bnmcfaed its bid to' 

' forestall any other deals Hrst 
-Interstate mayhacvtbeen can- 
tnnpbnihg. Its diares are 
riding high rincb it announced 
! a 20 per cent stage in profits 
• for the 4fand quarter r on 
. Tuesd^- ■■ "- ;; 

-' .r Widls Ftogo bf&yes there: 
rf are ~ppst savn^~trf a t least . 
^ ^7pp i n^I&to' fon>e tnade'frmh ■ 
t^nnung die two banks By 


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By Phiuf Bassett, industrial editor 


THE^ Government yesterday 
claimed that fire largest' 
monthly fall in unemploy¬ 
ment this year was a defer ' 
indkatkm that- Britain re- ■ 
mains on course tor sustain- 
aUeeccnamkgrawdi. •:'•* 

Ministers were deEgbted 
that the ZIJGO drop in 
seasonally adjusted unem- 

ploymenttookthenumberbf. 

people oat of worit and . 
cla iming benefit to its lowest- - 
level for four years.' 

Though Whitehall officials 
were cautious about reading 
too much into one months 
Shanes, espedaDy given the 
impact of students-over the: 
period, they bdfoveihatthe; 
slowdown : in the. ritee of;' 
dedine m unen^doyinent 
during the summer is-Over 
and mat jtol» recovery- is ■; 
under way anew. . 

Office showed that oamtanf - 
count seasonally adfostpd 
unemployzneiit in Septem- 
berfi^to2^nnIlwh.or8J 
per cent The drop—the-^Sfo 
cansecutive mmthfy fen — 
takes uneanployinent to its 
lowest tevd ance May 1991,. 

mud foe unemployment rate; 

to its lowest since June of foe 
same year. 

B ?nvwmts to a cumulative 
foil sina uneaq^nient last - 
peaked, in Deoernber. 1992, . 
of 7R40Q. and a laB over foe 


past year of 297XXX). Unenj- 
pfoymeot fed for both sexes 
and in evay.regfon. Unsdr 
justed' iwwrnpjnyrwyir fell . 
57.969. to 2^?2J8L 
Whitehall statisticians es-1 
tffhate that the trend in \ 
moatihly fefis in a^usted 

Tmgunj^n ypynt nirmirig at 

; between 10,000 add 15,000. 
They are particulariy satis¬ 
fied with the new figures on 
cfarmafrifr count^Maenrotoy^ 
ment,whk3i showed afell of 
256,000 over the laBty^ar.' 

Eric Barth, Edacatioin and 
Efoiployment Minister, sauh 
"These figures are finrfoer 

CTidatcethaLBritaBiisfinifl- 

;fy on course for sustarned, 
and sustainable, economic 
growth.” _ 

- But Harriet Harman, for 
Labour;; said tfiat the Gov- , 
ermnent had “no cause for 
OTnp^enqy", addmg: “This 
dcwmawn;in the'nil in 
xrnemplpyraent Is a woriy^ 
fog sign./at a time ffoen the 
recovery should be gaining 
ground. Tbe^^Gdveroxneot is 
stfil not ifoma^ the econo- 
my in a. way that creates 


Average earnings growth 
stayed at 3.25. per cent across 
foe wh(*? ef»nomy though 
earnings increases in pro- 
durixm industries rose from 
35(6 3.75 per cent ■, •. 

Plesflifkgtoil.pAge2T 


acqmring First - Interstate, 
which has operations in 13 
western US states, it would 
also expand its own franchise, 
which is concentrated only in 
California.' 

Batik - mergers this year 
have reached record levels. 
With a relaxation in rules 
restricting interstate banking, 
US barns are /rushing to 
consolidate within their re¬ 
gions to resist competition 
from outside. They are also 
■ under pressure to cut costs 
and spend heavfly on-new 
technology. Most bankers 
befieve only the biggest banks 
will survive in these 
conditions* 

' Virtually all foe mergers 
have beat made on a friendly 
basis,. but if Wdls Fargo is 
successful hostile lads could 
beoome more common^ 

First Interstate has been an 
activepartkipant in the merg¬ 
er trend, making 17 . acquisi¬ 
tions in the last two years: 
With assets of $55 bdffioti it is 
-foe F&h largest bank in the 
'tlS^Afiter several rocky years, 
it has started .to poform 
strongly and now has one of 
the best retail banking fran¬ 
chises in foe US. 

Wells Fargo's management 
is even more aggressive and 
higjhfy regarded- One of its 
most profitable deals was to 
buy the rump of Crocker 
National Bank from Midland 
Bank in foe 1980s when foe 
Midland withdrew after its 
disastrous foray into foe Cali- 
fomian market. 

Although slightly smaller 
than First Interstate, Wdls 
Fargo’S policy of steady ex¬ 
pansion while turning in 
aHisistently good profits puts 
it in a strong position as a 
bidder. 



Richard Budge, chief executive of RJB Mining, says long gas contracts freeze out coal plants 

Coal chief seeks gas review 


•1. By Our Industrial Correspondent 


LONG-TERM contracts be¬ 
tween power stations and 
electricity companies push up 
costs to consumers and dis¬ 
criminate against Britain's 
coal industry, Britain’s big¬ 
gest coal producer dazms. 

Richard Budge; chief execu¬ 
tive of RJB Mining, is calling 
(m Stephen litdechild. direc¬ 
tor-general of electricity sup¬ 
ply, to review contracts bet¬ 
ween developers of gaafired 


plants and the regional 
electricity supply companies. 

In a speech reminiscent of 
concerns raised by British 
Coal before it was privatised, 
Mr Budge said: “Long gas 
contracts put a stranglehold 
on foe market and freeze out 
foe opportunity for more ec¬ 
onomic coal-fired genera¬ 
tion.” He added: “Further gas 
stations are unnecessary and 
uneconomic and should only 


be licensed when it can be 
demonstrated consumers will 
benefit from cheaper 
electricity.'’ 

Mr Budge, whose company 
paid £815 million for British 
CoaTs English mines ten 
months ago; said feat thanks 
to lower costs, coal from 
Britain was now a highly 
competitive ftidL JRJB has 
invested almost £200 million 
to develop its mines, he said. 


Founder 
of DFS 
to net 
£ 60 m 

By Sarah Bagnall 


GRAHAM K1RKHAM. foun¬ 
der and chairman of DFS. is 
set to make about £60 million 
from foe sale of pan of foe 
shares his family holds in the 
furniture group that was float¬ 
ed two years ago. 

He wifi also receive divi¬ 
dend payments worth £83 
million as a result of the 
group's decision to pay a speci¬ 
al dividend payment of 10p a 

share on top of a final pay¬ 
ment of 5.65p. Mr Kirkham 
with his wife, son and daught¬ 
er. holds 51 per cent of the 
equity but yesterday said he 
had decided to sell a third of 
the holding “subject to price". 

The sale is likely to be via a 
placing at a price to be decided 
over the next few days 
through discussions with in¬ 
stitutions. Normally platings 
are made at a small discount 
to the prevailing share price. 
Yesterday the shares fell Sp to 
345p, compared with foe 
Dotation price, of 160p. 

The news of Mr Kirkham’s 
intentions came as he unveiled 
a 22.7 per cent rise in pre-tax 
profits to £263 million in foe 
year to July 29. The better than 
expected result was achieved 
on sales of £145.1 million, up 
7.6 per cent Mr Kirkham also 
revealed that, as a result of 
DFS"s growing cash pile, the 
directors had decided to pay a 
special dividend. He also indi¬ 
cated that foe cash- generative 
nature of the business could 
result in a similar move again. 

He said the group's result 
was “excellanr set against the 
backdrop of a tough retail cli¬ 
mate. no contribution from 
new stores and a static hous¬ 
ing market He added that the 
“prolonged, scorching sum¬ 
mer was obviously unhelpful". 

The final dividend was lifted 
from 4.9p to 5.65p, making a 
total of 83p (73p). The final 
dividend, due December 15, is 
being paid from earnings of 
16.6p a share. The special pay- 
out is due on November 20. 

Tempos, page 28 
City Diary, page 29 


BUSINESS 

TODAY 



FT-SEAAB Share 1782.78 (411. 

NJktari_17JEJ5JJ7 {-“ 

NewYoric 

Dow Jones _ 4788.72 (-7.22)* 

S&P Composite 588.10 (+1.32)* 



•;r< T 

Federal Funds. .. 

5W 


Vtalri. 

&31%“ 

(8X9%! 



3-nttti Interbank. 
Lift) long gH 
feture (Dec)_ 

. ?r*rr 

6V* 

IBS'S, 

(6VK) 

005V) 




NewYoric 

$., .. 

1J700* 

London: 

s.. 

1.5699 

nu 


FPr __ 

7-8260 

RPr . . 


Van..... .... 

157.95 



mm 

<. ~~n 

London; 

nu 


FFr- 
SFr_ 

AU836* 
1.1542* 

Yen- 

S Index_ 

1OOU0O* 

9SL9 



(1.4143) 

(4-9fiG0) 

(1.1482) 

OM.45) 

(92- 


Tokyo dose Yen 9885 



London dose_S3SS80 (5383.50) 

* denotes midday trading price 


FT-SE record 

The FT-SE 100 index surged 
30.8 points to close at a record 
high of 3593.0. Dealers said 
the rise was caused by 
takeover tad speculation and 
further gains on Wall Street 
Markets, page 28 

Marshall’s job 

Sir Colin Marshall, of British 
Airways, is set to become foe 
next President of the CBI. He 
was appointed deputy 
president yesterday and is 
expected to take over the tap 
job from Sir Biyan Nicholson, 
the former chairman of the 
Post Office, when his two-year 
term expires next May. Sir 
Colin Southgate is standing 
down as deputy CBI 
chairman. 

CBLpage26 


Call for Budget tax cuts 
as retail sales drop 


RETAIL sales dropped 0.4 per 
cent year-on-year in Septem¬ 
ber, the first such fell since 
July 1992. 

Analysts said foe figures 
painted a mixed pictu re of the 
economy, but foe British Re¬ 
tail Consortium responded by 
calling for Budget tax cuts to 
.'ease the burden on consum- 
ers. The Institute of Directors 
said foal the Government 
should consider an interest 
rate cut if economic growth 
continues to weaken and infla¬ 
tion remains subdued. 

. The volume of sales in the 
high street was unchanged 
from foe August figure, defy¬ 
ing City forecasts of a rise 
from, foe previous month 
wim "sales were depressed by 
the hot weather. 

The City Jxad forecast a rise 
front August to September of 


By George Swell 

0.6 per cent, after a 0.8 per cent 
fall in. August. The Treasury 
sought to blame food prices for 
yesterday* figures. It suggest¬ 
ed that the sharp rise in food 
prices was responsible for a 1.3 
per cent fell in food sales 
during September. 

The more stable quarter-on- 
quarter comparison, however, 
stfll shows a 0.1 percent fell in 
the quarter ending in Septem¬ 
ber from the previous three 
months. Comparison with the 
'same quarter of a year ago. 
however, reveals a 03 per cent 
rise. 

Non-food sales rose 13 per 
cent in September after a 1.9 
per cent fell in August The 
increases included clothing 
and footwear and household 
goods, which all suffered price 
rises in September. 

James May, Director-Gen¬ 


eral of tile British Retail 
Consortium, said: “These fig¬ 
ures confirm that there is an 
economic case for tax cuts in 
the forthcoming Budget as 
well as a political one. 

He added: “After two years 
of tax rises, the time has come 
for the Chancellor to ease the 
tax burden on consumers. 
Retailers wifi be kicking for 
some action on this from in 
next month’s Budget" 

Adair Turner. Director- 
General of the Confederation 
of British Industry, said that 
the next move in rates should 
be down. 

However, he added that the 
CBI was not yet calling for a 
reduction because it was un¬ 
clear whether lower rales 
could be sustained. _ 

Pennington, page 21 





is up for a town’s phone users 



By Ross Deman, industrial correspondent 


four hundred thousand phone users in 
Reading wDTbe given new numbers from 


supposed to have provided ra righlfokl 
increase in number avaifebflity oation- 
wfcfo Plans tb ktirodnee d new code and 
an additional 9:on the front of Reading 
numbers were confirmed yesterday by 
Oftei the telecoms regulatory body. 

Rve other dries were given new codes 
onPturaeday, bat Don Cnndfcshrak. foe 
trfectnnsdirector-genaaL saidOftel had. 


Singe in demand for pnone fines in 
.Reading. “ArgMiMy.^i 151 bindsiglit; we 
- jfo flnM Imve.ctaue ft pasfj ApriL” Mr 


was partiy atnsed fryfoe town’s^uccess 
in attractii^ hi^i-tech industry and by 
British Gas, adopting dial-direct num¬ 



bers when relocating staff. Ofret took 
over responsibility fin: the allocation of 
-phone numbers from BT last year 
because it bad decided allocations gave 
foe company too much information 
about its competitors. But it said BT gave 
no warning of the looming problem in 
Reading and an OfteJ audit of the 
numbers situation was not completed 
until after Christmas. 

“Code changes have been happening 
since foe 1950a" Mr Gruidcshrak said. 
"You just used to get a circular stuffed 
through your door teffing you about it. 
What has changed is that we are being 
up-front about the changes and consuls 
ing people." From April foe 01734 code 
for Reading numbers wfll be supple¬ 
mented by an alternative code of 0118. 
1 work when a 9 is added to foe 


beginning of a local number. After 18 
months so-called “parallel running”, foe 
existing code will be dropped. 

Mr Cnrickshank said mat because of 
inefficiencies In foe way Britain’s phone 
numbering system works, only 40 per 
cent of available numbers can be used. 
Readin g is now dose to foe 40 per cent 
threshold, and only adding a seventh 
digit can make additional numbers 
available. An Oflel study has identified 
six other code areas where “less urgenT 
number shortages are looming: Belfast 
Cardiff, inner and outer London. Ports¬ 
mouth, and Southampton. 

Adding a 1 after foe first 0 of national 
dialling codes in April did not change the 
number of numbers available, but it did 
create foe option of an additional eight 
bflHon new numbers in foe future. 


© 


i TALKING j 

mt TM 

WL 
















26 BUSINESS NEWS 


the TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 19.1995 


Reforms could reduce status of the MMG 



Greater powers planned for OFT 


By Arthur Leathley and Graham Searjeant 


THE Gavemmertt is prepar¬ 
ing to give the Office of Fair 
Trading greater investigatory 
powers, allowing it ro dear up 
more cases without reference 
to the Monopolies and Merg¬ 
ers Commission. 

Jonathan Evans, the Com¬ 
petition and Consumer Affairs 
Minister, made dear yester¬ 
day that ministers were ready 
to enhance the powers of the 
OFT and John Bridgeman, its 
new Director-General, to act 
more like a unitary competi¬ 
tion authority. 

Mr Evans said in a letter to 
the all-party Trade and Indus¬ 
try Select Committee that he 
intended to make the OFT “a 
more effective body able to 
dear up more cases quickly 
without recourse to an MMC 
reference. This would enable 
the OFT to behave more like a 
unitary authority in both in¬ 
vestigating competition prob¬ 


lems and implementing 
remedies'*. 

The powers of the MMC 
would also be changed to give 
it "a primarily adjudicating 
role", retaining powers to 
make decisions when an OFT 
judgment was contested. Mr 
Evans, taking up suggestions 
put forward in July by the 
trade and industry committee, 
said that the changes would 
“require some rebalancing of 
the roles of the OFT and 
MMC". 

The reform could reduce the 
MMC to the status of an 
appeal body in merger cases, 
the same role it plays in 
relations between utilities and 
their regulators. Although the 
MMC is now headed by 
Graeme Odgers. a former top 
businessman, its recommen¬ 
dations reflect its independent 
judicial status. 

Mr Bridgeman, a former 


CBI leaders 
say Labour 
is no longer 
anti-business 


By Philip Bassett, industrial editor 


LEADERS of the Confedera¬ 
tion of British Industry ac¬ 
knowledged yesterday for the 
first time that the Labour 
Party was now no longer 
opposed to business in the UK. 

While the CBI statement 
stops well short of any kind of 
endorsement of the Labour 
Parly led by Tony Blair, it is 
the furthest Britain’s principal 
business body has yet gone in 
accepting die extent to which 
Labour has dunged in its 
attitudes towards business. 

Labour and the Conserva¬ 
tives have recently made big 
attempts to secure business, 
support before the general el¬ 
ection — including Labour's 
BT net deal — and CBI lead¬ 
ers said yesterday after their 
monthly council meeting that 
it was "nice to be wooed". 

Adair Turner, CBI Director- 
General, said; “We now have 
an opposition party which is 
no longer putting forward 
policies which are deeply anti¬ 
pathetic to business." 

He said business remained 
concerned about specific is¬ 
sues, including Labour’s com¬ 
mitment to sign the European 
social chapter and to introduce 
a minimum wage, though he 
welcomed Labour's shift in 
policy on a national minimum 
wage at its conference this 


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f 4 



Jonathan Evans, left, and John Bridgeman, of the OFT 


Alcan executive, is thought to 
be sympathetic to the idea that 
companies should be more 
free to conduct mergers, pro¬ 
vided a quid pro quo is grven 
to consumers to offset any loss 
of competition. 

Reforms of the two bodies 
may be included in next 
month's Queen's Speech out¬ 


lining legislation for the next 
session of Parliament Minis¬ 
ters plan to consult, possibly 
early next year, over the best 
ways to implement the 
changes. 

Strengthening of the OFT 
powers may have implications 
for increased staff numbers, 
likely to be. resisted by the 


Treasury on cost grounds. 
However, the Trade and In¬ 
dustry Department believes 
that some staff could be trans¬ 
ferred directly from the MMC. 

Undertakings to be given in 
lieu of a reference to the MMC 
will continue and the Director- 
General of Fair Trading will 
still be able to make interim 
relief orders. The moves will 
cut the number of cases re¬ 
ferred to the MMC. 

The move will be seen as a 
compromise felling short of 
the merger of the OFT and 
most of the MMC called for by 
Sir Bryan Carsberg, the for¬ 
mer Director-General of Fair 
Trading, and since taken up 
by the Labour Party. 

At present, the OFT under¬ 
takes preliminary vetting of 
proposed mergers and take¬ 
overs and is -encouraged to 
strike private deals with com¬ 
panies to offset likely damage 
to competition. If it thinks 
there is still a primo. fade case 


against a merger, however, it 
can only recommend the Pres¬ 
ident of the Board of Trade to 
refer it to the MCX. The MMC 
then conducts formal hearings 
and issues a published report 
to the President, making its 
judgment on a broad public - 
interest test 

Mr Evans held his first 
business meeting with the 
Director-General of Fair 
Trading yesterday since Mr 
Bridgeman took office at the 
start of the month. Mr 
Bridgeman will be hoping that 
the Government will also, leg¬ 
islate in the coming session of 
Parliament on the basis of its. 
White Paper; on restrictive 
practices.' 

The. OFT is anxious that 
uncompetitive behaviour 
should he made a statutory 
offence and that it should be 
given more powers to combat 
such practices. 


SPECULATION awaited in the Oty last night that BAT 
Industrie, the tobaccoto-finandal services group, wssr m 
advanced talks with Banque Indosuez, to buy Gartmore. me 
of the UK’s-leading .fund management hou^s. The mtoket 
■ had been expecting an announcement from the Freicn bank 
that it had SoW its 75 per cent stake in Gartmore after the 
dose of trading yesterday. . „ 

• Banque Indoor-rndirated-last month its wfflm goess^to 
fell its shares, in Gartmore, which manages mo re than EZ3 
’ billion of funds ihvefeed in a range of unit and investraatt 

_■—j_;_L ' n i. inhsiMvlrMiM 


add Gartmore to te stable of financial services groups that 
' includes Albed-Dunbar,- Eagle Star, and Threadiwedle Asset 
Management' Last .week Garimore shares jumped on 
rumours that Dresdner, the German bank, was making a 
-bid. But BAXis stfll regarded as a frontrunner. Paul Myners, 
Gtutmore chairman, dedrned to comment 


Plea from small firms 


Pennington, page 27 


month. Labour dropped its 
policy to set a minimum wage 
by a rigid eamings-linked 
formula, and decided to set it 
after consulting employers 
and employees. Mr Turner 
said this evidence of flexibility 
would mean a minimum wage 
with fewer job losses. But 
despite concerns about how 
far Labour backbenchers sup¬ 
ported both changes and Mr 
Blair, he said: “They have 
moved a significant way, and 
that’s welcome." 

On the economy, CBI lead¬ 
ers struck a “cautiously opti¬ 
mistic" note, suggesting the 
next move in interest rates 
ought to be down — though 
adding there was no case for 
such a move now. Mr Turner 
said conflicting evidence made 
the current economic climate 
hard to read, though he disag¬ 
reed with the assessment by 
the Institute of Directors this 
week that economic growth 
was not pausing, but was 
moving into a “downturn." 

While he maintained that the 
economic picture was varied, 
he accepted that the economy 
had slowed recently, adding 
that the room for tax cuts in the 
Budget still depended on the 
level of public borrowing and 
government success in control¬ 
ling publ ic spending. 



SMALL FIRMS today called on the Government to abolish 
the business rates system in a bid to ease the fin anc ial burden 

■ shooiJbe fe^rfaced'wi&^new^tem that takes into account 
a firm's abifi^to pay, the Federation (rf SzikU Buriness said. 
The business rate -raises mere than £12 billion from L6 
million business ratepayers, compared with the £7.4 billion 
from 20 ntiflion. housesraisedby the council tax. The federa- 
tion described the business rate as a “kflter" and said thar 
firms could gb under if fee rafe was increased in the Budget. 


Polaroid out of focus 


POLAROID suffered a 19 per cent drop in third-quarter 
profits, hi am m g a decline in US sales and costs assodated with 
esta blishing its own distribution system in Japan. The 
company eanted $23.7 rmnioii> or 51 cents per share, m the 
three months to September 30, compared with $293 million, or 
62 cents per share a year earlier. Sales rose to $580 miUjon 
from $576.7 million, boosted fry. an. 11 per cent rise in 
international sales. Domestic sates dropped 9 per cent For the 
first nine months, Pblaroidtost $292 motion, or 64 cents per 
share, compared with a profit of $59.9 million. 


US deficit shrinks 


BOOMING overseas sales helped to shrink America* deficit 
an trade in goods-and .services sharply in August to the 
smallest; total for apy month this year, the Commerce 
Department reported yesterday. The trade shortfall dropped 
21.2 per cent from July's total to $8.82 Mlkm, well under Wall 
Street economists’ forecasts of $11 billion. The controversial, 
deficit with Japan M in August for a fifth consecutive month, 
while strong sides of aircraft anff computers brought down the 
deficit with Weston Euitqje. Total e^rts rose 3u7^CTraii to a 


Black & Decker rises 


BLACK & DECKER said, aggressive, cost-cutting .and- 
productivhyi m pr a veiitentshriped to boost profits 48 per cent 
in the third quarter Net earnings increased to $435 million, 
or 46 cents a share, from $293 million, or 31 cents a share. 
Sales grew 4 per pent to $L38. billion ($132 billion). 
Subsidiaries making security arid plumbing hardware, glass 
cmtamer-makmg equipment and festering systems all 
performed wefl. Earnmgs for the ninemonths cfixnbed 55 per 
cent to $104 million, or $1.09 a share; &om-$66.9 mUEoo. 
Sales advanced to $3.91 biffion ($353 billion)... 


Finishing touches: the RAFs new Lockheed Martin Hercules C-130J just prior to being rolled out yesterday. 


RAF’s new 
Hercules 
rolled out 


More new homes needed 


More building gloom 


By Robert Miller 


By RossTieman 
INDUSTRIAL CORRESPONDENT 


THE first of a new generation 
of Hercules transport aircraft 
destined for the Royal Air 
Force was roiled out of the 
production hanger at Mariet¬ 
ta, Georgia, yesterday by 
Lockheed Martin, the Ameri¬ 
can defence company. 

Twenty-five CL30-J aircraft 
were ordered by the RAF last 
year under a £] billion contact 
to replace the oldest aircraft in 
the RAFs fleet. The aircraft, 
based on a design which has 
now been flying for more chan 
30 years, has also been 
ordered by the United States 
Air Force and several others. 

Meanwhile, efforts by Eu¬ 
rope’s aerospace industry to 
win government backing to 
design a larger replacement 
tactical transport the Future 
Large Aircraft (FLA) bright¬ 
ened last week. Volker Rube, 
the German Defence Minis¬ 
ter. said Germany was willing 
to ret aside 43 billion marks 
to fund its share of develop¬ 
ment costs and the purchase 
of 75 aircraft. 

Backed by its government. 
Daimler-Benz Aerospace now 
seems determined to wrest the 
job of designing the wings 
from British Aerospace. Eu¬ 
rope’s leading wing specialist. 
Britain’s credibility as a part¬ 
ner in European defence pro¬ 
grammes has been damaged, 
both by its purchase of the 
030 and the selection this 
summer of Apache, an Ameri¬ 
can attack helicopter. 


NEARLY a quarter of a mil¬ 
lion new homes need to be 
built every year between now 
and 2)11 if the demand from 
private owners and for subsi¬ 
dised rented accommodation 
is to be met In that time, the 
number of households is ex¬ 
pected to grow to 22.7 million 
from 193 million in 1991. 

A report from the Joseph 
Rowntree Foundation says 
that the “explosive" growth in 
homeownership seen in the 
1950s. when owner-occupation 
rose from 58 to 67 per cent, will 
not be repeated in the next 20 
years. The foundation predicts 


that the percentage of people 
owning their homes win reach 
a "near plateau" of about 70 
per cent fry 2011. 

The author of the report, 
Alan Holmans of Cambridge 
University, who retired last 
year as chief housing econo¬ 
mist at the Department of 
Environment, says that the 
causes of the slowdown in¬ 
clude income instability- bigfr¬ 
et levels of mortgage default 
and fewer tenants exercising 
the “Right to Buy". 

Between 1990 and 1994, 
nearly 300,000 mortgaged 
properties were repossessed. 


“This unprecedented setback 
for home ownership has un¬ 
derlined the degree to which a 
mortgage in the 1990s has 
become a more hazardous 
undertaking," he said. ' 

Allan WOoi. of the National 
Council of Building Material 
Producers, calculates that the 
average number of new homes 
built annually has fallen to 
161.000 in 1995 from 180,000 in 
the early 1990s. 


The workload of Britain^ recessioa-hit construction 
industry dfedmed by a further 2 phr cent dining the past 
three months, according to a survey, by the Royal 
Institution., of Chartered Surveyors.- Confidence about 
prospects for the rest of the year is “Veiy low", attending to . 
responses from 200 finds that partiepated in die survey. 
Richard Houghton, the RICS construction spokesman,, 
said that rationalisation .arid poor orders could cost a 
further 100.000 jobs, in tbe industry during the next three 
years unless therewas a substantial pick-up in demand.' . 


Extra Gucci shares 


stock market sell-off is to beincreased m response to investor .. 
demand- The number of new shares to be issued by Gucci - 


and by 5 per cent year-on-year. 
according to the Barclays 
Mortgage Index. 


be raisedfrom Z5 minion to 11 htinfoa After flotation C oSb 
a holding company indirectly: controlled fry tovestawpuwffi 
own 51 per cent, of GuccL. The .offer is expected to cfofe. 
tomorrow mid thie price is eaqpected to be set ion MUfoday V 
Trading is expected to start ohTuesday. 1 _ C 


The Guinness appeal 


‘Terrifying’ use of indemnities 



By Melvyn Makckus 


LORD Tay lor of Gosforth, the Lord Chief 
Justice, described the City’s confusion 
over the use of indemnities and the scale 
of such activities as “rather terrifying" at 
the third day of the Guinness appeal 

Lord Taylor’s remark came after the 
revelation by Nicholas Purnell QC, for 
Anthony Parnes, a former stockbroker, 
thar the advice of leading City law firms 
such as Clifford Turner and Slaughter & 
May had been sought in connection with 
transactions that involved controversial 
indemnity arrangements. 

The City* confusion was illustrated by 
a Bank of England meeting held on June 
Z 1987, regarding Henry Ansbachert in¬ 
volvement in indemnity-based transac¬ 
tions. it was acknowledged at the meet¬ 


ing. headed by Brian Quinn, head of 
banking supervision, that section 15J of. 
the Companies Act — which prohibits a 
company from purchasing its own shares 
— was a “grey area*, the interpretation of 
which was unclear. It was also acknowl¬ 
edged that share price support operations 
were considered common practice in 
certain situations. 

Mr Purnell argued that the non-dis¬ 
closure of the findings of the TSVH Tribu¬ 
nal and other information in the posses¬ 
sion of the Serious Fraud Office was prej¬ 
udicial to Mr Pames’s defence. It was also 
contrary to directions given by Mr Justice 
Henry, who presided over the Guinness 
trial, to “let the defence into the quany". 

The TWH Tribunal focused cm TWH 
Management's support for six bid situa¬ 
tions including Next/Grattan and LHSBf 


Good Relations— drafts of which were ] 
hot released until the second trial when | 
Lord Spens, one of the defendants,' boa- - 
tended that “itidenimities were all the 
rage". Mr Purnell also claimed that the 
prosecution, knew of DTI inquiries into 
Gerald Ronsm’S share purchases ia 
Debenhams during the Button takeover 
battle .and DTI Investigations into TWH 
and Henry Ansbacfcer. 

In response to aireaxiGer request from 
Lord TSylor, h^PurbefiprodacedaEstof 
takeover situations^ uteudmg Turner ■& 
NewafiVAE. witha breakdown ofindem- 
nities,' possible infringements of Section 
151 and success fees. 

Mr ifarnes, Mr Ronson, Ernest Sann- 
ders and Jade Lyons are all appealing 
against their convictions following the 
113-day triaLm. 199ttv’- • . ’ . ; . 


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BUSINESS NEWS 27 



^ of focus 



brinks 



?i*ker rise 



jins ^000 




THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 




QJobfesS and sales down in a mixed economy □ DTI plan for a super-OFT □ Singapore looks to limit the damage 


□THE new CBI leader ' Adair 
Turner, wasvright’ to strike. a. 
cautious note when 
Hie runes:af the eoonoj^jrframibe 
latest mixed bag ol mdicators, 1 
Thfrltegestfeam ' 
diis year'was accompanied by-a 
set of retail 'safes figures fort • 
enough toptey snooker on. ■ • 
Some' industries have been 
making - their feelings ptam ■■■- 
enough some - time; • the- 
oansfirucdcsi industry has bain 
shouting about the, return' Of :• 
recession loud enough towake, if 
not the dead, then at.teast fee 
officials toiling away an' the 
Budget at ihe Theasmy. V 
The official retail sales figures 
are gloomy enough, -though the 
high-sheet has known far many •• 
months that too fear shoppers 
are (tinting 'in through inter 
doors, and offoose who are. hot 
enough are confident enough 
about the economy, about their 
homes and about meirjnhsin di g ' 
into their pockets. 

The labour market at least 
looks better. After two years of 
improving imengAw ment; fig¬ 
ures, the monthly fans this year 
have beat shrinking, only to 
disappear enditey m June. - \ 

Biot AngusfS drop in■ the 
number of jobless and yes¬ 
terdays' even bigger fall were 
much lamer than ihe CSty ex- 
petfed and may be infficating an 
unexpected improvement in the 
job market. ••• ' V 


Signals on amber for Ken 


Wh at an 'this means for gov- 
HI 111 I policy is ctearly' a con¬ 
tinuation-of the current redpe, 

though it is dear that die next 
.nwvein interest ratesiieedstobfr 
downward, even If it-does not 
comeimmediatdy. 

The real-danger is a political 
one. The Chancellor runs the 
risfcof upstetingtitis delicate and 
for from wholly positive ecu-; 
nomic balance with a Budget, 
that provides the cuts in taxes 
that warned Tories bdiere are 
vital, if they are to stand any 
chance of saving - their own 
electoral skins. 

The. bitwrf signals coming 
from the <»cr»hnmir indicators 
suggest foal TCotoefo'Claris 
have to puDoffsame spectacular 
economic conjuring next month 
wftteTfte hauls out the familiar 
battered red box- 


No monopoly 
on change - 


O 'AS Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission references of mt. 
partant takeover tads seem to 
have gone ! the way of the dodo 
kad me Great Auk. there is 


perhaps no harm m 
the powers of that body 
boosting those of what is increas¬ 
ing me real judge on com¬ 
petition matters, the Office of 
Fair Trading. 

- Any number of brewing bids 
over the past decade have been 
exhaustively probed by the Com¬ 
mission, yet the latest, the Scot¬ 
tish & Newcastle purchase of 
Courage, creating the largest 
concentration of market power 
so for, wont through after rel¬ 
atively weak conditions were 
imposed, Iitewmseti^teectridty 

tured without any MMC scru¬ 
tiny as yet 

Now the Department of Trade 
proposes to formalise the de 
/acfo position, which is that the 
MMC is only brought in if the 
OFT and the bidder cannot reads 
agreement Given the flexibility 
the OFT has shown of late, such 
agreement may not prove diffi¬ 
cult to achieve—it has even been 
brokered by the DTI itself, as 
with S&N/Courags when the list 
of preconditions that could dear 
the deal was drawn up by the 
department and salt bads: to 
both parties for their acceptance. 


¥EMNiNGfm 



favours a super-OFT dealing 
with most cases of anti-compet¬ 
itive behaviour. Fine if that body 
remembers it was created as the 
main protector of the consumer; 
but the appointment this year of 
a businessman to head it has 
already' raised fears that the 
Government mav see it in a 
different role. 


The Government’s inclination 
to allow mergers if they serve the 
needs of business was made 
explicit by Jonathan Evans be¬ 
fore the Commons Select Com¬ 
mittee yesterday, when he spoke 
of H the very real risk of muzzling 
the competitive instincts of our 
businessmen and women”. The 
committee by contrast favours a 
spirit of prohibition towards the 
abuse of market power, as well 
as a merged OFT/MMC from 
which there is no appeal 
Mr Evans countered that with 
the importance attached by in¬ 
dustry to a separation of powers, 
for which read that no govern¬ 
ment department, and certainly 
not his own. is going to relin¬ 
quish its powers as court of last 
appeal. Instead the Government 


Barings chiefs 


avoid the rap 

D THE notion of Peter Norris or 
any other Barings executive 
being extradited from London to 
Singappre to face charges for 
destroying Barings Bank is as 
likely as Nick Leeson getting life 
imprisonment when ms trial on 
the island is finally completed. 

The Singapore authorities 
were very keen yesterday to 
make it dear that their Commer¬ 
cial Affairs Division was in¬ 
vestigating the possiblity of 
extraditing senior Barings'exec¬ 
utives and trying them for crim¬ 
inal activities. The CAD. like any 
such investigating body, exists to 
cany out such "work. But in 
reality the last thing the authori¬ 


ties want is the board of Barings 
in the dock. At almost seven 
thousand miles distance from 
London there is much more they 
can do to help the much-needed 
damage limitation exercise for 
their newly emerging financial 
industry. 

The collapse of Barings was 
originally blamed on one rogue 
trader running riot on the Simex 
market. The authorities had to 
do something to enhance the 
international credibility of 
Simex. or risk every other inter¬ 
national bank taking fright and 
pulling out of Singapore for fear 
of a similar downfall. 

It is now generally accepted 
that Barings would not nave 
coDapsed as a result of Leeson's 
illicit dealings alone. It was the 
blank cheques being signed and 
deaf ears being turned in London 
that finished off 233 years of 
banking history. 

When Leeson appears in court 
he is likely to be treated as the 
small cog he was. If James Bax. 
Leeson’s regional boss currently 
in Singapore and unable to leave 
until his passport is handed 
back, is charged, he might throw 
just now 


— Singaporean supervision was. 
He had after all sent the warning 
memo on the flawed Barings 
system of having back and front 
offices under one person well 
before Leeson even arrived on 
the island. 

Leeson will now face a show 
trial designed both to dem¬ 
onstrate a fair system of 
Singaporean justice and indicate 
to the financial world that 
London, and not the local mar¬ 
ket is culpable. Singapore has 
already talked to British public 
relations firms about handling 
the damage limitation. But when 
Leeson gets a fair sentence, 
London is seen as the lax, even 
risky regulator, and Simex has 
its image restored, then the 
Singaporean game will have 
been played our. 


EMUlating Helmut 


light on just now strict — or not 


□ HANS T1ETMEYER, like 
Dickens's Joe the Far Boy. wants 
to make our flesh creep about the 
disciplines needed to maintain a 
Eurocurrency. Like Helmut 
Kohl’s warning a few weeks back 
about delays to a single currency, 
his remarks are addressed to 
those among the German elec¬ 
torate who fear they will lose out, 
no matter their effect on 
Europhobes and Europhiles 
alike. By invoking the horrors of 
the world after EMU he is doing 
his best to delay its arrival. 



By Sarah Bagnall 


HIGHER costs and losses ' 
from the ailing American 
stores resulted in Body Shop, J - 
the ecofrientfly xetafler, re-* 
porting a bigger thanexpected 
drop in interimprofits. 

Pre-tax profits' dropped 
from 023 miffim .-tn £&] -., 
milli on in the 26 weeks to 
August 26. The drop in profits. 
took place in spite of a 15 per 
cent rise in x«aB sales ip ■■ 
£238.7 imZZku.':'&oap turn¬ 
over grew 13 per centto £305.4 
million. \ - - • 

John Richards, an analyst s* ‘. 
NatWest Securities, said: "The. 
results were -a' disappoint- ; 
mentbut had bon signposted? . 
by tbe groigx" -fir 
retailer gate a Warning to 
shareholders 'that "Taibfits 1- 
growth was rexpected to hte ^ 
minimal in the current yteuv 
Yesterday, Gordon RbdrT 
dick, the chairman, reiterated - 
that “wedo not anticipate' > 
much change in the leva af 
pretax prom for the foil year 1 
compared with 1995".. 

The first-half results induct-: [ 
ed a few surpris es, suefc asthe 
lossesinqun^mlheUBwere- 
slightly more than City fore- ■ 
casts, while die emergence.of 
Australasia as the latest trau- -- 
Me spot added to t he glo om *; 
surrounding the company- 
Body Shop also revetted . 
that the costs of restructuring. 



Gordon Itoddfcksaysstore-openmg plan is on aiurse 


foe group bad crept ahead E3 
million .to - £I6_, nriQfon. of 
whidtL£12J> nuXHoo wasi 
in the first halt Hrsri 
operating costa rose 30 per 
cent The sum effect of these 


factors resulted in foe share 
price sliding 6p to 135p. 

The group opened 90 stores 
during the first half, taking foe 
.total to 1,300 spread over 45 
countries. Of tiie total stores. 


262 are in tiie US. 245 in the 
UK, and 65 in Australia and 
New Zealand. The worst sales 
performances were suffered 
by foe US and Australasia 
stores that both saw like-for- 
Hke sales declines of 8 per cent 
At foe other end of the spec¬ 
trum were tire 142 Asian 
stores, which lifted underlying 
sales by 15 per cent, fuelled by 
a strong performance in 
Japan. 

The stores in America in¬ 
curred a loss of £2.4 million, 
compared with a profit of £15 
million last time, while foe 
Australasian stores made a 
profit of £900,000, against 
£6Q&QO0 last time. In foe UK. 
sates rose 5 per cent to £635 
nriffian^with underlying sales 
growth of 2 percent However, 
the UKts stores profit contri¬ 
bution. fell £1.4 minion to £2.9 
million, reflecting the in¬ 
creased operating costs. 

Mr Roddick said that the 
group was on course to reach 
its target of opening ISO stores 
in ihe year. 

Net debt rose from £18 
million to £232 million, result¬ 
ing in gearing of 20 per cent 
The interim dividend was 
lilted from 0.9p to l-08p. The 
dividend, due on January 11. is 
being paid out erf earnings of 
2.8p a share, down from 4-2p 
last time. 


Tenorpws, page 28 


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WH Smith up on 
hope for new chief 


By Sarah Bagnall 


SHARES of WH Smith, foe 
retadter, rose Zip yesterday to 
377pon hopes that the search 
for a new chief executive had 
been completed. 

Analysts said the rally in 
foe shares had little to do with 
a statement at foe annual 
meeting, Where Jeremy Har- 
dSe, chairman, revealed first- 
half profits would be reduced 
by a. £20 mflfion provision to 
cover costs of redundancies; 
increased advertising and the 
running of a business S^p- 
pIies , 'wa^ehause in Andover, 
Hampshire. 

Mr Hardie told sharehold¬ 
ers that group sates were 8 per 
cent ahead in the three 


months to September 2. He 
said: “Despite a summer of 
very hot weather, which is not 
helpful to our business, our 

UK retailing businesses* sales 
were op 7.4 per cent an 
encouraging performance." 

The core retail business 
achieved sates growth of 2JS per 
cent with Eke4br-Iike sates 


sales at Virgin Our Price 
rose 12.6 per cent and at 
Waterstone’s 62 per cent 
Mr Hardie said the com¬ 
pany had had a difficult year 
but that “firm action across 
foe group" had been taken. 


Tempos, page 28 


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News International in 


digital technology deal 


By Alexandra Frean, media correspondent 


NEWS INTERNATIONAL, 
owner of The Times, has 
bought the Advanced Prod¬ 
ucts Division of NTL. foe 
transmission company, in a 
move designed to put the 
company at foe forefront of the 
international digital broad¬ 
casting industry. 

Ihe deal, for an undisclosed 
sum, will give News Technol¬ 
ogy Group, the technology 
arm of the News Corporation, 
parent of News International, 
access to NTT’s digital broad¬ 
casting technology. It is a 
leader tn the technogy of 


digital broadcasting including 
compression, multiplexing, 
modulation and decoder box¬ 
es. The Advanced Products 
Division has been instrumen¬ 
tal in helping to develop 
MPEG-2, foe Europe-wide 
digital video standard. 

Abe Peled, chief executive of 
News Digital Systems and 
News Daiacom, two of the 
companies involved in News 
International’s technology ac¬ 
tivities. said he hoped to turn 
the new company, Digi-Media 
Vision, info a UK-based “tech¬ 
nology powerhouse". He said: 


“We are committed to acceler¬ 
ate foe development of world¬ 
wide open standards." and 
essential technologies in 
Analysts said foe deal would 
be “extremely valuable" to 
News Corp and to News Inter¬ 
national. which also owns 40 
per cent of BSkyB. the satellite 
broadcasting company. 
Katherin ftlly, of Warburgs, 
said: “NTL is at the cutting edge 
of digital compression technol¬ 
ogy. The deal means that News 
Corp are likely to be foe people 
with foe system adopted as die 
industry standard." 


Legal action 
over Leeson 


NICK LEESON-S British law¬ 
yer last night called on the 
Singapore authorities to clari¬ 
fy remarks made by officials 
there that Singapore was pre¬ 
pared to plea bargain. 

Lawrence Ang. director of 
Commercial Affairs Division, 
investigating foe £860 million 
Barings collapse, had said 
that Singapore might try to 
extradite some of the mer¬ 
chant banks senior manage¬ 
ment to stand trial if they were 
found to have committed crim¬ 
inal offences. 

Mr Ang also said a plea 
bargain with Mr Leeson, who 
is fighting extradition to Sin¬ 
gapore on 11 charges of cheat¬ 
ing and forgery, might be 
possible. Pennington, page 27 






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28 MARKETS / ANALYSIS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 



W;- S 


stocwriiaiBXEn- 


mickaej-glAhk;-: 





■■OTUB 

Trafalgar House sinks 
as index hits new high 


SHARES of Trafalgar House, 
the Queen Elizabeth 2 ship¬ 
ping to construction group, 
slumped to an all-time low as 
the City continued to take an 
increasingly pessimistic view 
of prospects. 

The price touched Mi^p 
before ending 2*ap lower at 
21p as a staggering 70.4 mil¬ 
lion shares, around 3 b per 
cent of the company, changed 
hands. This included an agen¬ 
cy cross involving 28.4 million 
ordinary shares and 95 mil¬ 
lion convertibles carried out 
by Kleinwort Benson, the bro¬ 
ker. on behalf of Robert Flem¬ 
ing. which is believed to have 
transferred the shares from 
one fund to another. 

The Trafalgar price has 
plunged from the ?0p level 
since it first made its aborted 
bid for Northern Electric in 
September last year. Senti¬ 
ment was also affected by the 
controversial QE2 refit in 
Germany earlier this year. 

Weighed down by growing 
debt and the decline in the 
construction industry, the 
group has been forced to take 
drastic action. Earlier this 
month, it sold the Ritz Hotel to 
the Barclay brothers for £75 
million. 

Meanwhile, the rest of die 
equity market extended its 
record-breaking run as share 
prices continued to build up a 
head of steam in the belief that 
another major bid is about to 
materialise. 

The FT-SE 100 index 
touched an all-time high of 
3598 before ending the session 
30.8 points up at a new dosing 
high of 35593.0 as 753 million 
shares were traded. It was a 
performance that failed to 
impress the market-makers, 
many of whom have been 
thrown into confusion by the 
market's recent gyrations. 

Most of them have endeav¬ 
oured this week to pick the top 
of the market with little suc¬ 
cess. Having gone short, they 
are now hying desperately to 
cover their exposed positions 
without much success. 

Once again there was no 
shortage of bid speculation, 
with the financial sector con¬ 
tinuing to lead die way. 
Gaitmore climbed 5p to 293p 
in late trading, with news of a 
bid from BAT expected any 
day. 

BAT is believed to be locked 
in talks with Banque 
lndosuez. which put the “for 
sale" sign up on its 75 per cent 
stake in Gartmore last month. 
BAT. 2p lighter at 548p. is 
thought to be desperate to buy 



mm t '_ 



The QE2 refit was one problem for Trafalgar House 


Gartmore to add to its exten¬ 
sive financial services opera¬ 
tion. which already includes 
Allied Haxnbro, Eagle Star 
and Fanners in die US. 
Banque lndosuez'S stake may 
fetch up to £400 million. 

Elsewhere, the focus of at¬ 
tention fell on the insurers. 
The composites, where there 
has been persistent talk of a 
bid. were marked sharply 


ance companies with Britan¬ 
nic adding 30p at 705p, Pru¬ 
dential 14*3p at 397bp and 
London and Manchester 8p 
at390p. 

Persistent talk of a bid lifted 
Royal Bank of Scotland 
another 2Qp to a peak of 554p. 
Last week, the speculators 
were talking about a possible 
merger with Bank of Scotland, 
up S'zp at 263p. This week 


Dalgety, the Spillers and Homepride group, dropped 5p to 
424p. A total of 143 million shares changed hands in a 
marketplace where traders will normally only make a price in 
parcels of 25.000. Brokers say the price has been depressed by 
talk of at least 5 million shares overhanging the City. 


higher after Kleinwort Benson 
and ABN Amro Hoare Govett 
both issued buy recommenda¬ 
tions for General Accident, up 
23p at 686p. Commercial 
Union also responded with a 
rise of 26p to 624p and there 
were gains for Royal. 26 *2 p to 
4llfzp, Sun Alliance. 16p to 
389p and Guardian Royal 
Exchange. 7p to 241p. ABN 
Amro Hoare Govett gave 
another push to die life assur- 


they are bracing themselves 
for a bid from HSBC. 9p 
better at 960p. which would 
bring Midland Bank and First 
Direct together with RBS's 
fast growing Direct Line in¬ 
surance business. Almost 10 
million shares were traded. 

Pearson moved smartly 
ahead with a rise of 14p to 
642p ahead of a presentation 
for brokers tomorrow ar¬ 
ranged by Panmure Gordon. 


BLUEBIRD TOYS: 
SHARES SURGE ON NEWS 
OF WALT DISNEY DEAL 


P 

360 


340 

1-320 



Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jut Aug Sep Oct 


200 


the broker, at which it will 
outline future strategy. The 
City has been speculating for 
some weeks about a possible 
break-up of the company, with 
Henderson Crosthwaite, the 
broker, calculating a figure of 
£9 a share. 

The bears were mi the run in 
WH Saudi as the share price 
surged 21p to 377p. Sharehold¬ 
ers at the annual meeting were 
given a rosy picture of pros¬ 
pects with sales up S per cent 
in the first quarter. It even 
enabled the shares to shrug off 
news of a £20 million restruc¬ 
turing charge to be set against 
first half profits. 

An unexpected drop in first- 
half figures left Body Shop 
bplower at 135p. Pre-tax profits 
were down 26 per cent at £9.1 
million with the group blam¬ 
ing difficult trading conditions 
in the US and a sharp rise in 
operating costs. Gordon 
Roddick, chairman, said he 
does not expect much change 
in full-year profits in spite of 
the group's US operations 
swinging into the red. 

Shares in Bluebird Toys 
surged 97p to 367p, on volume 
of three million shares, after 
die toys group announced a 
key product development and 
marketing deal with the Walt 
Disney Company and Mattel. 
Tun Steer, at Merrill Lynch, 
has raised his 1996 pre-tax 
profit forecast for Bluebird 
from £23 million to £245 
million. 

□ GILT-EDGED: The cur- 
reni strength of the equity 
market spilled over with 
prices marked higher at the 
ouiseL Sentiment was given a 
further boost by the un¬ 
changed retail sales number, 
which was for better than 
most brokers had predicted. 
But the best levels were not 
always held and prices dipped 
towards the dose, reflecting a 
sharp drop in the deficit of US 
trade in goods and services 
during August 

In die fixtures pit the De¬ 
cember series of the long gilt 
advanced E% to £1G5 19 /s 2 as 
the number of contracts com¬ 
pleted surged to 74,000. Trea¬ 
sury 8 per cent 2013 jumped 
£' 1 / 3a to 191*132, while attbe 
shorter end Treasury 8 per 
cern 2000 was Visz bettor at 
£101«/32. 

□ NEW YORK: On Wall 
Street a rally in high technol¬ 
ogy stocks followed strong 
quarterly results from 
Microsoft but the Dow Jones 
industrial average was down 
722 points at 4.788.72 by 
midday. 


New York (midday): 

Daw Jones___47B8.72 (-7JZ23 

Sfif composite-SM.MWJ9 

Tokyo: 

Nttfcd Avenge ^ 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng_ 


17805.97 (-20.633 


. W7J.7D(-5W3) 


Amsterdam: 

EOE Index_ 


457.77 (*I 


Sydney: 


, 211141+25) 


Frankfurt 

DAX- 


. 2194.81 (-6J2} 


Singapore 

satin_ 


2IOt»(+5L5IJ 


Brussels: 

General — 


. 7738.04 (-30.05) 


Paris: 

CAC-40_ 

Zurich: 

SKA Gen . 


1770.66 HWW) 


70X201*4.28 


London: 

FT 30_ 

FT 100 _ 


FT-SE MW 250. 
FT-SE-A3SO — 


.. 2636-5 1*16-2) 
- 3533.0 (*30.8] 
_» 3MIJ 
_ 178SJ(+I2J) 
I4J2-52 ft-S.79) 
1762.78 (*11.46) 

FT Non Pltunctete_„ 1867.8 (♦7JS51 

FT Fixed interest_!_III-M httcro 

FT Govt Secs-92.93 HU If 


FT-SE EoroOBdC 100 
FT A AOrShare_ 


Bargains 


29659 


SEAQ volume. 


7845m 


German Mart_ _ 12337 (+0 0339) 

Exchange index_:_84.2 (same) 

Bank or England official dose (4pmI 

fcECTJ_1.1937 

EdDS___10515 

RPi_1506 Sep p,WJan 1987*100 

RFTX-149.2 Sep (3.1*1 JU1 1987=100 


Cons Coal (50) 

68 

Euro sales Fin 

130 

German Sir wrts 

18 . ... 

Hay a Robertson 

39 

MuldMedSa (4S) 

60 

Murray vci 

105 

Omnlcare 

86 

Pern be retone 

60 

Pictet British (10CO 

102 

Preston Nth (400} 

400 . ... 

scs sat sys (las) 

IZl 

UnivSaJ (149) 

383 

Upton a sum wts 

'l i*a 


Alumasc n/p (320} no - 4 
Anglo-East n/p (105] 8 - 3 

Baris nip (16) 2 

Forth Ports n/p (400) 73 :.. 

RMCn/p {950) 128 


RISES' 

Bluebird Toys.367p (+97p) 

JBAHkJgS-.30Op(+42p) 

Hornby_167p(+10p) 

Smith WH... 377p(+21p) 

Tbtfenhm Hot. 205p(+10pl 

Britannic .. 7D5p(+30p) 

Com Union. 624p(+26p) 

Sun Alliance. 389p (+10p) 

Royal Bk Scot.5S4p(+20p) 

Gen Accident.. 686p (+23rt 

Amstrad.. 283p(+9p) 

GUS .i. 592p(+10p) 

Abbey National . 568p(+11p) 

Br Aerospace...... F39p(-ft1p) 

FALLS: 

Eurodollar...128p (-I0p) 

Highland DiaU. 366p(-l2p) 

Delphi-.- 333p (-tOp) 

Rotie&Notel.282p(-Bp) 

Azian.46Sp (-3p) 

Ftexlech.-.4 Top (-6pj 

Broken Hill..8BQp(-l4p) 

FrastGroup.233p (-8p) 

BodyShop.135p(-6p) 

SHCC...285p (-6p) 

Closing Prices Page 32 



More bodies, less shop 


BODY SHOP needs to reinvent itself and it 
needs to be done quickly if the retailer is to 
recover the sales momentum needed to sustain 
its aggressive expansion. Body Shops tire; 
sprouting like weeds after rain in the United 
States, while sales in the existing stores slump. 
The company opened 27 stores m the first half 
and plans 40 new units in the US by the year- 

end, but like-for-Uke sales were down. 8 per oenL 

Body Shop blames competition .and the 
American retailing environment, where low. 
entry costs allow rivals, such as Bath and 
Body Works, to snatch customers away with, 
aggressive promotions. The company's re¬ 
sponse is more advertising and the closure of 
a distribution centre to reduce costs. 

The trouble is that-while the US is Body 


number of stores, it generated no profit in the 


first half and, overall, costs zre. rising. As the 
company hires inore marketing e xperts, safes 
fironzeansfmg stores in the UKand continental 
Europe are static in real terms but declining 
..in Australia/ The only bright spot is 1 Asia,' 
> where the Japanese obsession with brands is 
Mowing Body Shop to achieve a 15 per cent 
surge in like-tor-like sales. . 

Bom a concept retailer. Body -:Shop is 
■ finding file transition , to high street fixture 
difficult The consumer is no longer lured by 
the display of trendy slogans in its windows 
and die company has not been successful in 
rfiffrrffntia/rng fts products from, those of its 
rivals. At the same time, its ability to control 
stocks an d eliminate slow-moving products 
has been weak. If Body Shop fails to reverse 
the . sales trend in America, the increased 
overheads will prove a heavy burden. 


Medeva 

ANYONE who bought Med¬ 
eva shares on the strength of 
bid rumours in March will 
have been rewarded hand¬ 
somely. The abortive take¬ 
over by Ftsons gave an initial 
fillip to the price but. curi¬ 
ously, the biggest out- 
performance in the shares 
has occurred since talks be¬ 
tween the two companies 
broke down in July. Medeva 
is now rated at a 17 per cent 
premium to the market, sub¬ 
stantially ahead of Glaxo but 

Still trailing S mrfhKlrm* Bee- 

cham and Zeneca. .. 

’ Ffsons has since been ab¬ 
sorbed into Rhdne-Poulenc 
Rorer, leaving Medeva as an 
odd fish in a shrinking 
pharmaceutical pond. For 
investors still betting on in¬ 
dustry consolidation, that is_ 
good enough reason to buy. 
Big funds, having cashed in 
their Wellcome and fistms 


chips: see Medeva as cheap¬ 
er exposure to the sector than 
the highly rated Zcneca. 

■ The harder question is 
whether future oatperfo ro¬ 
mance will come from the 
strategy of a 
i—selling a panoply of 
drags in, the vast North 
American healthcare mach¬ 
ine — or Medeva.’s exploita¬ 
tion of market . niches. 


Medeva reckons it can make 
money developing drugs 
.cast off by the majors at 
research stage. However, the 
strategy could create a rod 
for its baidc with die need to 
buy in more products to keep 
-the e a r n hi g s moving- for¬ 
ward. Medeva is not there 
yeti but in the longer tern a 
. lihfcup witita biotech group 
should not be ruled out 



WH Smith 

A BORED stock market chose . 
to ignore tin fundamentals 
yesterday and gave a boost to - 
WH Smith shares, focusing 
mi rumoured changes in the 
boardroom. Yesterday's an¬ 
nual meeting produced no 
new information; bar a slight¬ 
ly higher provision than ana¬ 
lysts had built in to their 
forecasts. Furthermore. what 
was said did- nothing ,to 
change the view that Smith 
remains in deep trouble. 

Smith operates out ofhigfr-. 
cost locations ‘ blit sells low- 
margin goods, many ofcwhich 
are‘m markets vumerabtetur 
poaching by the supermarket 
groups. The core retail chain 
does nothing that specialist 
operators such as Water- 
stones and WH Smith’s own 
Our Price do better. - 

The company hints of 
changes bid there is scant. - 
evidence of it As always, 
Christmas is crucial and wfik 
out news oti how Smiths fared 
during the period there is link 
to encourage an investor to 


buy the shares. Given the 
state of affairs, yesterday's 
share pnoe rise was prompt¬ 
ed by speettiatibri over die 
hunt for-a new chief execu¬ 
tive: Talk focused on David 
Reid, . finance director at 
Tesbo. He would be a weF 
come addition — although 
Smith's problems are in mer¬ 
chandising rather than fi¬ 
nance r-but the shares look 
over-^gged. 

DFS Furniture 

A SLIGHT dip in the price of 
DFS Furniture shares yester¬ 
day- should not worry-foe 
company’s fans. 'The- clear < 
message was-tiiat the show¬ 
rooms. were still humming 
with customers for threes 
piece suites- Thetnain reason 
for the slide was; that foe 
shares went ex-diVidend for 
the lQp special payout. .. 

The chairman’s planned 
disposal of a third of his in-" 
terest should not prove' a 

C ' lem. DFS shares have 
a tight market and the 
stock ought to be placed at a 


tight discount — there are 
likely to be few institutional 
sellers — and will benefit 
fixmi^xtra lupndity. • 

DFS 'should continue its 
rapid expansion. It has hard¬ 
ly tapped the potential in foe 
South of England and while 
its longterm target of 100 
stores may prove optimistic, 
foe existing chain of 30 units 
with an 8 per. coit market 
share leaves roorri - for 
growth. 

Wifa operating. cash flow 
of £110 mrnibiv foe comply 
is able to generate sufficient 
funds.'to pay fer expansion 
and generate a surplus. The 
prinap^>reasonforitS' high 
liqmdityistheladKof sfodc— 
DFS . only manufactures to 
order — and the high sales 
densities thatcan be achieved 
under such a policy. After 
paying the special dividend, 
tiie company will still have 
H8inillton in. foe bank, sug¬ 
gesting that investors can bet 
on another generous payout 
within the ; nexttwa years.. 

Edited by Carl Moktished 




COMMOomES 




LONDON 

COMMODITY EXCHANGE 
COCOA 

Dec_90S-903 Mar-1024-1022 

Mar -93*934 May-KMO-KBS 

Mar-95>952 Jul-Itnq 

Jul --970969 Sep_ 

Sep-987-986 

Dec- 1005-1003 Volume: 2988 

ROBVSTA COFFEE &l 

Not _2380-2375 Jul-2200-1180 

jan- 2330-2325 sep-2ie5-2/® 

Mar- 2281-2280 NOT-2140-2110 

M«y- 2230-2225 volume 3362 

WHITE SUGAR (FOB) 

Ratten AUB-3I8J-I66 

Spec 389,0 Oa- Z87-M6S 

Dec--M7.5-46.7 DCC-285. WHO 

Mar_ 325 S-3C2 Mar —_ 2W.MZ10 

May-321 >800 Volume: 1)48 


MEATS LIVESTOCK 
COMMISSION 
luoock prices «representative 
markets on October 17 


ICI5-LOR (London fcOQpm) 
CRUDE OILS 6/barrd FOB) 

Brent Physical-I6JX> n/c 

Brem 15 day |Dec)_ 16.10 -0.10 

Brent 15 day (fan)_ 1600 nic 

W Texas Iraermcdiaie (Ded 1735 me 
WToasliUEniKdareiJan) I7JQ n/c 

PRODUCTS (t/MT) 

Spat OF NW Europe (p ram p i deflvery) 
Premium Gas .15 B: 171 fn/a 0:173 [n/U 

Gasoil EEC-I49(n/tj lsoin'd 

Non EEC IH Nov I49I+I) i»m) 

Non EEC IH Dec l« |n Jt» lsomitS 

3-5 Fuel Oil_ 861-II 89(n/cj 

Naphtha- 148 |n/o 151 m«» 

IPE FUTURES (CN1 lafl 
GASOIL 

NOT — 147^5-47-50 Feb . IMXCM8J5 

Dec_ 147JS47J0 Mar . I48JXH8-S 

Jan J47.7548JX) V’ol: J1725 

BRENT MOpta} 

Dec-163J8-I609 Mar... 15.78-15A3 

Jan -15.97-15.09 Apr - n/a 

Pen — i5.87-i5.rn Vou 25357 


GN1 LONDON GRAIN FUTURES 


WHEAT 

RfureC/t) 

NOV_118.15 

Jan-... „ 12HW 

Mar-— 12260 

May-124.60 

lul_12450 

Volume: 713 

POTATO am 

NOT- 


BARLEY 

(tfcwt/a 

NOT - JOBJO 

lan —-lllJO 

Mar - 114.10 

May- iis.95 

Sep-- 104x0 

volume: 391 

Opes dote 
utiq 184X3 


Apr — - 267b 2MSJ 

May_untj 3125 

votumtsi 

RUBBER (No I RSS CB pJfc} 
NOT-97AM750 

BIFFEX (GN1 Lid SW/pQ 


Op* 

High 

IMS 

Low Close 

1645 1640 

Not 95 

1600 

1570 1582 

D«95 

1590 

1570 1577 

Jan 

I9W 

ISM IMS 

VoL 558 KM 


Open interest “4S 


Index 1695-19 


(p/OgHtt 

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Cattle 





{OffiriaQ (Volume pirr djjl 



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October 18. WSToC SW1 CriL 31280 
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rsszvi 

2 W 

7 

IJV 

Iffi 

Ift 18 

1 ft 

TSB-3bO 

18 

2 T. 

29 

8 16 

1 ft 

P37iy 

390 

s 

8 

Ift 

Z3V 34V 

35 


Series Od Ju Anr 

Od Jra 

*E. 

GUreawrinn 

46 

651 

77”: 

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0 

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39 

HSBC— 

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57'. 

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0 33 

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84 

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41 


Stria Oct Ju Apr Od Jaa Aor 

nyallos 

. 560 

46 

S6 

83 

0 4V 

11 

MOM 

TO 

16 

54V 

a 

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Stria Dcc.Mar Jew OeeMmr Jma 


Fbons— 260 
7262*0 290 


3 Pi 44 04 O'; 2 
V, 91 Vi 19 23 20*1 


Sato Not FttMayNBr Mmfay 
EantmGP450 26*. 294 284 0*. 04 J 
797fl WOO I 04 04 25 304 314 

Scrite DccMar Jtta DeeMar to 
Mafl fW_ 4A0 35 46 56 «V If, 

(MWftJ SOO 1A 234 33 , ». 2S4 37, 

Scot 360 3 26': J! 6-, ?J-, I4-, 

1*3704) W I 12 2D 214 28 30 





renaa 

Op« 

High 

Low 

Sen 

Vd 

FT-SE 100 

Dec 95 - 

3597C 

363X0 

3585a 

36280 

16262 

Previous open Interest: 67524 

M*r 96- 

3650D 

3650.0 

16500 

36565 

2 

FT-SE SO 

Dec 95 .. 




39650 

0 

Previous open Interest 3538 

MBT96 «. 





0 

Three Mouth Sterling 

Dec 95 _ 

93-25 

93-30 

93-94 

93J0 

16943 

Previous open Interest 33i«8 

A4*T96_ 

93-26 

93j41 

93-24 

9339 

35137 


Jun 96 — 

93.19 

93-34 

9115 

9X33 

20341 

Three Mth Eurodollar 

D«95 - 




94 2b 

0 

Previous open Interest: 110 

Mar 9b- 




94.43 

0 

Three Mth Euro DM 

Dec 95 — 

95.99 

95.99 

9595 

95.99 

27365 

Previous open Interest: 772015 

Mat ft - 

96JB 

96.10 

9605 

9610 

25372 

Long Gift 

D»95 ~ 

105-07 

105-23 

10501 

W5-19 

74483 

Previous open merest 98M3 

Mot ft _ 

104-18 

104-18 

104-18 

10501 

18 

Japanese Govmt Bond 

Dec 95 _ 

120-35 

12045 

IMH 

12034 

3369 


Mar ft 

11929 

11939 

119.25 

1)906 

1J9 

German Gov Bd Bund 

Dec 95 _ 

■95.*) 

9619 

9508 

9610 

180858 

previous open Interest: 190782 

Mar ft- 

9526 

95.45 

95.30 

9550 

249 

Three month ECU 

DWtW- 

9422 

94J0 

94.18 

94J9 

1485 

Previous open interest 19035 

Mar 96_ 

9MI 

94.48 

94.40 

94^7 

328 

Euro Swiss Franc 

Dec 95 - 

97 J)6 

97*9 

9765 

97.67 

3518 

prewnrs open Interest: 46513 

MOT 9b- 

97.75 

97.76 

97JI 

97.75 

4212 

Italian Govmt Bond 

DK 95 _ 

10168 

102.23 

MM5 

KXS.17 

37876 

pnrrions open interest 46561 

MAT 96- 

101-28 

MIJ8 

iotas 

10131 

ffl 


MOj^f^ATEgW 


Base Rates Clearing Banks 6'. Finance Hse 7 
Dtaxnn Market Loans o/niglR Wgit: «•» Low r. 

Treasury BOH (DkKBuy: 2 null 64:3 imh 64. SeU: 2 mih V* 

Prime Bank Bills (Disfc 6“ir**4i 
Stofing Money Rates 6"«r64 
Interbank: 

overoigbc open 6 V dose 54. 


Week fixed: 64, 
; 3 mtlu e». 


Local Antfaorify Dtps 
Sterfing CDs 
DoBar CDS 
Bonding Society CDs 


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5.78 

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5-.-5V. 

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46-3’. 


4'M 

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7-67: 

7 1 rtf- 

7'^/. 


7V5V 

Swiss Franc 

2V2 

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Buffion: Open 5383.70-384 00 Ctesc *383^5-384 a? Higfc 5J83J5-384J06 
Low: S383.10-383*0 AM: 1383.75 PM: 53S3A5 

Krnsermafc 5384 TO-38&W (LM4 JO-24450) 

Plaliwim: 5412J0 (£261.75) Siher. 55J6K3-415) PnBwBnn: *137 23 8S1. US 




MU Rates br Oct is 

Range 

do« 

I month 

3moaih 

Ajcsienbun— 

2-4872-2.5Q20 

2.4087-25020 

VipT 

lMSnr 

Brassels — 

45.70-45.99 

45.88-45-99 

Uttpr 

3J-26pr 

Copenhagen—. 

8.B22O&6740 

8.652046740 

l-vpr 

ZV-iVpr 

Dublin . . 

Q.97BS-0LW98 

o,<7m<x9m 

1 l*7pr 

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22301-22332 

■rWS 

IV-lVpr 

Lisbon- 


234M-Z&.W 

3Z-590S 

laz-t-ffds 

Mafiria- _ 


192-83-193.12 

41-5105 

t30-14Ms 

Milan _ 


2514.6-2SI8.7 

7-9ds 

202bds 

Munrreu—_- 

MW;! 

IIOOMKHI 

auxunpr 

avs-aovpr 

VewYOTIc.— 

g-'MJKuB 

tJOW-IJHM 

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Oslo __ 

'.yj 

9J071M4233 

lVlpr 

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Paris- 


7^1907.8330 

W03 

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ia738-to.™t 

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vvos 

tukyo. 


157^1-15803 

V-Spr 

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Vienna.,__ _ 


15.636-15.712 

TrZVjir 

iov«pr 

Zurich-_—_ 

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1-5104-1.8132 



StmrteExM 


Premium - pr. Ducouiir«ds. 


Australia 

Austria 


Bri^um (com). 

Canada 


Dezusaric 

France 


Oennany _ 

Hong Kong 
Ireland- 


Italy. 

Japan 


Malaysia 


Netherlands 
Norway 
Pomiwd ___ 

Singapore — 

Spain_ 

Sweden 


L3245-1JOS 

-9.99-IOXO 

- 2SJH-29JS 

- 13400-13405 
_ S3I7W32S0 

- 4.9M0-4JW55 

„3A21$-IAZ1B 

- 7.730&-7J318 

_ 1MK±Ij6062 

160230-1603.70 

10X65-100.70 

- 1S2JC-23260 
I39IM3928 

_ 6JB6M3S90 


Switzerland 


149.71-14931 
„ 1.4245-1-4B5 
— 122-88-122.96 
_ 63580-63680 


I.1SSH.1560 



(>prus pound ___ 

Fuusnanuntka — 


6.6800-6.7V6Q 

Greece drachma---363OO37H0Q 

Hong Kong dollar-12.11 BO-12.12Z3 

India rupee ->—--5431-5537 

Indonesia rnplaii ...-3SZ&D-3594.6 

Kuwait dinar KD- 0-46700.4770 

Malaysia ringgfi-- 3.9600-3.9641. 

New Zealand Dollar- 23856-23897 

Pakistan rupee- 

SaniUAxaMartya! . 

Singapore Omiai .. U340-2237Q 

5 A&lca rand (com)-5-6950-5.7970 

UAEdii li.--.nl _ 5.7175-5L8415 

Banioya Bank GTS * Uayds Bank 




31 

ASDAGp 
Abbey Nd 4300 
Anted Dorn 3,400 
AT^nGp 2.700 

ABT 
BAA 

BATIndS 
HOC 
BP 

BStyB 
BTR 

BT _ 

BtofScol 2300 
Barclays 4TO3 

BaiS 940 

Blue circle 3300 
BOOTS 
B*e 
BA 

Brit Gas 
Bril Sad 
Burma* cm 115 
Cable Wire 2300 
Cadbury 5.100 

Carttoncins uoo 
Cm utdon 3300 
Cookson 863 
Coanaalds 427 
DtURse 385 
Enrerprofl MOO 


9.400 


lr«» 

ni 

L400 

7.100 

5S2 

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6300 

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5300 

3.700 

3.700 
15,000 

4.700 


Land Sees 
iqtUAGa 
Lloyds Bk 
Marts Spy 
MUt Elec 

turns bk 

Nat rower 
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PRO 


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Guinness fijoo 

HSBC 
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183 

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LA5MO 


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1.700 

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2.400 

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pracusniai 

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RMC 

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Soils Rnycs 
Royal Ins 
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Sears 
Swn Trent 
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ANALYSIS 29 


1995: 


i. 


TIMES 



DIARY 


Fornxttitem. v 
the frame v ■ ; 

GRAHAM KERKHAM. 
foe 1 Doncaster btsiness- 
man. is not the sortof 
entrepreneur the City 
woos; The> - .bluff 
Yorkshireman, has bdilt 
his DPS furniture empire 
without any tame eessaiy 
or cosfity bank boxrowHig. 
When it floated in 1993 he 
did oat offload alt die 
shares into foe, market 
They have risen, but final¬ 
ly the marker has pre¬ 
vailed and persuaded fem 
to sell a thud- df his stake 
for about £60 nnUjon. 

He- vriB spend die 
money to improve Ids art 
collection. His best known, 
painting todateis.aGanis- 
boroughenMcd Peasants 
Going to Market : 

Taking stick 

SIR Richard Greenbury 
sets great Awe by t diset- 
ptine throughout Maries& 
Spencer ian one can see 
why. He was. he now 
admits, the nu>st, Mnwt 
bay in Ins school 
County G rammar) 
was suspended three 
times. His mother was tdd 
by the head that he never 
did any work. He left with 
six CHevds and padied 
parcels in : Ifltyuddtes. 
From there, he got into 
M&S and het me is wefl 
known, but hts interview, 
in Capability magazine 
raises the question wheth¬ 
er M&S would recruit a 
g Greenbmy^ today, 
e berates the typical re-' 
enutment criteria.^Wifo 
my canmg : iedmt I wss 
never going to .make a 
prefect I was not a team 
c^ptatn, 'and although-*.- 
verygood.foodjaBer 
was a forward and defend- 1 
ers -are usuafiy. captains. 
This doesn't meanI hawe 
no leadership qualities 
and' presumably Fve 
proved that 1 have." - 


young 
He bt 



Essex thirst 

THERE are economic in¬ 
dicators and economic in¬ 
dicators. -Now Kenneth 
Clarice and Ids wife men, 
have a new-survey cm 
wbich to base their fore-, 
casts. Scottish & Newcastle 
Retail, the pubs company, 
claims, to be aheadof die 
game in discovering a 
res ur gence in consumer 
ig in die South 


East The evidence? An 
upturn in safes at ptibs hr 
Essex. At the Coopers. 
Arms inRonrford. nearthe 

Fttfd works at Dagenham, 
business is up 42 per cent 
year-onyear. the company 

reports. At foe Hoy anti 

Helmet in Benfleet die 
increased 56 per 

fee Red lion af Withamis 
up 44 per cent “Essex has 
always been a barmneter 
for our business," enthuses 
David Grace, n 
director of S&N’s: 
inns division. 

Golfing rabbit 

AMONG a* 68 players 
attending Nomura Inter- 
national's charity golfday 
at Wentworfo. that rased 
over £9,000 for foeOdld* 
ten in Cities Appeal was 
Glen Dobinsoa a Uqytfs 
underwriter, who dld'SO- 

badly last year that he wtm 

a tin of biscuits. Hus year 

be again collected the bon- 

by pre® — a lesson at die 

Royal Berkshire Shooting 
School. Could this be a 
hint? 

RARELY is StLu&sDay 
observed. But yesterday 
the day of the patron saint 
of physicians was marked 
by one pf the bigge st 
mergers in fhe pharmtt- - 
cntttcals field — between- 
I vox of me US and .Nor- 
wqjfs Hafsbrnd Nycomerf- 


i - ■ 





^byoiifeNobd v 

. 

theory is probably, 
comparable to that 
dfaznajorwar 


a St week, foe' Nobd 
Prize- 'lew econom ics 
r was-. awarded to Pro¬ 
fessor Robed: Lucas 
dto Ifotyersity of Chicago. His 
prate-winning tiwoty of “ratio¬ 
nal expectations"!** farrago of 
-unsubstantiated conjectures 
and .mamfesi nonsense. Jt 
damns to prove foat every gov¬ 
ernment action, designed to sta- 
bilise^aneconomy wffi achieve 
the opposite result Ihe eco¬ 
nomic damage done around 
thewuridhy this one abstruse 
theory—wt^ lfes at the heart 
of fhe monetarist attack on all 
macroeconooucpdfeies to miti¬ 
gate recessions or limit unem-- 
pfayniert ~ is prohabty com¬ 
parable to The destruction 
wro ugh t by a major war. 

Thecore oftbe Lucas foeory' 
is dmt rational people are too 
dever lobe outwitted by central 
bankers and ' g o ve rnm ents; 
They. learn from experience 
foat any increase in foe money 
supply or apanrian in govern¬ 
ment deficits siinpty produces 
inflation. This is the '‘rational 
expectation" foat gives foe 
theory its name. - 

: Rum this conjecture it fol¬ 
lows; via s few fines of mathe- 

that demand jpanage- 

ment can never work. If 
Kbynesianfine4unerslreq)try- 
ing to stabilise the economy. - 
rational businessmen win auto¬ 
matically offset their 'actions. 
Whatever interest rates are cat 
or fiscal policy is loosened, 
-busmesses shttoty. raise their 
prices instead of increasing 
output mid offering more jobs.* 
But Tf every effort at demand 
management abound to prove 
futile or counterproductive, it 
fofltwsfe^ .foe consequences 
of aunona^a.rigidmcne- 
tary targeting ^must ohwys be.- 
bemgte’Qieadyprwisoisfoat - 
governments and central 
banks mustadhereto whatever 
targets they choose with, surii 
tigufoyfoattbeir absohitecom- 
rmtment is general^ bebeved. 

To see whatall tins means, 
readers in Britain need only . 


expectations 


Ktyntfsn dtmind rntnagMitiit works... 



...luott's "Rational exportations" do not 



think bade to foe ERM period 
Or foe heyday of M3 targeting 
in foe early 19S0s. Those on the 
Continent may prefer to reflect 
ondse franc fort 
Remember the Gcvem- 
menps selfjustifymg rhetoric 
during foe ERM period (ech¬ 
oed exactly by France today): it 
(fid not matter whether foe 
Gove rnm e n t had chosen a 
sensible exchange rate or foe 
right monetary target AH that 
nattered was. foe Govern¬ 
ment's unwavering commit- 
roenttondrieve its announced 
elective, crane hell or high 
water. Once businessmen and 
worlrers realised that there was 
ito escaping foe preomtouix&l 
objectives, they would adjust 
there behavkim to fit in With the 
Governments targets. If foe 
eooQoomc modd did not matrix 
foe real woriti, the world could 
always adjust - 
Alto woe betide the “siren 
voices" who ever dared to call 
for po&y change. The slightest 
wavering in da monetary tar- 
.getsanaa deluge (^inflation¬ 


ary retribution would fonow as 
night follows day. 

Professor Lucas was once 
asked what he would do if he 
were appointed chairman of 
the {federal Reserve Board. 
Reportedly, be said: 1 would 
set a monetary target and then 
resign." This stray may be 
apocr y phal, but it captures foe 
essence of Ms Mg idea. 

Ftew politicians or business¬ 
men may ever have beard of 
rational expectations and Pro¬ 
fessor Lucas, but as Keynes 
said: "Practical men, who 
believe themselves to be quite 
exempt from any intellectual 
mflumms, are usually the 
slaves of some defunct econo¬ 
mist Madmen in authority, 
who hear voices in the air. are 
distilling their frenzy from 
some academic scribbler a few 
years back." 

That reference to "madmen 
in authority" might have been 
specialty writteatbr die uncon¬ 
scious apostles of rational ex¬ 
pectations. I realised this in foe 
early 1980s, during a conversa¬ 


tion with an intimate of Marga¬ 
ret Thatcher and Nigel 
Lawson. It was one of those 
regular moments of crisis when 
everyone was accusing Mrs 
Thatcher of having "finally 
gone mad". The Prime Minis¬ 
ter's friend, however, was not 
dismayed at all Instead he 
remarked with relish: "1 hope 
people believe this time that she 
really is mad. Then they will 
realise foat the Government 
will stop at nothing to hit the 
money supply targets. Once 
people betieve that, our eco¬ 
nomic problems will be over." 

T his oomment empha¬ 
sises foe contradiction 
at foe heart of the 
theory of rational ex¬ 
pectations. The theory says that 
rational people will believe in a 
government's determination to 
pursue a policy which is cfeariy 
irrational frran a political, 
industrial and economic point 
of view. It asserts foat rational 
people will believe in a predict¬ 
able fink between some roea- 


Christine Buckley looks at a trading revolution 



companies set out more 
stalls in the marketplace 


sure of the money suppty and 
inflation, when foe empirical 
evidence shows foat no such 
stable link oasts. Finally, it 
says people wfll believe that 
demand management never 
works, when experience shows 
clearly that it usually does. 

This last objection is by far 
the most im port a nt It does not 
rest on abstruse mathematics 
or psychological speculation, 
but on empirical observation of 
the real World- 

Governments and central 
banks can be broadly divided 
into two. The first group, led by 
the federal Reserve Board, 
consciously practise demand 
management They betieve it is 
possfoie simultaneously to con¬ 
trol inflation and to stabilise 
the rale of unemployment, 
industrial capacity use or GDP 
growth at around what they 
view as their “natural” or 
“trend" rates. They set interest 
rates with a view to allowing 
the maximum growth consis¬ 
tent with steady inflation. Since 
September 1982. when Paul 
Volcker. the then fed chair¬ 
man, formally abandoned 
monetary targeting, this group 
of active demand managers 
has been led by foe US. White 
fed officials still occasionally 
pay lip-service to the monetar¬ 
ist orthodoxy that a central 
bank’s sole job is to control 
inflation, nobody believes them 
— and their actions make it 
quite dear that they do not 
believe in nonsense themselves. 


The group of macroeconomic 
activists led by the US also 
indudes post-ERM Britain and 
Italy. Japan was a prominent 
member until 1990, when con¬ 
trol of the central bank was 
captured by Yasushi Mieno, a 
monetarist hardliner, with di¬ 
sastrous consequences that are 
now well-known- Since foe 
eoonomic measures announced 
this summer. Japan can proba¬ 
bly be welcomed bade, into the 
demand management camp — 
and the forecasts for its eco¬ 
nomic performance are accord¬ 
ingly being upgraded by 
economists and investors 
around the world. 

The second group, led by the 
Bank of France ana the Euro¬ 
pean Commission, seems genu¬ 
inely to believe in the Lucas 
theory. They think foat nothing 
can be achieved by active 
demand management Main¬ 
taining a steady exchange rate 
or monetary target is in their 
view foe very definition of 
economic success, ldeologkal- 
ty. foe Bundesbank also be¬ 
longs to this group- Its directors 
often boast that “the Bundes¬ 
bank is not an anti-cydicaJ 
institution" However, foe 
Bundesbank's actions speak 
louder than its words. The 
Bundesbank frequently over¬ 
rides or misses its monetary 
targets. The many market ana¬ 
lysts and investors who make a 
living by trying to analyse and 
predict the Bundesbank's deri¬ 
sions would not dream of 
ignoring foe performance of 
German industry or the fluctu¬ 
ations in unemployment, as 
Professor Lucas's theories 
would suggest. 

O n balance, foe 
Bundesbank is less 
of a fine-tuner than 
foe {fed or the Japa¬ 
nese Government. Judged by 
actions, rather than rhetoric, it 
ties midway between the activ¬ 
ist neo-Keynesian paradigm of 
the Fed and the self-denying 
ordinances of Professor Lucas 
as practised by the Bank of 
France. 

To judge the value of Profes¬ 
sor Lucas’s contribution to 
economics, therefore, all we 
have to do is compare the 
eoonomic performances of foe 
main industrial countries in the 
13 years since the Fed aban¬ 
doned monetarism. Those who 
managed demand and ignored 
Professor Lucas have, on the 
whole, achieved economic sta¬ 
bility and generally prospered: 
those who to* Ms theory to 
heart have suffered economic 
disaster. 

The conclusion is dear. The 
theory of rational expectations 
is bunkum. Professor Lucas is 
today $1 million richer because 
foe Nobd committee has 
proved to be far more gullible 
than foe “rational economic 
agents" his theory claimed to 
describe. 



Who cares about 
bank customers? 

From P.D.J. Wood 
Sir. J Over SO years ago I 
opened a modest bank account 
with Gtyn Mills — a delight¬ 
fully rfficent and helpful com¬ 
pany where foe customer 
seemed to matter. 

Happily these virtues were 
retained when it merged with 
Williams Deacon to become 
Williams and Giya's bank. 
However trouble soon ap¬ 
peared — it was taken over by 
foe Royal Bank of Scotland — 
foe Williams and Gtyn*s name 
was dropped along with its 
many virtues and in came all 
foe expensive, impersonal and 
money-grabbing vices of a 
financial monolith. 

It seezned distingitishaole 
from common sense to pay 
more for an inferior service, so 
I left in disgust and, believing 
firmly in “small is beautiful", 
sought shelter with TSB. I am 
happy to say ! have been 
looked after with courteous 
efficiency and was pleased to 
become a shareholder. 

Now along comes this 
dreadful Lloyds Bank merger. 

1 am at a loss to see how we 
customers will benefit — as a 
shareholder my views were 
never sought and I am not in 
foe least interested in the extra 
dividends which are likely to 
come my way. It seems that 
same members of foe boards 
are on to “nice littie earners" of 
over £! million each, while 
those who gave “technical 
advice” on how to perpetrate 
this undesirable cannabalism 
are likely to pocket £30 
million. 

If this isn’t foe “unaccept¬ 
able face of capitalism" 1 dent 
know what is. But more to the 
point — where do I go now? 

1 am. Sir. a seemingly 
unimportant bank customer. 
PETER D.J. WOOD. 

2 St John's Road. 

Sevenoaks, 

Kent 


Support the case 
for Terminal 5 

From the Chief Executive, 
Guild of Business Travel 
Agents 

Sir. London is judged by 500 
European com parties as the 
top for business (October U) 
and is the strongest city on 
communications. 

This is primarily due to 
Heathrow being the world's 
largest international aviation 
bub. UK business benefits 
from this. If we are to remain 
number one. UK and particu¬ 
larly London businessmen, 
must make their voice heard 
in support of Terminal 5. This 
is no time to be a silent 
majority. A letter to the Termi¬ 
nal 5 inquiry inspector is all 
that is needed! 

Yours faithfully. 

D. I. REYNOLDS 
Chief Executive, 

Guild of Business Travel 
Agents. 

Artillery House, 

Artillery Row. 

London. SW1. 


rTTofoty inbre than r 40 
• ■ smaller companies will 
X. set out foeir stalls for 
some 500 fund managers who 
have been invited to foe Coste 
pany Investor Show. 

It is a' farther forum for 
smaller-companies to aitract 
investors amid foe growing 
number of^ exchanges springs 
mg up to specialise m foe 
shares of smafler-stied and 
growth compames. Thejtouch 
vaunted demise of foerute A2 
trading facility on foe Stock; 
Exchange far smaller coot 
patties, which occurred this 
month, and next year* end of 
foe UnfistsdSedzri&s Market 
iave done much to focus foe 
-minds of would-be trading 
agencies. Leaps in technology 
and the prdiferatuto of PCs 
have made ways much easier 
to set op trading operations. 
The Stock Exchanges re¬ 


in June. Since 1990 foe US 
had become increasingly of 
distinct*‘from the main list 
after tfafi. iroplemfritatkto of 
European directives and the 
erosion of price differentials in 
fouling fees? between foe two 
mar kets. The Alternative In- 
. vestment Market . (AIM) was 
launched with foe intention of 
providing a ground for yourt*. 
ger companies. AIM, .foe first 
new eqmty.maifet created by 
foe Stock Exchange tor 15 

years, has ^ownin popularity 

and influence since it began 
with just 10 companies. It now 
has 200 and is starting to 
attract the interest of institu¬ 
tions as wril as private clients 
who have been firm bates df 
foe growth companies. ■ 

These smaller, younger 
businesses, wiridi are often 
venture-capital backed, offer 
greater scope for investment ■ 
growth than do foe larger 
stocks in the FT-SE 100orJVGd 
250 traded through the Stock 

Ew-hftng e. Tbfiwxe smaller 
companies can usually go far a 
feting on AIM, which because 
of its links with the Stock 
Exchange is "regulated, with 
scone confidence that it wtD 
prove* fertiteeaviroamezit for 



Theresa Waffis. chief operating officer, at foe launch 
offoe Alternative Investment Market last June 


fund-raising. However, not all 
companies want foe hill mar¬ 
ket exposure and regulation 
that AIM requires, and not all 
want the expense foat it en¬ 
tails. The demand that com¬ 
panies have to nominate 
advisers means a cost of at 
least E25JXJ0. 

To siut their needs and to 
catch hold of the growing 
interest in smaller stocks, a 
variety of operations has 

emerged. As their number and 
influfflee grows, they are 
posed to present more of an 
alternative shares transaction 
movement than foe Stock Ex¬ 
change las hitherto seen. This 
may go sane way to explain 
its tetchy response to the 
establishment by Sharelink, 
foestockhrofcmg enterprise, of 
deaUug on foe Internet - 

A recent newcomer is 
lYadepmnt a neutral order- 
driven marketplace foat was 


launched in September and 
chargis companies U.000 a 
year to trade. It allows for 
instant publication of trading 
prices and volumes and en¬ 
ables participants m enter on 
an anonymous basis orders to 
buy or Sell so it is not dear if 
there is one large seller of 
stock or several small ones. 

Tradepomt. which is recog¬ 
nised tty foe Securities and 
Investment Board, was found¬ 
ed in 1992 by three former 
employees of foe Stock Ex¬ 
change. Its breakeven target is 
a 2 per cent market share 
within 18 months. Its broker. 
WaUanis de Brofc, believes 
Tradepomt axild have a 10 per 

cent stake within five years. 

To comade with the aboli¬ 
tion of rule 42 at the start of 
this month, Ofex was 
launched. It was founded by 
JP Jenkins, foe broker that has 
had a particular interest in 


role 4 2 companies having 
made markets in them since 
1991 and having started 
Newstrack. an information 
service on them, two years 
ago. Ofex, which enables 
member firms to trade “off 
marker, now has 59 com¬ 
panies including one or two 
larger names such as 
Weetabix and, although not 
regulated, was started wbh the 
approval of the Stock Ex¬ 
change. Ofex. which sees itself 
as a starter exchange accord¬ 
ing to Barry Hocken, its 
marketing director, whereby 
young companies launch 
themselves and then graduate 
to AIM or tiie full fist, costs an 
initial £2250. The application 
fee is £250 while companies 
have to subscribe to 
Newstrack at £2.000 per year. 

Meanwhile Sharelink con¬ 
tinues to expand its facilities. It 
launched Snips this month, a 
new issue placing service that 
Sharelink declared a revolu¬ 
tionary operation. It will en¬ 
able private investors to take 
up stakes in new issues via a 
placing, a method of sale 
hitherto reserved for institu¬ 
tional investors. 

Next year will see the advent 
of Easdaq, tiie European an¬ 
swer to Nasdaq. The Euro¬ 
pean Association of Securities 
Dealers Automated Quotation 
system wiD arrive in the 
second half of 1996. coming 
from foe European association 
of securities dealers with sub¬ 
stantial resources, and back¬ 
ing from merchant banks. 

Ronald Cohen, of Apax. the 
venture capital group, is one of 
foe prune movers of Easdaq 
having served on foe Stock 
Exchanges working party to 
look at the successor to foe 
USM. Easdaq will target 
young international com¬ 
panies, which it hopes will 
remain with it rather than 
moving up to foe Stock Ex¬ 
change. With its European 
bias and aspirations towards 
bigger fund-raising. Easdaq 
could prove the biggest drain 
from foe Stock Exchange of all 
foe new markets. 


You can 



It costs 17Spence. 

It coss you less than a Second Class stamp 
to invest the minimum monthly sum of 
£25 into the Foreign & Colonial Private 
investor Man. 


investment of £1.000 Id December 19*5. 



Foreign ft Colonial 
Investment Trust PLC t 

Higher rate Building 
Society Account* 

1945 

£1.000 

£1,000 

1970 

£30,269 

£2.554 

1985 

£191.470 

£8,489 

1995 

£922,610 

£17363 


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amount invested. Fast performance b no pitfe m the future. A|-fignwto31 Oecennbn (1«5 figure to 
2SS85X *BxricnetraniD 1962 -soursBZW. TOcrejfca-hJgheanetrtteJwlBbiefitimhSoopNte&CODt 
WW4 based on total return, net income r elnw eed. tSource Foreign & Colonial Management Ud 
using mid-mariw prices, net femme reinvested, btd. historical 35H notional expenses. Plan Charges 
02% comjiwi«>e»d.as»Gwt stamp duty. Forelyi ft Colonial Management ltd (regulated fay IMRO 
and -die Penonal ferectment Authority) or its ufaNdbries me the Managers of the investment trusts. 














V 


30 BUSINESS NEWS / ACCOUNTANCY 


THE TIMES THURSDAY: OCTOBER 191995 


Tietmeyer 
warning 
on single 
currency 

Br Graham Searjeavt 

FINANCIAL EDITOR 

JOINING a common 
European currency would 
strip individual member 
nations of their sovereignty 
over financial and wage 
policies as well as in mone¬ 
tary affairs, the president 
□f the Bundesbank warned 
increasingly sceptical Ger¬ 
mans yesterday. 

Hans Tietmeyer said 
that for the currency to 
work, there would have co 
be sanctions against any 
government that breached 
the economic convergence 
tests after joining. “It is an 
illusion to think that states 
can hold on to their autono¬ 
my over taxation policy," 
he said in an interview 
with Frankfurter 
Aligemeine. the German 
daily newspaper. 

The European currency 
would inevitably imply a 
further step towards polit¬ 
ical union under which 
“member states are ready 
to enact a common fiscal 
polity". Otherwise, con¬ 
flicts would emerge that 
would be hard to resolve. 

Sanctions could be trig¬ 
gered automatically if. for 
example, a nation's budget 
deficit exceeded 3 per cent 
of gross domestic product. 
Exceptions could be decid¬ 
ed by a majority in the 
council of ministers, Herr 
Tietmeyer suggested, and 
the European central bank 
should also have a vote. 
Most EU countries, includ¬ 
ing Britain and France, 
would at present fail this 
test, a condition enshrined 
in die Maastricht treaty. 

Echoing the ever harder 
line taken by German lead¬ 
ers in recent weeks, Herr 
Tietmeyer suggested that 
sanctions might include 
freezing access to EU 
funds. While pledging 
their commitment to a 
European currency. Herr 
Tietmeyer, Helmut Kohl. 
Germany's Chancellor, 
and Theo Waigel. its fi¬ 
nance Minister, have in¬ 
creasingly insisted that the 
terms for economic and 
monetary -union assuage 
German doubts over los¬ 
ing the mark, .even at the 
expense of some delay be- 
yond the 1999 deadline. 

Pennington, page 27 









Profits are up at Havelock Euro pa. said Hew Balfour, chief executive, pictured in the refurbished Army and Navy store in Victoria Street. London 


Havelock 
helped by 
bank move 


Birmingham Midshires 
buys mortgage business 


By Anne Ashworth 


BIRMINGHAM Midshires 
Building Society is now the 
tenth largest in the league, 
after the acquisition of H YPO- 
MSL (Mortgage Services), a 
centralised lender with a £1.8 
billion mortgage book. 

The deal, the seventeenth in 
five years, swells the society’s 
assets to £7 billion, ft also 
ousts the Yorkshire Building 
Society from the number ten 
slot 

The Birmingham Midshires 
move rekindled speculation 
yesterday that the society, in 
spite of its stated commitment 
to mutuality, would make a 


suitable buy for a bank inter¬ 
ested in developing a specialist. 
mortgage arm. 

Lloyds Bank has already set 
the example with its takeover 
earlier this year of the Chelten¬ 
ham & Gloucester Building 
Society. 

MSL is being sold for “stra¬ 
tegic reasons" by its German 
owner. Bayerische Hypothe- 
ken-und-Wechsel Bank, of 
Munich. Neither side would 
disclose the purchase price, 
but mortgage books currently 
anract a margin of 3 to 4 per 
cent above the value of the 
loans, which would suggest a 


£75 million premium for the 
HYPO-MSL mortgage busi¬ 
ness alone. 

In total, the Birmingham 
Midshires has spent more 
than £3 billion on mortgage 
books during its five-year 
spending spree. Earlier pur¬ 
chases included the £550 mil¬ 
lion Credit Agricole book and 
the E380 million Western 
Trust book. With control of the 
book comes the right to earn 
interest on the loans. 

Commenting on the HYPO- 
MSL purchase. Rob Thomas, 
building societies analyst at 
UBS. fte securities house. 


Savers put £25bn into Tessas 


MORE than E4 billion was 
invested in tax-exempt special 
savings accounts (Tessas) in 
the year March 31, with 
almost 250.000 new accounts 
opened, according to the In¬ 
land Revenue. More than four 
million people have invested a 
total of £25 billion since Tessas 
were launched in 1991 (Mari¬ 
anne Curphey writes). 

Launched by John Major. 


during his spell as Chancellor 
in 1990. the first Tessas started 
on January I. 1991. They are 
special bank and building 
society accounts that allow 
savers to receive tax-free inrer¬ 
est on £9,000 invested over a 
five-year period. 

Existing Tessas will begin to 
mature in January, and inves¬ 
tors will then be able to put the 
matured Tessa, excluding in¬ 


terest earned, straight into a 
follow-up Tessa. 

A Revenue spokeswoman 
said that the scheme had been 
successful because it was low- 
risk and appealed to people 
with small amounts to invest. 
Tessas are becoming more 
and more popular as those 
who invested in the early years 
are telling others of the advan¬ 
tages." she said. 


said: “It makes good soise, 
given the current static state of 
the mortgage market ins easi¬ 
er to go out to buy a book than 
to tty to get new business.” 

For the HYPO-MSL’s 
30,000 borrowers, the arrival 
on the scene - of the 
Birmingham Midshires could 
be good news, as. at present 
they are paying a higher than 
average variable rate of 8.49 
percent 

This is 0 JO per cent above 
the Birmingham Midshires 
rate of 7.99 per cent the 
industry norm. 

The society said that it 
would be locking to reduce the 
HYPO-MSL rale, but there 
was no guarantee that it 
would be cut to the level of that 
of Birmingham Midshires. 

For the time being, HYPO- 
MSL will continue to get loans 
from independent financial 
advisers. According to the 
Birmingham Midshires, 
about 6.000 new customers 
have been joining every year 
in spite of the disadvanta¬ 
geous rates. 

. HYPO-MSL employs 295 
people in its offices in 
Bracknell. Berkshire. 


• By Pheltp Pangalos "' 

A MOVE to expand froth die 
traditional non-food retail 
market to banks helped Have¬ 
lock Europa, the shopfitting 
company,, to a 3L7 per cent 
advance in pre-tax profits to 
£2.05 miTli an m the half-year 
to June 30. . .. 

Turnover, boosted by busi¬ 
ness from bonks, expanded by 
44.9 per cent to £22.8 mOfion 
(£15.7 miltion). The Bank of 
Scotland, with the refurbish¬ 
ment of 16 branches in the. 
first half and a further 43 to 
follow in the second hall is 
likely to be the group’s largest, 
customer this year. Banking 
work was also carried out for 
Cooperative Bank and the 
TSB. 

Tbe group is confident on 
prospects, with orders up by. 
36 per cent in the nine months, 
to September 30. In.addition,. 
Marks & Spencer, one of 
Havelock’s largest customers, 
along wiffi Boms The Chem¬ 
ists, has placed toe - first 
orders, for its continental 
European stores. Other cus¬ 
tomers include House of 
Fraser. Dixons and Tesc* ■ > . 

The dividend is raised to 
l-2p (Ip) and is payable on 
December 2L from earnings 
ahead to 53p (4p) a state. 
Havelock shares finned 
to 263p. 



in 


remains § 
a 




ffcoM Richard Thomson in N»y york 


USABl the struggling carrier 
in which British. Airways to a 
24 per cent stake bas managed 
to make a profit in tile third 
quarter for. the firsttime in - 
seven years, confirming hs 
growing. sfinandai. stability, 
after its second-quarter profit 
■ ■'The net profit of $43.1.rait- 
lion, compared, with a $ 180.1 
millianlbss in the samequar- 
ter last year, wiDL strengthen 
tbe_ company^ hand in its - 
takeover- negotiations with 
United Airlinesand American y. 
Akhnes. Two weeks ago,. 
USAir revealed that it was in 
talks With both carriers that 
could lead to it being bought ; 
by one of therm ...... 

The return to profit will be 
music to the ears of Sir Odin 
Marshall, the chairman of ■■ 
British Airways. Since mak- - 
nig its investment two years 
ago. British Airways has seen 
fts value shrink dramatically.;, 
and was forced to. write it 
down by 50 per cejrt in May. - 
Warren Buffet, the US inves¬ 
tor, also had to writedown the - 
value of his shareholding. 

The sale of the .airline- is 
likely to boost toe value: of 
BA'S investment and could' 
give the British airline greater • 
access to US markets. USAir 


refused to comment on toe 
progress of toe takeover talks. 

Seth Schofield, the chair¬ 
man and chief executive, said: 
“There can be co doubt that 
tte company Know experienc¬ 
ing a dramatic upturn in its 
financial performance.’* 

• He pointed out that it was 
the first tune in six years that 
toe company had managed a 
profit in two consecutive quar¬ 
ters. During toe past - five 
USAir has lost about $3 


Drugs tie creates 
$6.5bn company 


By Christine Buckuev 


THE pace qf consolidation in; 
the pharmaceuticals industry, 
quickened yesterday as- Ivax, 
of the. US, and Ha&lund, 
Nycomed, of Norway, merged 
their healthcare businesses to 
form fhewodd’s largest gener¬ 
ic drugs company.- ... 

The merger creates a com-, 
party worth $65 Trillion em¬ 
ploying more than 13.000. 

The new company; Ivax. 
Nycomed, which join? toe- 
drugs interests of; lyax and 
Hafeiund Nyoorned’s, special¬ 
ity of X-ray and .diagnostic 
imaging, isexpectedto,gEner- ; 
ate revenue of more than- $25 
trillion; Physically, it will. be- .. 
split three ways with a main: 
office in Oslo. US.headquar¬ 
ters in Miamranda coordin¬ 
ating centre in London. - - : T- 

The two companies, forging 


. their alliance on the basis of 
Ivax sharehnlders holding 54 
; per cent, estimate that cost 
savings will yield $100million 
a year after three years. 

Phillip Frost. Wax's chair- 
- man apd. chief executive, said 
; Wax Nycomed will have “the 
financial strength, product 
. base, : global reach, and toe 
scientific and technical exper- 
: tire necessary to excel, in toe 
' rapidJy tfiangjng health care 
indushy". . .- 

'. Svrin Aaser, Hafslund 
Nycomed's president, ^aid: 
“Themoger presents tremen- 
: dous opportunities to enhance 
revalues throughthe registra- 
■ tionand sale of Ivax*s generic 
drug s.; in markets where 
Ha&hind bfycbnaed is strong, 
particularly -in ,the. ; Nordic 
countries." 


ACCOUNTANGY^. 






Levelling the playing field 


Emile Woolf and Clive Boxer call 
for directors and auditors to hold 
equal amounts of liability cover 


JOWJBOTTCN 


T he auditing profes¬ 
sion is undergoing 
fundamental chan¬ 
ges, mainly related to 
liability containment. Among 
these is the transition by big 
firms from partnership to in¬ 
corporated starns to protect 
partners’ assets against the 
crippling onslaught of claims 
arising from audits. 

While most auditors seek to 
mitigate potentially hazardous 
effects of high-risk activities, 
their efforts are being thwart¬ 
ed by the corporate gover¬ 
nance brigade who. post Cad- 
bury/Greenbury, continue to 
lumber them with duties they 
have no statutory brief to 
perform, and which serve only 
to widen their exposure. 

Additions to published fi¬ 
nancial statements have been 
creeping up over the past three 
years. Annual reports now 
include a Statement of Direc¬ 
tors' Responsibilities: Operat¬ 
ing and financial Review: 
Statement on Corporate Gov¬ 
ernance and compliance with 
the Code of Best Practice; and, 
soon to be introduced, a State¬ 
ment on Effectiveness of Inter¬ 
nal Control and a Report of the 
Remuneration Committee, ft 
is intended that reviews of the 
last two and the Corporate 


Governance Statement should 
be formally reported on by the 
auditors. Reviews of other 
statements and the Directors’ 
Report, are required under 
SAS 160, the Auditing Stan¬ 
dard governing additional in¬ 
formation included with 
financial statements. 

The extra fees earned from 
this review work will be scant 
compensation for having to 
fight a writ for negligently con¬ 
firming the effectiveness of in¬ 
ternal controls just before the 
company is brought down by 
fraud from its own top dog! 

Misdirected litigation 
Executive management us¬ 
ually the most appropriate tar¬ 
get for plaintiffs in cases in¬ 
volving corporate toss and 
damage, have remained cur¬ 
iously immune from action in 
spite of widespread insistence 
by pic directors that the com¬ 
pany buys it directors’ and 
officers’ indemnity cover 
which, is cheap compared 
with auditors’ PI cover. For big 
firms such cover is not merely 
costly but largely unobtain¬ 
able for many layers. 

Public perceptions will not 
change overnight but audi¬ 
tors themselves could do for 
more to achieve an even 



Emile Woolf says non-executives should carry extra insurance 


playing field. Incorporation is 
a positive step but hardly the 
whole answer. A proactive 
approach, that would pay 
long-term dividends, would be 
for auditors of public interest 
(and hence high-risk) entities, 
before accepting appointment 
or reappointment to insist 


that the diem’s board should 
be insured for at least as much 
cover as the directors would 
expea the auditor to carry. 

In the event (hat auditors 
are targeted by a plaintiff, 
including the client company, 
whose most appropriate re¬ 
course lies against the direc¬ 


tors. the auditors' PI insurer 
would have an effective reme¬ 
dy by seeking contribution 
against the directors’ policy. 
This would also deter directors 
from bringing spurious ac¬ 
tions in the company’s name 
for failures they caused. 

Nonexecutive cover 
For this lateral approach to be 
fully effective, the non-execu¬ 
tive directors should carry 
separate insurance as a com¬ 
plement to that enjoyed by toe 
board as a whole, available in 
the event that the main D&Q 
policy foils to respond. 

Only in this way can non¬ 
executives establish their inde¬ 
pendence: it is not possible in 
principle to be independent of 
those with whom you are in¬ 
sured. Committees composed 
of non-executives will then be 
able to act in the knowledge 
that they can seek advice from 
their own insurers without 
having to alert the board's 
insurers pending their investi¬ 
gation of a potential problem. 

Sensible corporate gover¬ 
nance will ensure that these 
responsible for loss, rather 
than those who fail to spot it. 
should make it good. The au¬ 
ditors may well nave to contri¬ 
bute. but they are rarely toe 
main culprits. 

Emile Woolf is head of litiga¬ 
tion and insurance services at 
Kingston Smith* the account¬ 
ant. Clive Boxer is a senior 
consultant at Davies Arnold 
Cooper, the solicitor. 


Somewhat 

underwhelmed 

THE second tranche of the 
English ICA*s poster cam¬ 
paign is exciting slightly less 
interest than the first. Earlier 
in the year, (here was a sense 
of the bizarre about Roger 
Lawson, toe then president, 
donning overalls and a bowler 
to put up a poster telling the 
world that it was “easier to 
sleep with a chartered acc¬ 
ountant". This week the avun¬ 
cular Keith Woodley had 
trouble waking up the world 
with the new slogan; “Nothing 


ANY OTHER BUSINESS 






ventured, everything gained." 
Even his insistence that "this 
is something we all feel pas¬ 
sionately about" failed to con¬ 
vince the world that chartered 
accountants are the answer. 

In short 

AUSTIN MITCHELL MP, 
was in fine form at this week's 
question rime organised by re¬ 
cruitment consultant Hewit- 
son Walker. Wearing a tie 
emblazoned “Mr Noisy", he 


had a simple answer to toe 
question of what members of 
Cima. the management 
accounting body, might gain 
from a merger with toe Eng¬ 
lish ICA. “Nothing.” he said. 


Dog's life 


MITCHELL was also in good 
form during a tail-end ques¬ 
tion. David Lyon of Nestor- 
BNA noted that auditors tra¬ 
ditionally had been referred to 
as watchdogs rather than 


bloodhounds and asked which 
doe the panel thought the 
modem auditor resembled. 
Colin Sharman. KPMG se¬ 
nior partner, suggested a 
Springer spaniel because it 
went tenaciously about its bus¬ 
iness. but did occasionally 
look up to gain a wider picture. 
Mitchell suggested a lapdog. 

Great escape 

MARTIN SCJCLUNA, Tou¬ 
che Ross’s chairman, is furi¬ 


ous over the speed of imptemen- 
tarion of Stock Exchange roles 
based on Greenbwys recom¬ 
mendations, “Corporate govern¬ 
ance overload," he expostulated 
on hearing that the SE is mast¬ 
ing on remuneration committee 
procedures appearing in reports 
and accounts for periods from 
December 31, Or ft could be 
sour grapes that KPMG’s first 
accounts, due January, escape. 

The telephone number of Por¬ 
poise Books—publishers qfYou 
simply hit them with an axe—is 
0162827387 

Robert Bruce 


Poster campaign 
deserves a pasting 


IT WAS hard enough to grasp toe embar¬ 
rassment of the first poster campaign 
launched by the English ICA. This week it 
has launched its second. It is a dispiriting 
initiative. Normally thetdea. of posters going 
up to tdl the public quite bow much safer 
they would be were they to employ a 
qualified accountant would be a thoroughly 
praiseworthy ideal . And the second slogan 
that the new poster campaign isusmg, 
“beware false profits" gets to toe heaxt of it 

Bat th»e are several reasons why; the 
poster campaign is so znappropriateand why 
die other accounting bodies are so irritated. 
The first is simple. The message bong pot 
over is also a subtler one. It is about the 
security of employing a chartered account¬ 
ant. not simply a qualified one. The 
accounting bodies; and toe public if they 
understood the lunacies involved. Should 
tear their hair out over such nonsense at a 
time when the profession is in such disarray. 

It is as though last yeart efforts to unify the 
UK profession through toe. . . 

proposals in the Bishop re¬ 
port had in fact started toe 
world spinning faster. In¬ 
stead of the accounting bod¬ 
ies moving doser in greater 
harmonisation as they had 
been doing, it now feds as 
though they are bring spun 
apart and are rapidly occu¬ 
pying the periphery, of the 
accounting world, rather 
than its centre. The idea of a 
poster campaign emphasis¬ 
ing the use of the word 
“chartered" at a time when 
toe certified accountants are 
in uproar over a name- 
change and when the Eng¬ 
lish ICA itself Is in the midst- 
of a sensitive period of 

at te mptin g to merge with_ 

Cima. the management ac¬ 
countancy body, seems ridiculous. But toe. 
epidemic is spreading. The profession needs 
to be seen as a profession rather than a 
disparate bunch of warrftig factions and the 
last thing anyone needs is more unilateral 
proposals on refutation, for. example. Yd last- 
week we had another set of proposals for 
providing regulation and supervision. 

Last year both.toe EngUsftlCAand toe 
Scots ICA started out on fee path towards 
some sort of proposals. The English pro¬ 
duced a pood framework very speedily 
to have its plodding council said the 
bat*, for lengthier and less independently- 
minded drafting. Meanwitife: the Scots wtre 
working on a stmfiar. blueprint Bot hy toe 
middle of toeyear, ludicrously; both toe Scots 


and the English published very different 
proposals. Now we have proposals from the 
-certified accountants for “a new supervisory 
body which would oversee regidatioa of die 
accountancy profession". 

. It ahnostdoes not matter wiutf the detaiTof 
the proposals contains. The three-.mam 
aud i ti ng bodies to* now working rpjite 

be fine i^the probtem^^^p^^iertd!^^; 
regulation is not it. is a very urgent 
business.-It ought tobring the accounting 
bodies togelha; working s harmony against 
a common.enemy. Ipsteadw hove three 
. learnt reports which strug^e, wito differing 
effectiveness, towards a ovmnion^olutiou- • 

- The,process of putting -the.three reports 
together and producing a .coherent: plan 
which would satisfy practftkpzf^critiffi and. 
foe Department of Trade ^d lndustry a%e 
has only one certainty in ks progress. If Win 
take a long,-long time.■ - 

■ In many wjiys nothing ha-ybeen-Jearnt. In 
. toe days when the perries-: 
- sfonalrbocSef wou.rcsportst 
• ble . for, .standards,.; six; 
separate technical commit 

acoramtoa^bS^s. laboured 
through drafts and consttoa- 
tfons before atte mptin g to 
merge toe results and pro¬ 
mulgate them through, a 
profession-wide accounting 
standards committee. At the 
end of fee process each of the 
bodies sfill had the power of 
veto. . v - •• 

The accountancy profes¬ 
sion learnt its lesson over 
st an d ards , • It was. painful 
Bof toe process i£om totally 
mdepatoent of the profes^. 
sfoa^ though-ihe. accountant-.. 
bodi« ^bvfously 'have 
. . -.input into toe system. Per-. 

. haps the.tone ■ has come foe toe current 
leaders of toe profession, to toinfr : bacfc to. 

- painful totperieoces and realise that only a 
complet^ independen^ body is going to 
■work. ‘ V ,:*-/■'' 

. •; And perhaps they^shopM reach fiat. 
concftisioEL. by taking a leaf cut of .toe 
Accounting Standards Board’s book. Just as 
.toe ASB held 
. tite beginopig of this month, 
bodies 

tom 

prodace a nnified and-fot sotetum by early 
justify a 

jtoOStik . >;V. {:■ 



Robert 

Bruce 




S 





Mr Sdiofidd put the profit 
improvement down to better 
operating conditions and cost 
reductions. HesakL These re¬ 
sults confirm'the profit poten¬ 
tial of the - USAir franchise. 
Many of toe pieces now are 
falling into place that will air 
low us to begin realising our 

potential" . : . 

However, . USAir still faces 
substantial', labour relations 
problems, with, its highly 
unfonised t workforce which 
could jeopardise a deal with 
UAL or American. 

Mr Schofield abruptly, re- 
signed from toe company a 
few weeks ago partly because 
of tire problems of dealing 
with the workforce but is now 
staying on unto USAir is sold. 


-I*- > 

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THE TIMES 191995 


BUSINESS NEWS 31 


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Or.., •'• 

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ByPhtcip Pangalos 


SHARES -in Bluebird Toys 
soared 96p to 366p yesterday 
after yfre r -toys-.^ grous-art- 
noimced a, Jkev Dfoduct' dev- 


Walt DtsneyXtanpaay 
and Mated, the US groups - 
In.vital analysts ^e.^ : a 
potentially huge deaL/Blue- 
bird, whose existing products 
range hum BjUy.Podcd: min¬ 
iature dolls to, Mighty Max 
monster tqys,wfll develop and 
mariret arrange TffrmjmaJure 
colfectablej^sets-aod "ttys 
for Disney. 

The new range wffibfcbased 
.on Disney’s portfolio of classic 


earfyl996-Bluebirtwifl dev¬ 
elop the products and tfistrib- 
the UK. and 
faife;Mktfel. which 
^<fistr£bo- 
- arrangement with Blue- 

* throughout the rest of the 

wodd. - ,■ /, •, .1 -. . 

The iKw toys vrinhentatk 
' in China and are .• likely to 
reach‘the UK market around 
: Man* before being launched 

• in the US mid globally by the 


Mickey Meuse and the lion 
King, and will be launched in 


e create 
ompam 


Double 
sale for 
Fisons 

FISONS, the phabnaccp - 
deals company subject of a 
£1 j 83 bfflion. takeover .by 
RhOne-Pouknc RortLfoe 
Franco-American - grotto. 1 
has completed the- long, 
delayed sale of Cartin 
Matheson Scientific in the 
US and Fisons Scientific 
Instruments imhe UK, the 
distribution businesses 
within its faborataty sup¬ 
plies division (MhrttnBar- 
row writesj,^ . 

The buyer is HsberBei- 
entrfic, .which■& paying 
$310 tmUkra, representing 
$301 million hi cadi told 
the assumption of $9, nut. 
lion indebt Con^detion 
comes less than mfe week 
after Stuart Wallis, chief 
executive -of Ksons.* coo*- 
ceded defeat m the tafce- 
over. battle. Rndme- 
PDufenc Roarer- .settered 
victory by increasing its. - 
bid. from MOp a . share to 
2fiSp--.:. r L.: 


Tof^Nprman, Bluebird's 
chairman, said the deal ogives 
Bluebirdthe opportuttijy to 
develop 1 miniature toys based 
on. the Disney characters. He 
said: “Our strategy is to devri- 
op-and market products for 


The ‘ Disney efaaraciere are 
leading worldwide brands in 
themselves and provide us 
with a wide range at concepts 
to -which we ean apply our 
proven- skills." • 

" - The lucrative Disney deaHs 
tandy for Bluebird as its 
Mighty Max boy? 1 brand, 
winch eiyoyed more titan £20 
million of sales in its first year, 
is fading fast after five, years 
oh the marker Folly Pocket 
remains' strong, with fts retail 
sales value now estimated at 
£90miffion ayear worldwide, 
while prospects are promising 
teBluebirds new; Mina mid 
the.Goo Gogs range of toys. 

• fjoiirever, foeptfospeciof 
new mfiniatdre verswns of 
unisex toys .ranging from 
Kddtey Mouse ana fotouis to 
the Lion King and ftxaihontas 
characters win almost certainr 
Jyscfr a relating of Bluebird 
shares. .., • - 

Richard Hidanbotham of 
SBC .Waiburg said: "Very 
- dearly, this is an. absolutely 
superb snore ■-■for'Bluebirdv 
with substantial benefits as 
anyfojfogWTtfra Disney brand 
; teodsraseO wellBluebird has 
reinforced its teadirig world- 
wide position in the field of 
hightsiualiiy competitively- 
priced miniature toys.” - 



Playtime Peter Woodhcad, Disney executive, left, and Chris Burgin, Bluebird chief executive 


Profits at 
Ford dive 
68% as 
sales fall 

Ffcovr Richard Thomson 
nVNEWlORK 

FORD, the second-largest car 
maker in the US. reported a 68 
per cent drop in profils lor the 
third quarter as sales declined 
in its home markets. 

The fall from $1.1 billion last 
year to 5357 million this time 
was steeper than the stock 
market had expected and is 
the worst of the big three 
carmakers’ results. Chrysler 
reported a 46 per cent profits 
ton for die last three months, 
while General Motors report¬ 
ed a 16.4 per cent rise. 

Ford blamed the drop in 
profits on lower production 
and lower US sales, which feU 
12 per cent to 869.000 vehicles, 
adding that new models had 
not yet reached the public. Net 
income for US operations fell 
66 per cent to $187 million 
from $553 million. ^ 

Alex Trotman. chairman," 
said: ‘This is dearly a transi¬ 
tion period for Ford. We are in 
the process of launching a new 
wave of industry-leading new 
products. There will be costs 
associated with this record 
launch." 

Among the new models is 
the revamped Taurus which 
has cost hundreds of millions 
of dollars to develop. 

The higher costs helped to 
produce a loss for the compa¬ 
ny's worldwide operations of 
$201 million, compared with a 
profit of $619 million at the 
same time a year ago. Its 
financial services arm, how¬ 
ever. repotted record profits of 
$558 million compared with 
$505 million last year. 

None of the car manufactur¬ 
ers has forecast a sharp up¬ 
turn in profits in the 
foreseeable future. 


Flextech sells cable TV in UK 


FLEXTECH. ' the US-owned media 
group* has disposed of its cable television 
interests in Britain through the sate of 
TVS Cable Holdings to KPN Kabd for 
£ 62 A minion. . 

. KPNKabefisasubsitfiaryofKPN. the 
p rimary postal and telecttenmunicateans 
company m The Netherlands. 

Under the sale agreement with Kabd. 
Flextech wifi receive about £593 million 
in cash. The businesses sold hold licenses 
to provide cable television and cable 
telephony services for four franchises in 


By Martin Barrow 

Oxford, Stafford, Andover, In Hamp¬ 
shire and Salisbury, Wiltshire. The 
franchises cover a total of216,000homes. 

Flextech. which is majority-owned by 
Tde-COmmunicatitHis, the largest US 
cable operator, said the sale continues its 
strategy of focusing on programming 
and providing thematic channels la 
Britain and continental Europe: It has 
acquired a 20 per cent stake in Scottish 
Television and has interests in 13 satellite 
channels. 

Flextech is to commission £6 milium of 


programming from Scottish TV over 
three years. As part of foe £26 million 
investment agreement, Scottish took a 20 
per cent stake in HTV. the ITV company 
for Wales and the west of England. 

rvs also owns a licence to provide 
cable television systems on Jersey. That 
franchise is held by a 59.16 per cent- 
owned subsidiary iff JVS. Flextech said it 
is currently considering the divestment of 
Us interest in Jersey Cable 
Flextech shares fcfl 8p to 470p 
yesterday. 


Forth Ports bid wins 
Port of Dundee 

FORTH PORTS has emerged as the preferred bidder for the 
Port of Dundee, defeating a rival offer by Caledonian Rons, a 
consortium comprising managers and employees of Dundee 
in association with CJydeport The Department of Trade and 
Industry and the Department of Transport have formally 
approved the offer by Forth, which is worth E10 million, on 
the recommendation of the Dundee Pbrt Authority. The net 
purchase price, which includes the purchasers’ and vendors’ 
expenses of £135 mlltidh, will be paid in cash from the 
company's existing resources. 

The port of Dundee constts of more than 1,400 metres of 
wharves and 83,000 square metres of warehouses and transit 
sheds. Investment in new equipment amounted to £2.7 
mDlion in the three years to the end of 1994, Total turnover 
last year amounted to £53 million, while operating profits 
were £945,000. At the end of the last financial year net assets 
were £93 million. 

Bridport-Gundry ahead, 

BRIDPORT-G UNDRY, the specialist textiles and aviation 
products group, is optimistic after improved efficiencies and 
organic growth led to a 77 per cent advance in pre-tax profits 
to £1.34 million in the year to July 31. Turnover grew 4.7 per 
cent to £28.4 million. David Sebire, chairman, said: "I am 
confident that we shall be able to build on this renewed 
strength especially as the new financial year has started 
wen." A final dividend of 122p is payable on January 17, 
giving an improved total of 3.6p (3p), from earnings ahead 40 
per cent to8.64p (6.16p) a share. The shares added 13p to 148p. 

Dobson Park disposal 

DOBSON PARK INDUSTRIES, the mining equipment 
company contesting a £170 million takeover bid by Harnisch- 
feger Industries, of the US, is raising £4.9 million by selling a 
property, formerly used to make roof supports, at Ashchurch, 
Gloucestershire, to Caradon Duraflex. After the creation of 
Longwall International, Dobson Park's core mining equip¬ 
ment subsidiary, the roof support manufacture has been con¬ 
solidated at Wigan. Dobson Park hopes to sell other pro¬ 
perties with a total net book value of £7 million. Shares were 
unchanged at 124p yesterday, against the bid price of UOp. 

Purchase for BNB 

BNB RESOURCES, the recruitment, training and consumer 
commum'cations group, is buying Goodman Graham, a 
human resources company specialising in the information 
technology and communications sectors. An initial £3 million 
is payable on completion, with further payments of up to £4 
million due over three years. Future payments will be 
reduced if profits fall below £15 million before tax to foe year 
to September 30. Goodman Graham's clients include 
Digital, Compaq and Teknekrom Software Systems. The 
company has offices in London and Radtett, Hertfordshire. 

SRH buys newspapers 

SCOTTISH RADIO HOLDINGS is diversifying into the re¬ 
gional newspaper market with.foe acquisition'of Morton 
Newspapers in Northern Ireland for £113 million. Morton is 
the principal publisher of local newspapers in Northern Ire¬ 
land, with26 weekly tides, comprising 20 pakHoxtitles and 
six free. The consideration indudes £6.7 million afcasb and 
foe balance in SRH shares. Despite the acqiflnon. foe 
company said that it remains committed t»«mmerrial 
radio, where it will consider further acquisitioBnnd apply 
for new licences advertised. SRH shares rose Itrfo 298p. 


nisn 

stinff 


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INTELLIGENT THINKING 



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EVERY DAY until foe end of December. 
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/ 


34 LAW 
House of Lords 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 19 1995 f 

Court of Appeal 



Time relevant only until breach of contract Lloyd’s damages subject 


Boris Construction (Scot¬ 
land) Lid v Whatlings Con¬ 
struction Ltd 

Before Lord Jauncey of 
Tullkhettle. Lord Brwne-Wil¬ 
kinson. Lord MustilL Lord Lloyd 
of Berwick and Lord Hoffmann 
[Speeches October 12[ 

In a clause purporting to limit 
damages for. among other rea¬ 
sons. non-performance of a 
construction contract tone was 
relevant to the performance during 
its existence but once it was 
determined by repudiatory breach, 
of whatever nature, time aased to 
have relevance. Thereafter dam¬ 
ages flowed from the repudiation 
resulting in non-performance and 
the need to provide for substitute 
performance. 

A clause limiting liability should 
state dearly and unambiguously 
the same of the limitation and 
would be construed with a degree 
of strictness, albeit not to the same 
extent as an exclusion or indem¬ 
nity clause. 

The House of Lords so stated in 
dismissing an appeal by the 
defenders. Whadings Construction 
Lid. bum interlocutors dated Janu¬ 
ary 28 .1994 of the First Division of 
the Inner House of the Court of 
Session (Lord Hope. Lord Presi¬ 
dent. Lord Aflanbridge and Lord 
Mayfield). allowing a reclaiming 
motion by the pursuers, Boris 
Construction (Scotland) Ltd. 
against interlocutors dated Feb¬ 
ruary II. 1993 of Lord Prosser, the 


Lord Ordinary ((Note) 1993 SLT 
12241. 

The lord Ordinary had hrid 
that the terms of the subcontract 
between the parties relating to 
limitation of damages applied to 
the claim for damages made by 
Boris against Whatlings. The 
judges of die First Division had 
held that they did not. 

Mr Roy Martin. QC, and Mr G. 
J. B. Moynihan. both of the Scots 
Bar, for Whatlings; Mr G. N. H. 
Emslie, QCand Mr J. R. Doherty, 
both of the Scots Bar. for Boris. 

LORD JAUNCEY said that 
Boris were the management con¬ 
tractors employed by Glasgow 
District Council to construct a new 
concert hall. AD the work of 
construction was sub-contracted to 
package subcontractors erf whom 
Whatlings were one. ft was then- 
task to construct the east and west 
frames of the building. 

The terms of the subcontract 
were sec out in Boris' printed form 
of subcontract and in five letters 
passing between the parties. Two 
letters dated July 6 and July 8,1968 
contained the limitation clause. 

The relevant conditions of the 
printed form were: "I Subcon¬ 
tractors undertaking: The sub¬ 
contractor will provide upon and 
subject to the following conditions 
everything which is necessary for 
the excution and completion of the 
subcontract works in accordance 
with all drawings, specifications 
and or instructions supplied to him 


and will deliver the sub 
contract works to Boris, complete 
in every.particular to the satisfac¬ 
tion of Boris and of the architect or 
engineer appointed under the prin¬ 
cipal con tract... 

“2 Progress and Gxnpkrioa: 
The subcontract works are to be 
commenced within 14 days after 
(he subcontractor is instructed to 
proceed and are to be completed 
within the subcontract period 
subject only to such fair and 
reasonable extension of time as 
Boris shall allow where die sub 
contract works are delayed by 
causes which result in an extension 
of time under the principal con¬ 
tracts. The subcontract works are 
to be carried out diligently and in 
such order, manner and time as 
Boris may reasonably direct so as 
to ensure completion of the main 
works... If the subcontractor is in 
breach of the foregoing he shall, 
without prejudice to and pending 
the final determination or agree¬ 
ment between the parties as to the 
amount of the toss or damage 
suffered or which may be suffered 
by Boris in consequence thereof, 
forthwith pay or allow to Boris, 
and Boris may deduct from any 
moneys due or becoming due to 
the subcontractor.. 

Condition 10 provided for the 
determination of Whatlings 1 
employment if (il they failed, 
within seven days of notice in 
writing from Boris, to proceed 
diligently with the subcontract 


‘Best judgment’ assessment 
in VAT appeals 


Gcorgiou and Another v 
Commissioners of Customs 
and Excise 

On an appeal under section 
40{])(m) of the Value Added Tax 
Act 1983, reenacted in sections S3 
and 84 of the Value Added Tax Act 
1994. against a tax assessment, a 
VAT tribunal had a supervisory 
jurisdiction to adjudge objectively 
whether the commissioners had 
made the assessment on the basis 
of their best judgment. 

Sir Louis Blom-Cooper, QC, 
sitting as a deputy judge of the 
Queen $ Bench Division, so stated 


on Octater 6 in a reserved judg¬ 
ment when dismissing on a 
preliminary point of law an appeal 
by Marios and Androulla 
Georgkm, trading as Marios 
Chippery, against a derision of the 
Manchester VAT Tribunal on 
April 28.1994. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that "best 
judgment" was to be viewed objec¬ 
tively by the VAT tribunal in two 
stages: first it had to decide what 
information, before the commis¬ 
sioners at the lime of the assess¬ 
ment. was relied upon. 
Information acquired post-assess¬ 
ment could not disturb the best 


judgment. That stage was a ques¬ 
tion of fact for the tribunal. 

Second, it had to find out how 
the commissioners arrived at their 
assessment, for example, any 
compilation of trading figures. 
The tribunal had to make a value 
judgment about the way in which 
commissioners arrived at an 
assessment. That involved a re¬ 
assessing process. Its function was 
supervisory and was not to be 
exercised ac too high a threshold, 
but at a reasonable sntndard: 
Schlumherger Inland Services Inc 
v Customs and Excise Commis¬ 
sioners 01987] STC 22). 


works to the reasonable satisfac¬ 
tion of Boris and (it) they failed 
upon notice from Boris to com¬ 
mence remedial work 10 any 
defective workmanship or they 
failed to proceed with such work 
with diligence or to complete such 
remedial work. 

The Limitation clause contained 
in the fetters was. inter alia, as 
follows: we met the repre¬ 

sentatives of Glasgow District 
Council to discuss your porposals 
regarding the limitation of dam¬ 
ages to be set against the main 
frame packages. 

“The district council would not 
accept the limitation of damages 
which arose through your non¬ 
performance by way of failure to 
meet the requirements of the 
specification etc and wished ro 
maintain their rights to pursue you 
for all costs in this respea through 
ourselves. However, in nespecr of 
time related costs they were pre¬ 
pared to accept the limit for 
damages set by you of £100,000. 
This acceptance is given with the 
proviso that you accept a set limit 
to your entitlement to recover 
damages of £ 100 , 000 against ocher 
package contractors Boris ... or 
the various members of the design 
team should their actions result in 
you incurring costs which again 
would be time related." 

On January 16.1989 Boris wrote 
to Whatlings that Whatlings' ac¬ 
tion in substantially reducing the 
site resources was such that they 
were not proceeding diligently 
with the sub-con truer works and it 
had placed them in breach of 
contract under clause 2 and that in 
accordance with dause 10(0 Boris 
gave notice that Boris would 
summarily determine their 
employment. 

On February 17 Boris wrote to 
Whatlings stating that as it was 
apparent that they had ho inten¬ 
tion of trying to rectify the breach 
they were terminating their 
employment 

On February 28 Boris raised the 
present action claiming damages 
of £2.741.000 in respect of 
Whatiings’ breach of contract 
Whatlings' fifth plea-in-law was 
that their liability to pay damages 
“in respect of the breach of contract 
condescended upon being limited 
to the sum of E100.000 in terms of 
the parties' contract, decree should 
be limited accordingly." 


LEGAL & PUBLIC NOTICES 


0171-782 7344 


LEGAL NOTICES 



PRowDHirmimiiiL 

NOTICE is berrty (ho ihat an Exfnardanuj Genoa! Meeting at Pnnidcnt Mato) Ufa 
Au m mn Awodfliaa (“the A wdUh s") wfll be hrid M the Lenka Arena. Umeharbaar. 
Dadfanh. U Hw EM tn 15 November 1*95 m ILK an when the Having resotatioo wiH hr 
pt oya ri m ■ special nsdutho: 

SPECIAL RESOLUTION 

THAT 

( 1 ) The Scheme to, ibc naufcr of the loop terra brnneu lu lirhned m the Inunm Oanfumo Act 
lost I of the Akociztkm pnraaa 10 Swum 44 at and Schedule Xintht loMJrjoce Cittnparurs Act 
l~lhe Srhane"! <** «m» in fte- dxura at pmfmti 10 the atauaf and tar the parputc vf 
KfcoOharion signed bj the Chairman thereof and -aanun-cd tn the CtrcuLn Hi tuernher- ad 
poitr)boWer- rfthe Asaocurioo Joed 11 October W be an d r. herein jppro»ed be all p a po o 
lodwfmg. without hmicron, foe the prpoo. of Rule 3 ill irt the Rule, and Rcpilahto*. <4 the 
AmooPko. and the Director- of the Auocmon be ami are hereby joburecd and hranMcd h- 
carry ihc une a*o Ad nidi power loj-rer ir male »«* amotlnent, j- tnav be ase-ot) nr 
desirable to secure the sanction ul the Cowl fte the Scheme, 
ill Sibjeei 10 cunliiModl) upon the unction of ifae Cowl Tor ihe Scheme hemp nbuioot 

lAl the tame of rite Auoaaton he changed kj Pit* idem Mutual Life Assurance Limned itte 
-Company" K 

tBi pursuant tn Season 51 or the Companies Act l**»? uhc -AcTi. the Cua^wn he re- 
rcjLsared a, 1 conpaus limited h} ptnnre. 

iCl putsuam Hi Sectka JllJnbi at the Act. j Memorandum A.v 4 <iav«i Inc the Company he 
AptslnUInn. 

"I The Cocapunj's name es Pnmdea Mutual Ule A.-mnte Limned 
2 The Cotnpane'sreittiieTcdnflkc r- us be sauaaedm En$ltadaml Walev 
.1 The Computj s ufcjceu arc ibc carrvwj on u)’ trap term insuraoce mid rene.umkc 
ttNOM and the dome ut all such iln;> as are mcideDUl or vioJiaise t» the aima> 
of those objects 

4 . The liability at the member' a hmiunl 

5 Every member isf ibe Creupans undenake- lu sueunhoe sib animats as may he 
required litre eueedmp £>» to the Cunqtu)assets if it -huuM he vamnsl op uhifa be 
r» a member re wnfcm une mi alter he cease- 'u he j member, ire pawnea uf the 
Company's dehs and labilities contracted before he ceases in be 4 member and ■< the 
cvii. charges ami etpenses at the aiodurgup. and he 1 he adjinfmcm at the npht> «rt 
the coqtriMres anwnjsJ themselvesand 

1 JI Subject to and anltiaalh opuo the Scheme hecrenare effective and Ibe nw h> the Rccs-arar ■< 
Cmpann at a oeu Certificate of Invurfunuieo puruuM m Score 5 ? -rf the -Wr. the Rules and 
Regulations of the Avocuinn te and they ate hereby amended Js Ml*. 

1 A 1 By 1 be Jefcuon of the definition of “The .V-xuu\«Tm Rule 1 ibrrcol anJ its icftaormta 
by the Mknviup 

■"Comwiv' means Provident Mtnual Ule Uirese Limited*. 

■ B) By ibe defence of the drbniminiif 'Membet" in Rule Z iherent and tis icpLaemreit by die 

Mhniflp 

-"Member" mean, a person »b» ls entitled r»> mendsetstup under the .1 Rule ' 

henoT ; 

1 C 1 By the defattra Irons Rule 2 dmeui uf the Mlmm; JehnitHer- 

"IVpeodani*. "Qualifvttty Dare". "Onalilyuic PoUcs". "Scheme Mvy" and 'Scheme 
Member": 

1 D 1 By the deleurei uf thr eustinf Rule. I ami. ; thereof in then enuiety. 

(El By Ibe defetroo re she eu-tm- Rutc 5 tbrtert and it. irpfasemnu by rise lullsH.my 
" 5 L MEMHERSHJP 

Ncranteanutnij 1 any ether provision of the* Rohr. * 

1 A 1 General Accident Linked Lite Assurance Loured and Curia. Nsemnees Lnmied lad 
such other person, a. any crenpany tu hbt. 1 t ihe lerrts hhinrss rjv drlmed tn the 
luarrmce Crenpamcs Act l»M 2 , ut ibe C.mpany r- Harr ier,ej under a scheme made 
peasant so Sedicn 40 ul and Schedule 2 C to ihe fa^nanve Cunqnaies Are Id'll Jcdl 
nesnuoare fmo tone tu tune by mice a writoe >o the Crentaay 1 Avail hecinte me n she,, 
of ihe Company a the tune soch scheme hevmres el lev tire or. in the care re persams 
■KHDiisated in »fiti ag a> afcresatiL at (hr IrrKr at res opt by the Ounpsry ul thr rete'Oa 
natter a »Trung. 

(Bt the mensberslup at exh per-jn »hn become-, j Member pursuant H< puapraph ■ Is of 
(hr. Ride shall sshspi mil sukfa usne as the person mqueutret eases nutice m nmiay ,4 
rtre cessaiMi of Ulu {arson's sircnhership ki Ihe Crenpany: retd 
iC» all person, ubo becretre Members vt the Cretans »u> >e after the rune sort ssbrmr 
becrenes ritective shall be ipolihed and annlcd t» are ml tu site at raoal meetmes if 
the Company 

1 F 1 By die ddenrei of Rule HfCi thereof in ns entirely and its leptavcnrens by the MViun; 

“1 CsThe Board nay. uheoeverii thudus hi. call an Eatnonlsiury General Meriinp - 
fGf By the dcfetKin.af Rales »Dt t£i.iFt tad 'Gf fherevt 10 imvcnsaety amt rhe drteioss ((he 
wnl -ruettfy" in Rule 81 il ibactd wd Us rcfrtxcmeni by the «ord "luv"". 
lH* B> theAlewmol Ruto *h A) aad fBi thereut m their murrey and ihe driere-n re the «,«d\-. 
subyevt m Ride <»iBi." aod "mi the iriesam Dor Qulrtyhi; Dree. Am reference hi an 
anlkmm or ipialiriuilhm to vote in Rule. S'Ci bill, ni'i and IlhGt -hall hr revrsiru-d 
acr«dioffy " 1 a Rule *Ci fhensre. 

By the defetwa o) rhe uoed-. ~m ihe sine maimet ureuiiii Rule iuFi* m Rule 
ibacnf and the deferirei re Rnte diKi iherere m rsertireiy. 

By iteiJefcMUfl id Ruk lOCf ml (Du 7 i therntf a iben eremsv rent thr deletirei «l the uinl 
"qaaldied" i» each re Rule 1 U li. 11 > ami 1 L • them if. 

■ Kr By the defenun re ibe OHi*er " 3 " u Rule If»GnTl ifaeresd and d. repfjcemcm by ibe 

Oun*rr and by the deletirei re Rule III Mi ihetrnl n iiirelmy. 

ID By the defenrn re' Rule 18 thcrere in ib emireiv. 

(Ml 6 » ihe icplxemeiif of tefermts in "the AmaM' hy frferemes ft> “(fir Cnmpapy '. and 
• Nl By the re-oumhenii; and/re [enemy re die tfflunn; Rules autiJiKli 

BT ORDER OF THE BCi.VRD 
Mrs V Stodtnrei 
Sn ifUuT 

Re.eracred Other 
FO Bov Via 

MiMW 

Lre**m EC.’R bBA 

Nttu 

I. Any Member u< the AvauiaUiacailiedk>man) ml ..acreOr Eura-cdutary General AWriwi r- eunded »i 
4 ^wnr .nxArr person ,nbo need mi he a Mewhorof *e AsvunaiMii a. hi- fexov >, arel ml •»> a jv 4 L 
«ofc redrad uf but 

1 Tube ~diA m resume* JHMnuo; a I»v>vs infnei inrehrre ■ ntmeI m 4 he in any n-*ial Mn.» in any 
other (rent *heh dm Daetuuv uf die Assncwliret nay appmc ml «xh unnnraefle uipcrtet «nn ihe 
tadwnty. if any. mder nlwb n t> signal re 1 eopy ul such xdiiaily. hum be depisiied at the rehlRvindK 

nanorel^rm Lurr itan IJ 4 X) ore »* M Mwmhn 19*5 

J. Mcs^cr-ireeKhn; lu jaaidald tree pciunaRy xr>>lMinhnip»nhiIicaiiieaiuwLatreeanlreuhn!hi 
■he hum n( prosy ofrcfl they have Rmved or dstath ut (n {aides ad -me mean, id Kfasitkaiam tfc 
arnsila the Mreunp. pkie ,cp-aa ...4 *e offaaals uhosill hr u *ci>-» Rejj-srasu sill L'rnmeiae at 

900 am. . 

4 . Copies of fhr enrreu t» Members naif ph>Mibr of thr Av*o»*» d*J II Cvudur IWarraiaU*, 

free nt ehope. re the Aw.«iainn's pnucipd rebec oreed abme. hi hfoAcr-and p.ibeyMin->l» hne ■< 

ahead* received a ctT* 

5 . Copm of dir ikvtsnruts sciun-; on *e Scheme. *e TisuOn Aptreim and *e rej»ui on ihe ajimv ■( ihe 
bhnr by an MipMnl xnarv.ond um utter duciuuctcv referral u> to art. nvutre at u, J fable Ire 

uyriMdlliritunian'siipeHtJiilfersueiiauunlhchjikhsd the Assucubm bsml mi-M 

—, euenla . 


Hi 


111 


Naaoe at ahoatotment ot AOnrtn- 
trermtve mn>m 
Fmtty HW Vtamuuv OoUunn 


Daw n( oapouiimum of a draw k - 
trnOvw utmau r It October 
1WB 


Bonk of ScnOnml Pic 
Kamre of amnlnjrer«B«m 
rtcaw. Roper Mnrah. In CHI 
ford Rowed 

Office Holder No.IV: S 925 IM 


Nonce at AdnurWrattOD Order 
tar The Manor of 
PROCOS PUC 
T/A SDL (UIO * 9 DJCA 

mannur: 1400200 


■6W. 

mode raw, October 1996 - Joint 
AdnHdnttn: David KUbei and 
Alan Rudvoro Price. Office holder 
nom eooa/oaott. 


NOTICE B HERESY OVIN 
pursuant to Section 21 of the 
tnvofverscv Act 19 «A that MXtuU 
WUliatn Young and Nigel John 
HamUteuv Smith both of Morion 
< Co. 

Hobiwua HlIL 
Abu. NaderiaUre AU IMD 
weru aoooinied to aa as Jotnt 
AdndnMruton of Pmwaoi Umttnd 
bv an order at the HJgtd Covin at 


M W YOUNG AND N J KAMIL 
TON-SMITH. JOINT 


TRUSTEE ACTS 


NOTICE h B ureb u grai ramunl 
In »27 of Ihe TRUSTEE Act. 192 S 
that any u c raun (tavtwg a C LAIM 
agamui or an interest tn the 
ESTATE of any of me duroanod 
nereon's wba»e nanres. nddr e.mei 


la tweeny reuutrcd In eead par 
ncutani in writing of Ut Onus or 
W«MI to the poaan or pceocari 
tHObomU In 


baton the date epeaftedi after 

retticn Hate Ota atace at the 

deceased wtu be mnrtbuted by 


the Persona entitled 
tnereao tasrtng regard only toUw 
claims and Ibteress of wtoch they 


' 12 

ROAD. OCKHAM. 

LONDON, sets died on « JANU¬ 

ARY 1996 pameutam to hep 
BURNS SoUcmre of BLENHEIM 

HOUSE. BLENHEIM GROVE. 
PCCKHAM. LONDON SE19 4QX 
before ag DCCDBEB 19 W 


BVKTtMC. ROBERT DESMOND 
of TAKS TAVERNA. 
KONTDKAIX CORFU. GREECE. 

died on 16 JULY 1996 MSttcu- 

lore 10 MRS EMILY MACASKE. 

BLRTOrf YEATES 

WtSTW-WJ Sobcuoro of SB ST 
MARTINS LANE. LONDON 
wcw 4 ER before ZZ DECEM¬ 
BER 1999 . 


WISEBERG. DR STANLEY. ZZ 

ttonon Flam. Lawn Road. Catrr 

den. London, rows, died 200, 

Jana 199a. pamculare is AJe»n- 

der Karri*. SoMKOTL Oorflon 

Court, Minay Rood. Sale. o*» 

ire. MU 1FX. before 20 th 
Dececuber. I99S 


LEGAL, PUBLIC, 
COMPANY 
& 

PARLIAMENT.4RY 

NOTICES 


TO PLACE NOTICES 
FOR THIS SECTION 
PLEASE TELEPHONE 


0171-782 7344 
OR 

FAX: 0171-782 7827 


Notice arz subject to 
confirmation and should 
tie reefived by 2.30pm 
two da» Prior to 
insertion. 


PUBLIC NOTICES 


w the aica cocrr of rosna 

CHAMJKY DIVTSfON 

matosmofim 

IN TK MATTES. OF 
JOHN WADDINGTON PiC 
AM WTHEMATTa OP THE 
aUlTANIU ACT OSS 
MOm 510W free fare a M*» a 
on the 25th day ei Stptmber 199) 
pmerteri to Ha Mdevr'i Hh/t Chari at 
Eie Ire 9n crettioMae ef *e anudbdoa 
of tte Sme Aeahe* Acasd cf ttr sheet 
mmnf Cottony. 

A« NOTO B fum« awt fad tte 

Bid Panne S fcsrtd la he hffid Mn Mr 
faataur buddey al Ihe Royal Coerb cl 
turn*. Stria, laita. VOaSl <n the la 
day of Na w tei 19 B. 

ANT Crofito* at 5 lireeWdeT of thr hU 
Ca^af ttaidi id qpo* he mAatf idan 
ordei lor the conBnunlen of the laid 


ttoetd aepeet at tte bee ei beeriaa ia 
peocn re K Cooed fee tai prom. 

A ayy cl th rad ftu tni «■> he fcaddad 

raSnffisecdfe^roSi'naa^fSle 

SIdSl'iS'cWrecSi. 1995 

ivosMas 

Od* Hal Coust. hfaauiy Seed, 

Ire* LSI SB 

«* LUjM.acnocsHfTAoy 
Sofaffiv lot Be aiw-ismed Conpey 


w» an far the te nWgag eoa in 
poeeeaeioei and have received an 
otter of £530X10 for Ole BeeMd 

15 ROSE WALK. PURLEY. 
SUBWEV-. ■nu* Rare 


isnel be eetefvrd tn wraingby ua 

wtnun l« day*. Kim. Way A 

Ambler, iso BriOhian Road. 

oiai 658 1211 


ALCA 1 L WINIFRED MARY 
ALOAP SWratrr late ef Btnnlbp 

Mm. West I- 

S Jane I 

SS 4 XX 31 
CAPPER FELIX JAMES CAP 


Norfott died (hm on 23 Feam- 

ary 1998 rEataie about C 36 . 00 O 1 . 

CASTLE nee LEACH. BETTY 

CASTLE nee LEACH Widow kale 

ut Hiwny. WIMM died mere 

on 5 November 199 a (Estate 

aboul £ 37 . 0001 . 

COUEDQC. DOME COLLEDOE 

Sgtadrr late ef Haswen. Co Dur¬ 

ham died there on tl Jobe 1995 
'Estate about £ 20 . 000 ). 
QELBERT. LILLIAN JAKE GIL¬ 

BERT Otherwise ORUAN JANE 
GRBorr oumbwmo oluan 
C ttBERT SPUieter IMF of Brad 

ford, were Yomshfee died there 

on 2 b March >995 (Estate abotd 

£ 13.0001 

GLEN oee WATTS. LOUISA 

ETHEL GLEN nee WATTS Wld- 


acre died al Harrow on 29 Jtreae 

t«M Tatari, about C46.000L 

GORDON. MARGARET ELIZA¬ 

BETH CORDON Sumter late ef 
etnunahain. Wore Midlendu died 

there on a Frirerary i 99 b<Eetai» 

aaoof E 35 . 000 L 

HERON. CTOIV WANDA 
HERON otherwtae WANDA 
C E CIL V HERON Sstnator late of 

South Kcnutntreaiv. London SWT 

med at Qwtm. London sws an 

16 Auatns 

£15.0001. 

KNOCHY. 

KSKJhfT otherwise MONICA 
KNK3TT Sumter law of Wood 


MONICA SCENE 


29 October 1992 IEMM* ebom 

noon. 

KLLIC. ANTONI KLIUC Ude Of 
Ayl u oory. Borum o h a m aBire 
died there on 6 May i« fEtfUe 

about Cfi£DOl 

PUGWit NORMA S 04 MSTO 

PHER PILGRIM otharwue NOR¬ 

MAN PILGRIM httr of Pacsnsm 
Green. London N 13 died there on 

28 Dacmea 1995 (Estau about 

£ 50.0001 

BEES . EVAN JOHN CLFFORO 

REES ot b erwfae JOHN CLOT- 

FORD HESS tote of ShuffleU. 

akrem Yorfere a redled Olweon 30 

March 1996 OCatate about 
£ 50 . 0001 . 

WILLIAM JAMES 
MU- 


2995 CERM* about E 110.0001 

sokw’arz. waxiAM rwre 


FREDERICK MOLLIAM 
SCHWARZ otburwwe FH KO E R - 

ICR SCHWARZ toe of Tufnel 

Park London NT. amt at King- 

irai. UretOon N 19 On 1 Asm 1995 

Treat* about Cl oe .0001 
SEALE. LEONARD GEORO£ 
MtLSTEAO SEALE othervewa 

LEONARD CEORGE SEALE fade 

at Acton. London W 3 dtfd at 

HbntmwirolUv. l.rmdiin W 12 an 

II June 1998 ftatatr about 

H&JrOOi. 

SECKELSOHN atherware 

atNCLETDN. CURT 

SUnifiOHN otherwtw 
CHARLES CURT SBUOLEYON 

otnarwita CHARLES SSsJCLE- 

TON tala at Hamoctod. Lonoon 

KW 3 dM meraon lONmaea 

1995 (EBlate about £ 6000001 . 

TOBIN. FRANCS VICTOR 
Tobin ta*a of waTTmrv. wirm 

died at Port SuuUdL WlerW on 

11 Mbkh 1998 itreate Obovu 

£ 21.0001 

WOODY ATT aOMrwtee 

WOOOYATE. CYfULL FREDER- 
riX WOODYATT atpNW 

f he dCWCK woody att other- 
wire CRYR. FREoaaCK 
WOOOYATE Ur Of Oaotttm. 

Leedan 8 Wd oM at Danmarfe 

HD. London sets ob II J u ne 

199 * (EttMa about £3043001 
The Kin of Uie abo v e pin ned are 

mnNBted to ofMy to the Trt» 

«m SOOcEnr tBVi Quren Anne'u 

Chambere, 28 Braatfwrey. Liatdon 

SWiH UL Lffllng whim the 

Trcaodry 9 oUrilor nay tobe weo* 

h> atontntrem' the rotate. 


Turning Erst to clauses l and 2. 
there was no doubt that the Lord 
President was correct in conclud¬ 
ing that dause l was a general 
clause to which dause 2 was 
subordinate. A subcontractor who 
dragged his fees and then left the 
site before the sub-contract was 
completed might be in breach of 
dause 2 for failing to cany out the 
works diBgentfy but he was un¬ 
doubtedly also in breach of clause i 
for fading to deliver up the 
completed worts to the pursuers. 

In the present case. Whatlings. 
by their repuriiatary breach in 
failing to proceed diligently after 
receipt of notice under dause lOfi) 
necessarily disabled themselves 
from performing their obligations 
to complete the works under clause 
1. Nevertheless, ft was raid that 
damages flowing from the 
repudfaoxy breach were time re¬ 
lated costs. 

The first sentence of the limita¬ 
tion clause referred to ncm-perfor- 
mance by way of failure kj conform 
to the “specification etc" which 
prima facte suggested that other 
reasons for nan-performance were 
intended to be included. 

The second sentence made no 
reference to non-performance but 
merely refereed to time related 
costs. Those words were intended 
to refer to damages flowing from 
fate performance of the contract as 
opposed to those flowing from bad 
performance or non-performance. 

Tbne was relevant to the perfor¬ 
mance of a contract during its 
existence but once the contract was 
determined by a repudiatory 
breach of whatever nature time 
ceased to have relevance. Dam¬ 
ages thereafter flowed from the 
repudiation resulting in non¬ 
performance and the need to 
provide for substitute 
performance. 

The two sentences were not, as 
was contended, between (hem 
intended to cover all possible 
breaches of contract by Whatlings. 
If the words “time related costs" 
covered damages Sowing from a 
repudiatoty bread) resulting in 
non-performance odd situations 
could arise. 

A dause limiting liability should 
state dearly and unambiguously 
the scope of the limitation and 
would be construed with a degree 
of strictness, albeit not to the same 
extent as an exclusion or indem¬ 
nity dause: see Adaa Craig Fishing 
Co Ltd v Malvern Fishing Co Ltd 
(1982 SC (HI} I4J. 

Whatlings had wholly failed to 
show that the second sentence of 
the limitation dause was so 
framed as to cover damages flow¬ 
ing from a repudiatory breach on 
their part leading to termination 
and hence ocr-perforraance of the 
sub-con tract 

Lord Browne-Wilkinson. Lord 
MustilL Lord Lloyd and Lord 
Hoffmann agreed. 

Sotialonr. Morrison Skirrcrw for 
McGrigor Donald. Edinburgh; 
MacRoberts, Edinburgh. 


to income tax 


Decoy and Others v Gooda 
Walker Ltd and Others 

Before Lord Justice Simon Brown. 
Lord Justice Peter Gibson and 
Lord Justice Savifle 
[Judgment October 5} 

Damages recovered by Lloyd’s 
names against managing agents 
and members’ agents for the 
negligent conduct of the names’ 
underwriting business were sub¬ 
ject to Income tax. 

The Court of Appeal so held by a, 
majority. Lord Justice Savoie 
dissenting, in a reserved judgment 

dismissing an appeal by foe defen¬ 
dant members' agents from a 
judgment of Mr Justice Potter (The 
Times January 19,1995). in favour 
of foe plaintiff names. Leave to 
appeal to foe House of Lords was 
granted. 

Mr Bernard Eder. QC. Mr 
Philip Raker and Mr Simon Bryan 
for the defendants; Mr Geoffrey 
Vos- QC Mr John Waters and Mr 
David Lead for the plaintiffs; Mr 
Ian Click, QC and Mr Launcelot 
Henderson, QC for foe Revenue. 

LORD JUSTICE PETER GfB- 
SON said that the appeal raised 
the question of how damages 
should be treated for tax purposes 
in tte hands of plaintiffs to whom 
they had been awarded. 

That question had been consid¬ 
ered mid answered before but tn 
other contexts- Tte context in 
which tte question arose in the 
present case differed from foal of 
any of the earlier cases. 

Tte judge, however, applied 
principles laid down in earlier 
cases in upholding die arguments 
of the Revenue, supported by the 
plaintiffs: 

1 that damages recovered in the 
plaintiffs’ action against the defen¬ 
dant managing agents and mem¬ 
bers'agents were subject to income 
tax under Schedule D in foe 
plaintiffs' hands and 

2 that such damages were not to be 
reduced by the amount of apy tax 
saving achieved by foe plaintiffs in 
connection with their Lloyd's 
underwriting business. 

Most of the members' agents but 
not the managing agents, who 
were in liquidation, now appealed; 
an the first point alone. 

Lloyds was a society of individ¬ 
ual underwriting members known 
as names. Insurance was effected 
by names grouped in syndicates. 
Members’ agents were underwrit¬ 
ing agents who advised names on 
their choice of syndicates, placed 
names on syndicates ana gave 
them general advice. 

Managing agents were under- 
writing agents who Tmmngwt syn¬ 
dicates, underwriting con tracts of 
insurance at lioyd's on befaaif of 
the names in their syndicates and 
reinsuring ctxnracts of insurance!.’. 


The plaintiffs suffered heavy 
underwriting losses as members of 
syndicates in 198L 1989 and 199ft 
They sued tte defendants, claim¬ 
ing damages in tort and in contract 

for the failure by the defendants 10 
exercise reasonable skill and care 
in conducting foe business of 

underwriting on behalf of tte 

plaintiffs. 

In October 1994 Mr Justice 
. Phillips awarded damages to foe. 
p laintiffs against foe defendants 
(TTie Times October 7,199fl. Their 
Lordships were told that foe value 
of that award was of foe order of 
£300 ndllion. 

Sensibly, tte Revenue were 
joined by consent to argue tte tax 
issue before Mr Justice Potter. Mr. 
Glick told their Lordships that that 
was the firsr time that had hap¬ 
pened in relation to a dispute over. 
damages, not bong a tax appeal 

The charging provisions were to 
be found m sections land ISof foe 
Income and Corporation Taxes Act 
1988. In consequence of those 
provisions income tax was charge- 
able under Case 1 of Schedule D. 
as set out in tte Act, on foe annual 
prefits or gains accruing to any 
person, wtedter resident in the UK 
or not. from aqy trade carried on in 
the UK or. if that person resided in 
the UK elsewhere. 

Those profits or gains were ite 
surplus of the revenue receqxs of 
foe trade over revenueexpenditure 
wholly and exclusively- laid out or 
expended for foe purposes of the 
trade see section 74{l)(a) <rf the 1988 
Att 

fn relation to tte taxation of 
LfoytPs names, section 171 of foe 
Finance Act 1993 provided; 

"0) Income tax foe any year, of 
assessment on the profits arising 
from a. zoonbers underwriting 
business shall be computed an foe 
profits of foal year of assessment 

“(2J As respects the profits aris¬ 
ing to a member from his. under¬ 
writing business for any year of 
assessment — (a} the aggregate of' 
those profits shall be chargeable to 
or under Care 1 of Schedule DT 

' Mr Eder said that tte damages 
did not arise from foe trade of a 
name within foe meaning of 
section 18 of theJ988Att namely, 
from his underwriting business: 
see section r?l(q of tte 1993 Att ; 

The central issue in tte_ appeal 
was whether foe treatment of foe 
damages for tax purpose was 
governed by two decisions of foe 
Court of Appeal: London . 9 
Thames Haven Oil Wharves Ltd.v 
Attwooll Q1967 Ch 772) and Don¬ 
ald Fisher (Ealing) Ltd v Spencer 
#[989(570256). 

in Artwooffs rase Lord Justice 
Dtphackhad said (at pfag: "Where,, 
pursuant to a legal right, a trader 
receives from aftofoer -.paste. 
compensation for the traders fail- 
ure to recejve a sum tti nfoney 


Young offender not liable to 
detention in 

default of payment of order 


Regina v Basid 

Before Lord Justice Beldam. Mr 

Justice Scon Baker and Mr Justice 

Stuart While 

(Judgment October 6] 

In respect of a young offender 
under the age of 18 foe court bad no 
power to make an order of deten¬ 
tion in defaulj of payment of a fine 
or confiscation order. 

The Court of Appeal Criminal 
Division, so held in allowing in 
pan an appeal by Abdul Basid 
against sentences of detention in a 
young offender institution, under 
section 53(2) of the Childrens and 
Young Persons Act 1933. imposed 
in March 1995 at Inner London 
Crown Court by Judge 
Prendergast on pleas of guilty to 
unlawful wounding (15 months 
detention): possessing a controlled 
dass A drug, heroin, with intent to 
supply (four yean concurrent) and 


supplying heroin (three years 
concurrent): a total souenoeof four 
years detention. 

A confiscation order was also 
made under foe Drug Trafficking 
Offences Act 1986 in tte sum of 
E4.662.94 payable within •three- 
months, or three months consec¬ 
utive detention in default of 
payment 

Mr Paul Kdeher, assigned fry 
the Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for foe appellant 

MR JUSTICE STUART 
WHITE, giving foe judgmou of 
tte court, said that section 6 of the 
1986 Att provided that a confisca¬ 
tion order was to be enforced as if it 
was a fine and the relevant 
provision relating to the fating of 
terms of detention in default of 
payment were to be found in' 
section 9(1} of foe Criminal Justice 
Act 1982. as amended by foe 


Criminal Justice Att 1991. The 
power given by that section was 
limited id persons under 21 but not 
less than 18 years of age. ; • 

Accordingly, since die appellant 
was only 17 the part ctf foe order 
relating id detentian m default af 
payment would he quasted. 

The sentence, of IS months far 
unlawful wounding would also be 
quashed. A.sentence of detention- 
under section 53(2) of foe 1933 Act 
could only be ordered in respect of 
an offence where an adult could be 
imprisoned for 14 years or more. 
No separate penally would toe- 
imposoL 

1 The sentence of four years for. 
possessing a controlled dass a 
drug with intent to supply would 
be reduced to three years; giving. 
fuB weight to all tte mitigating 
factors. The total sentence was 
thereby reduced to three years.' 


which, if it had been recefy»L- 
would have beat credited to foe 
amount of profits (if any) arising in 
any year from the trade carried on 
by him ai tte time when the 
compensation is so received, the 
compensation is to b e treated for 
income tax purposes in tte same 
way as that sum of money would 
have been treated if il had been 
received, instead of the compensa¬ 
tion. 

' . tte source of a legal right is 

relevant to foe first problem in- 
vpfved in tte application of foe rule 
to foe particular case, namely to 
identify what .foe compensation 
was paid for. 

”... foe second problem in¬ 
volved is to deride whether, if that 
sum of money had been received 
by foe trader, it would have been 
. creditedtoiheapmuhtofprofitsfif 
any) arising in any year from the 
traderamed oil by mm at foe date 
of receipt." . 

; It seemed to his Lordship, as ii 
had to. Mr Justice Potter, that the 

- approach that had to be adopted 
was that propounded in Attwooll 
and applied in fitter. 

To the first question, whai were 
the damages paid for?, foe answer 
was foal they were paid for foe 
trading loss- ca u s ed to the uapv 
through foe negligent conduct of 
foename^'underwriting business 
by foe defendants, the damage; 
being intended to put the name in 
the same position as if foe under¬ 
writing had been. ooznpetentfy 
performed, - . , 

. Had the defendants protected 
the name's exposure to risk by 
~ adequate r e insur ance foe name 
wouU have received the proceeds 
of dun insurance. 

. The source of. the right was of 
assistance not only irt identifying 
■ what the enmpensation was paid 
fax but also in answering foe 
. question which was not expressly 
or separately posed or answered in 
AKwooUbotwas.inhisLordship's 
view, implicitly addressed, 
namely- did the compensation 
' arise from foe trade? ' 

The corinnen sense of the pos¬ 
ition was as follows. By reason of 
• tte negligence of their agents, tte 
names made losses which the 
names rightly daimed as allowa¬ 
ble losses for tax proposes, bring 
losses, incurred in their underwrit¬ 
ing businesses. " 

If they had insured against 
losses resulting from the neg- 
Uaence of foefr agents, ir seemed 
obvious that foe insurance moneys 
' received would have arisen from 
the names' underwriting 
businesses. 

There was no material difference 
between such insurance recoveries 
and tire actual recovery made in 
foe present rase (frrongh an otthBi 
for damages against tte agents. 

: j in. aaswfef -to tte settHid qwS' 

- lion, would, the sums of money, far 
the fafltzre to . recehw winch foe 
names were ^compensated, have 
been income receipts of foe under¬ 
writing businesses?, there could be.. 
no doubt but that the reinsurance 
proceeds would have had to be 
brought ^into account in foe 
computation- of tire profits and 
losses of the underwriting 
businesses. 

■ Fbr those reasons, whkii were in 
substance tbe same as those set out 
in Mr Justice Po tters j udgment, 
his Lordship concluded that foe 
damages recovered by tire names 
were subject to tax under Schedule 
D in their hands. 

LORD JUSTICE SAVUJLE, 
dissenting, said that AttmoH's 
case and Fishers case were in fact 
concerned . with the question 
whefottfoeocanperKationwasofa 
capita] rather than a revenue 
nature. 

Those cases were simply dealing 
with how to categorise the receqjt 
where it was common ground or 
had already been established dot 
it arose from the trade or business. 

Lord Justice Simon Brown defiv : 
ered a judgment concurring with 
lord Justice. Peter /Gibson. • * 
Solicitors; Elborne Mitdrefl; 
wade Sapte; Solicitor. Inland 
Revenue. .. 



European Law Report 


Luxembourg 


Place where harmful event occurred 


Marioari v Lloyds Bank pte 
and Another 

CaseC-364/93 

Before G. C. Rodriguez iglestas. 
President and Judges F. A. 
Schockweder, P. J. G. Kapteyn, P. 
Jam. G- F. Manrinf, C. N. 
Kakouris, J. C. Moidnho de 
Almeida, J.-P. Puissochet. G. 
Hirsch, H. Jfagnanalm and L 
S6von 

Advocates General M. Darmon 
and P. Uger 

(Opinions December 21.1994 and 
May Iff) 

(Judgment September 19] 

The term “place where the harmful 
event occurred* in article 5(3) of the 
Brussels Convention on Jurisdic¬ 
tion and the Enforcement of Judg¬ 
ments in Civil and Commercial 
Matters 1968 did not indude tte 
place where the victim daimed to 
have suffered financial loss 
consequential on initial damage 
arising and suffered by him ut 
another contracting stare. 

The Crain of Justice of the 
European Communities so hrid. 
on a reference for a preliminary 
ruling by foe Cone Supreme dr 
Cassazione. Italy, under foe Proto¬ 
col of June 5,1971 on the interpreta¬ 
tion by foe Court of Justice of the 
1908 Convention, on a question of 
interpretation of the Convention 
(QJ 1978 L304 p36) as amended by 
the Accession Conventions of Octo¬ 
ber 1978 fOJ 1978 L304 plj and 
October 1932 (CU 1982 L35S pi). 

The plaintiff lodged with a 
Manchester branch of Lloyds 
Bank promissory notes of an 
exchange value of US$75Z50ftQ0O 
issued by a province rf the Phil¬ 
ippines m favour of Zubaidi Trad¬ 
ing Co of BdruL 


After foe bank staff had opened 

and the^fritil! was arrested and 
the promissory notes sequestered. 

On his release, tte plaintiff 
brought an action in Italy seeking 
payment of the exchange value of - 
tte promi ss o ry notes and also 
compensation for the damage he 
claimed to have suffered as a result 
of his arrest, the breach of several 
contracts and injury to his 
reputation. 

The bank challenged the juris¬ 
diction of foe Italian court on tte 
ground that the alfeged darhage 
constituting the basts of jurisdic¬ 
tion had occurred in EnglancL . 

Tte question referred was 
whether tte “place where the 
harmful event occurred* in article 
5(3) rf foe Convention meanroniy 

tte place in which physical harm 
was caused to persons or things, or 
also foe place in which duffing* to 
the plaintiff's assets occurred. 

Article S, by way of derogation 
from tte general principle in tte 
first paragraph of article 2 that fot 
courts of the defendant's stale of 
domicile were to have jurisdiction., 
prondes: 

“A person domiciled In a 
contracting state may, in another 
contracting stale, be sued... (3) in 
matters relating to tort, delict cr 
quasMeUct in the courts far foe- 
place where foe harmful event 
occurred...* 

In its judgment the European 
Court of Justice held: 

The Court had on several occa¬ 
sions hrid that the rule of special 
jurisdiction fat anide 5(3). the 
choice of which was a matter far 
the plaintiff, was based an the. 
existence rf a particularly dose- 


connecting factor between foe dis¬ 
pute and courts other foan those rf 
die state rf the defendant's domi¬ 
cile. which justified tte attribution 
rf jurisdiction to fopse courts for 
reasons rotating to foe"sbund 
administraiioa af justice and the 
efficarious conduct rf proceedings. 

In Case 21/76 Hcutdelswekerii 
GJ Bier BV v Mines ide Polosse 
d’Alsace SA ©97$ QB 70& [19761 
ECR 175. paragraphs 24 and 25) 
and Case C-68/93 Shevill vPresss 
Alliance SA (The Times April 6. 
199£ [W95j 2 AC 18. paragraph 2QV 

foe Court had held that where die 
place or the happening of foe event 
which rmgbt give rise to liability in 
tort, delict or quasi-deffet and’ foe 
place where ihal event resulted in 
damage were not. identical, tte 
“place where foe harmful event 
occurred" covered both the place 
'where tte damage occurred aad 
tte place of ite event giving rise to 
iL so that foe defendant could be 
suefo ar tte optioa of foe plaintiff, 
in the courts for either of those 
places. 

. In those two judgments, foe 

court considered that the jtitice of 
foe event giving rise to tte dam - 
age, no less than foe place where 
tte damage occnrrtd, could'cob-.' 
stftnte a significant connecting, 
factor, from foe'paint of-view-of- 

■ jurisdiction. 

■ U added that to decide in-favour 
• only rffoe place rf fae event giving 
rise to foe-damage would, in an 
appeasable number of cases, 

cause rmficfenbeteecn the heads 
of juriadfetitmfatt down tiy-arti- 
des2 and 5® rflteGonveotfen, so- 
that foe fatter provision VAjitfd, to 
thatttkteniiose its effectiveness. 

However foe ehdice thus avail¬ 
able to foe plaintiff could not be 


extended beyond foe particular 
circumstances wtadr justified it 
Such an extension would negate. 
for general principle laid down' in ■ 
foe first paragraph of artkfa 2 of -• 

. tte Convention and would to ■ 

reeognitioai m cases other than 
fonse.aqpresdy indicated, of tte;/ 
jurfedictian of foe courts far'foe" 
plaintiffs donticte, which,’tte 
Convention militated against by; 
•excluding, m foe-seam para¬ 
graph of article 3^ foe application; 
of national provisions which made- 
sdeh .jurisdiction .available far. 
proceedings -against defendants ~ 

dotnfcjfed KzriKHy qT a ' 
contracting state; . - 

Thus, while it- was reco goiS ed: 
that place where, the harmful ' 
went omuTed-Wd cover both 
the place where foe damage_W»-. 
u f r ^d and foe place of the even 
Bhdng rise to it, h-corfd-itoc be- 
construed 5o^ extensivefy ^as -to 
encoiupass any place where"foe^ 
2 ™*^ ow«q«no« of an ewsit 
fo« had already caused actual -- 
dsewtere couW tefrit - 
^^sequentfy. it -could tipt.he. 
~™ Iue d as . including foe place' 
praent easet foe. 
damfed; to have spBtted 
financial damage consequential «t 
arising and siffv 
Jfirea by-nun m anofoer afattatt- 
mg«ate . ;. 

For those and otter reasots foe 
tartJ P e ® n CourT ruled: 

event oocntred- in artfcte 
3P1 rf.th e Convention was. to be 
“topped as;notfeferiina toifaf 
where tte victim daSoed^ Vh. 
ftavt su&kwi "financial.''; fast 


Xv - 



























































































































































<•'' -v',. V-J. •. * .* 



35 


' 1 


5 «^ ; 
1 ■tic- 


■ Jill. 
—W • 

\S~ 




^ , 


■'■ I 


* 


... 

: A \ 11 ’ ! J ' .. 


i £ 

U 


ecu r red 


F « 

r BPl 

: r 3 -* 1 

4 

4 

Tte cxtSeand 

,V isn’t wMttbe 


■ FILM 2 

... but another 
Englishman, 

Michael Radford, 
strikes a delightful 
. note with his 
UPostino 

Aral 


jpi^ ; 

■ FILM 3 

Saved by a touch 
of self-mockery. 
Mortal Kombat 
is the latest 
video-game spin-off 
to hit the big screen 

diverting Clueless 

into the lifestyles 

in Beverly Hills 

CINEMA: Geoff Brown finds Hugh Grant buried up to his floppy fringe in the Hollywood hokum of Nine Months 




^;4 - flfaffl V. Whatever 

_ woman acquaintance in 

a car off Sunset Boulevard pales 
beside fl» hejnons cricae of sfer- 
ring iq Nx6e Months: Ibis wasfoe- 


after Grant’s jittfe ffing hit die* 
headlines. .Unfom& C grotesque; 
and pairifrjHydisjointed, the. earn¬ 
ed about an unexpected airi^m 
a couptes fife neverbegins to work. 

Whocan we finger forthe crime? 
Not GranthirHseffi by malting a 
cartoon of the floppjHiaired Ext- 
gHshman who attended four wed- 
dings and a funeral, be was simp ly 
following Hollywood's desires and 
pursuing & fritted character to its . 
dead end. No. Hie mad chiefly 
responsible is' Chris Columbus, 
writer and director of this and 
Home Atone* although we should 
not forget Patrick "Braoutfe, the 
Frenchman whose film Neitf roots, 
a local hit last winter, .gave the 
American offering its,plot . ' 

-The nine months, of course, refer . 
to a pregnancy. Grants partner in 
the film. Julumne Modre, is over¬ 
joyed. Grant is note on bearing the 
news he crashes his beloved red 
Porsche. Indeed, he is so appalled 
the prospect Qfpalteripghny feet. 
thm you wonder bow be survives in. , 
his job as a dnklpsycMo^st in 
San FrimritooL '. . ‘ . "" - ■ 

Stife-foemanimmoemantiisto 
reednrider fone spent inair exora- 
riatiiig juihble of heavy Tslapstidc 
and sentimentality,; ganche night-- 
mares abort a praying mantis, coy 
sen. and: crude foofipg with Robin ■ 
Williams (cartas a Russian obste-., 


Vv- Nine Monfiis;' 
Qdeon West End ■ 
12,103 mins • 

The Hollywood machine ' 
*;i swallows Hugh Grant. 

: ; HPoStinO 

-Curaon Mayfeir - 
.'^,V U,KBnrins 
. Heartwarming delight 
fromltaty 

; Mortal Kombat 
Warner West End 
15,101 mins 

■. Kritioproof morie of 
-the video game •. 

Clueless 

Plaza, 12,98 mins 

: Frivolous funwith 
■ Beverly Wits teenagers 

.Canadian Bacon 
MGM Piccadilly. EG, 95 nrins 
: Onejoke comedy from 
Michael Moore 


than humans). Cotyntibus.news 1 
appears to ctire abort finking one 
scene with the next hejust'fordws 
ingrediemsat fofc.hodfenre and 
trusts some will bit home. * 

By-foe timeMoore comes to., 
terra, .parenthood has been at- 
throned and don»stiC'bfiss is 
imminent But wbal of Grant? Any 
charm he might possess has been r 
squeezed out by the Hollywood 
machine, and foe tittle-shots.of 
Hugh roQerblading, or Hn^i i get¬ 
ting his ears pierced, are scarcely 
enough to create new endearmenls. 
Time he returned home for a refit 
After the crass botnedy of NZrte 
Months. H PMtion offers such 
sweet balnrthat its Emits.almost' 


seem insignificant ■_ Yes, foe 
storyline ultimately shreds into 
pieces..Yes,, the shooting style is 
plain. samomies to foe point of 
dullness: But this is.a film with a 
heart and soul; a film keyed to the 
wonderful performance by actor 
and director Massimo Troisi as a 
fisherman's son on-an.island off 
Naples who discovers wider .hori¬ 
zons. detivering post to foe exiled 
Chilean poet PaWo Neruda. 

The director is an Englishman, 
.Michaef Radford, who showed her. 
love of things Italian in his first 
feature Another Time*. Another 
Place 12 years ago. Radford had 
wanted to useTroia then.as one of 
' foe Italian PQWs far from home in; 
foe Scottish Highlands. By foe time 
the two teamed up-on il Postmo. 
Troisi was seriously ill with; heart 
disease; be died, in fact, ahty 12. 
hours after foopting finished. 

“This movie is my life,” be told 
Radfordj-*and I wanrto gfveit the 
last bit/of my old heart," His 
sickness does nert particularly show 
on screen. bur it lends a special 
poignancy to the tale of Maria a 
simjrie,_shyman operate up Eke a 
flower in spring. 

The year is 1952. Neruda, out of 
favour with Chile's authorities. has 
been granted sanctuary in Itafy. He. 



Jufianne Moore and Hugh Grant as the expectant young couple in Nine Months, cast adrift on an extremely unfunny sea by writer-director Chris Columbus 


arrives in foe person of a dubbed 
Philippe Noiret. Hies of tetters 
from admirers await: Troisi and 
bicyde are enlisted to dear them. 

The films core Iks in die scenes 
-between the two men. Friendship 
braids slowly. Neruda at first is 
aloof, condescending: but die post¬ 
mans dog-tike devotion, his inquis¬ 
itiveness about foe poers Com¬ 
munist beliefs and the stuff of 
poetry, win him over. Since Neruda 
is .renowned as foe poet of love, 
Mario is .keen to use his new 
knowledge of lyrical metaphors to 
woo the voluptuous local barmaid. 
A smile “spreads like a butterfly"; a 
breast becomes “a fire with two 
flames". Throughout, TTOisi’X bash¬ 
ful hesitations and sweetness of 
character are a joy to watch. 

Once Neruda’s exile ends, foe 
film begins to lose focus. The oJd 
tenderness returns when Mario 
tape-records local sounds to send as 
a memento to his idol: sounds of 
waves, the wind, a baby's heart¬ 


beat The plot's final steps are too 
hurried and arbitrary to round off. 
the film with the proper flourish, 
but audiences should be bathed in 
enough warmth not tofeel peeved. 

Radford, scarcely heard from, 
since his 1987 feature WTiiteMts- 
chief, does not try anything fancy. 
His simplicity of approach arid 
compassion recall the neo-realist 
films of Vittorio de Sica, whose 
ghost also danced through Another 
Time, Another Place. No Taran¬ 
tino, then; but in today's madhouse 
you need a few quiet voices, 
prepared to take time and watch 
their characters grow. 

Back to bedlam with Mortal 
Kombat foe latest video and 
arcade game to reach the big 
screm. Novices may find the 
ground rules difficult to follow, 
though if you cut away foe baroque 
detail you are left with a blunt, 
noisy, violent fight between good 
and eviL In the good comer stand 
three earthlings, a hesitant expert 


in martial arts, a vainglorious 
actor, and a tough-minded girl with 
a useful fondness for figure-hug¬ 
ging dofoes. On the bad side lurks 
an army of extra-terrestrial bozos 
under an evil sorcerer's thumb. Ai 
stake is the fate of the entire world. 

G race and subtlety are 
not needed here. In any 
case Paul Anderson, foe 
young British director 
of Shopping, would be unable to 
deliver them. He is a pulveriser. 
Now, in America, he can ram home 
his images hacked up by a Holly¬ 
wood-sized budget and an ava¬ 
lanche of special effects. Depending 
on your age or sensibility, you sit 
enraptured or cower in terror as the 
characters fight each other to bits. 

In its genre. Mortal Kombat 
does boast a few advantages. It 
moves along, and keeps a self- 
mocking tone, afthoughwith Chris¬ 
topher Lambert's I aid back guru in 
long grey lodes you never know 


how much humour is planned, how 
much accidental. No famous 
’ names decorate the rest of foe cast, 
for no names are needed. This is 
not a film about people: this is 
about violent visual sensation, and 
multimedia marketing. 

“What did you do in school 
today?" Dad asks. The blonde 
bombshell daughter dunks: “Well, 
I broke in my purple dogs." 
Clueless bounces along with simi¬ 
lar exchanges a 9 it explores foe 
lifestyles of Beverly Hills kids, for 
whom school is a brief intermission 
between trips to the mall. 

Amy Heckerling. the writer and 
director (see interview below), 
began her spotty career 13 years 
ago with another teen movie. Fast 
Times at Ridgemont High. Her ear 
is still dose to the ground: you 
cannot fault foe lingo or body 
language of the dizzy girls led by 
Alicia SUverstone. previously best 
known for bungeejumping off a 
bridge in an Aero smith music 


video. After firing its < 
the movie settles for frivolity, not 
satire. The film could be better, and 
it could be much worse. 

Heckerling has onestrengfo as a 
comedy director, she knows how to 
shape performances. Michael 
Moore does not and it is painful to 
watch the documentary maverick 
of Roger and Me make such a 
botch of his actors in Canadian 
Bacon- All seem left to their own 
devices, and most of foe devices are 
not funny. Not that Moore's script 
helps. He begins with an outland¬ 
ish notion: itching for a foreign 
adventure after the Cold War's 
demise, America starts strafing 
Canada with insults. But any 
delight at stray tines of dialogue is 
quickly tempered by the crudity of 
Moore's satire and foe monotony of 
a one-joke film. The subtlest joke 
lies in foe casting: the late John 
Candy, playing foe Niagara Falls 
sheriff who leads skirmishes across 
the border, was Canadian himself. 


VISIONS 
OF AFRICA 


Highlights of foe "Royal 
Academy's current show;. 



• Bearded mate fig¬ 
ure, Egyptt 3800- 
3400 BC, breccia 

Stone statuettes arch 
as this are derived 
from a mysterio us 
Haas of objects known 
as “tusks*- They take 

their form Tran tbe 

incisor of a hippopot¬ 
amus. and th ey are 
often found in graves. 

where they might 

have been used to 
ward off evfl spirits. ■ 
They usually appear 
in pairs, one hollow, 
the other soHd. and 
their possiblecou- 
*■ \ is indicative ora 

'ritual 


Jane Austen goes shopping 


'ou can’t realty ^walk into 
a Hollywood studio and 
i. 'Jane Austen’, and 
have them see dollar 
says director An 
explaining the disguised prov¬ 
enance of bex yexy American 
and contemporary Clueless in. 
foe sedate 19flwxmniy Eng- 
.lard of Jane Austen’s Emma. 

. WhBe other film adaptations 
of novds^trranpetfoefrJiteraiy 
sources. Austen's HMnovel is 
now he re to be found in foe 
credits for Clueless. 

Presumably, reference .to: 
'Austen were kept id a mini- 
mom during this' pitch so as 
not te apot the movie in 
turnarodpd, to employ the 
fflmsprak; jargon gratefully 
unknown, in. Austen's. day- 
“During whatwe call deydbp- 
ntent M. foe teg is-to 

inaxporaie foe notes you're 

...* - » - 


Amy Heckerling tells Matt Wolf 
how Emma made her Clueless a 
surprise summer hit in America 


white trying not to rain 
you want, .to be doma” 
Heckerling says. *Emma ms 
mv structural tree formyselfto 
do - some tort of comedy of 
manners/*. ; ■ 

Tbe cbdce of Emma as a 
blneprintpcrmitted fresh vari- 
: atiohs on a ; genre not exactly 
known for its {floaty virtues. 
"You say ’teen comedy and 
you think, OK what should it 

be: a bunch of sex at parties, or 

that foe girl gels the boy al foe 
end? It has to say .ttmwfazng, 
and Emma buys, it all out so 
■wonderfully- ITS about some¬ 
one who realises the worM is 
.best if shejust leaves itafonea - 
fitfle bit ij. ' — 

“I reread foe .- noveL” 
Heckerling 1 ; continues, “and 
everyfoingifefl into place. Ev¬ 
ery time 4’ would run into 
trouble, 1 would just read it 
. again and go, you knijw. all 
the answers are here. . That 
sense of dlass and the social 
dynamic -4 these are the 
-penile we hang, witih, these 
aren't — holds up. But", she 
says, of foe book. Tit was very 
much, not a selling point" 



Amy Heckerling at work: “Emma was my structural tree" 


Whatever its origins. 
Clueless emerged as one of 
last summer's unexpected siav 
j»ise successes in America—a 
modesfly budgeted film (some 
-$25 minion) mat to daze has 
grossed about $55 million in 
America alone. 

The result has made British- 
bora teenage .star Alicia 
Sflverstone one of Holly¬ 
wood’s hottest “bfoes", while 
reviving the career of its 
director, now 43, a graduate of 
New York Universily and foe 
American Film Institute. - 

Prior to Clueless, 
Heckerling was best bsown 
for foe first two Look-Who's 
Talking films, a parrof win¬ 


some if popular comedies in¬ 
spired by the birth of the 
directors daughter Mollie, 
now aged mix. Motile's cameo 
rede in Clueless, as a child 
journalist who interviews foe 
skateboarding heartthrob 
Tritvis, was cut from die final 
film. 

Heckeriing’s current film 
recalls her maiden directing 
effort. Fast . Times At 
Ridgemont High, a teen com¬ 
edy with nous and boasting a 
cast headed by then-un¬ 
knowns Sean Penn and Jenni¬ 
fer Jason Leigh. 

Did Clueless feel like a 
return to familiar terrain? 
“You do sometimes think. 


‘How many ways are there to 
shoot a classroom?' ” 
Heckerling says. “It*s like, one 
more scene of people at tbdr 
lockers, and III throw up." 

But, she says, “to me, the 
rwo movies are entirely differ¬ 
ent First of all. I did not write 
Ridgemont High, which is 
this non-judgmental slice of 
life in a lower middle-class 
mundane world. When I was 
making Clueless, l thought, 
‘I'm going to geS busted for 
this; they are going to say I'm 
copying myself, but what can 1 
do? If I get blamed for that, so 
be it'." 

Among the singular ele¬ 
ments of Clueless k its highly 
specific language — the press 
kit helpfully includes a glossa¬ 
ry intended for “foe chronical¬ 
ly clueless" — which redefines 
words like “postal" and “toast" 
and invents such new ones as 
“zup" and “jeepin’“I enjoy 
slang, all kinds of slang." 
Heckerling says. "That was 
my favourite part of the film. 1 
compiled my own dictionary 
using words from teen fashion 
and rock’n’roll and of course 
every actor that would come in 
to audition would have his 
own new words." 

Heckerling says she “would 
not be averse to writing the 
sequel — "Clueless In College 
or that sort of thing"— which 
has inevitably been men¬ 
tioned. but she admits that it is 
not easy these days in Holly¬ 
wood to know what to do. 

Trs like, what kind of 
explosion has not already hap- 
pened? What kind of movie 
with a mad bomber have we 
not seen? What They meet, 
they hate each other, they love 
each other* situation?" 

“My favourite movies are A 
Face, in the Crowd . Sweet 
Smell of Success, Reservoir 
Dogs. Mean Streets. I like to 
wateh those, but as far as what 
I am abte to create goes, they 
are much sillier, fighter 
pieces." 


“WHAT A DELIGHT! •* 

A GORGEOUSLY FUNNY AND TENDER STORY WITH 
MARVELLOUS PERFORMANCES. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.” 


ANGIE EJtRIGO - PREMIERE 


“AN Umm ENCHANTING ROMANCE 

ANYONE WHO LIKED ‘CINEMA PABADISO' WET lOVEIT’’ 

ROB DRISCOLL - EMPIRE 



IL POSTING, 


(THE POSTMAN) 


iMWiaBB WiWBMWawB MBH i Mil nwaaaranrtnriiBtominBaaiirai 
■nmiaE&nMmiBOviatf MumimnfiAniBaniHaiBiiM wi m M gi««»wn 

sBtnsamaa nainw mum aamtam mmmunmtmnmuauBtimwmKmamu 




loMbfcateiMrtpmilKEBBa BKOimiOakiki 


Mrauuiranai mwnmunraHi hb ■aisttinQMWB 






STARTS TOMORROW 


CM3 

rorr. ct. «o~ 




i j sj:j. rc tfi > c is ism a s i-uo.y r vov .m > 


V 



















1 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 



■ CHOICE 1 

Christoph von 
Dohn&nyi conducts 
the Philharmonia 
in Mahler’s Fifth 

VENUE: Tonighi at ■ 
the Festival Hall 



LONDON 

CYHANO. First rught o! previews lor 
EdmondRosuncfaUteraHealm- 
sra^.fe*K^wco«rtallnt*8»naeo- 
production urth Tara Arts, todan stage 
and screen star Masaaroddln SHaSi 
plays the swashbucMngkjvBfwffttfw 
ettravoganfly large no* Verse ttoa by 
RantaBoL 

Wtomri (CcHastoei. Scum Bank, set 
10)7]-928225?) PjwtowsttwgW-Tue. 

7 30pn\. mat SaL a.Xpnt. Opens 00 
25.7pm. in rep Q 

THE FAVTT QUEB1. Engksh Nawrul 
Opera oflers a new produdWn of 
Purcell's dazzler as as cortribuHon to 
me composer's tercenienatv 
eons The tesn ol rtredor Davrt 
Pouronay and designers Brtwrt Israel 
and Dunya Rarmcova shauW rvtwifle 
ouao a cpectade lor a piece that decks 
Ihe franewrf. oi A Midsummer togta'3 
□ream w4h masques, pageantry, satire 
and magic See preview, page 37 
CoRsBon. Si MarUVs Lane. WC2 
(0171-632 83001 Tor»jhi.7 30pm Q 

PMUMHMOMA PHEMEBE 
Rehanl Rodney Batmen loBow up he 
recent catwet success »(tea on the 
Part, wot loraghfs premors at Part/tt ter 
Orchestra. Clirewph von Dohranyi 
conducts ihe programme, which 
irKftides Mertef s Symphony No 5. 
Festival Hall. Saah Bank. SEl (0171- 
9604242). TongW. 7 30pm 6 


□ B-ROAD MOVIE; MaQflW R» and 
Sue ByeffiB, Ihe mwnftve oerrte duo ot 
Up Sen/fca. bring thew mast mo*- 
meda larce here ter iust mee 
pertor m anoea 

Hackney Empire. 29i Mare Street, E8 
(0181-9858434) Toraght-Sat 8pm 

B EDDIE B2ARD-'The qmfry 
cometflan retuns lor anoiher season d 
surreal musmgs on fife. 

Shaftesbury. ShahesbuyAve, WC2 
(0171-379 S399). Tue-Set 8pm: Sua 
7.30pm 0 

□ FUNNY HONEY: Ray Cocney plays 
tta man who finds a beg of benk-nores 
In Ms taiest farce; Charts Drake 
weltert as a sorety-med raxKtihrer. 
Playhouse. No rtfr un fra tend Avenue. 
W2 (Or71-83?4401] Mon-Sat. ton. 
mats Thus. 3pm and SaL 5pm.fi) 

■ THE GLASS MENAGERIE Rns 
performances, by Zd 6 Wenamaker. 

Clare Sterner. Ben Chapftn and Mark 
Dexter m Tennessee wanms's etegoc 
play irf false hqpss and stotered 
dreams. 

Dononr Warehouse, Eartiam Street. 
WC2(0t71 36B 1733 TueSaL 8pnt 
mots Thus. Sat and Sul 4pm. S 

O THE HOTHOUSE Assated by 
crises n amyUBnom detention carve. 
Harold Pntar Is msn^fcxrsly funny, 
feaSrgtfiestrongcas(fnhBown.long- 
twned pby. VVKh Tony Haiguth. CMb 
trme and John Shrapnel 
Comedy. Panran Sheet, SW1 (0171- 
369 17311 Mon-SflL 7 45pm: rras 
Thus. 3pm and Sal, 4pm. 


NEW RELEASES 

THE NEON BIBLE ()5) A senstove 
joy's cMdhood n ihe American &t*e 
BdL Disappointing Mm horn director 
Terence Davies, win Gena Rowlands 
and Jeer* Tierney. 

Lumtere (017183b OWi] 
NIGHTWATCH (IB) Mugua 
nrghrwatchman gets Bw pttwt Oarvsfi 
IhrUer wnh a lew classy mmmings 
Drocrar. Ole Bomedal 
Metro (0171-437 07571MGM 
PteeadBy (0171-4373561) 

SPECJS (I SI kfcitantherone causes 
havoc n LA Hasty. M-tooted creature 
lealure. vrth NatBsha Henstndge and 
Ben Kingsley 

Empire (Oi 71-437 1234) MGMx 
Baker street pi 71-935 977a CMm 
p17K15£«»6)Treeed«H>S(Dl7l- 
434 a»J/Ptoa PI71-4371234) tWl 
Whtoteya ® pi71 -792 3332) 

THE WILD BUNCH (18): Wiltarn 
Hctden's ouBam have ore bsL bloody 
ffevg. Sam Peclwpah's classic Western 
of 1969. released wsh ten mnutes 
restored. 

MGN Shaftesbury Anew (0171436 

6279f Warner ® (0)71-437 43«) 

CURRENT 

• APOLL013 (PGl The near-fatal 
rnoonmcsayiof 1970. Sptendrt mages, 
but cwwertional dwna WKh Tom 
Hanks. Vewi Bacon and Ed Hams 
Bartteenffl icn7i-638«59ii Empire 
© (0990fflSSCft MGUk Baker Street 
(0171 -935 9772) Fulham Roed (0171 - 
370 2636) Tlrocadero 0(0171-43* 
0031) NoCtfng HW Coronet SP17I- 
7276705) Odeons: Kensington (01*26 
91*6661 Swire Cottage (01*26914 
«5| UO WTUtBfcye © pf 71-79233321 


TODAY’S CHOICE 


Adafly gukldto arts 
and en te rtainment 
complied by Kris Anderson 


ELSEWHERE 

AL0EBURGK The tea* of OHs year's 
BrSien (esiRQl »s the mtraerdnety 
iradflon that produced Smetana. 

Dvorak. Sufc and. new. Petr Ebert. 

BrOtsn and the Czech Connection. 
Celebrations open wtm tortflWs 
perfoimanoe ol Smetana s The 
Bjrt&sd Bnda. lefowad by redials, an 
imagin a tive "unprov" proyarnmew#! 
Pen bwi. «vl a work) premiere tor 
Bntten's KngArtfnr Suite. 

Feethrel Bos Offica Ftoi Street 
pi728 4535431 Until Sul 

SOUTHAMPTON Dwe*. Deane takes 
all the hn and mage ol Lewis CerrutTs 
Afice in WOndertand torhs first «i- 
length crealian ter English Hobonei 
BMeLIl pranseres ranigtii and «i 
adaHnr lo the famViar characters Deane 
even promises aBying nouse Designs 
ate by Sure Blane and special eflects kv 
Areona Paul Kievo.'with a 
TctuAovsicy score specially arranged by 
Carl Davis 

Mayflower. Commaroai ftead P17C3 


■ CHOICE 2 

Britten’s Czech 
connection is 
explored in an 
Aldeburgh festival 

VENUE: Unrfl Sunday 
at Snape Maltings 


THE ; 


(TIMES 


THEATRE GUIDE 


Jeremy tOngeton'e aosasment 
o( theatre showing In London 

■ House tuU, returns only 
B Some seats avattatte 
□ Seats at ag prices 


B THE MARRIAGE OF MR 
MISSISSIPPI. FrtectKh DOrrenmaCs 
macabre and baarre 1951 ptay where 
feu men at vanous polibcd conwoens. 
protesa tow for irte rems woman 
New End. Hampstead. NW3 (0171-794 
OOSS}. Opens tareght ton- Then Tue- 
Sui, 8pm; mat Sun. 4pm.fi 

□ TM5 MASTS1BUIU7ER: Alan 
Bates Gemma Jonas and new young 
asress-to-war* wauia Harnkon. m 
ibaan's male menoparse drama Petar 
HaP'a rch yet lucid revival 

Theatre Royal, Haymartat SW1 
t017t-930 88001. Mon6-H. 7 45pm. 
mats Wed and SaL Jem © 

□ SIXTH BRITISH FESTIVAL OF 
VISUAL THEATRE. Astorahinely 
Ouarse body at wortc. British and 
rore^i Uana.cabaret.puppwthaare. 
bycompornss perferrrang tor tome 
days almost. 

BAC. Lavender HU, Battersea. SW11 
(0171-223 2223) UntIOct29 B 

B THE STEWARD OF 
CHRISTENDOM RnaJwoekol 
palormancss fer Sebastian Barry's fine 


CINEMA GUIDE 


Gaofl Brown's ■caamnont of 
Gkna In London and (where 
Indicated with the symbol*) 
on relaaen across itm country 


♦ ASSASSINS US) Cal and mousr- 
games tetwean reo contract Inters. 
Reasonable action ttwifer. won Sytester 
Staflone. Amorw Banderas and'JUBme 
Moore Onecrcx. RKharaCtemer. 

MGMs: Ftriham Road (0171-370 
26361 Trocadero ® 10171-434 0031) 
Odeonffarhfe Arch P 142b 9145011 
UCIWWteJeyB® (0171 793 3332) 
Warner ® »171 -437 4343) 

COLD FEVER (IS) A Japanese ms4or 
loumeys across Iceland wonderful, drad 
Mm from (hector Fndnk Thor 
FndnLsson. pad®d «rth siuirwtg 
images 

MGM Hoymarkat <0171-833 1527) 
Odeon Kensington W1428 914866) 

DOLORES CLAIBORNE (181 
Powerful Stephen Kkfl adawarwi mm 
hathy Bates as ihe note and mother 
twice accused ol nwder VWh Jemtfei 
Jason Lereh Drector. Ta» v * Haddc»d 
WaroerfS (0171-437 4343) 

4 FORGET PARIS 112) '^anB«y 
Crystal arte Debra Wnger make fhw 
Kw altar suck''Do we care' A bumpy 
romantic corned/ 

MGM Cheftta 19'71452 50961 
OdoooarXwialngtDn (0142601468^ 
Swiss Cottage 101426 914098) West 
End pi 06 915574) UC1 WNBsteys Q 
ptrr-^c?332i 


7 1 1611). TrreDK-SaL 7 30pm: mas 
today and Sat. 2 30pm Q 

MANCHESTER Amanda Donahue 
b*as mo title role o( anretoerg's Itoa 
Jufle Oreded by ftahem Muray. mffi 
Muck O'Kane as ihe vafet Mane 
Francis r»s fiancee 
Royal Exchange. Sr Arm's Squue 
(Offif-833 9633). Opens IcragW. 

7.30pm Thai Man-There, 7 30pm. Fri. 
SO. 8pm. SaL 4pm. Un» Nov 18 ® 

Also ro Manchester terecM. «ie HaM 
Ordiesto's farmer music director. 
Sranetow Srowacaewela. retuns U) 
conduct a programme d DwMt ml 
Shostakovich. Conductor OtKm Arwel 
Hugfws and vteEKtTasrrvn Latte 
appear vwh the orchestra on Sauday 
n Kenrfa tar Errand Beethoven 
HneTradeHaO, Pater SreeiBCQi 61- 
8341712). Tartspt. 740pm. KandaL 
Westmorland Haflfi IOS39 72351 ij. 

LONDON GALLERIES 

BarMcan. Qua Carrington f0171-638 
4i4h . QwiBM Crafts fwfr Old 
Town Halt (0171-7386720) . 

National Gsltary Three Panbngs by 
Piero d Cosmo (0171-747 2B8S) . 
National Portrefl Gafary John Korea) 
Photographic Portrait Award (0171 -308 
0055) Royal Academy-Africa: Art ol 

aCondnern(OI7l-439743ffl.. Tate 
Tudu end Jacxtbean Palranga (0171- 
68780001 V* A. Des»yi Noar San 
Utrenzo SlfveraiWhs (0171-336 8500) 


andmowrigmsmorypMy Donald 
McCann outstereknQ aa me w-(3wl of 
Oublin's pdk» fa the fast yeas ol 
Brash rute. Possciy the best ptey at 
1085. 

RoyM Court Stoane Squae. 9N1 
(0171-7331745). Tonight-SaL 740pm. 

E THREE TALL WOMEN. Maggre 
StrNh. Sara KesrOman end Samartha 
Bond fa Ednwd Afcae'fl teecnatng 
p>jy about the adopbwinottiw who 
withered tss dVktvud. 

Wyn t to wm . Qairio Ooas Road. 

WC2 (0171-388 1736). Ti»SaL 8pm 
mats Wed and Sat. 3 pm 

□ WHAT A SHOWT: Musical 
spectacular revolving arouvf Tommy 
Seale, wftostogs, dances, guns and 
remembers the old days 
Prince of Wales, Coventry SnecL W1 
(01 n-6393 5887) MonGatapm. mats 
Wad, 3pm and SaL 5pm. 

LONG RUNNERS 

D Blood Brothers. PhOenu (0171 -367 
1044). O Dead GfaWy-Acioto (0171- 
4945070). .□ Don't Drees for 
Dinner. OudiesS (0171-4945070). 
a Fame: The MoMcal Cambndge 
(D171-4945083).. . DThe huyuta r na 
ol Betog Earnest: Old Vc SE< (0171- 
9287616). . B Indian Me AkPrych 
(0171-4166000).. BLee 
Ms d raWeiPataoe (0171-43409091 
B Steriigm Express- Apado Vfctena 
(0171-82886®) .B7he Woman fat 
Black.-Fortune (0171-836 2230) 

Tlckel IrfofTTMhcn suppked by SooeTy 
of London Theatre 


LAND AND FREEDOM 115): KM 
Loach's porreriU Spanish CM War 
drama, wdh ten Han. Rosana Pbsssi 
C helsea (0171-3513742) Ctepham 
Picturo Houaa (0171-496 3323) 

Croon Weal End (01712891722) 
Renoir (0171-837 6402) Richmond 
10181-332 0030) RBzy (0171-7372121) 
ScraenfGrean (0171-235 3520) 

♦ THE NET (12) Utowraerinotogv bu 
enpyaofa dd thrtts. with Sandra Butock 
as a computer e*perf n pert 

MGM Ctretoea (0171-3525035) 
Odaona: Kansfngton [01426 9146661 
Swiss Cottage (01 «26914096) West 
End 10142691S574J UCI Whaafeysfi 
(0 J71-7S23332) 

♦ POCAHONTAS IU): Strangery (M 
sfice ol American history, a backward 
step for Ctonev cartoons after Afadtfin 
and ThsLfarj Mig: Wth the voroasU 
Me) Gfoson and Irene Bedard 
Ctapham Picture House (0171-496 
3323) MGM Chelsea (017I-3525096) 
Odeons KenMngion (01426 914666) 
Laicestar Square (01426 915683) 
Swiss Cottage (01426914098) 
Scnren/Bator Street (0171-935 2772/ 
uawMtaleys6l0171 7923332) 
WATERWORLD AcquabctoCvwm 
speaactiar achui but no> enough 
script wm Kevin Ojstrwr. Derm 
Hooper and Jeanne TnppHian 
MGMTlrocadaroiS <0171-434 0031) 
Plaza (0171-4371234) 

♦ WHILE YOU WERE SIPPING 

{PGl SartJraButot-puses as Ihe 
fancrie o» a ramatee hurfv. A^eeabte 
vetadeteraretreshrognewsrar WithBii 
P'Anan and Peter Gafagher 
MGMToOanluai Court Road 10171- 
636 61481 Odeona: Kensington 101426 
9146661 Mezzanine IS '01'*38915353, 

uc» wwaieyaS(0i7i-7a?:ittr) 


ARTS 

Pottering 





■ THEATRE! 

Son of Man, 
Dennis Potter’s 
controversial 1969 
play about Jesus, 
is fitfully revived 
bytheRSC -- 



■ THEATRE 2 

AJo1)urg slnmis 
Re setting for/ : 
Marabua 
powerful account 

. offifeorfte . 
bottom rimg * 


i »T7T' , l>IM.«iv= 


Sou of Man 

Barbican Pit 

I am a Pontius Pilate man 
myself, rather than a Si- 
mon Peter one or a Jesus - 
of Nazareth man. But it is far 
from dear where Dennis Pot¬ 
ter aligns himself in the stage- 
play he adapted from his BBC 
television script in 1969. 

One does not have to be a 
Christian to find the character 
of Jesus Christ abidingly inter¬ 
esting. Any man who has 
exerted for so long and so 
powerfully an influence on 
other mens minds deserves 
close scrutiny, particularly 
since we possess so few verifi- •. 
able facts about his person¬ 
ality. When the scales fell from 
Paul's eyes on tire road to 
Damascus they fell onto die 
body of Jesus and obscured 
him from our sight for ever. 

Under the old. censorship 
tews. British dramatists were 
prevented from showing 
Christ in tire theatre, and 
when the Lord Chamberlain's 
blue pencil was snatched from 
him. in 1968, Potter was the 
first writer to take advantage juscj 
of the new dispensation. 

As the title implies, this events 
version of Christ is a man thoug 
merely. Potter introduces no greatl 
miracles into his story, nor Bryde 
does he find a place for the reveal 
Last Supper. His Christ is a since' 
carpenter who. possibly after a lep 
an epileptic fit, comes up with mirac 
the shattering message that fafled' 
men must love their enemies. Jewisl 
By presenting us with a society this 
oppressed by Roman cruelty survh 
the injunction is given its Josepl 
vivid, extraordinary and, movet 
some wall think, nonsensical unten 
novelty. God’s 

But this production does not which 
simply give us Potter's view of Aft* 

From tribes 
to dives 

Marabi 
Theatre Royal, 
Stratford East 


T his is one of the main theatrical 
offerings of the Africa 95 season. 
Would that there were more. Set in the 
1930s slums of Jolmrg’s Doomfbntein, 
soon to be removed try the authorities. 
Marabi is delightfully adapted by 
Junction Avenue Theatre Company 
from The Marabi Dance by Modikwe 
Dikobe. the first black novelist to 
portray poor urban life. 

Malcolm Purkeys workshop pro¬ 
duction is a warm celebration and 
sharply critical appraisal of Doom- 
foniein's bottom-rung black culture, 
both riven and rich, caught between 
the still-respected tribal customs of the 
farmlands (abandoned after the dis¬ 
possessing Land Act) and the next 
generation's attraction to the Marabi 
music dubs. Those chibs, rough and 
ready but red-hot. are the subject of 
scorn, admiration and argument, mor- 



jeZctirfi? 1 V ^ ' . vT O 

m iWM- 



Joseph Fiennes as Jesus, about to be betrayed, in fee Royal Shakespeare Company staging of Pottefs Son of Mon 


events: it is Patter altered, 
though I cannot say how 
greatly, by the director. Bill 
BrydetL Tire original cast list 
reveals characters who have 
since vanished—a dove seller, 
a leper (was there once a 
miracle, or a healing that 
ftuled?) and another crudfied 
Jewish rebel Something of 
this last incident may be 
surviving in the scene where 
Joseph Fiennes’s Jesus is 
moved, by the sight of an 
Lin tenanted cross, to contrast 
God's tree with the purpose to 
which men have pul it . 

After the opening, set in 


Hayden Griffin’S realistic car¬ 
pentry shop, the eight work¬ 
benches are pushed together 
and planks fitted firmly on top 
to create a cruciform platform, 
on which most of the subse¬ 
quent action occurs. For much 
of the time Bryden marshals 
toe cast sensibly, creating 
effective tableaux with the 
disciples at toe centre of toe 
cross or towards toe bade. 

But toe two trial scenes are 
afrodously staged. Caiaphas 
was looking at Jesus for a long 
time, and I expect Jesus was 
doing something or other, but 
my section of toe audience had 


no idea-what, obscured as he 
was by toe umnoving bulk of 
two temple priests. Blow me if 
two Roman soldiers didn't 
replace toem when it was 
Pilate's turn. No director 
should be permitted to show 
such contempt . for . his 
audience. ■ 

Rennes’s performance accu¬ 
rately gives us what Potter 
seems to have wanted, an. 
uncommon man of the people 
who believes himself inspired 
by his God yet never certain 
that he truly is the Messiah- It 
is a feverish, breathless read¬ 
ing. effective .in these terms 


although, in seeking to convey 
charisma, berth playwright 
and actor cross into dementia.. 

John Standing’s intrigued, 
intellectual Pilate and toe Cai¬ 
aphas 'of Philip Locke, his 
resonant voice soaring and 
plunging, are strong, credible 
interprefotions:. But after 
watching Jesus’s. protracted 
crucifixion, with no writhing 
spared, there is still nothing to 
replain .why this visionary 
inspired a .rdbpon that has 
lasted . .almost as long as toe 
cults of Ancient Egypt 

Jeremy Kingston 


ally loose or maybe leading to a. 
glittering career in black-tie jazz that 

some see as getting on, others as selling 

out . • 

With long-matured skill and spiritu¬ 
al freshness, the company depicts toe 
story of the Mabongo family and toeir 
friends, ranging from the unionised 
Makhalima to Ntebejane, a drunken 
but scintillating Marabi pianist Pre¬ 
senting the struggles between the 
workers and their white masters and 
between patriarchal Mr Mabongo and 
his daughter Martha, a potential star 
singer, toe cast talk jazz and politics in 
the same animated breath, just as they 
lace spoken scenes with a capelia 
songs. 

True, some titesit-teles, especially 
with Martha’s sweetheart, are too 
Qatiy hurried. At the other end of the 
spectrum comes some pretty broad 
caricaturing of home-brewed legless¬ 
ness and tittle-girl romping. But the 
ensemble work is beautiful and the 
comic exaggeration bursting with high 
spirits. 

MarabVs triumph is its effortless 
interlocking^rf pointed political lessons 
with generous comedy. Joan Little- 
wood would be proud. The Stratford 
East audience, terrific as always, 
whoops approval This is Poor Theatre 
with polish- • • 

Kate Bassett 


Overblown 


Fragments erf a Dream’ : 

. Riverside Studios 

W hy, Kate Bassett asks, do toe 
worst plays always come with 
the sound of slow ticking? As the room 
temperature soared, the dramatic ten¬ 
sion sank to new lows and Torn Minter 
tortured us with yet more poetically 
overwritten, psydwfogically erode 
monologues in bis new play concern¬ 
ing the maddening guilt of a ^ait- 
obsessed mother and the uncathartic 
serial killing by a inagraan. Both of 
them happen to-end up in the same 
sanatorium 20 years an from the death 
of the mothers little boy, stabbed in a 
pride sword-box al his birthday party. 
Mutter'S drama is about punishment 
and mercy. . 

The characters’ encounters, as toe 
tide suggests; - could be a cerebral 
fantasy seen in flashes. The opening 
scene of toe mother, Alicia, lavishing 
affection on her boy and quarrdling 
with he jealously Msffi&g.lius&ana 
turns out to be in her unhappy mind 


We next seeJher woken,by a caring 
. nurses Alicia's fete husband b^ now the 
<-mrf pers onificatio n of her nmscimce: 

Regrettably, toe concept of hnagmar 
turn ls chimsfly managed. During that 
. ■ first scene, Atida in ccaiversation wifh 
!.van invisible dtikd.looks tikeadesperate 
."casting, derision,-.-Weft if. toummy 
. (Rachel Herbert) is doing a convuraeg- 

• enough impression of. insanity. Many, 
scenes are (merrifitQy) brief, potential 
dreamfragments were it not for toe' 
clunking scene-changes. . 

, Nevertheless,.^ Bruce^ Alhol Mac- 
Kinnon's basic backdrop/a patchwork 
- of fading ‘grey square!- creates a 
suitably-" grim . mindkape . against 
' .which Ian Culferr’s white-gloved con¬ 
jurer. with his sunKm face and cranky, 
cheeksuit, is vaguely nightmarish. 

-. MinteTswritmg is not without hope. 
There are same surprising plot twists, 
an incipient lyrical beat and^ a stylistic 
boldness. The large cast, though strug- 
, glin&.do get into their stride 

But this inace is a bizarre muddle of 
pseudnShakespearean turns ("Come 
stupid murderer"), near-gotfBc melo- 
tframa fltemn ym?* mother”) and a 
_ modem hospital drama, with toe 

• Nurse embariemg on lectures in reii- 

gio-medkal ethics whenever she passes 
Mafron in-toe corridor. Mintert 
dialogue is unbelievable. Our dreams 
are peopled by more frighteningly real 
human beings. - . 




W 


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fetMmwnmd the . 
wojidbalfleitout 



MUSIC 2 


Tmetohis 
falsetto: top 
counter-tenor 
MichaelChance 
on ENO’snew 
Purcell staging 



DANCE 


And all that 
jazz: Orphy 
Robinson supplies 
the music for 
Phoenix’s new 
work at the Wells 



TOMORROW 


Alan Jackson on 
the mix of 
pop-star glamour 
and kitchen-sink 
realism that 
is Human League 


Richard Morrison on the battle of the batons at the Bernstein conductors’ competition in Jerusalem 



jncMfc'Sg 

stemt Bor; 


§alem last tp yatcb a persotfeity and tednritjje.'T KfiafsS- 
.jury of 14 -fop Orch^saral' musicians beiffhe^first ctaiducting tompehteocl 
and mu^adnimistn^^ ■' everw^hed/* said Humphrey Bui- 

of the world's most promising young. t ; ton*' Bernstein’s biographer. '•’The 
^conductors. . Each Was. given ; a 50-J jtoyconsisted of Klemperer, GntHm, 
minute rehearsal to rant rav£ plead V Boult and Walter Legge. Qnecontes- 
and eznpte in, front. of the' Jong-... tamwa^ro traumatised th& he never 
sufferingJerusatap - conducted again."'; 

Orchestra;..’ ;• -/• If technique was impressively dis- 

'Hiis wasr fee First Leonard'Bern:: played last week, however, the young 
stein; Jerusalem Iisierjiational Con- 1 conductors' were far .less good at 
ducdng_ Competition,. # title tyftidi ^conveying their own personalities or 
rtsdfinigjht \ym a prire for reducing investing fetir interpretations with 
unen^Jf^inertt. among'; adjectives. character. When, they stopped .fee 
Held in a;dty that Bernstein'loved ';'inus^-'it'.was'mostity to fass otter 
periiaps more than'any . bfeer, the . detail rar^y to impose sonte;Big 
competition was backed, by many of Idea. $ad few. could command a 


Wood^ialt Competitions are te®- 
daL cfeanfly; bar feat very artificial¬ 
ity tefgiv to exaggerate. 8jm. -fe 
persCHtalily and tednticpje.^ «&&&»- 
berffhelfiist conducting tompetitiocl 
ever wtijdKd.- said Humphrey pur- - 


VITAL MUSIC ,M "«</„*"■ 

■ J rtf/Pil f'tf ft* <jt ijf/tff *i 


STIMULATING YOUNG CONDUCTOR 


playedlast week. however, theyoimg 
conductors; were far less good at. 
. conveying tbeh own personalities or 
investing fetir interpretations wife 
character. When, they stopped .fee 
music, it- was mostly to ness over 
detail rarely to impose some Big 
Idea. And few .couto connnand a 


. *// ft nc* ^ 

tt </in'n //,s i-ettf/* ft// 


the great musical ensembles daselyreally tefijng verbal metaphor .to 
associated wife ftim 0nduding fee ‘ infuse fee players* in^gmatido. M Fif- 
London Symphony. Orchestra. the ^ntinfeesBalMigfnneto rehearse if 
Vienna. New York and Israel PhD 1 - • you. have’nothing to say about a 
harmonics and-fee’ Ctmcertgrixmw... jneeft,* one judge dbasrved. 
Orchestra) as well: as fee maestro’s Yet among fee six conductors.who 
record companies. . 1 ' v. - 
Each sponsoring organisation 
pledged-® giveworktofee winner, as 


made it to the last round — Where' 
each rehearsed. and performed a 
work:revealed.to them only on fee 


well as to any other conductors feat', previous . night: — there was real 


K ‘ v/?". 


caught fee eye. And the promise of tafenL The Russi^ Audrey Boreyko, 
dates wife such histridus bands as the who hasbeen chief conductor of fee 
Vienna Phil, rather than fee cash . Poznan Pbflharmohic in Poland for 
prize of $2SJXXX is probahfy what three .years, .fed detailed work on 
attracted such a high teitelafexflrant, Beethoven's Eroica, bra then started 
The irony, perhaps, is feat Bernstein i to bully 'fee players unpleasantly, 
himself never entered any sort of shouting “boring, boring" at the 
competition. He never needed to; his - vtofirn (which it was, actually); and 
was the classic Tacky break” (step- then screaming “mare” al the dimax- 
pmgmtoccmductalivetffoadcastof es. Tt reminded me. of _Beecham’S, 
a New York concert' wta Brifeoi ! femous^ febortatioh. to fee BBC 



Walter fen HI), anditwas senedwife" Syn^hdOTOrthestrainalve broad-- 
suefa dazzling flah- feaffhiscareer was cast of Sibefius’s Second Symphony: 
instantly assured. j^gay. you t*igger?”. ;But Beecham, 

What did lasSvwegtouqte^s^; ^wbo < way rith**engugb to buy the 
abom.th£capalaljtiesM|ii^scMay r ipEaESes^ and probably fee BBC as: 
young' amduc&r&jfhe AHfcMa^AvilUg h^h^/ussfolrolemapdelfo^, • 
goocUnd'.bad. Mostiof.fe&ltfiaaKns'i •• “ V.. 


OCTOBER 8th THRU APRIL 1st 
1945-46 SERIES OF CONCERTS 

12 MONDAY EVENINGS at 8:30 
6 TUESDAY EVENINGS at 6 


YORK CITY CENTER 


(whittled down from ^ : ^pf®feants ..*n3h ccas^aFccATtrast was ..fee doB- ' 
from mare thah' 4G r co®#raes) are Kke Shnfmg Guo front Cluna. She-, 
already a»aiuctpig.feenownorctes- vny)ved -her.; arms beautifully, she. 
tras, or hojdmg assistam-ctmdnctor Joctod djarmin^ and sbe was clears - 


list WEST S5il» STREET 


F. N. LA OUARDIA. Pr*a. 


tras, or. holding assistam-iamductw looked djariningi and she t 
posts wife seme ; of. fee-ihaggesf V ! ^^weH-sa>pdte±AWeaem 
American ortfeestras.#ndtheyaxdd^--^^ box-office 

boast terrific tedmique: confident ' should. st^> her -up. But fee bad 
precise and dear, even under pres- nofeingsfriidngtorayfeomMoaart 
suns. And fee proceedings were More interesting was a Lebanese 
pressurised fw. ite jury — rafeer Ameocajt George Bfelivanian. who 
unusually — sat right behind die . trietffe turn the Jerusalem Sympho- 


•. Yoofefal promise Leonard Bernstein seized his lucky break to become an unstoppable young star 


orchestra, gBaring meeacrngty at the ^ny Orchestra into a s^iish Haydn 
contestants.. • .ensemble: in 60. minutes: he fetiled 

But feed, if yocmg oonduc^prs _ honourably, but he is a muacian to 
crumble under fels sort,of pressure;'^ watdi. : r • .. ,, 

they are not going toberauen. goodin -. It was the English c o nductor 
frmttrfamtofeentBrifchorfeesfra . David Wroe,however. who really set 
cbt a wet Moadayrnoraing in Henry , fee competition alight wife his . 


charmingly idiosyncratic perfor¬ 
mance of BerastEin’s Divertimento, 
and his disarmingly witty rehearsal 
manner. Who is David Wroe? You 
ntight wdl ask, since this Doncaster- 
born lad has been shamefully ne¬ 
glected by fee mchefeas and opera 
companies of his own country, and 
; has made his career almost entirely 
in' Midwest America. That must 
change. He deserved to win but did 
/ not, presumably because he was too 
nice to the players. 


Which left two other Far Eastern 
finalists. The Taiwanese conductor 
Wen-pin Chien, fast-rising through 
fee ranks of German opera houses, is 
a competent professional, though his 
overblown performance of Shostako¬ 
vich^ Fifth Symphony was flattered 
by its runner-up ranking. Even more 
surprising, to my ears, was the choice 
of the Japanese conductor Yutaka 
Sado as fee winner. He made a 
Schumann symphony sound as bom¬ 
bastic as a Sousa march, and 


exhibited all the Bernstein manner¬ 
isms (he was one of Bernstein’s 
favourite pupils! but little of Bern¬ 
stein'S innate musicality. Also, he 
grunted loudly as he conducted: a 
Monica Seles of the podium. 

Still half the fun of a competition 
lies in disagreeing with the jury. Sado 
is probably on fee verge of a massive 
careen he certainly has the full 
repertoire of melodramatic gestures 
at his disposal But the grunting must 
stop. 


MitfiaelChance isgwing The Fairy Queen a new old voice, says John Allison 
















i**r.i* 


rTThosteVvho godo^ntotite. 

I Coliseum mmght are in , 
X fer a big. ??uprise, al 
least tbose who know feeff 
Fairy Queen. Purcell’s “semf-V. 
opexaT. based fr^tfier loosfe’J' 
on A Midsummer Nighrs ' 
Dream, has been sta^d; in,- 
countless different .ways. But 
for his first 'return-^English • 
Natitjml Opera in almost two • 
years the company's former . 
director .DxnA\ 

scenario which mchtdes fear;;' 
acters with, srufe' up-ShalaH t; 
spearian xiaxnss as> Jaiael ^ 
Caroline and Dick. ‘ f ' - f > *- 
The last of these is pire of fee 
ardt^ipal mortals 'who pur- . 
ney through fee faiiy realm, l. 
arid he vwB 1» s?mg p^ope of 
the wrap's leafeng Txarater- 
tenors, Mifes^Otance:’Wfe * 
several performances and re-. 
cordingsof The'Fafy Queen . 
to his credit Chance is enthu¬ 
siastic about Pountney's ap- 
proach. ’"The ‘ncwi’j^otechoes . 
A Midsummer Night’s [ 
Dream, hut is transfemsa onto 
Purcell’s music iwibout fey 
dialogue ar alL Since the piece 
works so well in concert form, . 
I think feis is a wise dedsiwi. .. 
It hangs together beautifully, 
and makes a mufih more 
paJaiabte evening." r 
In END’S new yersiwi. ti» " 

counter-temjr does not Rtf. all 

feat many arias. “Jbe distri¬ 
bution of .parts between fee 
high tenor and tew alto ts 
always a problem^ are a m 
music of this period, fed 


.-: v *’ v. • - 


.'-s • •. ;• 


Ithe counter 







Chance: “TTfcis sort of voice has become fashionable* 


j> pajfimlariy in. this pfece. Here 

*■:<$ f K^SofinoaanhfcBWl 
lave the mu»c I smg: fee 




lave the music I smg: fee 
energy and invaitiveiKSs m 
fcis piece are staggenug-" 
n-mnfg is glad.® have sung a 
lot of Purotil in fids 
nan- year, hut cautions: “ Asso- ■ 
el ating fee coumer-tehor voice 
wife Purcell isrtricky- ft ^; 
always thought he 
counter-tenor, . bid ream- 


service m^which hfiioofc part 


had been misread. Veiy few of 
bis songs have' the right 
counter-tenor range.” 

Was Purcell “The Greatest 
Genius We Ever Had"? “I 
think its all right to hyjehim 
-up in his yefe, - and in fee 
'pafifeemi' * ©rest En glis h 
composers he is oatainfy up ; 
there wife Elgar fed Britten. 
His range if.a- mailc_of Ids 
genius; he's s v^f sunDar in 
feat respect tty. Britten." In-;, 
deed, it was wife Britten* 
music that fee fortunes of the 
modern counter-tenor 
Chfeged, n* Operatic roles of 
Oberon {Midsummer Nights 
Dream) and Apollo tpeoth in 
Venice) were ^breakthrough.. 

“Until feen fee .repertory 
was rnudi more limited. But 
much as I enjoy surging Oher- 
on, 1 think weVc come a long. 
way since feen . in . terms of 
ideas about die counter-tenca - 
voice, (^enm .stags, beautiful 
music, but it is aU slow, spjxiky 
arid disembodied^ and JtasJed 


people to have just one idea of 
what: fee counter-tenor is. 
Now, especially with the Ger¬ 
mans. Afeericans and Austra¬ 
lians,, many counter-tenors 
have -broken that mould. 
Whereas English singers have, 
tended to come from an eccle¬ 
siastical tradition, others 
inight have discovered their 
talent only in a high-voiced' 
party turn. I’ve tried to bridge 
that gap,” 


C hance himself has. 
played no small pan in 
“liberating" the voice. 
Several composers have been 
inspired by the unusual purity 
and sweetness of his tone to 
. write, new muric. He. has 
created roles in. Birtwistle'S 
, The Second Mrs Kong (“work- 
. mg - vifeb. Birtwistle seriously 
chafiengte your orthodox view 
Of .fee world - ) and Judith 
WeifS A Night at the Chinese 
Opera £one of the most 
enjqyable things I've done’}. 


Away from the operatic 
stage, fee counter-tenor voice 
has suddenly gained populari¬ 
ty. as such phenomena as the 
recently-recorded Three 
Cpunier-Tenors spoof and a 
new movie about the celebrat¬ 
ed 18th-century castrato 
XFhrineni suggest “I think ifs 
wonderful .that this son of 
voice has become fashionable. 

- Some may see us as being 
•. .grotesques, but for many. 

, especially, women, the combi- 
‘ nation of the male appearance 
and a more feminine sound is 
very , attractive. There is a 
-'.-caressing way "in which the 
counter-tenor phrases. I don’t 
tfnhk ft has got apytoing to do 
; wife campness. dr is,a sexual 
thing:" 

Rxr Chance, singing so high 
comes naturally. “Wien my 
voice began to break, I 
dropped down to the alto line 
in the school choir and stayed 
there without thinking about 
iL I've handy ever sung at 
'normal' baritone pitch, not 
■ even in the shower — it uses 
different muscles." From 
school Chance went as a 
choral scholar to King's Coll¬ 
ege, Cambridge; where he 
read English but found 
enough time to work in fee 
straight theatre and in opera- 

- Society productions. 

•: “IS® always loved theatre, 
and one of fee reasons I enjoy 

- dkfoig opera so much is that in 
this country we’ve got so many 
imaginative minds at work on 
fee lyric stage, not least in fee 
Baroque repertory. Fortunate¬ 
ly. we’ve got past presenting 
Handel as. oratorio in drag. 
His music is strong enough to 
take most things, and 1 think 
Purcell’s is, too. Having seen a 
lot of Pountney shows. I’m 
enjoying working with him. 
This Fairy Queen is visually 

. interesting. The audience will 
be constantly entertained, if 
not occasionally baffled." 

• The Fairy Queen opens at the 
London Coliseum (D/71'632 8300) 
tonight 


Bold move trips 
up on the steps 


I n one of the most ambi¬ 
tious undertakings in its 
14-year history, Phoenix 
Dance Company has teamed 
up with fee British jazzman 
Orphy Robinson for the big 
new work of its 1995-96 season. 
Robinson has composed fee 
music for Movements in 8; his 
band and vocalists share the 
stage wife the dancers — fee 
first time the Leeds-based 
company has performed wife 
live music and singers. The 
work highlights fee change in 
the company's status, from a 
regional alhnale fringe outfit 
in its early incarnation to the 
viable national contemporary 
dance company it has become 
today. 

Whether Movements in 8 
bears equal significance in its 
own right is another question. 
Robinson has written a 
freeform jaa-funk suite feat 
takes inspirationfrom African 
Thythms but is infused with a 
wide range of musical 
flavourings. The choreogra¬ 
phy feat partners it is the 
result of a collaboration be¬ 
tween Phoenix’S' artistic direc¬ 
tor. Maggie Morris, and her 
assistant, Gary Lambert. In 
this case, two heads are not 
better than one Movements in 
8 meanders through varying 
moods, slides in and out of 
focus, the product- of a seem¬ 
ingly wayward attention span. 

Starting wife a sequence 
that finds all of the dancers 
swaying in the kind of hypnot¬ 
ic self-absorption one would 
find at a drug-induced rave, 
fee piece moves on through 
athletic tumbling and whiz¬ 
zing rums into a terrific dis¬ 
play of individual virtuosity. 
With these daredevil solos 1 % 
piece picks up pace and vari¬ 
ety, so badly needed after the*, 
bland predictability of what 
has gone before: women pre- 


Phoenix 
Sadler’s Wells 


B ut the unexpected sur¬ 
prise of the evening was 
Chantal Donaldson’s 
Never Still (sponsored by the 
Halifax Bunding Society), 
which opens the triple bill 
Donaldson is a Phoenix danc¬ 
er, this is her second choreo¬ 
graphic commission for fee 
company. In Never Still fee 
strange sound world of 
Hugues Le Bars sets her off on 
an energy-consuming explora* 
tion of human relationships. 
The six dancers spin and 
cartwheel their way through a 
range of interactions, from 
circumspection and watchful¬ 
ness to sensual exhibitionism 
and sunny communal games. 
The movement has vivacity, 
velocity and a genuine group 
dynamic. An accomplished 
piece of work, indeed. 


Debra Crajne 


*2SS2HSE 


From Pastoral 


to pyrotechnics 


HAVING said that he was not 
sure about presenting Beetho¬ 
ven’s Sixth and Seventh Sym¬ 
phonies in the same concert— 
both second-half items in his 
opinion — Sir Simon Rattle 
went on to demonstrate what 
congenial programme com¬ 
panions they can be. 

He did. however, take risks. 
There was little danger in fee 
Pastoral Symphony, expan¬ 
sive and unhurried though the 
interpreration was. In fee 
third programme in fee Bee¬ 
thoven cycle they are giving in 
Birmingham. London and 
Frankfurt. Rattle and the City 
of Birmingham Symphony 
Orchestra are thoroughly at 
ease with the stylistic require¬ 
ments and unconcerned by all 
but a few of fee technical 
problems involved. 

The radiance in fee strings, 
the purity of the wind sound, 
fee naturalness of fee phras¬ 
ing — fee actual playing was 
itself attractive enough to sus¬ 
tain interest in an interpreta¬ 
tion which, though it 
undervalued neither the har¬ 
monic inspirations in the slow 
movement nor fee dramatic 
intervention of fee storm, 
could only momentarily be 


CBSO/Rattle 
Symphony Hall, 
Birmingham 


jolted out of its basically 
leisurely preoccupations. 

The risks were in fee Sev¬ 
enth Symphony after fee inter¬ 
val. For once, wife quality of 
sound less and less of a 
priority as fee performance 
went on, fee decision to open 
fee doors to the reverberation 
chambers in Symphony Hall 
made complete sense: the su¬ 
perficial textural confusion in 
fee finale was obviously a 
deliberate element in an inter¬ 
pretation where an extreme of 
pressure was to be applied to 
celebrating the vertiginous 
progress of the work and 
where all caution was eventu¬ 
ally abandoned. It was one of 
those performances which, as 
fee reaction of fee cheering 
audience afterwards con¬ 
firmed. cut right through con¬ 
cert-hall convention to a basic 
instinct for a cumulatively 
rhythmic momentum. 


Gerald Larner 


Grisly bears 


COMPARED with its youn¬ 
ger compatriots, fee Moscow 
Chamber Orchestra, formed 
in 1956. has a curiously old- 
world way about it The 
players creep reluctantly on to 
fee platform, take unsmiling 
bows, and offer a programme 
of unremitting austerity. 

Perhaps they were merely 
dispirited by the chemistry of 
a sparse programme on a 
meagre audience. Whatever 
the case, their playing, under 
fee discreet direction of Con¬ 
stantine Orbdian. was stem 
and undemonstrative. 

At times this was refreshing 
in its grave honesty; at times it 
verged on the drab. Their 
founder-conductor, Rudolf 
Barshai, had arranged five of 
Prokofiev’s piano miniatures. 
Visions fugitives, and fee or¬ 
chestra's tine individual disci¬ 
pline and corporate listening 
skills re-created to a nicely the 
sad shudder of a waltz, fee 
brittle verticals of ferocity, and 
the mordant motifs of fee 
ridiculous. 

In Barshai famous ar¬ 
rangement of Shostakovich's 
Eighth Quartet the composer's 
motto theme rose darkly de 
prof and is, creeping through 


Moscow CO/ 
Orbelian 

Queen Elizabeth Hall 


each voice wife a shiver at its 
heart When the theme is 
tautened and accelerated into 
anxiety, the strings carefully 
avoided any brightening of 
tone: when the motto is trans¬ 
formed into a sinister Dies 
true. It was all the more telling 
in its numb understatement 

This sense of stem disci¬ 
pline and a determined rejec¬ 
tion of attention-seeking 
carried over into Tchai¬ 
kovsky’s more spirited and 
flamboyant Souvenir de Flor¬ 
ence. Italy seemed little more 
than a distant mirage: this 
was fee voice of Mother 
Russia, dutiful in counter¬ 
point loyal and unanimous in 
chorus, soulful in song. 

The tiny, tick-tocking 
Haydn Serenade, which they 
played as an encore, was 
Haydn as Buster Keaton — 
and the players took a silent 
wry farewell. 


Hilary Finch 





tending to be sexy, men play¬ 
ing aeroplanes, and everyone 
trying to prove they are “in the 
groove”. This is not fee fault of 
fee dancers. I hasten to add, 
who give fee work more 
commitment and personality 
than it gives them. 

Philip Taylors elliptical and 
dark Haunted Passages, set to 
Britten’s Lacfirymae. has beat 
revived for Phoenix's current 
tour, and justifiably so. At the 
Wells, the taut performances 
of Pamela Johnson, Stephen 
Derrick and Rick)- Holgaie 
captured fee intense mix of 
hope and desperation in the 
angular and spidery choreo¬ 
graphy. 






Stew 1 Wjtf! 


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38 BOOKS ___ the times Thursday October 19 isqs. 

A tale of two empires: how Constantinople fell after the Byzantine millennium, but revived in the Ottoman centuries 




New Rome 




* 


tvy: 


•v$ 




flourishes 



in old age 


it 


Ai 


- tus 


fter its relocation to Con¬ 
stantinople, the lineal de¬ 
scendant of die Roman 
Empire founded by Augus- 
and baptised by Constantine 
lasted another 1123 years and 18 days, 
under persistent threat from barbar¬ 
ian neighbours. John Julius Norwich 
concludes his highly readable three- 
volume survey of Byzantium with its 
last four tumultuous oenturies. 

The question is not why this 
shrinking empire, tom apart at the 
centre by competing factions, finally 
fell to the Turks in 1453, but how it 
managed to last as long as h did. The 
answer lies in the persistence of the 
Byzantines’ own belief in themselves, 
and their extraordinary ability to 
convince even their latter enemies 
that the New Rome embodied in the 
Byzantine Empire was something 
awesome, a centre of Christian 
civilisation and of political authority 
which could impress even Muslim 
neighbours. 

Confounded at the enormity of 
their own success, the Seljuk Turks 
failed to follow up their massive 
victory over the Byzantines at 
Manrikert in 1071. A century later 
they were still desperately frying to 
impress the Byzantines, offering a 
demonstration of the art of flying in 
the Hippodrome at Constantinople in 
a primitive (and lethal} prototype of 
the parachute that consisted of a coat 


David Abalafia 


BYZANTIUM 
The Decline and Fall 
By John Jnfius Norwich 

Viking, £25 


* • 

?-4* 

“3? 


.,'W- ;fc. 



as his overlord only a few years after 
the Emperor had himself been 
obliged to pay tribute to the Turk. 
And not without reason did Mehmet 
n. conqueror of Constantinople, issue 
grandiloquent documents in Greek 
making plain that he was the new 
Roman Emperor, in 1453 the Roman 
Empire had not died, but had rather 


been fulfilled, with a new, Muslim 
destiny. 

Westerners too were much'in awe 
of Byzantine wealth and culture, and 
it was with the aim of bringing aid to 
a beleaguered Byzantium foal they 
organised the First Crusade at the 
end of the 11th century. One of the 
leading Crusaders, die Norman 
Bahemand, had already made a 
thorough nuisance of himself by 
seizing much of Albania and appar¬ 
ently trying to win the throne of 
Constantinople for his father. 

The relationship between Crusad¬ 
ers and Byzantines was thus from the 
start founded on mistrust, and die 
fears of the Byzantines were com¬ 
pounded by their open lack of 
sympathy for a hoty war to recover 
Jerusalem. On the other hand, cru¬ 
sades were launched up to and 
beyond 1453 in the hope that western 
aid could flush Islam out of the 
Balkans and restore toe shattered 
unity of the Church by drawing the 
schismatic Greeks back under papal 
authority. 

The Byzantine Emperor had re- 
himself as Vicar of Christ 
_ before the papacy began to make 
use' of the term, and foe subtle 
concepts of Greek theology and 
philosophy could barely be translat¬ 
ed from the refined prepositions of 
Greek into the concrete crudeness of 
Latin. Hence the Union of the 
Churches never proceeded much 
further than a few reluctant signa¬ 
tures by emperors and patriarchs. 


The walls of Constantinople, ruined in 1453, from James Harpurt Inside the Medieval World (Cassell, £20) 


who well knew that the Byzantines 
themselves had no time for papal 
pretensions. 


T he problem only grew as the 
Greeks in the Petoponnese, 
Crete and many other is¬ 
lands experienced ham- 
fisted Latin rule, after the unexpected 
conquest of Constantinople in 1204 at 
the hands of die navy of Venice and 
die army of the Fourth Crusade. 
Mutual contempt was matched tty a 
general failure to mix in religion, 
social life and politics. 

The imprint of these times can still 
be felt in the Balkans. The line 
dividing Croat from Serb has its 
remote origins in the frontier between 
Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. 
The presence of Bosnian and Albani¬ 
an Muslims recalls die victory of the 
Ottomans in those regions and the 
eventual conversion to Islam that 
followed. The last oenturies of the 
history of Byzantium have left an 


echo that can stili be heard. 

John Julius Norwich is a spirited, 

o ften thrillin g, giijrip tp tfre tntr yarap* 

erf Byzantine politics and warfare, 
who amply proves his point that 
Byzantium was no Balkan backwater 
evm in its years of crisis. He is a tittle 
dared in his scholarship? bur be is at 
his best weighing up the virtues and 
vices of Byzantine emperors, whose 
ready use of the bowstring to strangle 
their many rivals shows that die 
methods adopted by the Turkish 
sultans were not particularly 
original. 

This is a history of emperors, not of 
the Byzantine world in all its ethnic 
and religious complexity. Surprising¬ 
ly for an author who has elsewhere 
written so evocatively of the Byzan¬ 
tine mosaics of Si city, he has very 
little to say about the buddings, 
frescoes and literary achievements of 
late Byzantium, a period marked tty 
what Steven Runcunan memorably 
called “die last Byzantine Renais¬ 


sance”. Most extraordinary of afl was 
the philosopher JPfefoon, who toyed 
with the remstatemeht of the Otyn^ 

gngnrfcR y7gntrnp mtpllprtnalc mr+ 

at last becoming tufty conscious of 
themselves as Greeks and were 
shaking off tbefr fond myth that they 
atone were the true Ramans (even tf 
Latin had long since betel aban¬ 
doned}- They began to celebrate their 
Greekness, eaunousty at first, as they 
realised that die ancient empire they 
had once ruled — stretching from 
Ceuta in foe west to the borders of* 
Persia — now consisted solely of a 
vast but deserted capital, and some 
fragments of die Petoponnese around 
what is now the ghost city of Mistra. 
As Greeks, tbese intellectuals found a 
ready audience in Venice; Florence 
and Rome among those who had 
little interest in Byzantium, but a 
great dealof interest in the books 
ByzantiumTsad preserved, lb have 

r Hwmlii! rafl Hnmer qvw thp mflten - 

nia was no small achievement ‘ 


“fTTurkey is an extensive 
1 market whieh’is open- 
- - JL ing wfoen most others 
are dosing," -reported John - 
Meade Faticnerfiran Constan¬ 
tinople in 19041 The author of 
Moonfleetwas a most unlike¬ 
ly battleship salesman Dress¬ 
ed that Waring summer infoe 
obligatory tbpfraL frock-coat 
and blade trousers, he was 
: ever ready for meetings which, 
frequently altered upset ‘The' 
plans of weeks, and makes 
carefully planned .’estimates 
‘ into waste paper. 

- He did. however, have an 
audience with foe Sultan, 
AbduZhattrid H — reputedly 
foe first given to a oonnneraai 
Englishman since Sir John 
Fewer on telegraphs in 1891 
Curiously, the gangling Faik- 
ner did not mention that, on - 
walking backwardsfrom the. 
Presence wifo top-hat behind 
hHn. he knocked into a pillar 
and crushed foe hat Even foe . 
: Sultan had to smirk. : 

This Hulotesque moment, 
which perhaps swung foe 
deals umnentibned in Philip 
ManseFs elegant, SSTpage; 
history of Ottoman Cqnsftmti- 
nople (the name then, most 
often used by Turks as well as 
Christians for the city that 
Ataturk officially renamed Is¬ 
tanbul). Certainty.' Falkner 
was but one of motions who 
sweated it out in a city so 
central to politics, diplomacy 
and trade: Its inhahiranis had - 
always feared thatfoere would 
be only 30 Saltans. -This one ■ 
was foie 28ft; wide the exile of 
the 31st fit 1924. the prophecy 
proved almost emet. But for 
five centuries, foe city and the 
Ottoman Empire had benefit-. 
ed from foe .fact foat, as 
Mansd puts it. “no greai 
power could hope to conquer 
them • without- arousing foe 
opposition of foe others”. . _ 

Mansd’S book is as much 
:an evocation of place as an 
account of such shifting alle¬ 
giances. He does not shirk 


Christopher 

Hawtree 


CONSTANTOTOFtE 
Cftyofthe 
Worlds Desire 

I4S3-I92* 

ByPhifip Mansd 

JohnMasrqy, £25 


and. 


contemporary 
in< 

ans. -cuota mfo ased by 
plague of nationalism, 
has raged since 1830", evident* 
ty rushes the city's casno- 
pafiemism: Time and again, 
tolerance—such as provkfing 
I6th-centary Jews with a bolt¬ 
hole fronE. Christendom — 
exists mj. 

and bsckstabbing. 
Gtbbonian panache, he notes 
foat on ‘'the- accession of 
Mehmed ED. in 1597; 19 of foe 
new.- Sutetfs • b ro t he rs were 
taken razt Of foe harem. They 
kissed foe Sultan's hand, were 
drcumosed. then streamed 
with a sHcen handkerchief." 
On& 19th-century Sultan ord¬ 
ered the drowning of some 290 


harem test they sire a rival 
AJkx^fois oritised andgoiy 
way. ooe is reminded not ouly 
of such familiar characters as 
lady Mary Whatley Mcntagu, 
but also that Pushkin’s great 


grandfather was an Ethiopian 


foe ambassador in 
the thriving slave market, and 
that foe rich ate only foe left 
leg of a‘ chicken — a certain 
logic had it that foe-bird's, 
habit of standing on tbeother 
one mustmake it tough.'' 

- Fbom foe rebellion of the 
Young Turks in 1908onwards, 
foe narrative is fcrowtjed with 
iaddent Itt-1914 Turkey frag¬ 
mented ftun rival nationalist 
groups: a tragedy, as Mansd - 
convioringtyargues, not only 
far foe Ottoman Empire, 
which collapsed after defeat in 
1918; but also for its capitaL 


Questions for the Father of the fatherless 


r.i": 


Karen Armstrong on an elegant 
study of the Judaeo-Christian 


God as a literary character 


G od is usually regarded 
by His adherents as a 
reality foat is beyond 
time and change. He can. 
therefore, have no history and, 
unlike most other phenomena, 
cannot develop as He re¬ 
sponds to events and impera¬ 
tives in the mundane world. 
Most believing Jews and 
Christians claim that this im¬ 
mutable deity is only revealed 
in the pages of the Bible but in 
fact it derives from the works 
of Aristotle. whose remote 
God is entirely different from 
the passionate and vulnerable 
deity of foe Hebrew scriptures. 

In this elegant and enter¬ 
taining biography of God, 
Jack Miles treats the lord as 
though He were a literary 
character, whose development 
can be charted as the text 
unfolds. Although Miles is 
dearly conversant with mod¬ 
em biblical scholarship, he 
does not treat the various 
bodes of the Bible in the order 
in which they were written. 
Instead he con¬ 
siders foe Bible 
as a completed 
text whose com¬ 
ponent parts 
were put 
er by the 
editors in an 


GOD 

A Biography 
By Jack Miles 
Simon 6 Schuster. £20 


order that is itself significant 
He bases his argument on the 
Hebrew Tanakk, which is 
arranged differently from the 
Christian Old Testament. 

Believers do not usually 
read foe Bible in tins way. they 
tend to dip in and out of it ana 
assume that God always be¬ 
haves consistently. But, as 
Miles skflfulty shows, this is 
not the case. The Lord is a 
unique literary character. Un¬ 
like other deities in foe ancient 
world. He has no _ 
no past and no private life i 
we know of. Because He is the 
only God, He has no interac¬ 
tion with His peers. This 
means that He can ratty learn 
about Himself in His dealings 
with humanity, particularly 
with His chosen people. 

Thus the God of Genesis 
often behaves like a sleepwalk¬ 
er, who has little understand¬ 
ing of his powers, does not 
really know what He wants 
and is in control neither of 
events nor of Himself. Thus 
He regrets creating the human 
race and destroys it in the 
Flood, saving only Noah and 
his family. In one version of 
this story, h is dear foat He 
has no idea how things will 
turn out Miles shows that the 
Lord God is a conflicted deity: 
He has absorbed, other gods 
into His single partiality 
whoto"characters and. func¬ 


tions are often incompatible: 
He is a far cry from foe calm, 
omnipotent and omniscient 
God of classical theism. 

God achieves greater self- 
awareness in His dealings 
with IsraeL He becomes aGod 
of war when He has to save 
His people from slavery in 
Egypt He develops a taste for 
morality,, an interest that He 
certainty* did not have in the 
earlier patriarchal period 
King David evokes from Him 
the desire for paternity and He 
becomes a Father. Finally He 
learns how to love. 

By following the biblical 
narrative in its finally edited 
form. Miles points out that it 
comes as a shock when Second 
Isaiah begins his prophecy by 
making foe Lord say: “Com¬ 
fort, comfort ye. my people!" 
Nothing in God’s previous 
behaviour has prepared us for 
this tender benevolence. The 
Lord has berat a killer, a legist 
and a moralist He has been 
obsessed with human 

_ reproduction. 

But He has nev¬ 
er before want¬ 
ed to bring 
consolation to 
humanity. 

There is a ten¬ 
dency to assume 


that the biblical God is consis¬ 
tently loving and mysterious. 
But like many conflicted, ag¬ 
gressive human beings, love 
does not come easily to the 
Lord God. Miles shows that 
foe divine love is first evoked 
after His manifest failure with 
His people. Once again, foe 
God of the first books of foe 
Bible is confused and confus¬ 
ing but He is not unfathom¬ 
able. It is only when He is on 
the threshold of love that the 
God of foe Bible discovers 
what an extraordinary being 
He realty is. 

Finally and poignantly. God 
disappears from the human 
stage: there is much talk about 
God in the books of Neheraiah 
and Ezra fan He Himself is 
strikingly absent This re¬ 
mains true for many people in 
foe modem world. Miles has 
not written a devotional book 
but an essentially literary 
study. Nevertheless, this biog¬ 
raphy does perform a valuable 
religious function by remind¬ 
ing us foat we can never take 
foe reality that we call “God" 
for granted nor assume that 
foe Bible tells us exactly what 
He is or desires. In the 
Tanakh. the end is silence, an 
absence that we have to make 
sense of for ourselves. 



Christ in the House of his Parents by Millais (1850): its realism caused a furore. 


K,-‘ 


Karen Armstrong is the au¬ 
thor of A History of Godu 


O n Christinas Eve last year, 
77ie Times reported a sensa¬ 
tional claim by die German 
papyrriogist Carson Thiede that 
three fragments of papyrus owned fry 
Magdalen College. Oxford, were 
from a mid-Ist century text of St 
Matthew's GospeL The scraps (which 
bear a handful of verses from 
Matthew 26] had been assumed to 
date from the 2nd century. But 
Thiede argued — on foe basis of 
complex palaeographies] compari¬ 
son — foal they had been wrinen no 
later than the destruction of the 
Temple in AD 70. and probably years 
earlier. Here, apparently, was foren¬ 
sic evidence foat the Gospels were 
written by contemporaries or near¬ 
contemporaries of Jesus. It could 
have betel read or handled by rate of 
the “five hundred brothers and 
sisters” whom St Paul dams saw the 
resurrected Christ. 

Needless to say. foe academic and 
popular debate ignited by tins claim 
has been intense and sometimes 
ferocious. The stakes in New Testa¬ 
ment research are high, often vertigi¬ 
nously so. Leading the charge against 
Thiede has been Graham Stanton, 
one of Britain’s foremost biblical 


Jesus and the time tunnel 


scholars. Gospel Truth? is a direct 
response to 7 ne Times article and a 
pre-emptive attack on the forthcom¬ 
ing book by Thiede and I. 

It pains me to disagree with 
Professor Stanton, since (like so 
many others) I am intellectually in 
his debt His earlier wort. The 
Gospels and Jesus, remains the best 
rer on the complex relationship 
history and Christian faith. 
Any layman entering this forbidding 
terrain for the first time is advised to 
read this minor masterpiece. In foe 
much shorter Gospel Truth?, Stanton 
returns to many of foe themes which 
he addressed in foe earlier book — 
the historic Jesus, the purpose of the 
Gospels, their textual origins — and 
he does so luridly and coropeUingfy. 

Yet foe primary purpose of the 
book is essentially m refute Thiede’s 
argument about foe Magdalen pap¬ 
yrus and m this resped: it fails. First 
Stanton caricatures his opponents’ 
position, perceiving in diem a mind¬ 
less literalism which is simply not 


Matthew d’Ancona 


GOSPEL TRUTH? 
New Light on Jesus 
and the Gospels 
By Graham Stanton 

HarpeiCoUins, £MS& 


there. No serious scholar would 
suggest foat foe Gospels are “abso¬ 
lutely reliable" as historical sources. 
Proposing an earlier date for St 
Matthew’s Gospel is not the same as 
claiming foat every detafl in that text 
is accurate- The point of such 
reassessment is to judg* how fang the 
socalled “tunnel" of time between 
Jesus and the Gospel writers was. 

Secondly, and most damagingty 
for his case. Stanton is no papyroto- 
gist His attack on Thiede's work on 
the St Matthew fragments owes mrae 
to hunch than to first-hand know¬ 
ledge of its scientific basis. He 
favours the “brilliant calculations’* of 


plairSng ■ why. Consequently, be 
greatty underestimates foe ..speed : 
with whirii texts and writing styles 
were circulating in foe Middle East¬ 
ern and Mediterranean work* in foe 
1st century AD. 

Abate afl, he assumes:that the 
Magdalen papyrus mud be fate- 
becauseitisfromalSJpagecodexfa 
primitive book) rather tnanfa scroll 
Thisi as any reader of Martial knows, 
is quite wrcag.'Jhe codeswgs known • 
aztoinusefayfoesecODdhaftcffoelst. 
century. There is absofaffity . so 
reason why the fort gritera&oa of 
scribes to copy St Matthew* Gospel 
should not have done so using this . 


.-Having declared my own-intecest 
and opmiraLTl welcome fofa bodS.' 
unreservedly, A Byety debate on the 
redating of foe New Testament' has 
bem urgentty needed since John 
. Robinson wrote ibis astonfsbingty 
prescieni boolean foe subjeict n(_1976; 
Scho lars , have tended to shy away, 
from foe question for fear rf.faejng 
labelled “fondaznetoalists’r. Now. foe 
.jmede thesis.has opened tte-sfuibe- 
gates. lt seems thatStaraon is already 
preparing forjfee next round of public 
argument '• tn: the spring I Idris. 


'Jr- - ^ 


fc *.V 

A ’ 

-Xf 






* 


•4. 


-Si** 




Matthew dfAncona. is the 
with Ctusteri Thiede. ofTbe 
** Prt&hea 
, Wetdenfcid and Nwolson nad 'A 


* ’ 




tfoji.Imfeed, itispnfoafaefoat foe 1 
adoption of for codex accompanied: 
Christianity's break with fob. Jewish; 
tradftfaa between A& 60and AD 5tL 
Stanton 1 * caunter-daimtbat the frr - ' 
meits are “certainly not from the 


acntay“cnHnbtes before hfafc 


-i.--.. 




^Mflfartforilkr of foe 
Gfil Hornby on Freddy RaphtiaT] 


_ v-te? 

" ;; •' *h 
.. %s 

" r 

*- 




^ 







f. W’Vi /jaA 














1995 



BOOKS 39 


. _ -y - 


- -5 

JA , 






& 


L-< 



. T. 



Peter. Acfaoyd on the chaotic lifeofa poet who 



e called himself “Mofo- 
- er n and gave . homage . 
flntyfo“MiasGod- and: 
~ “MissHistoiy* foetwo 
female deities-with whom he feft; 
most at home. He was afromosex- ■ 
uaJwbo firmer-, disapproved of. 
hosraosocualiy, iuadatyricj^wii» ’ 
once told ^frustrated admirer: "If 
you wart romance, f** a joproat-; 
ist" He was dishevelled to tbepcsnl 
of being almost: dirty,.- a "heavy 
drinker and •> a chain smoker. He 
was, in the language of his period, 

absolute bliss. * ... ■ - ’ 

Certainly it was bfiss to be bom. 
in the first .decade ; of: the 20th 
century, when anything and every¬ 
thing seemed abort to happen. If 
Richard Dayenport-Hipes’s latest 
biography is as nfcjch a history of 
ideas as of peopfe&at is because it 
remains true to those decades of 
hope and despair which Auden l 
commemorated in ins occasionally 
didactic, vase. Davenport-tfines 
denounces the usual biographical - 
melange of gossip, scandal and 
“sexual tal£-teffing“. He is. not one 
of those writers who tush mto the 
bedroom, and the doset. ai every 
opportunity; as a result Ids portray- 
al of Auden fa sometimes a trite diy 
but always alert and.mnvinting. 

Auden believed himself to have. 
beea.an autistic child, immured in 
visions of ice and limestone, and be 
really first came to life at Oxford. 
He was hardly an undergraduate at 
all but rather, aforceof nature 
and/or culture. He had an extraor¬ 
dinary exuberance, described by 
Cedi Day-Lewis as “vitality” and by 
Stephen Spenderas“over«^ielming 
cleverness"; "When you combine 
these qualities.wiith ambition, and a 
fair helping of luck, you have the 
makings ofagreat writer. It is often . 
said that he looked old. even in 
middle-age, because be had burnt' 
himself but he had been fuelled for 
too long, by red wme and benze* • 
drine. Bnt fiiere was. at the begin¬ 
ning. an energy so bright that it 
edipsed afl of his canternporaries.. . 

His contemporaries did not al¬ 
ways enjoy foe experience, <rf 
course, and ftere were occasions 
when his setf-amfktenoe lapsed into ~ 
dogmatism and an almost .fitful. 
Jack of interest-m other people,' 
When “Mother" pronounced (his 
own mother." fry tbe way, was a : 
singularly rough and snobbish old' 
), thedtOdren were ofrfrged^to^ _ 
Heneir^ stopped ^otertaS^ 1 



we?e generally absurd and contra* ■ 

■ dictory,- but that did not matter As 
Tbekla Clark explains in onehf die' 

7 many astute observations wilhb 
her cbajmipg memoir, he often said 
firing because he Bred foe sound# 

: them.'- He enjoyed creating ■ sea*;! 
jsooes which, woe poetry, admitted ■ 
no response: he relished die air of 

■ authority. even when he had noth¬ 

ing whatever to. say. The oily 
problem with Daverrport-Htnes's = 
biography, in fect, is that he is: 
inclined folake Auden’s bdtefs too 
seriously. They are often not beliefs- 
at afl. but' dramatic recitatives 
designed to convince himself as 
mum as .airy audience. . . 

. r But faqy have a larger contexL. lt * 
has been said that a genius is one 


• AUDEN > 

By Richard Pavenpoit-Hiws - 
Hdnemaxm.£20 ■' 4 

WYSTAN AND CHESTER: 

* T ‘ ByThddaClark - 
Faber. £12.99 <■ ■ 

. AS I WALKED OUT .. 

' ' ONE EVENING, . - 
Songs, ballads, limericks 
and other light verse 
Edited by Edward Meadefeon 
■ Faber. £1299 


who lives in symbolic relation to tbe 
age these is no doubt that in his' 
successive espousals of commu¬ 
nism. Fheudi&nfam and Christian 
existentialism, Auden gave voice id 
the most significant concerns of his 
century: His famous; tend for a 
while notorious, removal < to the 
United States could also be seen as 
an emWem of;what he called “die 
following wind of history". V 
Chester KaDman was, perhaps, 
-the tiniest puff.of it They met soon 
after Audens arrival in America^ 

. and Kalhnan rapidly became both 
muse, and monster. If he had.not 
existed, the combined resources of 
Ronald Fir bank and Tennessee 
Williams could not have invented 
him. He first encountered Auden at 
a poetry reading in New York, and 
from fife front row hissed “Miss 
. Afess"; Those were "thedays when it 
was - a pleasure, rather than a : 
painful duty, to be homosexual. 
Auden in turn opened tbe door 
upon KaHman on a subsequent 
; visit. apd^anhbunced that. “fix the 

ftr .'i jj: .:: -s ■...' 


Eventually their relationship 
turned into an opera boitjje c£ the 
maadebfiitsffing,fidived^kmd, 
“Auden at mtsaems of stress had 
used’ book reviewing as a public 
' c om me n t a ry .fetthar relationship," 
Davenport-Hines writes at, one 
point, “and Kailman used his 
pos&hrrt 1935fias operatic colum¬ 
nist of Commonweal to retaliate." 
The Eberiy of the press had not 
been tibosed so much since foe days 
of WSBiam Randolph Hears! 

Auden, often said that he always 
felt' fee youngest person in the 
room, even when he was in die 
company of teeners, arid indeed 
he often behaved as if he was. This 
is in part related to the infantilism 
which seems necessarily an aspect 
: of . tbe greatest'poets, who do, at 
moments-of-crisis. or high sprits, 
act likelxgjf not always beautiful, 
-babies. Butcondition fif one 
.may-use a medical word) is also an 
aspect of Auden’s use of language. 
In smee of his roost wondaTul 
poetry the syllables seem to issue 
' tram him without any private or 
self-conscious control — an those 
occasions foe English tradition, 
with all the formality of its inheri¬ 
tance. speaks through him. That is 
why Edward Mendelson’s collec¬ 
tion of Auden's “light verse” is filled 
with ballads, nursery songs and 
lullabies, which could have , been 
sung in 18th-century theatres or 
pleasure gardens. 

There is a passage in The Poet 
and The Giy. quoted by Thekla 
Clark, where Auden writes of "the 
right id play" and “foe right to 
frivolity”. In fact, it is possible that 
his playfulness, and his sense of 
humour, were his most important 
gifts. He never took himself too 
seriously — he was far too great a 
writer to do that — and. as a result 
his work. can be very serious 
indeed. That is why it is no good 
lamenting the outward conditions 
of his life However depressing or 
disordered they might seem, they 
were foe necessary conditions for 
the expression of his genius. In this 
context it is worth noting Daven- 
pert-Hines’s remark: The private 
life of a poet is... the lesser part of 
his existence.” 

During one particularly uncom¬ 
fortable and messy period a friend 
recalls Auden intoning “an utterly 
idiosyncratic, absurdly eccentric 
version of ‘count your blessings’". 
He Had counted them. They were 
hfeoollectedAvtaks: - ■- /• 



Auden: red wine and benzedrine made him age prematurely, but he never lost his youthful zest 


I knew- Andrew SufliVan 
before he was a homosex- 
ual Back .in foe: 'early 
1980s. when'! was a young 
Tory MP v a.frien£l promised to 
introd roatefo a 

intrigbed)'Tils' peer group at 
Oxford. “He^, doe of those' 
alluringly chaste people who 
prbbabtydont sleep wifo any- 
ore, of ofoer sex.” said my 
friend. "He^ -slightly fey- but • 
not camp. He’s abitof a tease. 
Youll Iwe himlr * . 

{(fid, vay jnuEh, when we 
met ar dinner.-Andrew was 
chanmBft j^spmefoh® of ap -. 
intellectual, aodobviously- 
prindpkri; . He had.-" light 
brown ha&antf a playfalgaae,' 
yet foe kind of reticence that 
almost came across^reproot 
He 'was sH^ftly Jesuitical in 
argumeh v&t OdcBy -»seduc¬ 
tively—insubstantial, a natu- 
ral ehisive. AD of'this I saw,. 
but'lRidn^)tetely.inisised the 
steed. FeeOi^.famtly arid uufc 
finabfy liritonilated ;by him.' 
supposing a-oeriaih coldness J1 
never fedkwed up foe meeting. 

Much happened^to each of 
us before we met hgam. per¬ 
haps nearly a decade later. 
Never■ grembr formiented by 
moral (toubts over my own 
sexuality, I had nevertheless 
sorted out the fiendish prK£- : 
cal. problem cf what. to do.: 
abpuCit Aadn?v @ seems 
fff^h’this hooMi dftbMBd with 
hinseif more t^iari l.ever (fid, 
ronaHtedaCalMifeyetdec^; 

ed m bea^ dpaj^ gay. 

Remember bow much braver 
this was in the 1980s'than it all 
seems now. He had started 
writing: very well indeed. 

Nervously my (deeply Toy) 
friend said: “Andrews stayed- 
in America. He’S become 
tor of an indepoident. caiser- 
vative magazine. The New 
RepuMic. His lifestyle has 
browne rather... bold- T hear 
he's pumping iron-" Sullivan 
and I met for lunch next time 
be was over here. 

I don’t know about-the iron, 
but this-time I could sa the' 
sted. .We were (and are) ;no 
more than acquaintances, but 
1 admired him terrifically. 1 
would jtereSollivsn mn\y list. 
of A Hundred Heroes, not so 
much far what he’s done as ffe 
where he’s done it from:, and 
for two important reason s. 

First he never stood to gain, 
from his honesty- Always ask 



SuUivam does it mailer if -bomosexuaKty is involuntary? 


rail them brave. Plenty of us 
have nerve— throwing down a 
gauntlet for the small chance 
of a larger prize — but whai 
somebody gambles only on 
surviving, and survival wwud. • 

have been more certain if tray 
had chosen not to ganfoie. that 

is brave. ' ' 

Second, Sullivan did not 
have the natural hinterland or 


st rebeL Many,of.his; friends 
. were-Tarias. iriany were moral 
conservafives.ifewas a Catbo 

gay activist from a leftwing 
base, in front of a' teft-wfog 
audience — as much as 
hnmchfrig yourself as a reac- 
tionary hero frran a conserva¬ 
tive base —* guarantees 
friendship and support and 
tliose fife^aving ?ftree cheers” 

... Ma tfhew Parris 

.vnmjALLY \ 
... . normal . 

By Andrew Sullivan. ... . 

r Picador. £PL99 


from your mates. Bin -the 
people. Sullivan worked wifo, 
the audience he wrote fife and 
jmady.of foe.friends <rf his 
ytttfrh, were not au t o m ati c ally 
vy^hdispbsed^to the emerging 
Andrew. Nor were the gay 
Left who despise him for not 
-bemg.'tate of them; and. far 
ignoring foeir agenda. He was 
without a natural constituen¬ 
cy. He has buffi , one by foe 
force of iris own personality, 
his arguments diid his tflem. 
Heisa vafisuatman. ' •?' 

.' And ; this is. a valiant book. 
Itsis 40 .provid e an 
ar gumen t cm' .which centre, 
centre- left .' and centre-right, 
might agree F - : .far. homosexual 
etpiality mfew- I disagree with 
. almost CToy word- But none 
who reads Virtually Normal 

• r 


will ford it less than lurid, 
stimulating, penetrating and 
moving. . ;•*. 

But Sullivan -makes whai 
'are, in ray subnrissiem, key. 
enters/of feci, of k^k: and of 
moral , reasoning. Central to 
his argument is Iris contention 
foal homosexuality is involun¬ 
tary. First I don’t think thatis 
necessarilytrue. Second, I 
don’t see why it matters. 

Gay men, he implies, have 
sohie land of a window into 
foe histo ry of their own sexual¬ 
ity. And we remember that we 
could never have been any¬ 
thing but gay. 

- Look, T hale salami It 
makes me retch. It always has. 
But I would not argue that 
humans are so constituted as 
to make some of us foe 
inevitable enemies of salami. 
More likHy we are“turned” at 
times and in realms which lie 
outside conscious memory, 
once turned, we diverge fast 
from any possibility of rejoin¬ 
ing foe path we have left yet 
the moment of divergencemay 
have been finely balanced. 
Dancing with women 1 have 
sometimes noticed an involun¬ 
tary -arousal; is something 

. bring suppressed? In intimate 
physical contact wifo' other 
men. men who think they are 
completely heterosexual often 
experience foe same. Is some- 

- flung being suppressed? 

Sullivan thinks sexual ori¬ 
entation is fixed early, finally' 
and unambiguously. For my 
part I believe that we are all 

i 


placed somewhere on a scale 
between other-sex and same-, 
sex attraction; and that it is 
human conditioning which 
“herds’’ us towards the most 
accessible pole. If his true that 
many who call themselves 
bisexual are actually homosex¬ 
ual, ii is equally true that 
many who call themselves 
heterosexual are • actually 
bisexual. 

If so. then homosexuality 
can indeed be promoted, just 
as heterosexuality so relent¬ 
lessly is. Why do we gay men 
resist foe thought so angrily? If 
we are easy wifo what we are, 
why is it important to us that 
“we couldn't help ir? Does a 
Jew, a Catholic or a red-head 
need to protest that the condi¬ 
tion is involuntary? This is to 
cop out of the requirement to 
mount a principled defence of 
our moral righr to embrace 
these conditions. “We can’t 
help it” is a demeaning argu¬ 
ment,' intended to foQ the 
finger-waggers. 

But h doesn’t, anyway. We 
can help our actions, if not our 
inclinations. I do not feel foe 
need to settle the question 
whether a paterast can help 
feeling attracted to children, a 
kleptomaniac to shoplifting or 
a yob to assault, before I 
decide to oudaw the act — not 
tbe impulse. . 

S uffivan half-acknowl- 
edges this argument, but 
seems to suggest that 
sexuality so completely defines 
us that to stigmatise its expres¬ 
sion must destroy the inner 
man. I don’t agree. Priests 
manage. It is possible to stop a 
good deal of homosexuality bv 
prohibition. You cannot stop it 
all but there would be much 
more than there is if discour¬ 
agement were lifted Therefore 
to argue against prohibition I 
must assert that homosexual¬ 
ity is not undesirable, not 
wrong, not a pity, not an 
affliction. I must assert a 
moral equivalence between 
homosexuality and heterosex¬ 
uality. Ida 

That is what Andrew Sulli¬ 
van is trying fo avoid Having 
so bravely taken on the moral 
Right, having wrenched him¬ 
self away from Senator Pat 
Buchanan's anti-Sodom and 
anti-Gomorrah rhetoric and 
set Out on an odyssey of his 
own, Sullivan now turns back 
for one last glance at the 
burning cities and tries, one 
last time, to form a bridge, 
frame an argument that his 
Church, and those he has 
defied, would understand- “I 
cant help ft," he cries- “Ihi 
virtually normal. I'm only a 
little bit queer ” In saying this 
he wrecks foe integrity of his 
case. We've both come a long 
way. Andrew. Don’t stop here. 


The Tories’ toreador 


A ristotle remarks, in his 
Ethics, that one cannot 
tel) whether a life was a 
happy one until it has ended. 
Much the same is true in 
politics: the importance of a 
politician is something that 
cannot be judged until his or 
her political life is over. 

The appearance of a biogra¬ 
phy even of a politician as 
talented as Michael Ftortillo is 
therefore distinctly premature, 
and Michael Gove’s book 
(despite its manifest profes¬ 
sionalism) bears all the marks 
of having been ripped untime¬ 
ly from foe womb. 

The real interest lies not in 
the book but in its tantalising 
sub-title: The Future of foe 
Right". Just what if anything, 
is the “Right" of foe Conserva¬ 
tive Party? And does it have a 
future? 

“Right" and 
“Left” are conve¬ 
nient labels, 
which help the 
lower son of 
journalists to 
write articles 
without needing 
to engage in the 

uncomfortable _ 

activity of think¬ 
ing. In this form of journo- 
speak. a Tory “right-winger"is 
someone who believes in: 
hanging, low taxes, large ar¬ 
mies, standards in schools, 
British sovereignty, hunting, 
reduced social security pay¬ 
ments, family values, reform 
of the health service, wider 
censorship, automobiles and a 
rag-bag of other items which 
offend the bien peasants. 

Upon closer inspection, 
however, it becomes difficult 
to find many clear exemplars 
of this “type". Alan Clark — 
who ought to fit the bill, if 
anyone does — turns out to 
disapprove of hunting, hang¬ 
ing and automobiles, and to 
have relaxed attitudes on the 
family. A large number of 
those most concerned about 
British sovereignty (Tony 
Berm and Peter Shore among 
them) are sufficiently of the 
“Left" to be prominent mem¬ 
bers of foe Labour Party. 
Kenneth Clarke and Chris 
Patten — both robustly in 
favour of greater European 
integration, and usually 
described as bong on the Tory 
“Left" — have shown them¬ 
selves over the years to be 
equally robust defenders of 
low taxes, standards in 
schools, family values and 
reform of the health service. It 
is all very confusing for those 
who want to divide politics 
and politicians into simple- 


Oliver Letwin 

MICHAEL 
PORTILLO 
. The Future of 
the Right 
By MicfaaeJ Gove 
Fourth Estate. £!&&> 


minded archetypes of Right 
and Left. 

Anyone seeking the truth 
rather than slogans needs 
some subtler distinctions. 
Among Conservatives, one 
can discern ar a minimum: (l) 
the High Tories, lovers of 
ancient institutions and rural 
life, devoted to the Church of 
England with a nod to Catholi¬ 
cism, reluctantly accepting in¬ 
evitable change; (2) foe 
Patrician-paternalist one-na¬ 
tion Tories, trusting in the 
“educated classes" to act in an 
enlightened manner through 
noblesse oblige m the interests 
of the whole country, con¬ 
cerned far poverty and 
disliking flashy wealth, believ¬ 
ing in geo-politics and display¬ 
ing a preference for admin¬ 
istrative standards rather titan 
pure market sol¬ 
utions, as well 
as a relaxed atti¬ 
tude to social 
proprieties; (3) 
Reactionary To¬ 
ries, much con¬ 
cerned with 
crime and pun¬ 
ishment, mis- 
_ trustful of for¬ 
eigners. strong 
on immigration controls, ad¬ 
vocating strict public and pri¬ 
vate morality; (4) tbe Free- 
Market Tories, waxy of the 
State and of super-states, 
stressing individual liberties 
and individual responsib¬ 
ilities, competition and choice: 
and (5) the Salisbury-Thaicher 
Tories, combining attributes 
of the High Tories with 
attributes of the Free-Market 
Tories, believing that the sur¬ 
est foundations for foe preser¬ 
vation of tradition and 
inheritance lie in institutions 
that enlarge personal choice 
and responsibility. 


to discuss — is where, in the 
Tory jigsaw, Portillo fits and to 
which elements of the party he 
may ultimately appeaL While 
it now seems that he belongs 
in the Salisbury-Thaicher 
camp, we shall have to wait 
decades to find out foe answer. 

Dr Oliver Letwin was a mem¬ 
ber of Mrs Thatcher's Policy 
Unit. 1983-86. He is now a 
director of NAf. Rothschild. 


Dear 
price of 
desire 


CHARLOTTE MOORE’S ife- 
bul is a cautionary tale about 
the crisis of a middle-class 
marriage. Promises Past cata¬ 
logues the relationship of the 
Stanhopes, illustrating every 
painful cliche of foe seven-year 
itch with a good eye for the 
petty misunderstandings and 
jealousies that can drag a 
marriage down. 

Sarah and Adrian Stanhope 
leave London wifo their three 
small children for foe country. 
They depan to a chorus of 
disapproval; they will be 
bored, they wOJ become 
bumpkins. But Sarah and the 
children soon become ab¬ 
sorbed into the life of a small 
market town, just as her 
husband becomes distanced 
from it by the necessity of 
commuting to London. Their 
interests begin to diverge and 
Adrian becomes an increas¬ 
ingly shadowy figure, as foe 
drama is concentrated on foe 
female triumvirate of Sarah 
and her two new friends. 

Hilary, a single mother, 
sees herself as a free spirit. In 
fact she is an irritating charac- 

Katherine Bergen 

PROMISES PAST 

By Charlotte Moore 

Century. £16.99/ £5.99 


ter. but all foe more convinc¬ 
ing for that She wafts about 
painting murals and rustling 
up elegant little meals, but her 
straightforward adolescent 
daughter. Elinor, thinks that it 
is disgusting that her mother 
has sex with her bearded 
lover. In contrast. Claudia, the 
unhappy wife of the local 
doctor, endures the pain of the 
childless woman who has 
finally given up hope of hav¬ 
ing her own. 

Besides their blossoming 
friendship, foe women are 
bound together tty their rela¬ 
tionship to the doctor, the 
vulpine Pierre Prescott. Sarah 
becomes increasingly attract¬ 
ed to him after he comes to the 
bedside of her sick child one 
night She fuels her secret 
passion wifo vague suspicions 
of her own husband’s infidel¬ 
ity. not realising that her 
thoughts may lead her down a 
well-trodden path to become 
another victim of a serial 
adulterer. 

Sarah's fractious, too know¬ 
ing mother-in-law and her 
glamorous sister are others in 
a gallery of familiar rogues, 
but Moore manages to sustain 
our interest in the family. The 
Aga-saga-like plot is slight 
and foe pace is gentle; but the 
growing sense of crisis is well- 
managed and, more impor¬ 
tantly, one cares about what 
happens to Sarah. In the end, 
both the rural idyll she has 
expected and the romantic 
dreams she fosters are called 
into question, and Sarah has 
to choose between her family 
and her fantasies. 


T! 


I he Conservative Party is 
a broad church of per¬ 
sons fitting more or less 
into one or other of these 
categories. Depending upon 
foe particular issue in ques¬ 
tion. alliances will crystallise, 
occasionally appearing to cre¬ 
ate a clear divide between 
Right and Left But these 
alliances are temporary and 
will dissolve as the occasion 
for them passes. 

Against this background, 
the question of the future of the 
Tory Right is a non-question: 
there isn’t one. And the specu¬ 
lation about whether Portillo 
will be the candidate of the 
Tory Right is idle: there wont 
be one. A far more pertinent 
question — but one which, 
alas, Gove does not even begin 


Has term an 11 . a unique style 
of controversial, topical and realistic 
thriller writing; based on historical 
fact, thought-provoking: emulated 
widely bin attributed solely to Daniel 
Ea.sienmm; i He. ■ like an Easier man 


BIllU 

ttsuiwt* 



BASED ON 
HISTORICAL 
FACT. TWO 
RIVETING 
THRILLERS 
OF THE 90*s 


NOW AVAILABLE 
IN HARDBACK 


NOW 
AVAILABLE IN 
PAPERBACK 



Daniel Easterman 

y/1 es a new meaning 10 the word 1 driller 


| HiqxrrC.^iuKAaMnAm 














40 TRAVEL NEWS 

Sexist fate 



of women 


WOMEN WHO 

L TRAVEL on 

business 


travellers 




By Harvey Elliott 

almost half the women l ^^^ r r ^Fbu5ii^ travet- 
who travel on business com continues to increase- The 

plain that they hwj*survey by the Travel Lnthistry 

“ignored, sexually hamg, of Amenca found 

treated rudely, or Pfmxused 33.4 million 

because of their sex . Americans took 220 million 

ing to a survey by American ^ an 8^ percent 

Express Travel. increase in the number of 

The vast majontyof^o^ ^p^aveUing and a 25per 
- 83 per cent — complamefl ^fmcrease in the number of 
that if they rat wthamanma . 1 ^^ ince 1991. when a 

restaurant the bill is stdlgi ^ JJgf Uar survey was 


i'trj'SJmL. gf, 






resiaunuu ui& »»*•~ _ 

to the man, even if they are 
navinE. and 59 per cent com¬ 
plained that their hotel rooms 
Jacked amenities such as irons 
or hair dryers. __ 

Even though women W* 


similar survey was 
conducted. . 

Lyndsey Whitehead mar¬ 
keting research director for 

the publishers OAG. which 
commissioned the survey. 
_ :j. “rvwitrarv tO DODUlaT 


q> , i 


women * P°P^ 

soon account forhalf the ^bushestravelmar- 

w or Id's travcUere. orJy 11 hk not been replaced by 

cent say they are ramfortoble ** technology and tderara- 

^tS^SSSR ttmBofttuvdlers. mps and 

the hotel lounge- ^ jb e survey shows that the 

American Express has averag ebSess traveller is a 

duced a new lfrpjge' SS^icated, professional 

Smart Travel .'wntten byMax ^ ^ children, 

ion Cotter, offering advice to mgrira^ up per cent of all 

women on business travellers, and 38 per 

howtofinda -female.fnrad- Snale. The average 

ly“ hotel, to choosing the best business traveller of 

table in a restaurant a 8 e 01 a ____ 


:' rt'ci • • ,■ rr r,' 




Hi 


IN ice 


FRENCH RAttWAVS K 

maritetmgad^toMtag 
speed tram sffviaW^ 
London and Nic& wc 
service, which avoids.4c 
53 * change 
Tims. wiBflPgSjMW* 

ends from^Novci^CT S 

witbferes staitosai EWO 

return. Fassengos 

the 6.53am Enrostar tram 

from Waterloo can reach 

Nice at 635pm M- 

minute change of j tmn ar 

UDe. The inhoond-scrwce 
-departs f rom 
9 40am U> arnve rnWater- 
too at 739pin...D e * a P s: 
0345300003-: • 


toithreeday 

•garss's- 

554554- 


.1 ■’ 

■ y* 

* / 


n THE latest wave_ <f 
World Offasfiw® Brt* 




□ UNITED AtRgNFS 
has-three bomb otters tor 
■ New York-bound business- 
dass passengers wto axe 
members of. orwbojom.^ 
, mrt __ DhiC a^lpme. First, 


either sex is 41. and 72 per cent 

are married- . f „ 

The average length 01 a 
business trip 

which was up from 3 2 nights 
in 1991. About 43 per cent of 


business trips in the United 
States are by air and 56 per 
cent by car. _ . . 

The number of business 
travellers who now comb me 
pleasure with work is also 


increasing fast; 75 million 
now admit to combining the 
two compared with only 65 
million in 1991. This 
partly be explained by the 
Increase in the numbers ot 


people participating m bonus 
programmes. The number 

Sg frequent-flyer de^s^ 
up* 33 per cent and » PJ. 
cent more use frequent lodger 
programmes. • 


Mileage Plus scoenre._r«^ 
ft has lowered the busmes^ 

dassferebyMpe^eitf to . 

EL776 from- £2228. Sec_ 
ondly, the airiinewfflpro- 
-vide free dranffenrdnvea 
transfers both m. Loodon 
and New York-Thirdly, d 
will award 25,000 miles, 
which is enough for hwo 
return flights to Europe. 
Mileage Plus membCTsmp 
is free and can be arrange** 
when booking. Details: 
0181-9909900. 

□ BRITISH MIDLAND’S 
(BM) new services to Zu- 
rich and Prague {startmg 

on October 29) wffl cut foe 


r^rMidridfoT fW. 

Pisa for £H8 or Albcpsfor 

eS Book by 8 - 

Oetafls: 03345 222111. 

□ BOO£ a first 

nes^dass ticket with Air 

NeW Zealand from 

month onwar^ 
airline will send you a case 
of New Zealandwme. De¬ 
tails: 0181-7412299. 


lie 


wa 


□ AIR UK willprovide two 
flights for thepnceof one 

own-label cseabb^sreen 
now and December. Ehghts 
most be taken before Jane 
30 next year. • 


lish* 5 fo '□ AVIS has toaugarafied 

an “onrdemand” c haaffen r 
idcanw^rraigcu _^ UMthmw. 


an utru vn ■■ 

car savice at Heathrow, 
the fibrst such finnto do so. 
prices sfairt at 02.40 an 
-hour ph«s 0.14 a xnfle . 

• Tviacalhe, a trip to comm 
London wffl cost £40. Dfr* 
taite.0171-581 IflCS. * 

■ •_ 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


TRAVEL NEWS 41 


GAAin 





•hen lawyers for Brit¬ 
ish - Aii^vays. and 
British . Meditena.- 
nean . clash across a' OviJ 
Aviation Authority- “court" ■ in. 
the nest few. weeks r .there will 

be more at stake than an 
apparently arcane/. dispute 
over route-Homces. . . 

The judgment should indi¬ 
cate weedier the CAAwtiL m 
future have any -rpfc 'as- a 
“regulator"- of the aviation 
industry or/whether itshould 
stand aside and let market 
forces d e cid e . The;outcome 
could have a bearing onrtfce 
way millions of airline passen¬ 
gers fly in die future — and at 
what price. . v 
The case has an added 
piquancy in, that the man 
garnering support pri behalf of 
the -tittle-. airline is David 
Burnside.' now nco-cxecutive 
director of British Mediterra¬ 
nean. winch has just one 
aeroplane -and only GO staff. 
Until two years agp. he was 
responsible for the public face 
of BA with its fleet of 250 
aeroplanes and staff of 50,000, 
The stpty is-simple. As 



The 
Travel 
Business 
- 1 —♦—- 
HARVEY 
ELUOTT 


Lebanon emerged freon years 
of internal warfare, a .small 
group of entrepreneurs rero^ 
nised that regular air service 
would be needed- to help the 
country to become the Euro¬ 
pean playground it once haul 
been. So, with thehdp ofGty 
investors; they formed; British 
Mediterranean Airways and 
applied.for a licence.- •; ■*;• 

the airline leased one Air¬ 
bus A320 and toped to he able 
to use it every, day. But BA. 
which belatedly recognised the 
potential provided by the rap- 
kfly developing region object¬ 
ed and, even though its claims 
for parity were -rejected, it 
eventually managedio restrict 
British Mediterr an ean to five 
flights a week while BA was 
given the licence for foeothe? 
two. 5 ■ . 

British Medit ep&pejtQ, 
claims that, at atx 
managed u>bqpkT«tr44 jeneegt 
share of foe mark tfL 
Opened-“add 0 n”rservice& Jo. 
Amman and- Damascus from; 
Beirut : - .. 

Then. last.wedt.BA made 
what British Mediterranean's Jj 
chairman Lord Heskefo called - 
its “unwarranted attack". BA 
had learnt that/the. Lebanese 
were prepared to offer up to 
three more, services/between 
Beirut and London ..-r- and it 
wanted diem all, to match tfaer 
five now flown by . /British - 
Mediterranean. • • 

BA daimed. that British 
Mediterranean was no loader 
a new,, struggling airline, but 
one which was about to ex~. 
pand with routes into Saudi 
Arabia and Kuwait and add at 
least one moreaeroplane to its 
flee*. It was npw .big enough to 
face serious competition rath¬ 
er than be . cosseted by . the 
CAA. BA said. ■" : . ", .; 

But British Mediterranean 
feared that its investors could 
withdraw' their backing die- 
cause of the new challenge. 
And. it said, BA’s action was 
designed to keep the airline off 
the Saudi Arabia route, which 
is one of the least competitive 
and therefore most profitable 
in the world. 

So, does Clifford Paice. the 
man within the CAA who 
must make the final decision, 
let BA have any new services 
on the assumption th at it is - 
time that British Mediterra¬ 
nean faced equal competition? 
Does he agree that any new 
licences should go to British 
Mediterranean- furtherto pro¬ 
tect the fledgding frdro the big 
boys? Or-perhaps he simply 
lets the passengers and eco¬ 
nomics deride. ■ 

Watch this spare. ; p 



tEASfNG International hotel 
chains are stepping up their expan¬ 
sion into several- of the world’s 
&nger^g^ihier-Ccmtmemal Ho¬ 
tels this week announced pfans to 
aZ70roara flrst-class hotel in- 
Guatemala City, in Central Ameri- 


head for world’s trouble spots 


be “extremely vigflanr when visit- 
ing die oty because of violent crime 
^terroristattadis. 

The hotel diainls also planning to?' 


open holds over the next few years 
' in Albania* Bulgaria and Lebanon, 
in addition to having recently taken 
•over the management of three hotels 
in South Africa. All these countries 
are on the Eoragn Office’s advisory' 
list of places where visiting Britons. 
should take spaial care. 
t | The Hyatt lnerrmtiaml chain is' 
also devetoping inmrifes that the 
Foreign . Office wnskfers -to be 
/potentially dangensis. jr twernly 
.opened anewb^elatBaka capital 


By David Churchill 


of Azerbaijan, where it already 
reports “high occupancy levels" 
from business travellers lured by 
the opportunities from the country's 
substantial oil and gas resources. 

Hilton International, owned by 
the Ladbnoke Group, is planning to 
open properties in Bucharest and 
Jerusalem over the new 18 months. 
Both Romania and Israel are on the 
government advisory Hst Ironical¬ 


ly, the opening of a Hilton in Belfast, 
in January 199$. ma\ prove io be 
one of the chain’s safest new 
locations if the Northern Ireland 
peace process continues. 

The reason for the expansion into 
international trouble spots is 
because the leading hotel chains all 
see these countries as hating consid¬ 
erable potential for business travel¬ 
lers in die late 1990s and into the 


next century. “Executives are in¬ 
creasingly travelling to emerging 
markets, especially in Asia and 
Eastern Europe, and expect to find a 
top business hotel such as the Hyan 
already there," says John Wallis. 
Hyatt's marketing vice-president. 

Robert Collier, joint managing 
director of Inter-Continental, ac¬ 
knowledges that his hotel chain has 
a repura’tion for going into “diffi¬ 
cult" destinations. 1 nter-Continemal 
was created in 1940 to spearhead US 


business's expansion into South 
America along with its then parent 
company. Pan-Am (it is now owned 
by the Japanese Saison Group). 

“Latin America remains a strate¬ 
gic area for us. particularly now that 
ft has come through the period of 
hyper-inflation," he says. “There 
should be plenty of opportunities for 
us as other hotel groups have 
steered dear in recent 0106 $.“ 

• Foreign Office advice is available 
on 0171-270 4129. 



By David Orturpiuli* 


BRITAIN'S tour operatorsyes- 
terday told the Chancellor of 
dip Exchequer that up to one 
mfllipn fewer package holi¬ 
days wiJl be sold next year if 
he decides to raise the air 
passenger duty in his Novem¬ 
ber Budget. .... -; 

The tour companies fear the 
Treasury is considering a 50 
per cent increase in the tax, 
introduced in last year's Bud-. 
get from £10 to £liS for flights 
to outside the European Union 
and from £5 to £7 for-flights 
within the EO. ; : -- 

. Tbey warned the Chancellor. 



Clarke: preparing Budget 


puis die ta* up it wflf ■ 
danaft theKtagVprofitafaLli- 
tj? of me jadtage tour indus- 
iry. Already.foe.leading pub- 
tidsKtooted tour operators, 
Airtoura and 'First. Choice, 
have announced sharp profit 
reductions in fltocariwrtyear, 
with resultant job losses. 

Tbr the.. general public 
there wiH'be; a further reduc¬ 
tion in the number of holidays 


avtofable." the Feder arion of 
Tour Ctoerators (FTO) argued 
in-a., fetter to die Chancellor. 
*nhe impact in I99fi... wifl be 
to deny? some one million 
people a package holiday." 

Martin Bracken bury, chair¬ 
man oF the FTO which ac- 
counts for uver 90 per cent of 
flie estimated 15 raillkm pack¬ 
age hofidays sold each year, 
claimed- that the combined 
level of tax.on British travel¬ 
lers is already “the highest in 
the world, except for first-dass 
navdffinm Lebanon". • 

He said foal lour operarcss 
'had been forced to abscsb foe 
tax this year because consum¬ 
ers had refused to pay higher 
prices for package holidays. 
“Asaresult approximately foe 
same number of holidays were 
sold this summer as last and 
at similar prices, but for lower 
profits,” he added. 

Mr Brackenbury also point¬ 
ed our that recent failures 
among tom-operators had "all 
but. depleted” the air travel 
trust fund which compensates 
travellers for lost holidays. 
'’Customers could very soon 
be faring some form of addi- 
tional levy to repienish it." he 
daimed. ' 

■. The travel industry's oppo¬ 
sition to any increase in the 
airport tax has been supported 
by Njgd-Griffiths. 1 Laboions / 
. ermstnner- affairs 'spokesman. 
"1^ strongly believe the travel 
industry has a powerful case 
against any rise.” he said. “It 
is up to those affected as parr 
of the - multi-billion pound 
travel business to convince the 
Government that they simply 
cannot absorb such a tax or its 
impact on jobs and revenues.” 



Cyprus in 
tourist 
drugs war 


By M ichael Th eodovlov 


Waterfront bar in Paphos — 39 Britons were arrested this summer on drugs charges 


POLICE duels in Cyprus, 
determined to crack down on a 
“mini crime wave from Brit¬ 
ain". want signs displayed at 
British and other European 
airports warning tourists that 
they will receive long jail 
terms if caught with even tiny 
amounts of soft drugs for 
persona] use. Another mea¬ 
sure being considered is foe 
inclusion of stark warnings on 
flight boarding cards. 

Several Britons are current¬ 
ly (anguishing in Nicosia Cen¬ 
tral prison, serving between 45 
and 50 days for possessing in 
some instances as little as two 
grammes of hashish, enough 
to roll three or four “joints". 

Judges invariably tell the 
accused that penalties must be 
a deterrent to curtail the drugs 
problem and protect local 
youth from pernicious influ¬ 
ences from abroad. Police 
claim many tourists are now 
smuggling in drugs to sell in 
discos as a way of financing 
their holidays. 

“It has been noticed, with 
British tourists in particular, 
that when they are arrested in 
possession of drugs they claim 
they didn’t know it was ille¬ 
gal." said foe commander of 
foe Cyprus Anti-Narcotics 
Squad. Nathaniel Papageor- 
ghiou. 

British consular officials in 


Nicosia agree there is a need 
to let tourists know that while 
Cyprus appears to be an easy¬ 
going European-sTyle holiday 
Tslancl. drugs are strictly ta¬ 
boo. Those caught using them 
— even in the privacy of their 
hotel rooms — are harshly 
punished. Someone caught 
passing a joint around to 
friends is classed as a “suppli¬ 
er" and receives a suffer 
penalty. Prison sentences were 
rare until this summer when 
judges daimed foat fines of up 
to £700 were not curbing foe 
problem. 

Even those who escape im¬ 
prisonment with a fine have 
their holidays ruined. Many 
offenders are remanded in 
police cells for eight days and 
may miss foeir flight home. 
Tlits can prove costly if they 
are package tourists who must 
buy a single ticket home on a 
scheduled - flight 

This summer 94 Britons 
were arrested in Cyprus. 39 of 
them for drugs-related of¬ 
fences. This was more than 
three times the number 
arrested in foe same period 
last year. 

“It's getting worse and 
worse.” said Mr Papageor- 
ghiou. “The problem is mainly 
amphetamines. Ecstasy, speed 
and LSD — pills foal are easy 
to use and easy to conceal." 



passport chaos 


HUNDREDS of British tour- 
ists : are being-turned back as 
they head for Spain because. 
their passports, are invalid. 

Despite warnings foat the 
one-year "British Visitors Pass¬ 
port (BVP) would not be valid 
for entry to Spain after Octo¬ 
ber l.tnahy travellers claimed • 
to know nothing of the new 
rule - until - they were turned 
back at,airline check-in desks 
or immigration-controL 
And only frantic action by 
British r qffiriaJs prevented the 
giaduil phasing out of foe £12 
passport .turning into chaos 
when cnw-enfolisiastic offici-. 
als from other European coun¬ 
tries toid airlines, .which sire 
supposed to accept the, BVP 

until the end' of foe year- 
jisnped foe gun and refused 
entry to BVP holders. ' 

As reports flooded in that-, 
British passengers wanting to 
fly to France, Belgium* Tut* 
fey, Portogal and Greece were 
bring refused entry.. inter¬ 
governmental contact, had K> 


be made to get the message 
across foat foe passports are 
valid until December 31 for 
every country except Spain. 

Spanish authorities argued 
that British visitors needed 
documentation that was valid 
for at least-three months, and 
as the BVB was being abol¬ 
ished from January I it had 
. ceased to be valid now. 

Because airlines are respon¬ 
sible for ensuring that their 
passengers have the correct' 
documentation, check-in staff 
from some airlines had to tell 
would-be passengers foal they 
could not travel. Many imm¬ 
ediately raced to the nearest 
passport agency where staff 
have been working overtime 
-to produce full tervyear pass¬ 
ports in hours. . 

More than a million BVPs a 
year were issued through Post 
Offices and even though cus¬ 
tomers* are now being warned 
that - they will not be valid 
anywhere after January, thou¬ 
sands are still being sold. 


aims to 
be Europe’s hub 


By Harvey Elliott 


TWO NEW runways are to be 
installed at Charles de Gaulle 
airport near Paris as a "stop¬ 
gap” until a completely new 
aiporr can be butir near the 
city, foe French Government 
announced last week. 

The decision is a clear indi¬ 
cation foat the French are now 
determined that Paris should 
became the aviation hub of 
Europe, hiring millions of air¬ 
line passengers who now fly 
from outside Europe to Heath¬ 
row, . 

Frangois Baroin, a French 
government official, said after 
a Cabinet meeting in Paris 
foat a study would now be 
launched to choose a site for 
the new airport 

The Paris airport system — 
foe second biggest in Europe 
and seventh largest in the 
world — will. M Baroin said. 


"seek to accentuate improve¬ 
ment of its capacity”. 

The two main Paris air¬ 
ports. Charles de Gaulle and 
Orly, together with Le Bour- 
get. foe private business air¬ 
port. have a combined annual 
traffic of 513 million passen¬ 
gers and 522.000 aircraft 
movements a year. This com¬ 
pares with Heathrow, 
through which 53.4 million 
passengers and 417,000 air¬ 
craft pass. 

A public inquiry into foe 
plan to build a fifth terminal ar 
Heathrow, now grinding its 
way through hundreds of wit¬ 
nesses, is likely to last at least 
two years. 

Des Wilson, BAA’s corpo¬ 
rate affairs director, said: "The 
French decision proves that 
we are in a highly competitive 
international industry." 


Sydney noise levy 


UK TRAVELLERS flying into 
Sydney airport by jet are 
paying more for foeir air 
rickets after foe introduction of 
a “noise levy" by foe Austra¬ 
lian Government. Helen Con¬ 
way writes. 

Payment of the A$3.40 
(about £I.bO) tax is made when 
passengers pay for foeir air¬ 
line ticker, either to foe rravel 
agent or the airline direct 

There are an estimated 15 
million passengers flying into 
Sydney each year and the new 
tax is expected to raise $50 
million in 12 months to pay for 
soundproofing 4J00 houses 
which are located under foe 
flighi path of foe third runway 
at Sydney airport, which 
opened in foe face of intense 
protest from local residents 
last year. The Government is 
also having to buy 113 houses 
which are badly affected by 
noise from the new runway. 

Travellers leaving Australia 
already pay a A$27 departure 
tax, but this is the first arrivals 




. . • • 

• e .* 

v ~ • * . 


Air travellers lo Sydney are paying to soundproof houses 


tax. One domestic route is 
exempt from the new charge, 
however. Ansett Airlines is not 
imposing the tax on flights 
into Sydney from foe Austra¬ 
lian capital, Canberra, 
because its computer system 
cannot identify which of its 17 
flights a day from Canberra 


are jets and which are propel¬ 
ler-driven. 

A spokeswoman for Qantas 
said it was highly likely that 
they would follow' the Ansett 
lead and not pass on the tax to 
passengers from Canberra, 
rather than be seen as uncom¬ 
petitive on fares. 


Alton Towers to get hotel 


BRITAIN'S most famous 
theme park, Alton Towers, is 
to foflow in foe footsteps of the 
Walt Disney empire and open 
its first hotel, Rachael Jolley 
writes. 

Already 17 per cent of foe 
park’s three million annual 
visitors stay for more than one 
day. Alton Towers marketing 


manager Jill Britton said foe 
Disney experience had made 
people think of theme park 
visits as short breaks, rather 
than one-day trips. Ms Britton 
said the hotel would encour¬ 
age people who live more than 
a few hours* drive from foe 
park to consider it as a place to 
visit. 


Alton Towers will own and 
manage the £20 million hotel, 
which will have themed rooms 
including one with free choco¬ 
late and another decorated in 
Arabian Nights style. Guests 
will be able ro walk from the 
hotel to nearby rides, giving 
them foe ad vantage of beating 
the queues in the morning. 


StartingFebruiwy 14lh we shall be inaugurat¬ 
ing anew (light series direct 
wick to Damascus for foe remarkable site ot 

Palmyra ami the ‘rote ted; rity of Pete. Tte 

permits the traveller to visit foeareawfadlw 
has come to see and be able to relasand explore 

other partsoftheseanaentlanchata^^pKe 

and when the weather isat its most 
sightseeing. Our arrangement mdiufe tiw m- 
tematkmal flight 

Palmyra. Damascus, Bosra,andPete7 raghb 
services of local 

variety of optional vuntsto Gn* Chevaliers. 

-tBsaaSSaag. 

SSttSKK® 

where wc spend three nights at tMai^arams 

aasasssss^sg 

ssstassSSS 

s»!£S53®k: 

Ml Wad i Rum. ^ 


An Inaugural Offer 

PALMYRA 



London to Damascus Direct 

7 nights from£495.00* 



- perfectly preserved Roman ampitheatre before 
returning to London Gatwick 

We are making 20 places available at a 
special inaugural tariff on the indicated depar¬ 
tures on a first reserved.first allocated basis of 
just£435per person ina twin bedded room. 

DEPARTURE DATES & PRICES 

1996Wednesdays 
February H.21*,28*£595.Q0 
MarchS, 13,20.2" ,£595.00 
Apri!3.10,17*.24* £595.00 
. M3yl\8,l5*.22i595.0Q 

Single supplements 65.00 

• indicates that flrsi 20 places are available 
at the inaugural tariff of £495.00 
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marketing 14 of the most 


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42 SPORT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY OCTOBER 191995 


How a passion for success is healing the scars of a crippling injury 


Quiet comeback of 
rider with a new 
mountain to climb 


Lamerton suffers 


H e is back in the saddle 
after four days on a 
life-support machine, 
having suffered serious head 
injuries in a tall while racing; 
and his name is not Dad an 
Murphy. Steve Douce, seven 
times the national cydkHross 
champion, remembers vividly 
the night in July he dreamt 
that he was dead. He nearly 
was. 

Douce was raring his moun¬ 
tain bike at Catterick last May 
when he hit a rock in a stream 
and was catapulted off. Al¬ 
though he sustained no frac¬ 
ture to his head, he suffered 
bruising to the brain and 
underwent a five-hour opera¬ 
tion to repair facial injuries. 

Doctors could not reassure 
Sharon, his wife, that he 
would live. "At one stage £ 
thought that was it," she said. 
“They said they did not know 
whether he would come round 
again and. if he did. that he 
could have brain damage. 
They said he may never walk 
or talk again; or be able to look 
after himself; or that he might 
not recognise anybody " 
Although he has by no 
means made a full recovery — 
Tama completely different 
person" — he returned quietly 
to competition in the same 
week that Murphy, the Nat¬ 
ional Hunt jockey, made his 
much-publicised comeback 17 
months after fracturing his 
skull. And. like Murphy, 
Douce won. 

He was fortunate, he admit¬ 
ted. to triumph on his return, 
in a race at Dudley 11 days 
ago. but he was due some Jude 
As if his accident was not 
distressing enough for Douce 
and his family, he lost what 
little salaried sponsorship he 
had when his backer decided 
not to extend their three- 
month agreement He then 
discovered that the private 
insurance scheme he had been 
paying into for years did not 
cover professional sportsmen. 
Douce had neglected to read 
the small print 
He won at Dudley after one 
of two riders in front of him 
suffered a puncture and the 
other appeared to misjudge 
the race, leaving Douce to pass 



David Powefl on a champion 
collecting invalid benefit on 
his journey back to the top 


him with a lap-and-a-half 
remaining. He had his second 
race back on Sunday, another 
low-key event this time at 
Wolverhampton, and finished 
third: but only after bring 
thrown from the saddle again. 
A pair wooden rails designed 
to slow down the riders was a 
technical challenge for the 
more accomplished competi¬ 
tors who. instead of getting off. 
would jump them. 

“Your feet are fastened in 
the pedals so you can jump the 
whole bike up," Douce, the 
British No 1, said. “The sleep¬ 
ers are about a bike-and-a-half 
apart. I rode over the first one 
and went straight into the 
second. My reflexes are not as 
quick as they used to be." 
Fortunately, this tune, he land- 


to stay at the top is limited to 
perhaps four more years. 
“That’s his life,*’ die said. “I 
was never that naive ic think 
he would stop. 1 would never 
dream of trying to stop him. It 
just would not be on the 


‘That’s his life. 
I was never 
that naive 
to think he 
would stop’ 


ed safely. Other filings about 
Douce are not the same as 
before the accident. 

“He is a changed person." 
according to his wife. "He is 
more short-tempered and 
more distant I was warned 
that he could have a person¬ 
ality change, that it was the 
part of the brain that 

affects the personality, so I 
was prepared for it He goes 
into a world of his own 
sometimes." 

But his commitment to sport 
remains unaffected. M ! have 
still got that," Douce said. 
And, though Sharon worries 
"every time he gets bade on his 
bike", she has not put pressure 
on him to quit After all. he has 
been cydo-cross raring for 20 
years and. at 31, his potential 


Now Douce is looking for¬ 
ward to his first race back in 
serious competition, in the 
first round of the National 
Trophy series at Greenwich on 
Sunday. A week later he 
returns to the World Cup. in 
Holland Yet he remains on 
invalid benefit. The squeeze on 
sponsorship forced him to 
work as a part-time postman, 
his first job outside cycling, 
shortly before his accident 
But he is not ready to try 
again. 

“1 want a job but I get very 
temperamental," Douce said. 
"1 get really irritable. I can be 
argumentative, which I wasn’t 
before. When I get tired I have 
problems speaking, l say the 
wrong words. I forget things. 
When your photographer was 
here, 1 was looking for my 
helmet in file back room and 
upstairs, but I had already put 
it in the car." 

Team Ambrosia and Ew- 
hurst Control are assisting 
Douce with bikes and ex¬ 
penses. "Not a full sponsor¬ 
ship but better than nothing," 
he said. "Cycling bas gone 
downhill in this country. The 
sponsorship 1 had was not 
very good. That is why I had to 
supplement it with a job. All 
foe savings 1 made over the 
years have gone." 

Douce cannot recall his 
accident and tries to block the 
occurence from his mind. “! 
have only thought about it 
once and that was when that 
Italian rider [Fabfo Casarteffi] 
crashed and died from head 
Injuries in the Tour de France. 
That night I dreamt I was 
dead and in a coffin." 

Only a dream, but so nearly 
reality. 




ANDREW IAMERTON,fbeTJ^neffi hooker, 

Welsh lugbyumoa caps in 1993. wssswwnsly ffl m hospital 
yesterday: after steering fttjuries in a car aeddent {Dawd 
Hands write* Lamerton, 25. was amember of the wateA 
squad that will phty the Fijians in Bridgend onSatuniay 
and fnrrtr rent in a training session after HO fll-effeds were 
apparent after a hospital check-op on Monday, the day of 
the accident 


meacooenc 

. Lamerton suffered.bead injuries when his car was m 
collision with anothervehicle as he reversed out ofnisbane 

fn ukic lufpr falrm HI flfwnrkanudehfflflu St 


Moniston Hospital in Swansea, whichspecialises m neuro¬ 
surgery. It is undcratcKid there is no ccranection with the back 

injury, that foroed his temporary retirement from the game 
in 1994. A. hospital spokesman described 2ns condition 
yest er d a y as "serious". 

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E J McCtenrarr;7!w»yBM (csfWln). EfeSrita. £ Ntfwai. T TWranMUu. E 
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Lewis heads south 


BOXING: The heavyweight bom between Lennox Lewis and 
Riddick Bowe. of the United States; which has been 


scheduled for March, oould be staged in South Africa. Bowe 
has been talking to South Africa promoters and has had 
positive reactions- Bowe, See Lennox, a former world 
champion, wants to bads baring in that country. particularly 
since he met Nelson Mandela, Ak President, two years ago. 
His representative. Alexis Denny, said: :.“We have been 
negotiating with the Lews organisation since before his fight 
against Tommy Morrison last month-* 

The bcwiwffl be part of an effort by Bowe to help boring in 
South Africa, with Rock Newman, his maoager. mviting the 
South African wefterweiglit champion. Mpush MakhambL 
to appear on one of his shows in the United"Stales. '. 


Pakistan order inquiry 


f/ 

7 

r 



CRICKET- The Pakistan board has demanded an inquiry 
into their team’s rm^eremanfous exit from the Champions' 
Trophy in Sharjah this week amid reports ofa player revolt 
against the captain,JRatmz Raja. Zulnqar Ah' Shah Bokhan, 
chairman oftbe board, said yesterday that tes would be joined 
fry the board's chief executive: Arif Abbasi, and treasurer, 
Salman Taseer, in the tineo^member committee meeting in 
Lahore on Saturday. The meeting precedes the^etection of 
the Pakistan squad fof file fo r thc o min g tour nf Australia the 
sameday. - 


O’Sullivan slumps 


*4; 


SNOOKER; Ronnie O’Sullivan, the former United King- 
<tomc4ian^ion,MvktimtetheiiKirisurpnsmgresultoffiie 
season so far when he was beaten 5-2 by Michael Duffy, the 
world No 169from Bortadowo,Northern Ireland, in the first 
round of the Skoda Grand' Prix at Sunderland yesterday. 
O’Sullivan; who seems weighed down fry cantmumg family 
problems and whose fotm has jgadaafiy disintegrated since 
he won the Benson & Hedges Masters title in February, 
attemptedtoo many risky shots to ensurevictaiy. 

Results, page 43 


Cleveland celebrate 


Steve Douce, back cycling competitively after suffering serious bead Injuries in May 


BASEBALL: The Qewdand Indians have won their first 
American League pennant and World Series trip for 41 years 
with a 4-0 vtetray wertheSeattie Marinersi The Indians won - 
file best-of-seven American League championship series 4-2 
and will face the National League champions. .file Atlanta 
Braves, in the World Series, .which begins on Saturday in 
Atlanta. Dennis Martinez, 40, was their matchwinner. 
allowing only, four hits ova; seven innings. Gevefcmd have 
zutwona'chazz]pwnshipsiDcel9ti. 


NBA orders limited retreat from decibel hell De Rossi faces ban 


I f you venture down to the 
London Docklands to 
watch the Houston Rock¬ 
ets over the next three days, 
the most essential accessory 
wifi not be a Hakeem 
Olajuwon vest or a fancy pair 
of sneakers, but a set of ear 
plugs. The National Basket¬ 
ball Association (NBA), who 
are promoting the McDon¬ 
ald's chib championship with 
the customary banging of 
drums, are promising an 
“NBA-style" presentation at 
the London Arena over the 
next three days and, as any¬ 
one who has survived Indi¬ 
ana's pacer racer or the 
buzzing hornets at Charlotte 
wfll testify, that means loud. 

At least it did until yester¬ 
day when the NBA. the inven¬ 
tors of rock 'n roll sport called 
on their teams to cut the 
decibels for the coming sear 
son. "In some places, they 
were turning up the volume so 
high it bothered people on 
court and bothered people in 
the stands. It offends people’s 


senses," Rod Thorn, the 
NBA’s vice-president of oper¬ 
ations, stud. 

Sound effects have always 
been such an integral part of 
the game, the basketball 
boom did not just describe its 
popularity, it was truly ono¬ 
matopoeic. But in the last few 
years teams have used musi¬ 
cal excess as an acceptable 
way of distracting opponents. 
Cartoon noises, rock anthems 
or in the case of the Indiana 
Pacers, a ferocious revving, 
and the Charlotte Hornets, an 
ear-splitting buzzing, have 
now become part of the reper¬ 
toire. NBA games are a cross 
between a rock conceit a 
Baptist rally and children's 
theatre and the people love 
them. NBA games were 94 per 
cent sold out last season. 

"If you talk to players and 
coaches, the majority would 
say they like what’s being 
done," Thorn said. "If you talk 
to the marketing people, 
they’d say it's part of the 
show." 


Andrew Longmore reveals why American 
basketball has decided that the time is 
right to impose a degree of noise abatement 


The loudest, brashest, pre¬ 
sentation in tibe NBA could be 
found at the Orlando Arena 
where a spectacular dunk fry 
Shaqufile O'Neal was greeted 
fry fiie voice of announcer, 
Paul Porter, amplified to 100 
decibels with the help of a 
reverb machine. A jet aircraft 
produces 150 decibels, the 
Rolling Stones 90 to 100 at fuD 
volume. “We try to have the 
reverb going while the other 
team is taking the ball up the 
court,” Porter said. “Visiting 
players say it is an obnoxious 
place to play, which means we 
must be doing something 
right" 

The noise, though, caused a 
stir with Larry Brown, coach 
of the Indiana Pacers, who 
complained about the sound 
effects during the Eastern 


Conference finals. Orlando 
countered by pointing out that 
Indiana tens, who are also 
some of the noisiest in file 
business, waved pxnwheds 
behind the basket at Market 
Arena when the Orlando 
players were taking a free 
throw. The NBA promised to 
look at the whole matter of 
distractions. 

Among thdr recommenda¬ 
tions for the new season, the 
NBA have asked teams to 
keep levels down to 85 deci¬ 
bels and only to use sound 
effects when the borne team 
has the ball or during time¬ 
outs. Pre-recorded chants like 
"charge” or “defence" may be 
played when either side bas 
the ball, but more impartially. 

Ray Lalonde, public rete- 
tkms manager for NBA in 



O'Neal: his scoring efforts 
get thunderous acclaim 


Europe, promises that the 
McDonald's championship, 
which for the first time fea¬ 
tures the NBA champions, 
will be staged in the best 
possible taste, with imagina¬ 
tive sound effects tailored for 
more sensitive English ears. 
"We have no intention of 
making it any louder or 
different than a normal 


game," he said. "The arena 
bas been designed beautifully 
to look like a real NBA arena 
and the whole atmosphere 
will give everyone a true taste 
of the NBA.” 

Back in Orlando, Paul Por¬ 
ter is not very impressed by 
the idea of a new, quieter, 
NBA He predicts that the 
volume wifi slowly creep up 
as the season wears on and be 
back to the old levels in time 
for the play-offs- 

The three-day McDonald’s 
championship, which begins 
today, promises to be more 
sedate as file Houston Rock¬ 
ets take on five other national 
c h amp ions, inducting ‘ the 
Sheffield Sharks. The final is 
on Saturday evening and tibe ; 
only disappomtment is that 
Hakeem "the dream” 
Olajuwon, file seven-foot Ni¬ 
gerian-born centre who has 
led the Rockets to two consec¬ 
utive NBA tides, is recovering 
from surgery and probably 
will not play. He would have 


RUGBY UNION: The Italy foil back Claudio De Rossi, 
faces a two-year, ban after a second urine sample tested 
positive for harmed steroids. De Rossi the first Italian player 
to fail a drug test, was suspended indefinitely earlier this 
tnonfoafterlieritow^posffrreatatrainntg session. Sandro 
Di Santo, secretary of theItalian Federation, said: “The lad 
said he had merely taken some yeast "“He added that it was 
up to a sporting judgeto deride on the punishment, and went 
<hu "But ft looks like at (east two years.” 


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THE vfiSSt TIMES 


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FOOTBALL 
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England management looks beyond established squad 


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Robinson in line for England recall 


By David Hands 

RUGBY CORRESPONDENT 


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DAMIAN Hopley, who spent 
four years cm the fringe of 
international selection before 
winning his first England cap 
during the World Cup this 
vear. and Andy Robinson, the 
last of whose seven caps was 
against Wales in 1969. may 
claim places in the England 
team to play South Africa next 
month. 

Hopley. foe Wasps centre 
who trained with the national 
squad at Marlow on Tuesday, 
is being considered as a right 
wing, while Robinson, the 
Bath flanker who has yet to be 
invited to a training evening, 
is said by file team manage¬ 
ment» be “at the forefront" of 
their thoughts. 

England haveadear vacan¬ 
cy on the right wing, where 
neither Tony Underwood nor 
Ian Hunter is fit- Moreover. 
Hopley fits the criteria spec- 
fed by Don Rutherford, foe 
Rugby Football Uniarrts (RFU) 
technical director, after the 
Work! Gup when be inquired 
where England's answer to 


New Zealand’s physicatiy- 
powerful wings — John Ku¬ 
wait. Va’aiga Tuigamala or 
Jonah Lomu — might be. 

Robinson. 31, comes into 
camention after an outstand¬ 
ing season with Bath. “He’s 
playing better than ever and is 
very keen to play for Eng¬ 
land.” Jack Rowel], foe team 
manager, said as he contem¬ 
plated a squad of whom nine 
were limited in forir activities 
fry immy. Time is not on Jason 
Leonard’s side — the Harle- 




-l' : v’:''jpy 


Hopley: fulfils criteria 


quins captain is unlikely to 
resume against Bath on Satur¬ 
day — while Simon Shaw, the 
young Bristol lock, is more 
worried about a hip injury 
than the bruised hand that he 
picked up last weekend 

However, the casualty list 
has enabled England to recog¬ 
nise the form or John Fowler, 
of Sale, Andy Muffins, of 
Harlequins, and Paul Gray¬ 
son, of Northampton, all of 
whom trained at Marlow. “We 
will need our big team — by 
which I mean the first-choice 
team — against South Africa 
because any weaknesses will 
be ruthlessly exploited." 
Rowell said. 

That same team will also be 
the first to receive player- 
contracts. The RFU will have 
finalised them by the end of 
this month.The union wffl not 
lose much time, either,, in 
making them available as 
models to anxious first-dm- 
skto dubs who, In foe words of 
Tony Hallett, are “living on 
the edge of a volcano” because 
they fear that their brightest 
prospects will be offered con¬ 
tracts elsewhere. 


Hallett, the RFU secretary, 
sympathises with dub officials 
wbo believe that the recent 
International Rugby Fooiball 
Board ruling an contracts 
favours overwhelmingly the 
national governing bodies: 
John Hall the' Bath team, 
manager, expressed foe 
thoughts of many when he_ 
cafled for one contract, be-.: 
tween club and player, with ’ 
compensation paid fry the" 
union when it railed up play¬ 
ers for mternatfona) duty. "We 
are producing good players at 
club level and we need them 
committed and under con¬ 
tract," Hall said. 

The first fovision chibs met 
at Leicester last night with 
pkyer-movementahotpctetD. 
Thor representatives will 
mea Hallett : to mor row. 
“When a player gets selected 
by England, he will find that 
foe structured season will not 
interfere with his chibeonanit- 
mafls,’’ Hallett. said, aware 
tfeS-Rowea Is unhappy that 
his XV to piay.South Africa on 
November 18 wiD be involved 
in Eague action the-previous 
weekend. 



7th Condse Edition (HB) £40 New October 5th: 

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***** 
















SPORT 43 



THE' 




*$ 



mmi protection clause is added to Maastricht Treaty 






'.T-. ■**•#1 

"'t.-.S.fc 




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slumps 


WHILE Leeds United;_ 

.burn Rtw^'Erotc^andu^.. 
rest a re eng rossed xri 
pean competition,: tfeis yreek* 
Lennart JcAansson. president 
of Uefa, ihfi goventingtwdy of 
European football and David 
Will, British vic^presidenz of 
rhe world body, Kfa," have 
been necotianng. with Jean- 
Luc Dehaene, _,the" Belgian ' 
Prime Minister, for! : a, 
ralfonalisation of the Euro¬ 
pean Union’s dogmata: ap¬ 
proach to sport. 

. The freedom ofallnlaymto 
piay in any countiy demanded 
in accordance with European 
labour regulations, and die , 
abolition of. transfer fees, 'i“x- 
pected to be confirmed by foe •' 
European Court of Justice-in 
the Bosman case, forea tea e d 
to destroy both the strnctare of 
European amqoetitkm and die 
survival .of smaller dribs. jvho 
are dependent , on the. down-' 
wani ifefwttf transfer fees, 

Johansson and Will met on. 
Tuesday, before seeing De- 
; haane — the man blocked by . 
John Major as president of tite 
European .Union — at foe' 
Belgian Fbptball ffedterafion,-. 
under the chairmanship of Dr.. 
Jacques Rt^ge; the;president/ 
of the association of European t 
national Olympic committees..'. 

Fbr 18 moora "Rogge fo ; 
been running a liaison-office ‘ 
manned by. international law- 
yerSv tbe intention' being . to 
lobby heads of government to ' 
introduce into" fe Maatfrichf 
Treaty a .clause' protecting. 
sport . : V. 

“We have drafted such an 
article and are consulting the 
national sports confederatkms 
country by country. [theCCPR r 
in Britain]* Rogge - said - , 
yesterday.. : . 

“Such an article would - 
oblige the European Union to 


T. i - -v.-f y. - . ; •. : 

: ; ffitEtewn Mjjxer 


view of sport 



‘toaddressall 
headsof goramoenLn- 

posable Trifo*tfc« 
BuEopean^pfriitidans: for ex- 
ampS. at' regulation penriit- 
t ting&fy&ub to sign 
-farrago players but to plafy no 
more than ■five..—, the three 

as.ejt present.-T-in any one 
match, and Jbr trailer foes to 
be rerfafefiTbv “tuition fees*, a 
: of 
: sdling 

Manchester United are to 
Mr'-.J&siv'ban an away • 
supporters. .Recorefrac¬ 
tion writ reduced the 
eapaatyto.34,000 at foe. 
start of the season 'and 
hfope demand far tickets 
prom pted foe dub to «*- ; 
fowl its embargo on visit¬ 
ing s u ppl ie rs.. 


dub in the development of 

foe court, of jusice 
will be . wise {in the Bosman 
. case] and accept that white the 
.old transfer-system isnot 
acceptable, it is imperative to 
secure funds for survival." 
Rogge said- - 

Wffl. who is-mi foe Uefa 
Comittee for-European Union 
affairs* said yesterday; "Foot¬ 
ball, and all sport have acase 
where national ktehtity has to 
be maintained. 

The /fottognef .rule applies 
to all team sport—basketball 
ice hockey, etc—in prohibiting 
the exduskxn of non-nationals. 
A lot of chibs could go out of 


; edstsbpe unless something is 
- done: Youffi- teams will he' 
• abandoned by many without 
-■foesafeguanltift^^ 

. At a meeting-ot European, 
sports ministers in Madrid 
. this week.' attended by Iain 
Sprtiat from Britain, Ffcliciano 
-. Mayoral, the general secre¬ 
tary of the asssodatitm of 
worldwide NOCs was busy, 
•. lobhynig for the inclusion of a 
, spoils artide m foe Treaty. 
Rogges Bason office is funded 
by- contributions from Uefa, 
.and. by a dozen international 

-Baror 

captain who was kept out of 
Erertorre first round tie in the 

.n^^^^vmake his*J&un£ • 
, pean debut, at home tonight 
against Feyenooni Everton 
are hamficapped by Kan- 
cbdrfds bang ineligible, 
r Amolcadn being absent witti 
the Nigeria national team and 
ftiguscntangnishingin jail. 

. * Joe Royle will name his 
team from a squad of 15. 
Fbyenodrd manager Axie 
Haan also; has his problems, 
with injtuy to Henk Fraser in 
defence and foe suspensksi of 
Bbsz in xnidfieitL 
: The sending-off of Koeman 
in foe Dutch league at foe 
: weekend-will not prevent his 
posing the usual danger from 
free lucks at Goodison. 
Everton will need to play 
above themselves to take a 
lead toRqtterdam. 

Celtic; preparing to face 
Baris St Germain, were lifted 
by the news that Paul McStay. 
their caption, and midfielder 
Phil d’Dbimell were fit for 
their matdt tonight McStay 
had been nursing a groin 
strain, while O'Donnell was 
straggling with a calf injury. 



Inexperienced 
hookers named 
for semi-final 

By Christopher Irvine 


Barry Horae; the “foreigner” who will make his European debut for Everton tonight 


at new deal that will tie Stone to Forest 



‘ttzZZS- 


celebrate 


v..: •• 
w \ 

:»•' ■ ' 
^ . 

: r" 


face> ban 


By Russell Kjbmpsqn .. 
and Prtbr Ball ‘ 

STEVE STONE is on a rofl,- 
after a seven-day ; $pdl,thai 
would strecdi the:- creative 
skills of foe raost imagmative 
writer. In the past wedt,- the. 
Nofthieham Rwest 'inMifieid 
pja>ernasmadean encro ra^ <;< 

a 23-minute stint In Norway, 
and scared match-winoing !: 
goals in the 1-0 .victories ' 
against Tottenham Hot^nxr ■. 
and Auxerre. Life could not be ■ 
rosier. 

His, impressive emergence 
from relative cfoscurity arould 


its finanaaT reward too,. 
FYank Clark, foe Forest 
manager, kem to updaie.his 
contract as swiftiy as possible. 

. Hawng. recently seen Lars 
Bohmea leave for, Blackburn 
Rovers fiac no more than an 
.apparent lade of suitable re¬ 
muneration; Clark is not wffi- 
ing^bebujnv^gain. 'Ib have - 
loa Btfomen- ftras caretess to . 
loa£totfrifouWbel»r&jm^ 
an the criminaL 
Yet Stone. 24, has no inteo*. 
tionaof cashing in on his new- 
found -feme .by' seeking 
pastures new. His industrious 
displayjn Fbrestfs away win 
in Auxerre, in the Uefa Cup 


second round, first lee on 
T\iesday, illustrated perfectiy 
. his cammSmera to the City 
Ground cause; Has goal in the 
22ndminiite^chipped delight- 
fully over Pabien Cool the 
Auxerre goalkeeper, provided 
further evidence erf his grow¬ 
ing maturity. 

"My goal -against Totten^ 
ham had an 'dement of fluke 
But. hot tins one. I reaDy 
enjoyed it" be said. Things 
seam to be happening for me 
at the moment which is 
tremendous, but it doesn't 
really matter who scores as 
long as the team keeps putting 
in good performances." 


Forest produced just that 
with their resilience tested to 
the full by a talented Auxerre 
side that still has much to offer 
to an intriguing tie. Forest 
were forced into four goalline 
clearances, Ian Woan making 
three of them, yet Stone re¬ 
mains confident of a place in 
tiie last T6.: Rob on the return 
leg. 

In Denmark, it was Liver- 
pod revelling in European 
competition. The team rolled 
bade the years with the sort of 
performance which recalled 
the dub’s great days. Drawing 
0-0 with Brondby is not, on the 
surface, a great performance. 


but it was the sort of result 
which littered Liverpool's 
record over the years in the 
days when Ian Rush — on 
Tuesday playing in his 37th 
European tie — was a novice 
learning his craft alongside 
Souness and Dalglish. The 
effort achieved the necessary 
result avoiding defeat and 
leaving them well placed to 
complete the task at Airfield. 

There was still a touch of foe 
classic Liverpool missing, 
however, the Merseystders 
giving foe ball away more 
than usual, and Fbwler and 
Rush both just missing with 
chances to end foe tie there 


and then. “I’d have liked an 
way goal," Roy Evans said 
afterwards, ‘‘but 111 settle for 
O0."A sentiment Bob Paisley 
and Joe Fagan would instantly 
recognise. Just as they would 
hve recognised the perfor¬ 
mance — with Rush leading 
the way as foe first line of 
defence. 

That is familiar, but equally 
pleasing to Roy Evans were 
foe performances of David 
James and Mark Wright Two 
of Souness’s most questioned 
signings are belatedly fully 
justifying their transfer fees 
after a time when their future 
at Anfield appeared in doubt 


INSTEAD of happy hookers, 
read two nervous ones, for 
Australia and New Zealand in 
their Halifax rugby league 
World Cup semi-final at the 
McAlpine Stadium, Hudders¬ 
field. on Sunday. Both coun¬ 
tries will depend on in¬ 
experience in foe key dummy 
half role, Australia by choice 
and New Zealand through 
circumstance. 

Andrew Johns wilt follow 
his impressive first appear¬ 
ance in the No 9 shirt for 
Australia in the brushing 
aside of Fiji last Saturday. His 
previous experience was in an 
under-ds match. Although one 
of the most versatile players 
around, Henry Paul does not 
even have that advantage in 
being handed the hooking 
duties for New Zealand. 

In 14 months at Wigan. Paul 
has figured in every back 
position and ar loose forward. 
“You have to do things a little 
out of foe ordinary," Frank 
Endacott. foe New Zealand 
coach, said. “He’ll give us 
several options and keep foe 
Australian markers thinking. 
They wont be able to read 
what he’s going to do, mostly 
because he doesn't know what 
he's going to do himself." 

Endacott has been more 
lugubrious than praiseworthy 
of Paul in the past, but, eveai if 
out of his more favoured 
positions, the semi-final is the 
perfect platform for Paul to set 
out his attacking wares, and 
Australia are keenly aware of 
foe dangers that his impul¬ 
siveness could pose 
Bob Fulton, foe Australia 
coach, said: “You’re talking of 
someone who can turn a game 
in foe twinkling of an eye. He’S 
got great skills, and even 
though hell be wearing the 
No 9 jumper, we’ll have to 
wait until Sunday to see where 
he ends up." 

“I’m used, at Wigan, to 
things being chucked at me," 
Paul said. His switch from 
stand-off half has been forced 
on New Zealand by foe posi¬ 
tive drags test of Syd Era, foe 
Auckland hooker, and ban 
from foe tournament. Gary 
Freeman succeeded him for 
foe match against Papua New 
Guinea, but the former cap¬ 
tain was among those dropped 
yesterday in a reshuffle. 

New Zealand remain a side 
with excellent credentials and 
poor results. This has meant 
several changes, with Tony 
Kemp switched from loose 
forward to stand-off and a first 
start in foe centre for Kevin 


Ira. his Leeds ream-mate. John 
Lomax, whose slip passes in 
the tackle are his trade mark, 
plays at prop. 

"If they do put it together, 
they have foe players to beat 
any side," Fulton, who. none¬ 
theless, was less inclined yes¬ 
terday to play down foe world 
champion's tag as favourites, 
said. “We struggled in foe first 
march at Wemfiley because of 
lack of preparation, but were 
on the path now, and just fine- 
tuning everything." 

Johns, a half back normally, 
showed great application 
around foe rucks for Australia 


TEAMS 


AUSTRALIA: T Brasher (S 
Danas C 

Coyrw * _ _ .. _ 

Foote rfWith. copcanj. G Toovey irAantyi. 
O Pay tSfSr&i Built tojsj. A Jortns 
ibtewcasiiaj, M CancA (Mantyj. S Menaas 
iMttil/). G Larson ftjonh Sydneyi. J 
OymocK [SvtffKv Bulldogs) Substitutes 
thorn> D Gilespw) iM&niyj. fl O'Davs 
(Newgate'., J Smith (Sydney BuDdxj&i M 
Johns iNewcastle], N Koset (Monty! 

NEW ZEALAND: M Ridge (Many, capuani 
S Hoppe lAucWandj. R Blackmon* fAocJ- 
Santfi. Kirn (LcecRi a Barnett iCrcnutia).T 
Kemp deeds I, S Jones lAuKJondi J 
Lomax iCarbenoi. H Paul fiV/gani. J 
Lxnurte (3,-anev Cfyi S Kearney (Auck¬ 
land;. O Pongia [Cannerra], M Nora 
.Sydney kvesjs i Subsumes: & toqamu 
(AucJiancJi, H Okesene [AucUarvJi. HWita 
iCanBorai . T Iro (Sydney Cityi 


against Fiji, so his choice 
ahead of Wayne Bartrim and 
Aaron Raper, specialist hook¬ 
ers, was not really a surprise. 
Moreover, Johns landed 20 
goals in two World Cup group 
games. With a niggly thigh 
injury to Rod Wisharrs kidt- 
ine leg, a decision will be 
taken tomorrow on who is 
first-choice place-kicker. 

if necessary. Johns could 
move to scrum half, but Fulton 
said that, although Geoff 
Toovey had an Achilles prob¬ 
lem, it was not serious. 

Gary Larson's inclusion in 
the second row and foe selec¬ 
tion of Brett Dallas on the 
wing, ahead of Robbie 
O’Davis, were not unexpected. 

Huddersfield is approach¬ 
ing saturation and all 31.000 
tickets for foe first semi-final, 
at Old Trafford on Saturday, 
between England and Wales, 
have been sold. With foe total 
attendance figure for foe 15 
matches now' expected to be 
around 275.000, foe success of 
foe World Cup is assured. 

Shaun Edwards, the Eng¬ 
land captain whose knee infec¬ 
tion has eliminated him from 
foe first semi-final, is not yet 
certain whether he would be 
fit for the final at Wembley on 
Saturday week. 





TIMES 


?! 


f • J*. \\ 


HU* 


% ' 


By Robert Sheehan brhxje correspondent 
This refresher is asomewbat more difficuft example of counting 
the distribution. ' . ; ; 

Dealer North Love aH . Rubber bridge 

: f AS •’ ' 

♦K 10 S 765 ..' - - 

#<384 _ 

*8 2 

VK 1 D 73 ? 

♦084 . 

#652 

*J 973 
* 04 , : 

♦ AJ 3 . 

*KJt 03 



w 


H 



Pass iSrro 
Contract 3 NT by South 

fl) Correct When you have a long 
suit, it is usually xigbtio raise 2 NT 
id 3 NT, even m a fairly rniniremm 
opening — if the tong suit runs,' 
ynu will have plenty of tricks; if it 
does not run, you will probably go 
off in 2 NT. West led foe three .of 

hearts to the jack and queeri. South 
cleared foe dubs and East .re¬ 
turned foe six of hearts. How 
should South play tbe.tfianiondsf 
Answer. The magic number in 
bridge is 13-1 saw a good player 
who had temporarily forgotten 
foal go off on this hand. After 

. -“ -i_Vu> nl9U- 


1 * 




- ,-T" 


ed foe ace and king of 
While foai is correct wifo no other 
inlomujnon, cm this hand, there 
was a great deal more mfoimsuon- 
fij Wes led foe three of bran?. 
jYKumahfy, that was fourth rest 

So the maximum outhber of hearts 
that west can have is five (do yw 

see why?). That gives East a tari 
four hearts, East hasQvenaffed 
One Spade and. toe®** 
abiy has at least five. JmTAfier 


2NT 


- X^d; Three of Hearts - 

Now, 12 of Eases cards are 
' accounted for — five spades, four 
hearts and force dubs. It is a 
simpfe matter to lay down the ace 
; of diamonds and nm the jack oh 
the second round. ' 

. □ The final or the Venice Cup in 
: Peking has readied .foe halfway 
.stage: Germany leads foe United 
' stales by thenarrowest of margins 
— DS IMPS to I17.In the Bermuda 
Bowl 96 - deals remain- • iTbe 
(fiffereore. between the teams is 

- also just one IMP-t United States 
lead Canada-II4-1I3. The Ameri- 
.. mn& mok foe lead early, and most 
observers expected them to over- 
. whelm less experienced oppo- 
nents./Canada, though, stuck to 
their ask. arid some aggnssfve 
baddirig was rewarded—by 

fevourable distributions and indif¬ 
ferent defences. The United States 
have struggled at every stage, but 
nobody except foe Canadians seri- 
. ously expects than to Idas. : 
DRitfoert Sheehan wites. on 
bridge Monday to Bridify m Sport 
and in foe Weekend section on 
Saturday. ■ 




ByPhiUpHoward 


RUTTER 

a. A desk-bound officer 

b. A junior NCO 

c-Araeroenaty 

PIPSQUEAK. 

a, A raw subaltern • 

b. Medals 

c Army fried veg 


SHUFTT 

a. A quick foe* 

b. , A Bedouin tribesman • 
c-An Arifoic ttf eftain ‘: 
MANGONEL • 

a. Arxnyiaundiy 

b. Atypedfste^pnel 
c TYebudbet ■" 

Answarsonpage46 



By Raymond Keene 
.. CHESS CORRESPONDENT 

Challengers gallery 

Before the start of foe Kasparov - 
Anand world championship 
match, I gave a brief history of all 
foe world chess champions, with 
biographical details and some of 
their greatest games. Marty read¬ 
ers have requested similar treal- 
ment for some of the great masters 
of foe past who came dose to the 
tide but failed in (heir ambition to 
winh. 

I start this occasional scries with 
Efim Bogojyubov.wbo challenged 
Alekhine for the. world champ¬ 
ionship in 1929 and . 1934. 
Bogolyubov was defeated so de¬ 
risively in these marches that be is 
•sadfy. misrepresented in chess 
Eteraure by a superfluity of his 
lost games. He was,' however, a 
brilliant player in his own right, 
who won foe extremely powerful 
tournaments of Moscow 1925 and 
Bad Kfcsmgen 1928, among many 
others. TTie game today shows him 
at hfe best, a global strategy, 
operating on both win^s leading to 
a shattering sacrificial oonduskm. 
"Whito-Bogolyubov 
BSadcMieses 

Baden-Baden. 1925 

Dutch Defence 

1 -tie B 

2 03 Nf6 

3 Bg2. e6 

4 Nf3. d5 

5 00 BdS 

6 o4 c6 

• 7 Nc3. Nbcff ' 

8 Qc2 .. Ne4 

9 Kht CK6 

10. Bf4..-Bxtt 
tl fipfe Oh6 

12 83 . .. - Ndf6 

13 Ne5.. ’ '1Md7 ' ' 

14 flfll • NW5 

15 d»5 Nxc3 

16 btffl Btf7. 

17. Radi b5 

18 Qb2 * Wl 

19 QaS • - RMB 

20 Cab6 «b5 


By Raymond Keene 

This position is a variation' 
from foe game Anand — 
Kasparov, Intel world champ¬ 
ionship, third game.. 1995- 
White has sacrificed a rook 
and a piece to draw the black 
king irito the open. How can 
he now force ajuadt male? 

Soltttkroon page 46 


ai 

Qafi 

Qh5 

22 

Bxd5 - 

estdS 

23 

RX07+ . 

Ksg? 

24 

QflJ+ ' 

Kg8 

25 

Rgl+ 

Qg< 

SB 

Rxg4+ 


27 

15 

Rdo8 

28 

66 

Bc6 

29 

017 + 

Kh8 

30 

(6 

RgB 

31 

Qc7 

Race 

32 

065 

CM + 

33 

Kfll 

Bd5 . 

34 

(7 + 

R07 

35 

Oxd5 - 

Black r 


Diagram of final position 



* 9 


The Times world 
championship book 

Ail games of foe world title match 
are now available with com¬ 
mentary by Raymond Keene in a 
Times nook. World Chess Champ¬ 
ionship: Kasparov v Anand 
(Batsfard £9.99). Credit card or¬ 
ders on 01376327901 (please quote 

sim. 

Staunton Society 
dinner 

The annual dinner of foe Staunton 
Society, (he purpose of which is id 
honour. Howard Staunton. Great 
Britain's greatest player of the J9fo 
century, and raise money for a 
memorial to him at foe Kensal 
Great Cemetery in London, will be 
held chi November 6, It will be at 
Simpson's in die Strand, if you 
wish to attend, contact Barry 
Martin on 018199S3SI6. 

KmPS 



Wakeman 
may play 
revival role 
at City 

RICK WAKEMAN. the rock 
musician, is to be asked to 
come to the rescue of his ailing 
football dub (Peter Bali 
writes!. Wakeman, a Man¬ 
chester City supporter, is 
being approached by a group 
of businessmen eager to put 
up to £10 million into the FA 
Carling Premiership’s bottom 
dub. 

A consortium is being 
assembled by two Manchester 
businessmen, Mike Peck and 
Michael Strul, to buy shares 
in the dub in return for two or 
three places on the board. “We 
should make it dear right 
from the start that this is a 
‘buy-in’ rather than a buy¬ 
out," Peck said yesterday. 
Wakeman will be asked id join 
the group. 

Coventry Ciiy have signed 
the Plymouth Argyle winger, 
Sam Shilton, the son of the 
former Plymouth manager 
and England goalkeeper. 
Peter Shilton, in a deal that 
could net the third division 
dub £300,000. The move 
means that the 17-year-old will 
again join his father, who is on 
a short-term contract at Cov¬ 
entry. Shilton Jr has joined 
Coventry for an initial down- 
payment of £125,(XX) after a 
successful three-week trial at 
Highfield Road 
Brighton signed Denny 
Mundee yesterday after the 
striker was released by Brent¬ 
ford. Mundee, 27, a former 
Bournemouth player, has 
signed a month’s contract at 
the Goldsfane Ground with a 
view to a permanent deal and 
wilt make his debut at Burnley 
on Saturday. 

Mike StowelL the Wolver¬ 
hampton Wanderers goal¬ 
keeper, could be out of action 
for six weeks after undergoing 
surgery to repair a depressed 
fracture of the cheekbone The 
former England B internation¬ 
al was injured when he collid¬ 
ed with his team-mate, Eric 
Young, during Wolverhamp¬ 
ton’s 4-1 home defeat by Stoke 
City on Saturday. He is un¬ 
likely to be available again 
until the end of November. 


FOR RECORD 


ATHLETICS 


AVEiRO, Poougat: European Quta hatt- 
marathon championship: 1. P Guerra iPor) 
Hv a»nin 24sec C. J Peterto (Par;. 3. B 
Saverrath) bearing Britons i7,GDov«s 
IBndgendl, &, B Fatten iSpana}: 23. S 
8roc# l&tctosndi. 27.0 Hrscc* (BndgsndJ. 
Teams-1. Portugal Uj*s; 2, Spin 40. 3, 
UfiM5 British. 6 Bridgend l2S.9.Spxu 
(Northern froiancfi 147 13. BJaddieaih 326 


BASEBALL 


PLAVOFFS: American League: Cteweand 
4 Seanie o (OovetoKJ ***5 bosf-&i-s«v8n 
«nas 4-2. and me« AUama Braves m the 
vrortd Senes) 


BASKETBALL 


BUDWElSETt LEAGUE: ShpKieH 37 
(Caumom 29. Huggns T5j Hema Hemp^ 
siead6i |Nne» IE) 7UPTrophy:NewcesMa 
7® (PaMrwm 39) Dertv 93 IHunpnrey 23. 
Lw*V20i 


CRICKET 


First Test match 

India v New Zealand 

BANGALOW (New Zastend non (nss. &SJ 
day c4 five)- tndla. «tfh eoven firs 
wictefs ei hand are 64 runs b&Nnd Now 
Zealand 

NEW ZEALAND: FbsHnnmg® 

B A Young c Tendufoar o Ra|u .. ... M 

M J Grearoaich b Srinatti .. .. _10 

TAC PsroreajwbSrtnah . .. 2 

M D Crow c TervUkar b Kurotte ....11 
S P Fleming c Mcnga b Snnaih .. . 16 
S A Thomson c Mengtg h Cteuhan . 77 

C L Cams c Manjrckar o Ra)u.IS 

*L German c Tenduta b Kumbte . . 

D J Nosh Saw b Humble _ . .0 

M N Han c Probhato D Kuntte ... . i 
□ V. Momson m all . t 

Exjrss. (lb 5, D4, nb 1). 10 

Total_^- 145 

FALL OP WCKETS T14. 2-22. 3-30. +44. 
£-n, 5-71. 7-116, B-llfe 9-144. 

SCWUNG PrabhahM 6-0-16-0. Snnaih 14- 
624-3: Flam 16847-a Kumbte ia-5-3SM. 
Chaofian lt-7-tt-t 

INDIA: Bra bmeigsi 

M Prabh^ar c German b Monfeon 4 

A jad&ja ret <xJ -30 

S V Mariroka ttw b Nash_15 

S R Tendulkar c Young b Nash 4 

*M Aihanuddm na out_ 21 

E«r3i IpbT) --- 7 

Totat (3wte( 61 

V G Kambu TN R Mania. A Kumbte. J 
Snnaih, R Chauhan and S L V Ffajg to Bai 
PALL Or WICKETS 1-11,2-45,354, 
BOWLING, Mom son 8-128-1. Ca«n& 9-3- 
21-6. Ha3h6-l-n-?.Haft5-1-2H) 
Umtwes; S K Sensai (Wa). M Kitehen 

tEng) 

Third Umpire: A V Jawaptekaeh (Victa) 
Maicfl referee. Peter Buge (Aub) 
SKEWELD SHIELD (first day at taut}: 
Penh WesaemAusiraiavNewaiiihrttoes 
nopby. 


FOOTBALL 


Twtday’g <ate results 
UEFA CUP: Second round, fira teg 
Aiwne {Fif 0 Nonngham fotesj 1 . 
Eronctw (D«ii 0 Lwerpoa 0, leetfe Urwed 
3 PSV Bndhtwen (HOB 5; Raflh Rovers D 
Bayrnsm Munich (Serf £. Other ttes: Spate 
PrapuojCz) 4 2«wu Cftssau (Mon 3c 
Sewite (Sri 1 Olywetos (Gil a Werder 
Bremen (Qfef) S Dynamo Mai* ©eto} 6. 
Lyons Fr) 2 Ledtj Qq 1. Bordeaux (Fr| 2 
Rein Volgograd (Ribs) 1, Uigano (Suite) 1 

Simla Prague (Czja as Roma mi 4 AMst 
(Befl 0: Sa'aebouB ffTJ 0 AC fcUan (B t: 
Buedena (Sp) 3 Vma Gnmsrsee (Por) 0; 
Berttea jpa) i SV Rada fHtfl 0. 

AUTO WINDSCREENS SHIELD: Rat 
round: Northern section. Crowe H Martin, 
wri 0; Ror»»rham i &#niey 1; ChsnertlakJ 
2 N«b Cony 1; ScunBWfpe 4 Buy a 
WteMiam 1 Yortr 0. Hri 1 Prawn 0. Brad- 
ftjnJ t Carfisfe t. Southern section: Swan- 
see o Leyam Orleri 0: CfirtiWSGiBngtiam 


VS fluptiy & Sudbwy 5 
Northfiwi 3. Midland 


WorKinglon 0. Le«h RMI 7 Bndgnorlb 
own 0. Mugale i Ba&htey £ Martw i 
larrow Borough 4. ITienre Util 2 WortriQ 0. 


£ FUhasm ? Watenf S. Brentlora 1 Exei* 1 . 
Brtgfuon 0 Bnsrof Rovnre 2\ Bristol Ciry 2 
Berwi £> Torquay l Swinoon 1 
BELL’S SCCnmSH LEAGUE: Third cfl- 
vteion. Artroalh 1 Queen's Park 1 
UNIBOND LEAGUE: Premier cfiwfaton: 
Banow 3 WSflon 0. Errfey 1 Galnstorough 
0. FricUey 1 Blyrh Spsrians 2. MaUOCk 2 
Droyisden ?. Speonymoot 0 Guaeley 0. 
Po&ponxt Cheney v Aosmnon Slaritey. 
Knovwtey v Bamber Bridge, ten w Wins- 
lord. Fast dMskvr Alherion LB 2 Curzon 
Action r Lancaaer 4 Groat tiowood t. 
Naheriteld 0 Fleetwood 3: Wamngion i 
Radcffta 1. Wiwfey Bay 3 WorVsop 3 
BEAZER HOMES LEAGUE: Premier &- 
vaorc Burton 0 VS 
Gravesend and 
division: B^y Town 1 Roihwefi 4 
ICIS LEAGUE: Premier efivfskm: Yeecfiru 3 
Purflew 1. Bra drvfeton: Cnesham 0 Beie- 
ncay 1. Heytwdqe Swifts 1 Madertmad 
Unfled 1. Leyton Penrom \ Siarws J; Too- 
VQ and M ilOtam 1 Uxbridge 0: Wbyieteafe 

2 Bogu Rege 4 Second dbtsion.- 
Camcy Island 1 Leaherhead 1. CnaBoM Si 

Bracknell 1, rebury i Edgwarc 3. Wnism 4 
Egham 3, Third dMskm: Cow 0 Horsham 
5 (iVVoaidalone 0- Windsor 

and Eton 2 Northwood 0 
FA UMBRO TROPHY: Fka cwriifyina 
rowid replays: Betostoch Town 3 Bariung 5 
aer. Bilsion Town 4 Sunan Coldfield 4 eer. 
ashop's Stoftiotd fi Atwiodon Town 1. 
Braniree T«wi 1 Buckingham Tom Cr. 
Dulwich 7 Carshafori i (aeU. Laweslw Ltd 
5 Wo 
Town 

Harrow Borough 4. rheme Uid ? Waring 0 . 
Wateriooutle 0 Hendon 1 
LEAGUE OF WALES: Alan bdo 0 Ton 
Pence 2 

AVON INSURANCE COMBINATION: First 
dhnsion: Warlord i Bnuoi Rovers 0. 
PONTTNS CENTRAL LEAGUE: First ch- 
vtstorr Derby 0 Sti*e 2. Sheffield uid 3 
Trarenera 1 Second dfensJon: GnmcDy 2 
HuddemieW 1 

FEDERATION BfffiWBtY NORTHERN 
LEAGUE Rrst dMsioiL Siocteon 3 
Bedkngton 2: Wesl AjcUand 1 ChesteHe- 
Sueetl 

COMMIT) COUNTtES LEAGUE FVe- 
trierdiwstoiTBadtenri Reading2 
GREAT MILLS LEAGUE Premier dfotoorc 
0 Wedbuy 0, Elmore 3 
i. Pauflon 2 Bactwti 1 Post¬ 
poned: BnsJri Manor Farm v Bndfon 
WTHTUNK EXPRESS MIDLAND AL1> 
ANC& Rocesier 1 Armdoje 2. Shitnai 1 
Straftord r. 

JEWSON EASTERN COUNTIES 
LEAGUE: Premier dhtaion; Corrard 1 
HaverWI 0, Great Yarmouth 1 Wanon 0. 
HOsiead ESoliaml.Wtocdbridge i DCs 2. 
JEWSON WESSEX LEAGUE Rrffi dL 
vtSDn: Lyrrington 2 EoEtieigh &. Thdcham 

3 Cowta Spohc 0. Wntrmr 4 BAT £ 
Postponed: Gosport * Bounemoutii. 
LONDON SPARTAN LEAGUE Senior 
Cup: Second round, first log: Hanuefi 1 
WxifwChO. 

MINERVA SOUTH MIDLANDS LEAGUE 
ProrrBer dMeon: Bcyatcn J Toltnpltt) I 
Senior division Cup: Group B; WnJci* .1 
Hctfnef Green 5 

NORTHERN COUNTIES EAST LEAGUE: 
Premier dMstert: Amthotpe VfaMa/u 3 
Osselt Town 4; Osaen Mbton 3 Dcnaby a. 
SMctebndgePSSBnggO 
UNUET SUSSEX COUNTY LEAGUE Fmt 
dMafen: Hassccte T Siamco z Lergney 
Sports 1 Hatistom 1 ; Oakwood D Buroess 
HUI3. Rmgmef 5 Three Bridges 1 
FA YOUTH CUP: Second qualifying 
round: Southport 3 Briton 2 GtAnritsTi £ 
Satingboume I. 

SCHOOLS MATCHES: Encash Schools 
Pu# Film Trophy: Second mnt Can- 
Unooe 2 IsSngton 5. bte at WfaN 1 
Saiihampiai £ WetfcnJ 5 Si Atw» 2 
Tour match (uncter-t9j- Merecviade 4 
Criome 1. Boston Howard Johnson 
Trophy: Final (urteer-T6J Wh® Manor 2, 
VamdeanO. 


GOLF 


SPAIN: PSA European Tour QueStofe 

SctwifirsiHMid scores 

PERALADA /per 72), GB: a Saddraion 
(Scoll ST: * P Nelson (EngJ 69: 0 Jones 
fhB), I Young (Scot). 70: NWaflon(Eml.C. 
ftatmd Scot). S Henderson (Scot! C 


Q'Canoll (Walesi. P Lyons (Engi, -C 
Ctsjfcn (Eng), M Rooens (Walesi, 0 James, 
peri). M Welsh (Eng). H O NeJl ire,. C 
Bowel ISwcj 

BwtPORDA (par 71|: 66: R Cwisdate 
IWWeaj 67: - S Taytor (EngJ. N Groves 
lEngl 6ft B Huasefl (Sew). M Angten 
(Swe). 

ST CYPRJEN roar 73)- 6tt J DaKsirwn (Frt. 
M Pendanas (Fr), *N SwaffieW (Erw. C 
Lacrobi (Fil. 68: M BessaJFrt 7D:C Duran 
(Swe), P Iguaran (So), fc Griardi (Fr|, B 
Tedena (FrJ. * E UetegrangB (Frt, G Van Der 
Nea fSA;. Wr JocWrj (Eng) 

PALS (par 73). 68: F Cea (Sp). T Nriwn 
(Nort 70: - S Drummond (Eng). P Bteara 
pi. J ROsacHte (Sp). D Philips tUSi. ’ D 
reach lEng). * M Wnealtwuse INZ) 

' demies amajeui 

icEHOCKEY 

NATIONAL LEAGUE (fJHU Del roc 3 
Crioary 3 (&T)' Owcago 6 Florida 3. 
Ednorion 3 New Jersey I. New ion. 
Rangers 5 New tetfc btamtes i.Tororao 7 
San Jose 2. Washington 4 Dallas 3. Boston 
7 SI Lours <: Winnipeg 5 Tampa Bay 2 

RUGBY UNION 


Latin Cup 

Francs 52 Romania 

Franca: Tries: Carmteeou 

Aneiazz 2. Petals. Nemmom. 

Cons: CasLagnede 4 Pens: Castargnede 

2. Dropped goal: Casirognade Romania: 

Trias: Mate. Ncvyoo 

Argentina 2S Italy 6 

ARGENTINA: Tries: Mamn. Terai SaK-ai 

Con: Luna. Pens: Luna (3) Italy: Para: 

Bonomi 2. 

(ft San Miguel tfe fucuman) 

CLUB GAMES: Cross Keys 19 Porflyp«ja 

48, Noon 12 Massing 10 . Cxtoid University 

SS London Wefch eiToridu 3 Bridgend 12 . 

Ne«*wd0e 38 Sotrfh Wales Pr*cc 30. 

Carrtoioge Urewrety 59 Crawsnoys Wear. 

XV 5. Namerfti 31 LBIXtowry 23. New Doc* 
Stan: 26 Ltanefi 47 

SCHOOLS MATCHES; Bishops Stontad 
3^ The Leys 20. Rugby 27 Nonngnam 


SNOOKER 


SUNDERLAND: Skoda Grand Prfcc Fkst 
round (Enqiand unless statodl A Cams w 
8 Morgan 5-4. A Hwfcs « R Lwder W. S 
Hendry (Scoll bl J Birch 54. P Ebdoo M S 
Verahan 5-S. W Thwna bt S Frantasoo (EAI 
6-3: S All IRiKj t» G WBlmson 5-1. J Sw&i 
(N imi b! J C*jra^ 5-3 K Dotety (irV)« M 
Wfcon 54* T Drago (Meka) bl D Moumcv 
(Walesi 5-1 


TENNIS 


LYON: Men'E toumsnent: Feat nxmcL' M 
Hoard (Fn bi J Frana (Aid) 7-5. 5-4. w 
Ferraro (SAj hi JGdnnatd (ft) 5-7.6-2, W. 
WBVNA: Man's uumamrw: Rrst round: J 
Bpskman fow) M C Bercsnotm (Swe) 3- 
6.M. 6-3: A Votiea (Hero) bl M-K Goolner 
iGetl 6-i M: M Wooftnte (Aus.) M M 
Hfltf {Auanaj 6-3. fl. 1 . OOgoradov (UzbeM 
bl A Medvedev Jlfcrt &0.6-1. P Kuehrwn 
(Gw) bt K Nw&cdv (Caj 7^, &4). A Vttm 
(Rus&l bl 0 Gross (Get) 6-3.6-1. B Seven 
(Nt) tit T Enqwgj (Swei 7*6. 3*>. 6-2; TJo- 
hanfison (Sw) b! M Guaatssn (Swe) &£ 
6-4. 

HONG KONG. Men's tournament Sflror 
gtoi4r A Gaudwa (W M H Leajrrtg (Fn $. 
3.6-1 Red group: MFWfimcwssis lAnsibl 
R Krajia* (HOC) 6-7.6-3,7-5. Grid mxjp. 
S Edbwg (Si«i M L Jensen (USA) w. 6-3. 


POOLS 01VIDENPS 


LOTLEWOODS' Trobte chance jjojs 
C 2JXB05. 23 E*1 20. 22pte £4 50 2lffi 

Ort rtnfif £334.75 Hve sways. £5.l0 
JCRNOje: Trowe charwe- 24pts £729.60, 
23123is. 72 £2.60. Ten homes /paid on 
•BMM&i 20 Rwawaye void 

chance 2 -tprs £ 28060 . 

Four 

draws. £ 112 p Eight homes. £ 1.877 jp 
™ awnysr D>» Goals aalote- qjX) 
Luchy fhjmowrs. 13 S 18 8 2 24 

























* * MJ1 VJI^ f iV »VIU ^ VP 


Australian rejects claim of greed 

Norman stands 
firm despite 
wintry welcome 

By John Hopkins, couf correspondent 


FOR the second time in three 
months, golfs caravan has 
alighted at St Andrews. In 
July, it was for the 124th Open 
Championship and crowds 
clogged the streets and threat¬ 
ened to bring the traffic to a 
standstill. Today, it is for the 
eleventh Alfred Dunhill Cup. 
which starts over the Old 
Course this morning. 

Those sunlit days just past 
midsummer, when John DaJy 
won the Open and Costantmo 
Rocca won our hearts, seemed 
a long way away yesterday. 
The old town is as grey, cold 
and forbidding as its nick¬ 
name suggests. Winds of 
40mph roared over the hal¬ 
lowed turf and pellets of rain 
swept into the faces of golfers. 
In this city, which seems hewn 
from granite, it was too cold 
yesterday for Rocky to play 
golf and so Sylvester Stallone 
withdrew from the pro-am. 

Greg Norman round him¬ 
self at die centre of a row 
about toe appearance money 
he receives at some tourna¬ 
ments. This comes after accu¬ 
sations in a newspaper article 
by Mark McCormack, the 
head of the International 
Management Group (IMG), 
the promoters of last week’s 
Workl Match Play Champion¬ 
ship, that Norman demanded 
£250.000 to compete at Went¬ 
worth. 

“Greg Norman wants 
money — full stop." McCor¬ 
mack claimed, “and we’ve 
never paid any appearance 
money. Once you do it you're 
dead. How can you pay Nor¬ 
man and not Ernie Els... But 
we’ve got to be consistent. He’s 
the only one who wants it" 

Norman said that he re¬ 
ceived appearance money in 
eight of the approximately 24 
tournaments he entered each 
year and. at two of those eight 
he gave some erf that fee to 
charity. “Some of the figures 


mentioned are ridiculous.” 
Norman said. “The Irish 
for example. ! wish 1 

S t £250,000. As for the 
Match Play, all I can 
say is that when I was with 
them (IMG), appearance 
money was never a problem." 
Norman left IMG to run his 
own management company 
just under two years ago. 
“Every event 1 competed in 
when I was with IMG. except 
those in the US, they asked for 
appearance money for me.” 
Norman. Steve Elkmgton, 


Sa«fe m captats; number donates saadhg 
Grou p one 

rn UNTTHJ STATES ® Crenshaw, P 
Jacobsen. L. J*izen). (B) CANADA (R 
Gftsm D Barr, R Stewart), Ireland CD 
Cterts, P Wflfcon, R Raflwty); Sweden (J 
PameviK, P-U Johansson. JSandaSn). 
Grouptwo 

(4) SCOTLAND (C Montgomerie. S Tor¬ 
rance. A Cotert). S)SAHBCA(E8s. D 
Frost R Gooaeri); Taiwan (Chen Ijann- 
hsi. Chung Chun-hekig, lu Warwah); 
Geirnany (A Cajk&S Striker, HP ThueQ. 
Group three 

(3) ZIMBABWE (N Price. M McNUty. A 
Johnstone). (B) NEW ZEALAND <M 
Campbell. F NobBo. G Turned; Water Q 
woosnam, P Affleck. M MoUancQ: Japan 
{H Kaaa, N Serizawa. T wetanaba). 

Group lour 

Q) AUSTRALIA (G Norman, S BWngion, 
C Parry); (7) ENGLAND (M Jamas, B 
Lane, H Cork); Argentina (E Romero, J 
Cocerss. V Fmanbez}. Span (M Jbw- 
nez. J FOvero,) Gsrrido). 

D ki each group, seeded courtries ptoy the 
ursoedodonas on Tlosdv and Friday. (tat 
the after seeds on Saturoey. Sam-fruto. on 
Sunday muring. aVtapeuo I uanriM v 
group 2 nfanas; &vup 3 wmera * J 
aimers. Tho tnal <8 an Smlsy itiomoon. 


the US PGA champion, and 

Craig Parry, represent Austra¬ 
lia in this medal matchplay 
event and are die second 
seeds. Also in their group are 
England. Argentina and 
Spain. “I like this event." 
Norman said, “and 1 think we 
should do pretty well. Wind is 
less of a factor in the Dun- 
hill Cup because you are 
playing one guy at the same 


time You just have to beat that 
guy." 

The United States, compris¬ 
ing Ben Crenshaw. Peter 
Jacobsen and Lee Janzen. are 
the top seeds and are drawn in 
group me with Canada, the 
defending champions!. Swe¬ 
den, the 1991 winners, and 
Ireland, the 1990 champions. 
This Is dearly die hardest of 
die four groups. Scud and are 
in group two with South 
Africa. Taiwan and Germany, 
Wales in group three with 
Zimbabwe. New Zealand and 
Japan. 

Before the Fijian rugby 
league players left for the 
World Cup in Europe, they 
prepared for the cold by 
spending time in giant freez¬ 
ers. The South' Africans might 
have done the same thing. 
David Frost loped across the 
1st tee at St Andrews towards 
the practice putting green, his 
head shrunk into ius shoul¬ 
ders. his hands deep in his 
pockets. 

“It's going to get even colder 
this afternoon. David." some¬ 
one said, “and tomorrow the 
wind is going to get up, too. It 
will blow at 50mph." 

“Thank you very much," 
Frost, whose South African 
team-mates are Ernie Els and 
Retief Goosen. said. 

At 530am yesterday, the 
weather forecast said there 
would be a strong west-south¬ 
westerly wind mat might be¬ 
come a gale later. It did not 
take long to arrive. Five min¬ 
utes latex, the Meteorological 
Office issued a weather warn¬ 
ing suggesting the wind might 
reach 45mph m the afternoon. 
□ Mark James, the England 
captain at St Andrews this 
week, said he was not interest¬ 
ed in succeeding Bernard 
Gafiacher as the captain of the 
Europe Ryder Cup team. 
James. 41, described the cap¬ 
taincy as "a thankless task." 


Builders 
famously 
rewarded 
for sound 
planning 

ByMslWebb 


THEN there were two. For 
the second time m three days, 
a past winner of The Times 
Mees Pierson Corporate Goff 
Challenge won a regional 
final to claim a place in the 
national final. As for as tins 
competition goes, it has been 
a week for records. 

The venue yesterday was 
the beautiful, undulating Wa¬ 
terfall coarse at Mannings 
Heath Golf Club in the heart 
of Sussex where, in the South- 
West Home Counties region¬ 
al final of the Challenge, Hall 
and Coaker Braiding Con¬ 
tractors. a Sussex firm, won 
their second trip to a national 
f i n al at La Manga in three 
years by scoring a remarkable 



99 Stableford points. Delight¬ 
ed? Overjoyed? That was not 
the half of it. 

The team was fed by Danny 
HaB and Andy Coaker. direc¬ 
tors who were in the winning 
quartet two years ago, as was 
Andy McCelland, who 
worked for them in 1993 but 
now is employed by one of the 
biggest builders in the coun¬ 
try. He was therefore appear¬ 
ing tins time as one of tire 
company's two guest players. 
The team was completed by 
Mick StobbartL making his 
first appearance in the Chall¬ 
enge this year. 

Hall and Coaker (the firm) 
was determined that HaB and 
Coaker (the players) should 
give themselves the best pos¬ 
sible chance of success again, 
and had worked tirelessly on 
(heir games since making 
sure of a regional final place 
for the third year running. 
They are obviously believers 





Mark Taylor, of KT Electrics, keeps his head down at die tricky short 10th hole 


in tbe work ethic—scarcely a 
day has gone by since when 
they have not had a golf dob 
in their hands. 

"If there are two days when 
I haven't practised in die last 
six week I would be sur¬ 
prised." Hall said. *Tve had 
lessons from ray dub profes- 
riaoaL and if I've not had time 
to get to the dub JVe practised 
my chipping in the back 
garden or putted on tire 
carpet” . 

Coaker echoed his words. 
“We had a superb time in La 
Manga in the first year, and 
we thought there was no point 
in playing in the regional 
final unless we were going to 
give it our best shot" 

The result was there for all 
to see. They bad very easily 
tbe highest score to date in the 
regional final series, and won 
by eight points from Nissan 


Motor (GB) with ANS pk a 
further point behind. 

In fact with a scintilla of 
lock they might have created 
another Challenge, record fay 
becoming the first team to 
reach three figures m a re- 
gfrmal finaL Hall, MbGeDand 
and Stobbatd all had putts for 
birdies on the last green; aD of 
than missed. 



Happy as they were, the 
winners were left with ope 
small worry. MdCdland has 
been with his present employ¬ 
ers only since May, and was 
not sine, even in mis moment 
of triumph, if tie could make 
the : national -final week. 
“We’ve got show houses open¬ 
ing that wed. and I Adi 
have to ask very nkriy to get 
the time off," be said. There 
are at least three people 
hoping McGdland. catches 
the boss on a good day. . 

Hall and Coaker fbOow 
Preboa Yamane. last year's 
winners, who qualified at The 
London Ctob on Monday,, 
into the 1995 national finaL . 
"Thank them for looking after 
the trophy for os," Coaker 
said. “But tell them we want it 
back." Tbe way they played 
yesterday, nobody would- bet 
against it . 


European 
taskforce 
ready for 
Belmont 
challenge 

By Juuan Muspcr , , 

EUROPE has again conjured 
an impressive raring task 
force for the $M)rnaikm Breed¬ 
ers’ Cup al Belmont Park, in 
New York, a week on Satur¬ 
day. Of tbe 18-strong entry 
announced yesterday, only 
Nicototte, nominated for the 
Mile, appears tmffisefy- to 
make the cut in fields restrict¬ 
ed to a maximum 14 runners. 

Hatf the 18-strong European 
entry bails from Britain, with 
the trio comprising Hever 
Golf Rose. Labe Caraston and 
Owzngton all destined to dash 
in the Breeders 1 ' Cup Sprint 
over-six furiongs cat dirt 
WflKaxn Hill believes a British 
Sprint triumph is an the cards, 
quoting Late Cartiann as ^their 
7-2 favourite. Ladbrokes can¬ 
not split the July Cup winner 
and Hever Golf Rose, bracket¬ 
ing the pair at 5-1. wirifeCoraJ 
is best about Hera: Golf Rose, 
atti-K ' 

Britain's senior handicap- 
per, Geoffrey. Gibbs, rates 
Lake Comstan a remarkable 
filbdear of Classy Mirage, the 
top-rated North' American 
sprinter. And the coirs trainer. 
Geoff lewis, 'said: Take 
Conistan's effort in winning 
'the July Cup has not been 
equafled fay another sprinter 
for a. very long time. “If he 
reproduces‘that form in the 
United States, hell win." Punt¬ 
ers should tread warily; Lake 
Conistoo has yet to race either 
- round a bend or on-a dirt 
surface. 

Perhaps die .best prospect 
for a European victory rests 
yritii the IHnf over 12 finkx^s. 
The French-trained Freedom 
Cry, runner-up to tammtarra 
in the Prix. de l’Arcde 
Triomphe, beads the market 
at 4-1 with Coral Tbe firm 
’ then bets: 6-1 Hernando, 8-1 
Carnegie, 104 Tamure, 16-1 
Lando and Rtiapour. - 
For many, however, the 
hi g hli g ht win be the dash 
between Cigar, the winner of 
his last 11 races, and the 
Godo^rfun-trained Hailing, 
victorious on his last eight 
outings in the Classic. 


Variety in 
rugby league 

From Mr Ernest Blewitt 

Sir. If. as the Headmaster of 
The Royal School. Dun¬ 
gannon (Sports Letters, Octo¬ 
ber 13) asserts, rugby union 
provides for foe “squat, the 
short and the tall", then rugby 
league caters even more so. In 
England's victory over Fiji last 
Wednesday. Bobby Goulding. 
foe shortest man on the field, 
got the man of the match 
award. Jason Robinson, the 
next-shortest, was in dose 
contention. Even in the for¬ 
wards, league caters for a 
greater variety because, in the 
absence of Uneouts. there is 
not foe same premium on 
height as in union. Mobility is 
the most important factor. 

Regarding the future of tbe 
game in our schools, the 
headmaster seems unaware of 
the amateur rugby dubs, both 
league and union, which run 
teams from five years old, 
upwards. These coach and 
train and are often branches of 
sports clubs offering a wide 
variety of sport. Within four 
miles of Lowion. there are at 
least half-a-dozen such dubs, 
and it is not unusual for the 
school union teams to have a 
first year intake of ready-made 
players, many of these trained 
in the league code. Similarly 
in schools where league is the 
schools choice of rugby, boys 
trained in union provide their 
contribution. 

There has been for many 
years, far more movement 
between the amateur codes 
than has been recognised. As 
regards the "doctors, dentists 
and lawyers” these dubs al¬ 
ready contain professional 
people who play alongside 
everyone else and are less 
conscious erf mixing than the 
headmaster seems to be. 
There are for more amateur 
rugby league teams than 
professional 

Yours sincerely, 

ERNEST BLEWITT, 

15 Cleveland Drive. 

Lowton, 

Warrington. 


Poor coverage 

from MrJ. B. Griffin 
Sir, Mr Overland, of 
Camberley (Sports Letters, 
October 13) is right to com¬ 
plain about the television “cov¬ 
erage" by the BBC of the 
rugby league World Cup 
which has meant that most of 
the people in the country have 
been deprived of the spectade 
of some of the games. 


SPORTS LETTERS 

Case for playing Le Tissier 


4.UU EUBOTUWBRffiQEBSFUmxilWOat 
STAKES p-Y-0: £5,311: tm 54yd) (19) . 


From Mr Harold Margo! is 

Sir, David Miller's analysis of 
the Norway v England game 
(October \Jfis the politics of 
negativism, and out of touch 
with foe requirements of foot¬ 
ball supporters. The match 
was so stuttifyingiy boring 
that I. told many others watch¬ 
ing with me, switched off the 
television at halftime. Where 
was foe entertainment? Where 
were the players with an 
ounce of imagination who 
would take a risk and beat 
one, two or three opponents 
with sheer ball control and 
dribbling ability? Where was 
foe inspired pass? 

Tactical football without in¬ 
spiration is the death-knell of 
foe game. If this is foe way 
England are going to play. I 
would rather they were 
knocked out of foe European 
championship finals at the 
first opportunity. 

Yours faithfully. 

HAROLD MARGO LIS, 

19 Telfords Yard, 

The Highway, El 

From Mr Roy Brook 
Sir, 1 have just read in 
astonishment the article by 
David Miller and the com¬ 
ments made about foe Nor¬ 
way v England match and in 
particular. Matthew Le 
Tissier. It was dear from 
almost everybody (Messrs 
Venables and Miller excluded) 
foal England were shambolic 

and, far from progressing, are 

deeper in foe abyss than they 
were under Graham Taylor. 
Has Mr Miller forgotten that 
we are ranked 26 th in foe 
world behind such teams as 
Egypt? 

The England team is crying 
out for a player of Le Tissieris 
world-dass ability. One 
minute of genius from him 
would have more than 
outwieghed the 90 minutes of 
tedium we had to put up with. 
If he does have “three basic 
flaws", then why are 
Newcastle, Blackburn, Chel¬ 
sea and others all prepared to 
break foe transfer records to 
secure his services? 


However, the south of Eng¬ 
land is not alone in being 
misfed by the BBC Here, in 
foe North West, highlights 
have been shown, but with no 
advance publicity in television 
listings! Many, therefore, have 
missed them. 


the BBC is. to echo Mr 
Overland, disgraceful, exem¬ 
plified by its choice of Ray 
French to follow the egregious 


Comments like those made 
by Mr Miller are ffl thought 
out and demean all those true 
English fans who want noth¬ 
ing more than to be proud of 
their football team. It Is a sad 
indictment of English football 
that the last time our support¬ 
ers had anything to be proud 
of was over five years ago, 
which is five years too long! 

Yours etc, 

ROY BROOK, 
l Bradds Mount. 

Bradds East, 

Rushen, 

Isle of Man. 

From Mr Paul Child 
Sir. David Millers defence of 
England's sterile performance 
against Norway sorely misses 
the point: the team is as far 
away as ever from creating 
goal-scoring opportunities 
against the type of tight de¬ 
fences we are likely to encoun¬ 
ter in next years European 
championships. 

Such is foie poverty of his 
expectations, the condemna¬ 
tion of Matthew Le Tissier is 
predictable. Less rational is 
his assertion that Southamp¬ 
ton fens overrate his talents 
due to foe dearth of other stars 
in the their current team. 
Haring watched many excep¬ 
tional players over the years 
(eg. Bail Keegan. Osgood. 
Shearer), we are capable of 
making our own objective 
judgments. 

If. to sacrifice individual 
brfllance for a system (even if 
it also subjugates Shearer, foe 
rally world-dass player in the 
current side, to the role of nan- 
scoring workhorse). Le Tissier 
is not to make foe starting 
eleven. let me pose die follow¬ 
ing question: with 2D minutes 
to go, England are losing 1-0 to 
Germany in the European 
final; who would you rather 
see warming up on the touch- 
line — Sheringham, Wise. 
Stone. Lee — or LeTisska? 
Yours etc. 

PAUL CHILD, 

April Cottage. 

Polecat Valley, 

Hindhead, Surrey 


Eddie Waring as televirion 
commentator, what so many 
excellent experienced people 
were available. The BBC was 
determined that league should 
continue to be badly present¬ 
ed. so that tins excellent prod¬ 
uct would not get the 
marketing it deserves. 

Yours faithfully, 

J. B. GRIFFIN. 

9. Oakwood Drive, 

Leigh, Lancashir e. 


Appalling 

behaviour 

From Mr Victor Shroot 

Sir. The disgraceful scenes 
after the Murray and 
Docherty fight by socalled 
supporters should not come as 
a surprise to those who love to 
play or watch sport 

Spectator participation, 
both in professional and ama¬ 
teur sport has taken on a 
dangerous and almost psycho¬ 
pathic side to it My son, who 
is seven years old. plays mini- 
rugby for Richmond and is 
fortunate to play for the A 
team in that age group. He 
has played in four competitive 
tournaments at which foe 
behaviour of some supporters, 
mainly mothers and fathers, 
has been appalling. 

Not only referees, but play¬ 
ers as well have come in for 
verbal abuse. Some of the 
language used I have no wish 
for my sera to hear. It should 
make me fed very angry, but 
cmly makes me sad. 

Sad. because as a nation, we 
seem to have lost the meaning 
of the word “sporting”. When I 
was growing up. I matte many 
friendships through sport, in¬ 
cluding some of my oppo¬ 
nents. I hoped that my sou 
would fbOow suit. I think the 
odds of this happening today 
must be very long indeed. 

Yo urs s incerely, 

VICTOR SHROOT. 

2F, Westover Road, SW18 


More than fall 

From Mr W. H. R. Jones 

Sir. In his report an foe World 
Match Hay Championship 
(October 12). your goff corres¬ 
pondent John Hopkins, refers 
to tbe playeis competing, “not 
over tbe sprint-like distances" 
used in foe Walker Cup and 
others, but “the full 36 holes." 
thus implying that 36 holes is 
foe normal match distance. 

Thirty-six holes is an artifi¬ 
cial extension purely for com¬ 
mercial reasons. A full golf 
match is the same length as 
that of a full gdf course, ie, 18 
holes, and it would fly in foe 
face of all golfing tradition to 
think otherwise. 

Yours sincerely, 

BILL JONES. 

Bellevue Lane, 

Guilden Sutton. 

Chester. 


Sports Letters may be sent 
by fax to 0171-782 5211. 
They must indude a 
daytune telephone number. 


Yarmouth 

Gains-' good to Urn {weaning tm 
Z£0 pm 3y4 1. Nauvmi 0 Hte, 7-3; z 
Cfcrcey Bun* (2S-1); 3, TUnetes B-l). 
and Wwy w iw. H an a » H 
Thomson ink Ton E4.70; £190 £7.40, 
£2.40 OF: G4&7U Too: CSS90. CSF: 
£7236. 

230 Pm 3tf) t, Noaey NNM C3 flrefcw*. 


Outmn a bjs&»6 11-4 tor. is ran NK.1 WL J 
Paam, Tola: £2230; £340. £3.10. £9.40. 
£230 DP £8240. TrtK W1190 CSF: 
£18396. TScast C2JSQ4J0. 

300 pm 1, Total Rsch (W Woods, 
10-1), Z No Speirtios f14-1); i Cicerone 

C 20 - 11 .4,MaysCwa 0-1 lav). 20 ran It, 

2*1. H togram Ton DOS* EHJ. £890, 
£390, £190. OF: £12020 Trio: E9779D. 
CSF: £14596. Tricast £29496. No M. 
390 (91 3rd) 1. TtmWd JR Hfe. 159); 2 
Farhana (12-lfc 3. Inner Cteta (7-4 Ear). 6 
ran. NR: Maroon*. 1X1 2W. H Thomson 
Janas. Tats: £2.50, £1.40. £393 OF 
£1790. CSF £1792 

490(713pd) 1, Prim GMr»g(M His, 4-6 t*r. 
Our W swn mt fc M ConasponfenTs nap): 2 
Unreal C*y (5-1); 3. AiSwlaetWijiT). 11 
ran. NR Uabc Hetaht*. Me. TXL GWreg 
Tots E2.ottei.iatm cm df-. ai 
Trto. £790 CSF: C5gl 
430 m 3yet 1. fttohtfona W Ryan. 59 


taw). 2 Naswdn (3-1). 3. CJassy Ow» 
(tfi-tj. ti ran. 1«l 1W. HCed ToteCasO: 
£150. £1 70. £290. OF. £490. TriOt £9190 
CSF; £1192 

SlOO (71 3yd) 1, SpvWs Ravcnga (G 
BanM. 10-1), 2 PbBbibi (IS-l). 3. 
Mmatassim po-lfc 4. Enton Zurm 
100-30 tav. 18 tan. Mt Clipuree Mot, 
SpanaftSWppsr m MRyaa ToJe 


£8390. Trio. Cl <600. CSF. £13233. Tricast 
£1,16842 

JK*pot £1992210(018 wrtng ticket*. 
Foal of Q268213 cm to toward to 
NaMbnry today). 

Ptoeapot £83.10 QuadpotCMJXL 

Exeter 

Going: good Jo firm 

190 tan tf 110yd Mb} i, Sftawtt (J 
Qstwna. 5-4 2 Sozzled (7-3. 3. Mr 

Cotton Sods (40-1L T ran. Wt CtaJ 
Beep*. 3. sm. I Batons Tola: £220 
E1JO E190 OF: £390. CS? £574. 

220 (»n If 110*1 Mg) 1. UU« HccBgar 
P McCoy. 7-1); 2 S tm Gazafe (10-1); * 
Barton(7-4 lav}. Son NR FenriMt. H 19. 
G Edwards To» £8.70 £200. £390 £190. 
OF E43.50 Trio- £10&6Q 
Tncast Cl58.42. 

290 tan if 1UM eft) 1. USaa Own p 
Tarrray. 22 ter); 2 Herbert Burfterwi 
(11-3.3. Spaamaad tarn (7-0.15 ren. M. 
n P Hobbs. Tore £4 40: £2.40, £290. 
£270 DF- £14.00 Ttw £4490. CSF 
£2252 Tncast £15990 
390 Cm 81110yd (M L Hanoi Lad (Mr R 
Nuaal. 11-8 int, 2 Ragtime Boy (KF3L 3, 
MwwrtmaGrteB-1). ’Oran a.ridRAher. 
Tore: £290 C130. £1.40 Cl 90. OF £590 
Trio: £210 CSF. £260. 

390 cm a hare 1. Mr Woodartt g Frost. 
7-B toft 2 JonjB* Owfeigh IB-2): 0 
raoreamati 1-9) Bran 8,71.RFrost.Tore: 
£4.10 £1.70, £1.80. £180. OF: S40. CSF. 
£1242 Tncast £7530 
490 pm 81 hOa) i. Mamina Btash tC 
Mauds, 7-4). 2 Tour leader (8-11 tev); 3, 
MKA The Yattp-1). Sren. UU, 20. M Ptoa. 
Tott. £290; £1.10, £190. DF £1.40 CSF 
£340 

naespoc £14.70. Quarteot: £2390 

Newcastle 

Goirifffinri 

210 (anddl. MbOpmot 77w ThW (8 
HanSng. 2-Staft 2 Coresbe Catharine (11- 
», 3. Bwr Bh (14-1J. 6 ran. 29, So. G 
tetoib. Tola; £190: £190 £ 1 10 DF: 


». 3. ftvw Bee (14-1). 6 ran. 29, (S3. G 
Mils. Tote £190: £190 £110 DF: 
El 40. CSF: £22l. 

SMBniiOfdhM I.AsOalaon(8Storey. 
79).2.lrincxareGMipBta-l tofl;2Chao- 
wets Gmar ®41 4 ran t»t a« R /tan. 
Tore EASODf.£500CSF:£9.79 
3.10 Bn 4{ ch| 1. Sword Bereft (P Mren. 
59 la): 2. Ctoas Owtftl-8); Z Bad Trade 
(33*1). 4 ran. 41151 lAa M nw et o y. Tore 


THUNDERHt 

2.00 TWcw Osmastoa Z30 Thraidorheert 3.00 
Eurofink Shadow. 3JO Pampas Braces. 4.00 
Dushyantor. 430 Kingchfo Boy. 5DO Ever So 
LyricaL 530 Northern SouL 

The Times Private H an c fl capper's top letiagp •. . 
2D0 TINKER OSKASTON.- 

Our Newmarket Correspondent 4D0 Dushyantor.... 

GOING: GOOD TO RfiM (SOOO W PLACES) . ’ SS 

DRAW: 5F, HIGH NUMBERS BEST ' , — ! 

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(E2JJ19:5f 13yd) (28 runnsrs) ; 

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3.00 srNnsHMDBtsraxBs 

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Jatracrv. 4-7 (»>); 2 Regal Romper a. 
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Storey. M3 ter): 2 BKsa* (6-lh 3. 
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ran. NB Royoi Erorearen. 3W, « P 
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THE l^MES TOTOR^^pCTOBER 1919»5 


RACING 45 


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NOT roily the .world, of z^dng 
will be. mronsiog Tfced Rmn '£ 
today. fi>rhfe.^tmnic^axwd- ~ 
breaking' exploits,at Amtrte *' 
when-he won'-tftrae-Grand' 

•. Nationals andwas twice rup^ 
jwrdp,. fie roifae hation tods ’" 
tbis-.wb^fcrfer }k» 5 e to fer:~ 
heart But onTetirefaent mojre; • 
'than:' ITyeairs, ago, far; front _ 
fading from pobfic consdous- ' 
ness ofornmyT,! as.., 

bec^ae. toHwn,“even grw in 
hisstature ^tiieembcrimiaii 
of a sporting superstar. 

finis laiferday career, trav- s ’ 
eUmg' fie 'rounhy,- opening 
betting shops and hotels, grac- - 
ing gwden feces and parties...' 

. On Merseyside; traffic . 
wouldbe seizedsd^ from the 
Pier Head-' to Lime Street- 
statics as the crowds-lbok tor 
the.streets to welocsne,their . 
very own hero. At Red Rum'S , 
former Southport Irahe.‘be¬ 
hind the .^used-car 'salerooms -* 
belcmging “ to his trafaer, 
Ginger MejCafi. unscheduled. - 
caacMoa^.o! yj^cox^r^^.v, 

dd^hitewa^d bo^-ISaf-izi^; 
likely .shrine forhomage. ' 

. And after moving-to new - 
quarters m Cheshire, Jus at 

» traction for the public was 
such that fie local hotel has" 
doneteeming. 1 itisiiiess..-In .- 
May this year came his third- 
eth birthday. Greetings,: cards 
and packets of Polo nrnrtei (his 
favourite delicacy)came by fie . 
score and Red Rina attended a' 
ial ineetms at Aintree in: 


In "fie cwpofe psyche .of 
fe^radng~ppb& fee; is" a. 

Jeatinwitta^ need far 
efawfo idoIs T io transcend by 
deed-and spectacle fie mete 
? tfe.Jna.qfife, 
way Red wim 


^■ rraiTMy rln. 
his fast”F^trace, atAafee m 
1967, he.fed i heaied for first- 
place. But lieiwon only once 
■fe* fiat season. • 

■ The be^feingOfhis jumps 
career-was even lessspetfacu- 
lar. -He Went to fie tabs.Mrs 
Lurffae Brofettm and her 
-Yorkshire trainfer^ Robert Rea/ 
tofitsmoift for their National 
viejeay ■ wifi-Weebooter- in 
1950. But fi 1969-70. Red Rum 
ran 14.tin»s.withoidWfeajg. 
Other traineretcokover. Then 
came' fiirthar. revertes, anil' 
■worse, apetsfefeTafeiess. 

■ The v firorag-pokit - -carrte- 

info an interestfa. Rum 
and' paid Mrs Brothexton 
6,000guineas for haa- The sea 
at Southport cured'bis lame¬ 
ness and the rest is ^oric-BS 
Grand National ^ history, bis 
incredible defeat of Crisp in a 
heart-stopping -finish in 1973;. 
Ms victory under ^tpimishfag 

two seasons;'finaByial977 his 
axnaztog. find triumph, a- 


National fear Tiever before 
achieved. 

That was the pinnacle. But 
fie Grand National aside. Red 
Ife won (tom fewer than 21 
other occamrfs. Appropriately, 
hisfibal resting place wiD fe 
at Aintree and equally appro¬ 
priately,. tributes to him. 
: flooded in yesterday/ 

ftomny Static, his successr 
.fulTider in 1977. said: “Rfe 
■ ray was the best advertisement 
for raring anyone could imag- 
ine. l’tti sad to hear fie news 
and particularly sad for 
Ginger McCain. The National 
Was a great occasion for me 
because. be was already an 
Afitree legend when. I rode 
him" 

Lester Piggott. who. was 
tiwcej^acwioin Red Rum on 
the. Fiat., said: “He was a 
raomg institution and stayed 
in bar yard on more fian cme 
occasion when he had been 

the artd/S^ a^Ery^ad?Ms." 

. Hnaite his trainer. Ginger 
'McCain, for yfiom Jtioniny^ 
death, fall rfyears as he-was, 
will be a grwyous blow: “It 
■wasn’t just Ms five Grand 
Nationals, he won the Scottish 
National and was a short- 
head second in the Hennessy. 
'He was. a .tremendous old 
competitor but much more 
-than that he switched on fie 
Blackpool lights and was 
-Qtieffein of Honour at the 
Highland Garries: a very re- 
marirable Md horse — and 
seriously magical™ 



Red Rum jumps the last dear of L'Escargot In the 1974 Grand National, the second of his three legendary Aintree triumphs 


■a 

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2.0&Jofto • 

2.40 Seasonal Splendour 
3.10 Busy FEtfrt . 

3.40 NO EXTRAS (nap) . 


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1EDFR0N .ben eftnt i 


VOfiAFONERfiBaSym^TAKES 


3K '.® 82111. BRWXM WfiK 12 {RMMbce)LBlMl9M, 

-302. .M. OZ BUSYFUGMT3«pWn8MdOt^n8»i»M„.-, 

303 ‘ rn- ■ --1 CanRE5WU22iO^CAP)a>te^ajtiwH«o***M—JMd 

304 •(« 214011' KNGOFPS0U9 (LftoQ AJwfeM— -1-— JT«» 

305 (« -Cl .UOMBUUD38(P.5)(5AlHonehQJIHavoM—-RHagheis 

300 ; ® -1’IIADOT23.(tL(0(StidQMBtamna9DLMa'8'9—:- WRSnMwn 

(tot-aJAXBBlfiQWp.PmgwmJM^GLMbatM.. SWiwrtb. 

- 0541 atETCHBOOIC28(8)ffa^demtoctaflUfl)Binds >9- PndEddHj 

24122 'TUU8LEWEEH«DS20 @fF) (TarUawa)Ptncs)6kte£aK8-^. BDoyb 


KDatoQt 

uvm 


m- -(s> 
aop.'fe 

SOB (B> 

BEflWfc W tanka Wgtc. 3-1 MmiimaflhWL Sri B*y Rtf*. CerinUb. 7-1 Mr. M Lonbeto. 
10*1 12-1 oam • • . 

.'. :.19O4!PAI»nTOR0WM2JWP-2)Pato*IMWn1Bl» 


FORM FOCUS 


BRANDON MAGIC be* tony lb* HQhaatfc to 4- 

ranw candhkns nee * Ascot (7L seB). BUSY 

RJGHT ¥1 aid * 8 to MUflr Low to condtOms 

oca n Nntoy (1m. flood to adQ. C8ITRE 


to to). 

_, J0 be* Swley Sense 3161 la 9fln*r 

maMen * Statoim pi flood to sriO. NADOR baa 


tineam S h7-funna mabkn n BRgtrten (7L 

good). QUAKERS FEB be* AsUi head in 11- 

onr uto ate * Soatma PL good). 

SKETCHBOOK be* ffloln Prbra ZHI in 12-nDnar 

maUan R Portotad (H. good). lUMBLfWEQ) 

BOGE Ull 2nd d 8 to Ewn Top in Bded tw * 
Mmmatat {71. good). Pradwriy tasted head 2nd 
a 5 to Steal to p D Gbnsxt Sates 
* Yak (EL ®od to ton. 

Satodga: timOVEBO RSME 


COURSE SPECIALISTS 


TRAINERS. 7 . 

P CmM 
J Gts^a 
H Cod ■ 
UtVHeotos 
Horton 
fl 1M» 

H TbOBWn Junes. 


Wn 

ton 

% 

JOCKEYS 

Winm 

Ridas 


3 

12 

25L0 

W Crason 

40 

243 

169 

34 

141 

24.1 

J Reid 

43 

268 

169 

17 • 

W 

. (M 

W R SHftUB 

34 

784 

JM 

7 

38 

179 

S Drome. 

3 

23 

139 

18 

120 

15J) 

D Haibon 

14 

111 

12.6 

« 

74 

115 

S KM - 

3 

25 

TZ9 

3 - 

2S 

119 

M Robots 

.3 

257 

1U 


Blinkered first time 

HEREFORD: 320Joris ChCHce . AEWBUHY: 2.05 Chocolate Chwfe, 
Grenacfier, LyntonLad. NOTTINGHAM: 2.00 SBk CtSlage, Tad Of Silver. 
-RWaiTioros- 3.30 Mannoon. 4.00 Btuebrard. 5.00 Fairy KnighL 5.30 Reef 
Raider.. 


3-40 GARDNER MHtCHANT RATED HANDICAP 

(£8.730:6f 8yd) (16 runners) 


■w 

402 

403 

404 

405 

486 

407 

409 

408 

410 

411 

412 

«3 

414 

415 
41S 


ua 

(3) 
(15) 
(III 

(9) 

HZ) 

ID 

( 2 ) 

(B) 

on 

(4) 
(0 

n 4i 

(5) 
(51 

(13) 


0-13448 MOWBORf25 fCD/SlID UUdirTal8^-7._.JMD 

42W10 CARMIITA25 (D. 6 LS) (Isna Laos kaxtasA 3 Pclftng 5-9-5._ TSfnta 
SI 0610 BUNTV BO013 (QF.G5) (Mn H ItqaE) 9 Hbkh 0-3-4 _ DnOlUIS) 
115560 B. YASAF 5 (F&S) (Old Seool rtaoe Udl C ABen 7-0-1.— Thra 

514203 NO BORAS 12 (D,F,G£) (K Kgsnn) G L Item 5-8-13- SMMwlh 

252303 ALZZAIMH 24 (D£F,£,S1 OkJT Aatn toifewi J 3etXH 4-3-? 0 . W Orson 

026800 GRffilreifUAE41 ((XF.G)F-JWSffidKlPUe3-3-B-TDuOi 

004)111 SPAtoABUS CLOSE 26 (D£S) (Amn ettrinK Lffl) P Waai 7-8-7 U Roberts 

000213 CYRANO'S LAD 14 (€) (U FantflB) C Dnyn 6-8-7_COwjer 

1-51006 ASTRAC 20 (W.65) (C TtaamOl B Mstrt 4-6-7- TAshfaffl 

014HF6 OWNff PLACE 14 (&S) IG Ante) THajjam 4-8-7_J0Smtfl(5) 

0-21500 D0MJLLA 125 (D£S) (A Boaa) R tt£us 5-9-7-0 G*Be (S) 

IK53O0O TABQOK 19 JD.F.&) AHttun Al AU&MR) £ DnrAp 4-8-7— UHewyP) 
002005 BOLD BTORT12 (D.F£) (A fttfJwtKI X tarWg!rrv3«aM 3^6. K Dotty 

006254 LENNOXLBM534 (DJ)(Ure A J*vn) AJanb3-9-5..— -JT«ta 

268310 BOHAEN ROSE 12 (BJ3i.fi) [Lem ftjwen) M 3biEhaifl3-B-5 Vartn Dnyer (7) 
Uniflhanfla|>:SpaiiMCtoS-&.Cynna( < sLal84 ASac B-3. Dawoe Place *-13. DomA 7-13. Tdbeok 
7-13. taitiBi lh» 7-4 

BETTK: 0-2 No Etoas. 11-2 SoaaqRb Clue. 7-1 Uatondm. 6-1 Asuae. Bold Eton. 10-1 Meonah. 12-1 
Opart UL14-1 ta« tom ton. 16-1 Doth* 20-1 otters 

10B4: BRAI 6 T 0 N ABB7 54S-10 J tad ( 8 - 1 ) M JoteEttn 15 na 

FORM FOCUS 


MONiaORE *nul ll to * IS la Cool Jazz to 
aauD N Diadem Stakes * feat ( 8 . sod] wft 
CAffiAMTA fl® mm OH} 111 lUi CARBAWA 
be* ton 31 in coKtobm race a YtoueSi (B. 
good). fflJNIY BOO be* PBBe Fanbsy II In emop 
lArtat SufiWKi Ffyinfl ftw Sahc af Leoiad- 
StaM (5L good » 8 md n pmtoiin*e son NO 
Bib to NMH Dma in bmicap * 


feed fTL flood) no uawllinae sail BOLD EF- 
FORT aba* 43nl S*i * 23 la ttobie Bounce in 
ftW&G© a Yak IS. good). LENNOX IRMS Dea 
leosa etan 2KI to) to Dtoae Bka in banuaii 4 
Rtpon (EL apod to Brni) BOWDEN ROSE be* 
Oomfctetj 3 in ftnflcap « Bnflhun (51 SW. 
good) on pendthato start. 

Sdacfion: HQNTEMJflE (Rap) 


4.10 EUROPEAN BREHJERS FUNDTHEALE MAIDEN STAKES 

(2-Y-O: £4,890:618yd) (20 runners) 


501 

(2) 

0 CONDOR. M6E 21 (R WdiK) B Meahai 94)- 

-BDafk 

*- 

502 

(4) 

22 CRAZY CHEF 22 Rtf) JD Sttopson) P Coif 9-0- 

_TOuta 

(0 

503 

(IB) 

FLYMB H««1LD (M «en) M Ctomnn W)- 

-RHuOIhe 


504 

(ri 

►eiODWI IHesaioBfc Stid) J Gnsioi 9-0 

WRtaUwn 

— 

as 

(3) 

0 JWWf«LL£V2Z d Srttegi 1 eartng 9-0- 

-K Darter 

— 

506 

(6) 

DO MAPLE BURL 20 (6 SKMoQ) S Dov 99 

_JlNHans 

76 

w 

097 

. MIRAW& (H Al ktafQxn) H Donum Jnro 9-0- 

_RH*s 

— 

506 

no 

NAKH)EMPEROR(UosIWeicaraPun}MfeSvnkin-Cadky94) DOaGtouw 

— 

509 

(13) 

5 OLD HAT 13 AW tomtt Fata Safinsai R Hanon 9-0- 

— M Rotwru 

88 

510 

(15) 

PIVOTAL (flmaleyPW SmflMPreatoii 94).—. 

- CNufflr 

- 

511 

<ID) 

0 PLEADING 33 (S Brota) H Cafldj 9-0- 

— UINMif 

— 

512 

rm 

5 PUNMH22(ItoQ^lirtHmi(»wS-0- 

... 0 teuton 

85 

513 

P) 

BELLA'S LEGACY (R Kfidpes) R Hodo« 8-9 - . . 

_.. TSprei® 

— 

514 

(12) 

CATCH THE LIGHTS f JotoMy) R Hamon &-B-- 

-J Held 

— 

515 

pi 

0 FIONA SHANH19 (Euan d ME 5. Omtai KHtot J ftmtop 8-9. 

WCanao 

85 

516 

C14) 

FLY DP (D McOowfl) B IBS 6-9 . 

-MW 

— 

517 

(5) 

LAST BUT NOT LEAST (K Wife) fl JWnara Kauipwn 6-9 — . 

-. RFYmam 

- 

518 

IB) 

05 LITTLE HBDE 9 (T Paaica) P KayMRI 8-9- 

.. PFessay (5) 

90 

519 

520 

PS) 

(20) 

03 MAS® MHJJW 26 (Ms M OUn) J Spaxtofl 8-9- 

ROCK DAISY (L TaraM) B Meeim 8-9--- 

. SDnwiKO) 
... PdEtay 

91 


BETTN& 9-4 c »9 CM. 5-1 U r u a fa v 6-1 PMc*. B-i rana Sim 10-1 toeadog. 12-1 attre. 

1884: DOHA 8-9 PO Edfey |134 ton) R Chaflen 21 an _ 

4.40 ROSALIE HONBIOfT BIRTHDAY MAIDEN STAKES 

(Div 13-Y-O: E3,841:1m 216yd) (13 rumens) 

SOT (S) 4-533 UAH OfiFBBS) 143 (fff) (L MarmacorfDa) H Cool 94- SOW Stans 

602 (7) 3424 MR MEDLEY 18 IBanuhe Stoll Ud) N Haem 94. MTebtaa 

603 112 ) PALACE GUARD (C W® G Endflhl 94-NAdons 

E04 (9) 0- POBfTER 408 Da Far Die Cnck) bfc P DudNU 94- J Wfcms 

605 111) 30 ROUSSI B (Mena Al Mattwn) U Steue W).. KOradaJwi 

SOS (lOJ 23235 SECRET SPHKG 34 (BR<0ttWRCfatw 9-0 .SRqnart 

607 (41 530403 BUTZAMAVEM14(SeineRaaai9WJ&-9-RPedum 

606 |13) 00 BRXXC(XJRT14(RJdweanHpughloniRJoetcooHougnin64... RPncs 

609 (61 0 JUS7RWTHEBEC0H)34(Mre5JortlBLOknanB-9-CNutW 

610 ($ 6 PSt&IAM FLOWS) 70 (BneUntfi) GB>*kiy 6-9.-N Caristo 

611 ( 1 ) 4- QueSTWU.371 (KAOdbfcJJGosden 8-9 -DUeGbson 

612 ® 650434 QULLINORK 20 (6 Oteonwfl Us J Cecil 64 -F Norton 

613 (2) DO SUN CffiCUS 10 (Ure R Heafhzts) J Sprartrg 6-9... M Pure# - 

saimft 6-2 Urin (Beane. 3-1 Seen Spring 5-1 Ur Usdfev. 7-1 Bu 2 anajem. 6-1 Aussi. 10-1 Ctowffl. 
IM Qunmk. 14-1 aim. 

1994: Tiff HENGH FRIAR 94 U Wgteoi (14-1) G Batotofl 22 W 


78 


fll 


FORM FOCUS 


UAN OFFENDER W 3rt olil to fiava! Soto m 
imrai a Ctefle (im 21 75yd. flood m fmi «i 
peaatmats Start. MR Uan±Y best ierem dun 
abut 2Ki 40 d 5 » Monro* In naden * 
KBitoKn (im. pood a firm) SSflfT SWWS 
IM and l Ml tal * 11 to Akayd m naden * 
Goattnod dm 3. good) BUT ZAMAVEM IffiAl 


to oi 8 to Mootaboa m nohlen * Vert 41m 3 
85rt. good to 6 mr) wtti BHK3C COURT 46141 801 
auESTHLL 71 4* ol 26 B (toon to maiden * 
Nmmartd dm. flood) Oa 1994 ODMWOftK 91 
3rd d 4 is Vindaloo in tandtap a LmjWd IAW 
Im 40 on penutUTHie am. 

Setocwn MAW OFFENDER 


5.10 


ROUND OAK HANDICAP 


(£6,950: 

i 

US) 

2 

(7) 

3 

n» 

4 

IB) 

5 

( 8 ) 

6 

13) 

7 

(14) 

6 

(4) 

9 

P> 

10 

no) 

u 

( 21 ) 

12 

m 

13 

(13) 

14 

m 

15 

( 12 ) 

16 

(5) 

T 7 
16 

£ 

19 

(17) 

20 

( 11 ) 

21 

(161 

22 

(16) 


1 (15) 3/60S50 RAMBCTS HALL 19 (D-FAS) (B Doai) J GAM 10-9-11_D UcXecwn 92 

001251 SHEER DANZIG 15 (D-G) (R Areufli) R AimsKang 3-9-9 _ WRSwMmm 97 

3 (1® 012340 COUNTRY STAR 13 (DF) (HRHPttoct FWSaTOD H Candy 4-9-7 . R Ht 97 

302210 OUT ON A PROMISE 7 (D.F.G) (Ms H Monte) G Wraflfl 3-9-6_ Mrt*s 94 

400100 (MNEBOLO 25 QfJDfJUSI (The Om«m Tom| M Oanon 3-9-S _ R NmNU 68 
143330 MAJOR CHANGE 20 (F) (Mrs C Poeed) R Hanrai 3-9-5— DanefftaOP) 83 
243300 SWALLOWS DREAM 13(BJ>JF^ rWiMWowa HoMnsst J Dwidap4-»-3 W Canon 94 
015244 TARTAN BEM10 (G) (Btecttod ThawghCrtrfc) J Toler 4-9-2 - K Daley 90 

256030 VSHUAL REALITY 19 (Di) (Adi tonenhy)) A Hide A-S-2—__ MToUMt 94 
010350 SH.VER GROOM IS (D-F.S] (SDra Dartafl Pmrs) ft Aldus 5-9-1 M Hetty (S] S3 
020500- SUUMB»U.SPECU11E&J(F)(MaND«idd)MaPDudieU<4-13 JWIUnv - 

44421 JASaiON SlS) IDDaet) WMA 4-6-13 15a) .. --- JRdd 90 

3220 YARROW 23 (OR (K AOdnlli) J Gulden 3-M2-PadEddoy 94 

043504 QUWTUSDECMUS12 (S)(PerUym lid) iMdtonmflaon 34-11 DHanfeon 91 

041 LAMSTETTE17(F)(SkJohnSadn)NGaham34-9-URfmmef 90 

212053 BWPTBH1B(Dfl(TRod)HOnly4-6-9—-WNotmtt SI 

01-4061 KH6S ASSEMBLY 136 fQ.G,S) (The Enrinpdub I) P Harris 3-9-7- . SHW SO 
034151 AUAWAB S (DAS) (S KMed) J Du*ae 4-6-6 15«)- Tttmn BO 


BETTMB: W Aflaubs W Stas Drag. S-1 J«eBen. 10-1 Oi On A Framce. RamtaiHdL SeonHiB Lurty. 
12-1 others 

1094: KSSAD 34-4 A Wlotoi (16-1) 6 Lna 18 ran 


FORM FOCUS 


SHEER DANZIG Deal Sa*Wi Waft 4) in immw 
haaken * Ynk (Im a 85yd geod). COUNTRY 
STAB Kl 7ft 0 M 5 » totfw 1)n» in lamfcap * 
Asa* (im 41.ai(nwftSWiLDWS DREAM (ito 
been oH) bead BBi OUT ON a PROMISE bea 
A«gnon neck in Il-mnmr condSians race a Dnr 
casai (im a 60yd. flood to tom) on pendura 
sm DANEGOLD beS receri dtod M Nome 
SnMer Wi in iZ-nna loraKap a Sandom 
Ilia flood to sot). MAJOR CHANGE shon-head 
ant Mad to * 5 to Wac HUl m handicap a 
Kempton (im 41. good to tom) on peradfimau 


sort. JASH10H nea Gianoy Bed SSI n 18-nnw 
Handicap a Chepstow (im 4123yd, good to salt]. 
DUWTU5 DECWWS 8VSI 4ft * 22 to MgN Dance 
In handicap a Ascal pm. soft). KWBS ASSEM¬ 
BLY be* wa Padi head u 19-nmer hanfleas * 
Leketes (im 2L flood). ALLA WAS In* Thames 


martel (Im 2L 
“ 1W) 13ft 

SHEH) DANZIG 


wtn YARROW Ito baler 


5.40 ROSALIE MONBKJT BIRTHDAY MAIDEN STAKES 

(Div II: 3-Y-O: £3,815: Im 216yd) (13 turners) 


1 (6) 45 ALMUHMM 63 (Bf) (MttMn A MNAiunt E ftintop 94- 

2 131 5450 FASOT 52 (BF) (H Al Maaninl A Smart 94- 

3 ii) - DO HYPBnBlSXM 34 (Thtotaifi S)M0 R Haanon 94- 

4 45} 03 PRBFTERS DUHJL 24 Ms B Nlnlradi D Cmn*il 94.- 

5 (12) 004000- SK.VER SLKVE 385 (ftanSoni ThranigMiradsl J TaHa 94— 

6 191 24446 SWS UP 24 (IM PamaVifpl 4* MeComad 94- 

7 (61 0-242 VFMCE BEACH 75 IK AnMa) B UK 94- 

B (IB/ 0 WEE RFWVE 34 ]P HAW H C«Jy 94—__ 

9 (11) 2400 HAKHETA 22 (Ucs L Vcrtaro) K hoy 64____ 

10 (13) CALGARY BBS. (Mre B BHop) P RACIwk 6-9.. 

11 {21 602 DORM PEASANT 20 (Mrc B Skmr) L CaHtoA 8-9- 

12 (4) & LA ALIA WA ASA 17 (SwOh Annea Al Matoum) J Gcsdm B-9 

13 (7) 4-5 RIVAL STEEN 114 (M Potato) H Cecil 8-9 —.—-- 

BETTRK3:4-1 Damn Peasam. 9-2 AhnMna Venice Beach. M Rw* (ban, Fas*. 1(M 
Asa 12-1 adov 

1994: NO CORRESPOMXNS [WB»N 


. JWMam 62 
... C Dwya 77 
.. MTebtm 82 
- M Pen® 66 
.. NCftHe 72 
_ RPertram 66 
_ RStraa 02 
„ NAAams 
.. VHdday 
. NRMom - 
. SRaymori @ 
DneGbson 7B 
SDVmtms 85 
Sing Up . U Ada Wa 


71 


FORM FOCUS 


ALAUMUM 14 HI 5ft at 7 to Jumtaft Sun a 

maiden to Yannoutti (im 2L land to Am) FASM 

7^1 5fii oi 9 to Pumce hi noiden al Ponehad 


_. Wl to a 10 to PnckwgkM n mddeo a 

BOh (im 2L good to tom). VENICE BEACH iui 
2nd a 3 to Hem Egfeta m maiden a Ayr (im 21, 


good lo Ban) DEVON PEASW stoHWO 2m at 
15 to Rosy Hue m naden a Goodwood dm 21. 
flood) LA ALLA WA ASA about 5*168i oMF to 
Lanctieae to imxn a Portstaa dm. ^md la 
torn). RIVAL QUEEN 13*1 5m al 10 to Bonne 
Elato hi maim* a Yanruah (im. Tim). 
SHeataV VHflCE BEACH 


Seasonal Splendour can atone 
for Goodwood misdemeanour 


newburV '. 

•' 7 ; HBd 

106: JollO has strong clainis 
judged bn 1 his recent York 
third to Comanche Compan¬ 
ion. He was lh lengths behind 
Band Of Hdpe fiat day.-hut 
raced wide from his high draw 
and should reverse me form 
on Jffl) better terms. However* 
CME Heights makes more 
appeal He was un^jle to 
^aji pngie , having been, held 
up in a slowly run .race at 
Qiepstow nine days ago. and 
h« a tremendous chance ir 
returning to the form.of hfe 
-short head second to Safi^ - 
Ana over course and distance 
m July. %fvandra : haS c ondi- 
tiens in her fowur for the fast 
time this season and shaped 
as if retaining her ability when 
a staying on fourth over six 
furlongs at Pontefract; 




NEWBURY I 
NOTTHAM1 

HEREFORD! 

IRISH ■ 


TODAY’S RACES 
ON TELEVISION 

2.40: Seasonal Sptendourrd- 

ished fie test of stamina when, 
tried over two ' miles . at. 
Goodwood I^-nionfh,-win-'' 
njng in good style only tb be 
discjiahned, having barged 
her w^y but "of‘a jacket two 
furlongs from home- She will 
take allthe beating fa her bid 
to gain compensation:; Ista- 
braq! who,"ran unaccountably 
badly when fovourite for a 
■ more competitive race -at As¬ 
cot has solid daims judged cm 
his e^for Ayr success and. 
still rates fie main danger.. 

3,10: . TumWweed - PSdge 
boasts the best fonn, having 
been beaten a head Royal 
Apfaause.m the Gimcrack at 

YrokT but" his. sfeina-looked 
suspect over sewerrfariongs^t 
Newmarket fest month- Bran-.. 
don Magic; was fansuitetf by 
fie: slow early/pace when 
fflT umfitfng httoe ■ st L -Ascot ' 


recently, and is better judged 
.on^has eaifier impressive de- 
feai of TamhicL He is sure to 
go dose, bat preference is for 
Busy Flight, who looked as 
though “he would improve to 1 
the outing when runner-up to 
Mick’S Love here a month ago. 

i4ft NO Extras put up a 
tremendous effort over an 
inadequate trip at Ascot 12 
days ago, finishing strongly to 
take third. He will be well 
suited by today’s extra far* 
Jong, but may just be in the 


Nap: ISTABRAQ 
(2.40 Newbury) 
Next best Nador 
' (3,10 Newbury) 


handicappere grip after a 
string of fine runs. Ahxanafa 
was having her second race in 
quick succession when, disap¬ 
pointing at Hamilton last time 
and the run is best ignored. 
She encounters her favoured 
cut in the ground for fie first 
fane this season, and will be 
bahf tb beat if recapturing fie 
form, of her. neck second to 
Astrac in the Wakinghain at 
Royal Ascot. 

Robert Wright 



THUNDERER ■ 

Z20 Bungee Jumper. 2.50 Polden Pride. 3.20 
Po^fc Farcy. 3.50 Man 01 Mystery. 4J20 Captain 
Khedive. 4^0 Exclusive Edition. 


GOING: GOOD TO FIRM 


SIS 


2.20 EUROPEAN BREEDERS FUND NATH)HAL 
HURT NOVICES HURDLE 

(Qualifier: £2,276:2m H)(6 rumers) 

1 5-1J BONESETTWfl®SMfflw5-IMD._ _ CMsIlWftp) 

2 -211 BUNGEE JUffBMOLRTFaoW 5-n-lO J Oslxirae 

3 0D4 IWIWLffl12AWta*&-11-0-IfcAWWeP) 

4 640 SUPREME MUSIC 85 P Metab 6-114-A P McCoy 

5 BPP-. KEUTSMBLE204MnHPam5-10-9-LHowy 

’ 8 00- CfUECRAOeiHI Ua SW&m4-1M„.-TBty 

H flott Sneer. 8-t Synme Mtee. 14-1 Crane Coon 


4-7. 

20-1 KfRfl JMV. 25-J Xtlfs FttUt 


2.50 PONTRILAS NOVICES HANDICAP CHASE 

(£2.691:2m 3f)(fi) 

IPBocW 5-124 


T Sill 2URA T4 {FJ6IP EccK_. 

2 4311 POLDBiFWDE21 neBaWno 7-11-7.- 

3 4P04 DAIRAFDfTT 12HBttUer9-10-9--- BPiwM 

4 MP COLONWLOFRCE146i*HmRi£lBrth9-1I)-2-^ HThonm 

53143 P04WH14(F)RPRe*9-104--— T*£> 

6 m WMTOfl 12Fm*d9-104-— SIM« 

W Prtdtfi Pnm, 7-4 2M*i, S-1 D*a Fflrt. 16-1 Peasnn. 33-1 ft; Da Tea. 
CotaMOSte. 


3.20 FQWNHOPE SSUNG HANDICAP HURDLE 

(£2,094:2m II) (17) 

1 2436 POETIC FANCY «(DJ)H Won-Oafes 4-1T-10 C UweftB 

2 (HO- WAS&T5 MUXW191 (aGJT^rtDn 9-11-3- JWDtfOfflP) 

J -460 BAQBTAflfiER 12 ktesSwaro 5-11-7- 

4 mi sunwMAX6 (IFfJH 9li-H-5—■ .6 J taner PC 

5 5806 HUN W7HJ0YT6CfWwn4-”-5-MAficgWN) 

6 M SYflSSMOUNTAM 104f PBeal5-11-4-- Tito) 

7 004 ALSffiT.12 0RP|iaO-n-2.—-APM^i 

3 P-4B BOODFETCH58= aRJBmrt4-J1-1 — tWnw 

9 /M flHJRSE UW 12 F J0BBB 7-11-1 - 

W CO- GASSCSBOY 197(B)»fetor4-H-4- 

■ 11 PS-5 POWER SHARE 7 RStepan 4-10-13-DS*WW 

12 M» JON'S CHOKE 14 taese 7-10-11-BayLyCtt 

13 52M MABtHUL27(BHJUSS 7-104-JSWftn 

14 OfO KDBYRUH12AWU»9-10-7-MiAWWeOJ 

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46 SPORT/RADIO 


THE TIMES THURSDAY O CTOBER 19-& 95 


Dangers of having a doctor in the pavilion 


I t could turn out to be one of the 
most fascinating amfrontatioris 
ever seen in Test cricket — it's 
the battle of the doctors. For as 
die England cricketers land in South 
Africa today far their first Test series 
there for 30 years, they have a most 
unusual member of their party. 

He is Philip BeD. and he isa doctor. 
His presence is unusual because 
despite years of headlines demand¬ 
ing “Why did England not take a 
doctor?”, the cricketing authorities 

seemed set to turn their _ 

backs for ever on 
specialised medical help To 

for touring parties. 

Their medical needs, $UTS 

which in recent years 

seem to have grown him 

with every tour, were 

met first by the tradi- oil 3. i 

tional bag-carrying 

physio, second by call* tCJ 

mg in local medical _______ 

help, and then finally by 

the desperate flying m of replacement 

players. 

On their Last winter tour to India, 
after the infamous Dodgy Prawn 
Debacle, England’s three senior bats¬ 
men, Graham Gooch. Mike Gatting 
and Rohm South, were afl laid tow by 
food poisoning cm the first day of the 
Test in Madras. Advice on diet that 
had been given to them by a London 
specialist. Dr Tony Hall, before they 
set out, had apparently been ignored. 
The cricketing joke at the time had it 
that there wasn't a problem with 


Tm not 
sure I'd let 
him loose 
on a cricket 
team' 


players being carried off the pitch, 
but with players bang carried on. 

So the tnduskm of Dr Philip BeD. a 
specialist in sports-related injuries 
who has published papers on the 
back problems erf fast bowlers, is for 
England quifo a breakthrough. He 
takes with him the Yorkshire physio, 
Wayne Mortem. 

But lining up on the South African 
side is a medical team the like of 
which has never been seen in cricket. 
Professor Tim Noakes, a renowned 
_ sports medicine scien¬ 
tist from the University 
nnf of Cape Town, is head- 

lU1 ’ ing a squad that in¬ 
ti l^t eludes a nutritionist, a 

sports psychologist, a 
mcp physiotherapist, apodi- 

JU9C atrist {that's a foot-doo- 

■iflrpt tor) and a bio-kineticist 

(a muscle-balancer). 
XL* Hie dietician. Dr Paula 

■ Volschenk. is big on 

~ carbohydrates, and has 
already hit the headlines in Johan¬ 
nesburg by ruling that South African 
cricketers will keep their energy 
levels up throughout matches by 
eating 12 jelly banks every hour. 

Now I'm a great admirer of Tim 
Noakes and may be one of the few 
people in England who’s read every 
wood of his encyclopaedic book on the 
science and lore of running, but I’m 
not sure I’d let him loose on a cricket 
team. This is a man who cot his 
sporting teeth on the Comrades 
Marathon, the annual 56-nrile race 



world record-breaker Jan Zefczny. 
They swear by him. 

In the sunnier. Holder may even 


in sports medicine to tell you that, 
with a p ro gra mme like tins, bodies 
are ^dng to break down foot to 


have influenced the outcome of the mention marriages)- 
rugby union World Cup final He Whal today^ doctors need to tell 
nnaty «»ri vyfavtfnp gy pf jpnah ipm u, our cricketers is (dear enough—-they 
the unstoppable New Zealand wing, peed more rest,, not mote trainin g 
and concluded that opponents bad camps with fancy physical exercise 
been tackling Him on the wrong programmes. Here'S the advice of 


side. Go for the other side, he 
advised, where he’s not so balanced. 


one medical man, who sounds both 
authoritative and up-to-date on keep- 


The Russian 
doll solution 

# * - J . W O . • 

ism and tribalism, what can writers <to 
and national identity, asks Malcolm 
on to foe radio, as 


The South Africans did. And they ing in shape for cricket “The best 


between Durban and Pietermaritz¬ 
burg. 

The Sooth Africans certainly seem 
to be at the cutting edge of the science 
of human perform a nce — even if 
some of it seems at first sight to be 
just this side of cranky. Take the 
extraordinary work of Dr Ranald 
Holder. He'S a South African expert 
in kinesiology (the mechanics of body 
movement) who makes a speciality of 
using paper torn from Yellow Pages 
directories. He puts strips of the 
Yellow pages into foe shoes of 
athletes, spending hours testing and 
balancing the feet to prerem exercise- 
related injury. The directory paper is 
perfect for tbejob, he says, because it 
is thin and strong and allows 
fantastic precision in getting the 
balance just right 

Before you scoff, you should talk to 
athletes such as the 400 metre 
runner. Roger Blade, and javelin 
throwers, Steve Backley and foe 


won. system is 

But there are a kx of _ 

people who wonder if 

‘^P 1148 

ygSwiat strips Of the 
&&SS22&5 Yellow Pages 

at a time, they argue, jntO the shoes 
how much more exer¬ 
cise can you take? Get- of athletes’ 
ting enough recovery • 

time in the face of an 

ever-increasing workload is becom- excesses of 


system Is foot which renders it 
_ unnecessary to have re¬ 
course to any sudden 
|i)[e methods of increasing 

w muscular or mental 

)f the power. Carefully diet;' 

keep regular hours; eat 
pappe moderately. Avoid late 

iragea ^ many 

shoes ““P? 

wholesome food. Drink 

[etes’ but lithe. Never have to 

_______ take refuge in doses and 

' " ~ pick-me-ups, and avoid 

excesses of all kinds, particularly in 



igpBaSai 






ing the real problem for today's spirits and tobacco. If you are wise 
international cxkknter.Ahr travel and you will never want to go into 
the gjobai nature of cricket has training, for you will always be in 
turned it into the game of all the condition, and your powers and 
summers. The England team wifi faculties wifl require no special- 

play five Tests and seven one-day treatment to improve them, for, (hey 
internationals in South Africa, after will always be kept up in their 
which they wffl have around tm days highest state of healthy vigour.” 
ai home before they have to set out for Now that's foe land of-doctor's' 

the World Cup in India. They have advice a cricket team really needs. It 


at home before they have to set cut for 
the World Cup in India. They have 


had a scant four weeks to recover was given in 1892, by a Dr W. G. 
from the English summer season, irs Grace. . * 


madness. You don't need a professor 


John Bryant 


South Africans united in purpose after enduring long period of exile 


England assured of warm welcome 


John Woodcock pays 


tribute to Ali Bacher, 


whose efforts helped to 


end years of isolation 


BESIDES the sense of relief, 
not to say deliverance, which 
may be expected to permeate 
England’s forthcoming cricket 
tour of South Africa, there is 
another aspect that makes it 
unusually attractive. That is 
the prospect of covering fresh 
ground and seeing new feces. 

England have played more 
than 600 days’ cricket in 
Australia and over 300 in the 
Caribbean since they last took 
the field in South Africa. We 
have come to know too well 
the jingoism of Sydney and 
Melbourne and the frenzy of 
Bridgetown and Kingston, 
even the aromas of (he sub¬ 
continent. Today, it is back to 
the “happy highways where 
we went” and feared we might 
never go again. 

Once upon a time, cricketers 
considered South Africa to be, 
in many ways, the best of all 
tours: it was not as demanding 
as Australia or as torrid as foe 
West Indies or as wearing as 
India, and the hospitality was 
lavish almost to a fault. The 
first time 1 went there, with 
Peter May's side in 1956-57, we 
sailed from Southampton to 
Table Bay before watching the 
captain make 162 against 
Western Province, IIS against 
Eastern Province. 124 not out 
against Rhodesia at Salisbury 
and 206 against them at 
Bulawayo in his first four first- 
class innings- He seemed 
infallible. 

But South Africa were not to 
be as easily picked off as that 
They never are. Nefi Adcock 
and Peter Heine, quite as 
formidable a pair of opening 
bowlers as Allan Donald and 
whoever partners him. lay in 
wait 

In the Test series May had a 
difficult time against the steep¬ 
ly-rising ball and each side 
won two matches. Before very 
long South Africa were the 
best side in the world. 

The ever-increasing ease 
with which they beat Austra¬ 
lia. who were led first by 
Bobby Simpson and then by 
Bill Lawry, in seven of the nine 
Test matches they played 
against them between 1967 
and their being ostracised in 
1970 was extraordinary. 

This was especially so when 


HAPioa 




Peter May’s powerful 1956-57 side posed for photographs on the deck of the Edinbuq 
M C Cowdrey, GAR Lock. J H Wardle, ASM Oalaoan, J C Laker, T E Bailey, P 
DCS Compton. PE Richardson. DJ Insole, F HTyson, PJ Loader, BTaylor, J M 


inburgh Castle before sailing from Southampton- Left to right 
ley, P B H May (captain), F R Brown (manager), T G Evans 
,JM Paths, G Duckworth (baggage master) and J B Statham 


mTT .HI -iiJ: 


■ Ly ‘ SiJ 

i ' j t ~ r ■ '’’’’ H 


p llf 

,V .'JI'-'mL ,T1\M 

W&M 


you think that the players who 
dkl it were drawn from such a 
tiny percentage of South Afri¬ 
ca's total population—namely 

Qfafidie^^^es I have 
seen. I am inclined to think 
that the South Africans of 
1969-70, brimming with confi¬ 
dence and aggression and 
vitality, would have been the 
most likely to match the all- 
conquering West Indians of 
the 1980s. 

And of all the good men who 
have devoted much of their 
lives to the welfare of cricket— 
Harris. Warner, Allen. 
Bradman, Insole and 
Cowdrey to name but a few — 
none can ever have fought 
more tirelessly than the cap¬ 
tain of that same South Afri¬ 
can side. Ati Bacher. 

A little demon to get out 
when he batted, Bacher has 
been a symbol of tenacity and 
defiance and impartiality ever 
since. England play Australia 
for the Ashes and West Indies 


for the Wisden Trophy, they 
should play South Africa for 
foe Banter Bowl. Thanks 
chiefly to him. South Africa 
came out of their isolation, 
fair years ago. with two 
splendid new grounds — next 
month’s first Test match will 
be played on one of them, at 
Centurion Park between Jo- 



Bacher unyielding 


hannesburg and Pretoria — 
and a game that was not only 
still in business but was 
spreading its wings. 

In the Tbst ratings, as 
presented by The Cricketer 
magazine. South Africa are 
equal third with India, behind 
Australia and West Indies, 
while England are sixth, 
ahead of Sri Lanka. New 
Zealand and Zimbabwe. (Eng¬ 
land, incidentally, lie second 
in foe one-day list and a fat lot 
of good it has done them.) 

South Africa have been 
climbing up foe ladder more 
through pride and commit¬ 
ment than the kind of flair 
displayed by Graeme Pollock. 
Eddie Barlow, Mike Procter 
and Bany Richards cf 
Bachefs side. But that is 
understandable, for Pollock 
and Richards were touched by 
genius, and at any one time 
that can be said of no more 
then three or four batsmen in 
foe world. Brian Lara, Martin 
Crowe, Sachin Tendulkar, 


possibly Aravinda de Silva 
and Mohammad Azharuddin 
— that is about as many as 
there are at the moment 

But as cose nation. South 
Africa's potential is greater 
than ever. The Afrikaners no 
longer have ambitions only to 
tin the soil or play rugby for 
their country. Ttey have be- 
come in a short time a serious, 
instinctively puritanical 
cricketing force, inspired by 
Kepler Wessds, Fame de VII- 
iiers and their present captain, 
Hansfe Cronje. For the first 
KX) years of organised cricket 
in South Africa, genuine Afri¬ 
kaners seldom featured, lb- 
day they might well beat a side 
of their English-speaking 
compatriots, it is a develop¬ 
ment of foe utmost signif¬ 
icance. 

And then, of coarse, there is 
what in theory constitutes the 


most productive source of all 
foe nonwhites. Watching the 
young Sowdan side that came 
to play in England last sum¬ 
mer was to realise that the 
game, anyway in foe black 
townships, is still very mudi 
in its infancy. But the seeds 
have been sown, and it is to 
Soweto next week that Eng¬ 
land go for the start of their 
first-dass programme. 

If the turf pitch, lasts die four 
days allotted to the match, that 
alone will be an achievement 
This is a missionary visit to 
Soweto of the kind that has 
almost entirely disappeared in ■ 
the face of contracting tour 
itineraries and countless one- 
day internationals. Whoever 
they go, though. England will 
be given a great reception. 
Much is expected of them, and . 
they will do well not to forgo ' 
it 


of Handed; 


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Hgigll 





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Kumble captures his 
hundredth Test wicket 


ANIL KUMBLE. foe India leg 
spinner, took his hundredth 
Test wicket yesterday to help 
his team into a strong position 
against New Zealand on the 
opening day of the first Test in 
Bangalore. 

Kumble and Javagat 
Srinath. who enjoyed out¬ 
standing seasons in English 
county cricket this summer, 
were mainly responsible for 
New Zealand's dismissal for 
145, India replying with 81 for 
three. 

An expectant crowd had to 
wait until just before lunch 
before Kumble, in his home 
town, dismissed Martin 
Crowe to reach his milestone. 
Crowe, who had made 11, 
edged a cop-spinner to Sachin 
Tendulkar at slip- 

Only Lee Genrnm. foe first 
New Zealander to lead his side 
on his Test debut, appeared 


comfortable against the India 
bonders, He was not afraid to 
use his feet against foe spin¬ 
ners and dealt severely with 
the occasional loose delivery, 
hitting nine fours in his 48 
before he, too, fell to the 
combined efforts of Kumble 
and Tendulkar. 

Kumble finished with four 
for 39, while Srinath. who 
made die first inroads with 
some clever swing bowling, 
took three for 24. 

After Danny Morrison had 
got rid of Manoj Prabafchar. 
Dion Nash accounted for 
Tendulkar and Sanjay 
Manjrekar to reduce India to 
54 for three, leaving Ajay 
Jadeja and Mohammad 
Azharuddin to exercise consid¬ 
erable caution in the dosing 
overs of the day. 

Scoreboard, page 43 


Answers from page!? 

RUTTER 

fc) The English form of the French Rourier, a roadman or freelance. Free 
companies of Boused murderers were rampant an the n»ds of Europe, 
after foe Treaty of Bretigny (1360}. Many of them chose foeir own' 

particular routes fcir their business erf tape, munler and pallagc under tht 
Bag at the highest bidder. 

PIPSQUEAK 

(b)^The lull set of three medals awarded to surviving veterans of the^whete 
of World War I (not many) vrerc known as Pip, Squeak and Witfrid. froai 
foe names of an early strip cartoon in the Daily Mirror, ftmafly, they 
were foe 1914/15 Star, the General Service Medal, and foe Victory MedaL 
SHUFn ’ 

(a) A quick look or glance, also as a verb to take or have a shufti or qukk 
peep at something. Army and Cockney slang, bom foe Indian Array, and 
the Arabic have you seen? "Good idea, old boy. Lens "ave a crafty 
shufti round wife tint m mind, doll weT 
MANGONEL 

ft A military engine mod for casting recks, human beads and otter' 
d isp i riting missiles against an enemy's position. Prom foe Greek 
maaganan an engine of war, a puBey. Waiter Stott, Ivanhoe, 1819; “You 
rm»y win fee hj spite both of how and mangoneL* 


SOUmOH TO WINNING CHESS MOVE ' ; 

L Be3+! Kgb; 2. Qh6+ Kf7; 3, QgT+ ftefe 4, Qe?checkmate. : - 


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'■ml ous.^dfflte.-onfee: 

Smith and Jones or Hate and Pact 
— wfiicfi Is JfomtierT Botnot in' 
mine. N&im a wqrjtf wiiere tfie 
prospect _ef Eajnain : Hotoes 
oToadcasting simultaneously on 
all'; iboc.,cbannefe Joans. ever 
nearer (last night he managed 
BBO and lTV), we nedi all tiie 


.: Whether it was the fed that it 
- was the final stow car .whether it. 
7 was rbefitasef BBC2 jnejff week' 

■ 'starts to, show repeats erf their 
• ?r jgroanMii^^ 

■ .ASfce O’clock Afewr I do riorknowi 
.. tot suddenly Smith and 'Jones 
\ wore doc about to go gently into 

They were 


. I am, therefore, pBQfoondJjr 

^a^tbC'gkSOTb^^S*jwS- 

different ways. The difference fre-^ 
tweenlbemhd^fhat, while Hale 
and Pace's ‘subject matter is noi- : 
many -very much- a, case af.jxa 
devout la grand-mire. Smith and 
JbneshavegradtoBybeenmoyiM 
towards the safer middle ground 
fanrifirijc occupied, by. tbe-Twiy 
RCmmes and ■; Marecambe - - and: 
Wise. Untfl. that is. last pight. the 
test m fbe currentserfes of Smith 
and Jones/BBCI), 


. ed k'jaumber of early zecmments 
from the presentation departments 
0fBBCZClfflnneJ4anclGrft(ai— 
well, itstooldiave. 

"No Grap, i dqnT know what’s 
funny abpdt Sock extensions 'td~ 
ther," I as I - wheeled tor 
hurried^ firt^^mcafL, “Andl’m 
leased to tor dal yon don’t 
vacuum bSscifit crumbs in 
i*d_-spelt' $jjfs. look, dangerous,. 

^•7A%tnigfi^br so ago, the pair 
hada -rarasng gag with the 


-punchline “No. 1 really can’t be 
bothered* which at die time 
■ seemed just a little to zoo dose to 
the truth to be funny. But last night 

they dearly, had been bothered. 
The orchestra musicians who 
coukfet play their violins tot wee 
vvilling to learn owed a big debt to 
Morecambe and Wise (andAndrt 
Previn, crane to^hafibuttfaeidea 
was briEfent^asriited. "It takes 
. 15 .years .to become a concert 
violinist," raged the -conductor 
"What times'the conceit. thenT 




B ut ray fevourite moment 
were two sketches of in¬ 
spired silliness. In the first 
Lord Lucan was -alive, wefl. and 
living happify as Desmond Lynam 
(wElhd oytor aoembersaang Des 
before BSQi . and in -fie second 
came tto suggestion.that. fbflDw- 
ing in fte traditions of the depart- 
ing brae, file chief mourner at a 
funeral should toss a wreath in the 
direction of die congregation. 


Matthew 

Bond 


Mind you, Ira quite glad granny 
missed that rate. too. 

There were more generational 
problems with Poop! Poop! (ITV). 
a sort of how-rt-was-done curtain 
raiser to a new animated version of 
Kenneth Grahame’s classic that 
wilt grace our screens ai Christ¬ 
mas. Grahame. we were told, 
wrote “for those who keep the 
spirit of youth alive in them". This 
interesting but earnest documenta¬ 


ry was presumably aimed at a 
similar audience. So why did it go 
out at what used to be called 
Children’s Hour? 

Suspension (rf disbelief counted 
for nothing. A whole generation 
will now grow up believing that 
the most important thing about 
Toad is not that he loved fast motor 
cars, bur that it took 30 litres of 
paint 10 keep his face the righi 
shade of green. 

Serious men with serious beards 
(fadal hair seems compulsory in 
the world of animation} discussed 
serious subjects such as character¬ 
isation. visualisation and dope 
sheets. "Dope — that’s American 
for information." mumbled an¬ 
other beard, hurriedly, presum¬ 
ably in case any passing seven- 
year-old should think otherwise. 

Rik Mayall essayed a burst of 
the voice he uses for Toad, a cross, 
he said, between the characters he 
played in those two other chil¬ 
dren's classics, Bottom and The 


Young Ones. “No sonry. that’s a bit 
too..Camp was the word he 
was searching for. but thankfully 
he didn’t find it Still, the experts 
suggested that 400 artists and 500 
gallons of paint have rarely been 
brought together to better effect 

T he problem for Earth 2 (Sky 
One) is the opposite — 1 
mean in terms of genera¬ 
tions. not painL Three episodes 
into its run. it is now evident that 
this is either a children’s pro¬ 
gramme scheduled at the wrong 
time or an adult programme 
rendered unwatchabte by its over- 
dependence rat obnoxious eight- 
year-<rfds. 

My only excuse for watching 
aga in was to see if Commander 
O’Neil was going to make it three 
episodes in a row — dying that is. 
Given the long runs that American 
dramas tend to come in, dying in 
episode one is normally considered 
a raw deal Dying in episodes one 


and two Cyan mean, gasp, we 
buried the commander alive? 7 ') 
might be considered doubly unfor¬ 
tunate. In Earth 2, however, it 
actually shows a steely determ¬ 
ination on the pan of the actor to 
get out while he can. He did not 
rise again. 

The expensive special effects of 
episode one arc now a distant 
memory and the most exciting 
moment of what is fast turning 
into Little House on the Alien 
Prairie was the Gn>Bag horse. 
Water and stand well back. Next 
week, boil-in-the-bag eight-year- 
old, please? 

Finally, I turned to Pirates 
(BBC1). a children’s drama series 
which featured a man permanent¬ 
ly tied up in a sack, a drag queen 
(lily Savage), the repeated use of 
handguns and heavy hying pans 
and a very good joke about a poet 
called Eponymous Biro. “What 
sort of name’s that?" "A pen 
name." At last — one for granny. 


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7.15 Caesie <r) (9043277) 7AO Pirates of Dark Water 
ft (Ceefex) (9080068) 8-05 Sue Peter (r) (Ceefex) 
(S) <7611695) 8^ The Record (6809074) 





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9.00 In the Company of Mem The 

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■ Food (85391) 4J» BBC Focus; The Royal 
institution Lecture (48020) SJO$i)0 RCN Nuking 
Update (6QS6) -• 




Major Crispfai Block serves his men (BBC2,9.00pm) 

In the Company of Men 

BBC2.9-OOpm 

MoOy Dineen has won a deserved reputation for her 
television documentaries, despite being unlucky with 
her timing. Her series about me crisis at London Zoo 
was screened only when we all knew the outcome and 
ber new project, a study of British troops in Northern 
Ireland, was filmed well before the ceasefire. Bur if the 
three programmes have the whiff of old history, the 
material is still compelling. In the first. Welsh Guards 
are sent to the border to guard a police station against 
possible IRA monars. Having nearly 100 soldiers 
looking after just debt oops has an absurd dimension 
to it This is even acknowledged by the star of the film. 
Major Crispin Blade, the young, self-assured and 
i rrevere n t company commander. 

Picture Tins: Close Friends in Distant Rooms 
BBC2,8Wpm 

Four friends who suffer from schizop hr enia try to 
convey what it means in a film shot by one of them, 
Brendan Wilson. There are two dements; The first is a 
series of personal testimonies- Maddy tells how sbe 
stfflhean the voice of her dead father, who abused her 
. when she was a child. We bear from Neil hrav a failed 
suicide attempt led to a 60ft fell and a broken back. 
Neff and Manly have struck up a friendship and he 
dedaies that people, not medication, are the best 
-ntanhent^fi aiidu r who rl a r xnquun ie?tenaiiKss.- 
;insist? that iris possible for saazpphzenics id lead 
ttonhal lives. The programme's other strand is a film 
about the schizophrenic experience made by 
Aardm® 1 - the Oscar^winning animation company. 

Short Stories; Rockin’ Back the Clock - 
Channel4.SJOpm^ * V' 

Meet Red Inters and the Sofid Sendees, an American 
rock it' ion band of the 1950s created in 1990s Britain. 
Red Peters, alias Fiona Culshaw. is the vocalist 


CARLTON 


6.00am GMTV (7016635) 

9.25 Supermarket Sweep (s) (5380161) 

9-55 London Today (Teletext) (1825345) 

10.00 The Time... the Place (s) (9685426) 

1035 This Morning. Magaane show (39167703) 
12£0pm London Today (Teletext) (4292971) 

12.30 News (Teletext) and weather (9653426) 

12£5 Home and Away (Teletext) (9734345) 

1.25 Emmertfale (rj (Teletext} (22466797) 

1J55A Country Practice (s) (91715600) 

2^0 Vanessa (Teletext) (s) (44899987) 

2 50 Special Babies (r) (Teletext) (s) (8783529) 

320 rm News headlines (Teletext) (9605249) 

325 London Today (Teletext) (4450190) 

3 JO The BJddlers (4902635) 3»0 Wteadora (s) 

(16200681350 Astro Farm (Teletext) (s) (1715180) 
4 j 00 Live with the Goggles (Teletext) (s) 
(8330635) 4J25 CrazyHowBadAttack (Teletext) (S) 
(913334515.00 Bade with the Goggles (Teletext) 
(s) (9647338) 

5.10 After 5 with Caron Keating (Teletext) (1851093) 
&4Q TIN Early Evening News (Teletext) (479819) 

E55 Your Shout Viewers’ opinions (205797) 

6JXJ Home and Away (r) (Teletext) (548) 

630 London TonlgM (Teletext) (600) 

7j 00 Emmerdale Rachel stands her ground against the 
Tates. (Teletext) (8161) 

7 JO The Big Story. Dermot Mumaghan investigates 
teenage fwl vegetarians (s) (884) 

8J00TheBBI: Mugs. Ke»ie and Jarvis find themselves 
protecting a knovwi swindler from the crowd he has 
duped. With Andrea Mason and Stephen Beckett 
(Teletext) (4109) 


CHANNEL 4 


&35am Heethdtff (6668722) 

7to The Big Breakfast (66682) 

9to Sabotage. With Maria McErlane (r) (20513) 

9 to Schools: Middle English (6945987) 9 j 45 The Maths 
Programme (9823093) 10.05 Scientific Eye 

(3023161) lOto Geographical Eye (2852616) 
10.45 Le Petit Monde de Pierre (1185155) lito 
Time Capsule (5231068) lito Changing Wales 
(3566242) 11AO Spanish (3258258) 

12to House to House. Parfcamentary reports (13277) 
12topm Sesame Street. Eariy learning series (82548) 

1 to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (r) (s) (47623068) 
1.55 Horsey Mall (bto)- Short about a floating postal 
seivic* in Norfolk (91455971) 

2to FILM: The Mortal Storm (1940. b/w). With Frank 
Morgan. James Stewart and Margaret Suilavan. 
Directed by Frank Borage (802722) 

4.00 Think Tank. Qua (s) (513) 

4to Fifteen to One Quiz (Teletext) (s) (797) 

5.00 Ridd Lake (Teletext) (s) (1986906) 

5A5 Terrytoons. Mighty Heroes (469432) 

6to Home improvement (Teletext) (S) (890) 

KtoNew Gamesmaster Video and computer games 
magazine (s) (242) 

7.00 Channel 4 News (T edetexl) (645093) 

7to The Slot Viewers' soapbox (s) (194797) 
StoGInune Health: ARve and Kicking. The last 
programme in the senes to mark Breast Cancer 
Awareness month reports on a year-in-the-We of Dr 
Alison McCartney. 44, who was diagnosed as 
having secondary breast cancer (s) (5451) 



rock’n'roll weekender in Norfolk attended by 2,000 
feDow 19505 freaks. As the day approaches, nerves and 
tensions set in. Fiona is afraid mat nobody will dap. 
But she takes courage. After alL they are on stage for 
qdJv 20 minutes. Amanda Mean's film is an 
endearing, well-observed tribute to eccentricity. As 
Paul says: 'The way l do it, the Sixties will never 
come." Let alone the Eighties or the Nineties. 

Jake’s Progress 
Channel 4,10.00pm 

Jake’s Progress is a reminder of how good an actress 
Julie Walters is. Playing the mother of a child who 
hates her and the wife of a feckless husband, she needs 
anger and she ddiveis it Jake, the boy-monster, 
meanwhile, continues to disturb. It is hard to 
remember anybody quite like him outside die honor 
film, and Jake’s Progress is not that. As with GBJi.. 
Bleasdale’s last epiclbr Channel 4, you feel there is a 
danger of material being stretched too thin. But you 
haw to admit to being intrigued. The unexplained 
murder at the beginning of tonight’s episode must 
surely crop up again and you cannot believe that 
Lindsay Duncan is there just to play what so fer looks 
like an an irrelevant cameo. Peter Waymark 


Lumley, Waterman and friend (8topm) 

ato Class Ad Last ol the caper-crime series. 
Somebody wants rock legend Edtfie Saxe dead. 
Kate, Jack and Gloria get stars in their eyes trying to 
protect him. With Joanna Lumley and Dennis 
Waterman. (Teletext) (s) (13906) 

930 Police, Camera, Action! HeScops. Looks at air 
support helicopters using thermal imaging cameras 
to chase criminals across open countryside In the 
dark (s) (44635) 

IQto Nows at Ten (Teletext) (16384) 

IQto London Tonight (Teletext) (953906) 

10.40 Look Who’s Talking wfth Marietta Frostrup: Sir 
Terence Conran (s) (673797) 

11.10 Big City (s) (327567) lito Bagdad Cafe (s) 
(856819) 12.15am Proffie (s) (4208198) 

1Z25 War of the Worids(Teie»a*) (275055 6) 
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2-15 The Beat (r) (s) (9801223) 

3.10 The Album Show (r) (s) (8256759) 

4-00 Harvey Shine Presents (44245488) 

4.10 The Little Picture Show (r) (8341049) 

5.00 Vanessa (r) (Teletext) (s) (11556) 

5to ITN Homing News (88310). Ends at 6.00 


SATELLITE 


Fiona Cuteftaw aka Bed Peters (BtopmJ 

8- 30 fftsaariH Short Stories; Hockin' Back the 
( a sSS Clock (S) (1258) 

9to Ctnefile: Dark and Deadly. In the 1940s and 1950s 
the Wm noir genre was at its height, wfth Hollywood 
films epitomising the Cold War atmosphere of doom 
andgtoom (s) (1722) 

lOtoEHgSSB! Jake's Progress. Second episode of a 
ffisaSHS six-part senes by Alan Bteasdale. 
(Teletext) (s) (9807068) 

lito The Pretenders Uve from the isle of View. 

Recorded over two days in May tins year, the band 
Is joined by the Duka String Quartet and the 
percussionist Mark "WBf' Smith. Damon Albam, of 
Blur, duets with Chrissle Hynde on the Kinks' l Go to 
Sleep (s) (450884) 

12toam NBA Uve: The McDonald’s Championship. 

Highlights from the first day's basketball action at 
the Docklands Arena in east London. Buckler 
Bologna v Maccabi Tei Aviv; Real Madrid v Sheffield 
Sharks (2465469) 

12L55 Dispatches (r) (7002339) 

1 toJTLM: Red Planet Mars (1952). Absurd sra-fl yam. 
with anti-communisr intentions. God is in his 
heaven, which turns out to be Mars; once alerted. 
Russia's oppressed masses turn to religion. Witfi 
PetBf Graves. Harry HomBT dkeas (511551) 

3to An Eye on the Music. Contemporary music from 
Ireland (s) (2810407). Ends at 4.15 , 


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SKY MOVIES 

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630 Adventures In WondMsnd (2475852^ 
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(23674513) 630 Chip 'rf Date (853457B7) 
530 Dgnger BW (23881083) 630 Tazsn 
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FLM. UOe Spies (69488161) 900-1030 
Eneertatemart Spatial (21602364) 

TOE MOVIE CHANNEL 

. 63QPB TaczWs RwenQO (1838) (54426) 
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(31567) 1230 Lott b Alaska (1953(19068) 
8308teatWWo«f1954H30«e)430TbB 

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330 WM Naff (8180) 630 ATkriSte 
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Back to the Ha«t (1983) (58302703) 945 
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In lto HtoB (B599141 3.15 Ths itoMonf 
(1971$ (53213843) 

• For non ten htonnttlnn , tea the 
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7030 GoH - Airtd Out* Cup - Lto 



630 Spaa Centre (8890) a» VMd.d 
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(5#s?5& 7to Spans Cartrt (47183^ aeo 
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P0»7) 1130 Trane World Sport C0«51) 
ia30amOtt—AXrart DaM Cbp (B9t 88) 
231M30 Sports Centre (28448) . ' 

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230 lto TerriB (3847277) 730 Nans 
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530 Maud 1 to Wcrtc' P&42277) 630 
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lem 17062150730Getanw 0456420 830 
Around 8a Worid (1227060 830 Glide 
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pendart Travetes (4972345) 1030 Spats 


Vacatens (4409108) 1130 Gfoteuotter 
(4820109) 1130-1230 American Adventur¬ 
er (4406242) 

TLC _ 

930am Room Serves (7033109) 030 
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Lite (1680613) 1030 the Genanfflcn Game 
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amply Dtrfetoue (9512567) 130pm Room 
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UK GOLD _ 

730am Narnia £419426) 730 Neighbours 
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The B* (7811819) 230- The SlMvare 
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(69141839) 53B Every Second CotrtS 
(4822242) £45 Am You Seng Served? 
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A Cary On! <85213451 930 Under 
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sport (51873426) 1130 Lemy Henry 
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1235 FILM: Honor Hospta)(7825C85) 230* 
330 Stoppvip (49150961) 

TOE CHILDREN’S CHANNEL 

630am Casper (38451) 730 Pink Partter 
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230Medaine (3871)330Sonic (1884) 3-30 
Prit Farther (88169 430 CaHoma Dreans 
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NICKELODEON _ 

730am BrtSnk (9260548)735 Hero Turtles 
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North Wind (75*8) 430 Hero Tries (3155) 


430 RugraB (5567) 530 Claresa (0613) 
530 Global Cute (6819) 630 Dcog (6432) 
630-730 Duckute (4884) 

DISCOVERY _ 

430pm Nanus Which (771*87)430Lrf& m 
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BRAVO _-_ 

1230 HIM: The SHne People (3107256) 
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(1151987) 730 Roan Hood (7836420 MM 
Spare.IBS) (1051*26) 030 The Prattler 
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(5861987). 

UK LIVING _ 

630am Agooy How (9488797) 730 LMng 
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I 


48 

BASKETBALL42 


NBA DEMANDS THAT 
CLUBS KEEP 
THE NOISE DOWN 


SPORT 


GOLF 44 

NORMAN STAYS GftLM 
AT CENTRE OF 
ST ANDREWS’ STORM 







Outside pressures take heavy toll as German slumpsto 


Graf succumbs 


to greatest 
humiliation 


By Stuart Jones, tennis correspondent 


STEFFI GRAF came to Brigh¬ 
ton, a quiet backwater of a 
women’s tournament, to es¬ 
cape from a relentless hound¬ 
ing from the German media- 
She described the visit to the 
south coast as “a little hob- 
day'’. It ended yesterday with 
the biggest humiliation of her 
career. 

Unrecognisable from the 
woman who had collected the 
championships at the French 
Open, Wimbledon and US 
Open, where she last played 
six weeks ago, she was 
knocked out by an undis¬ 
tinguished. though talented, 
qualifier. The ignominy was 
inflicted by Mariaan de 
SwardL a burly and bespecta¬ 
cled 24 -year-old from South 
Africa. . 

Not since she was beaten in 
the same indoor arena by Jo 
Durie a decade ago has Graf 
yielded to an opponent ranked 
outside the world’s top 50. She 
was then aged 16. two years 
away from claiming her first 
grand slam tournament and 
three years before she became 
officially rated as the best 
player in the world. 

Graf had since suffered a 
mere 16 losses and a curiously 


two months, Graf has become 
increasingly embroiled in the 
case concerning the alleged 
tax evasion of her father, who 
is being held in a remand 
prison in Germany and whom 
she has been allowed to see 

only onoe. . _ 

Either directly or indirectly, 
she has been mentioned virtu¬ 
ally daily on the front pages of 
German newspapers. Thar 
representatives pursued her to 
Brighton, which she had 
imagined might be a safe, 
albeit temporary, haven dur¬ 
ing a period she confessed has 

been die unhappiest of her “ft 
She did not hide behind 
excuses, even though she 
played as poorly as anyone 
could remember. Instead, she 
paid a dignified and startling¬ 
ly generous tribute to de 
Swardt as she faced a phalanx 
of interrogators, gathered m 

__v ..mtluwp mr 


yielded to an opponent ranked mprecedwt^ numhcrs for 

■ he I S c £S t 


Symmetrical ring surrounds 
the two imposed this year. The 


lights, cameras, reaction. 
For a set and a half, that was 
the best any woman has ever 
played against me." she de¬ 
clared. Better, that is. man 
Martina Navratilova, Chris 
Evert, Tracy Austin, Monica 
Seles, Arantxa Stinchez 


Uiw lt*v imwk*—--* _____ 

other, at the Canadian Open 
in Toronto, was also at the 
hands of a South African, 
Amanda Coetzer. and also m 
the second round after Graf 
had received a bye. 

This time, indisputably. 

there were cruelly extenuating 
circumstances. For the last 


f^nx^MOramwTsfHoBlWKMateeva 

(BuQ 7-6, 6-1; K Nww* Prf) 


_ _ _ j ttJKandwr 

SecoodrounctMtfaSwaitStSAJblSU^ 


I 

5 

E 





0 


Baa 




40 Wr* in assw aauwu 
BRITISH MIDLAND 



Vicario or Conchita Martinez. 

“I couldn't do any more than l 
dkL I didn’t think that I was 
going to lose, but I knewthatit 
might happen. There is noth¬ 
ing that I can blame tt on. » 
practised more than enough 
and I didn't feel nervous on 
court." In that case, appear¬ 
ances were deceptive. 

She averaged more than a 
double fault throughout the 
first set conceded seven 
successive games and was 
heading towards a calamitous 
defeat in straight sets within 
an hour. She was full of me 
hesitation, doubt and diffi¬ 
dence that she habitually 
instils in her opponents. 

On the point of falling 0-4 
down in the second set she 
rallied to take six successive 
games, but yielded six of me 

next seven to go out 6-2.4-6,6-1 

in an hour and a half. Her run 
of 30 successive wins at Brigh¬ 
ton, including six titles, was 
brought to a swift conclusion. 

She was asked what she 
might do now to relax. "Relax? 

I don’t know about that” she 
replied. She intends to com¬ 
pete in Philadelphia and New 
York, dismissing the possibili¬ 
ty of playing in Oakland as 
wdL She disclosed that she is 
physically incapable of taking 
SSStSSS part in three consecutive 
^events. Her future, already in 
doubt because of a persistent 
and chronic bade complaint, 
will continue to be the subject 
of speculation for as long as 
her father faces the tbreat of 
long-term incarceration. 

De Swardt packs a heavy 

punch, once hitting an ace on a 

second serve with the use of 
the shoulder that required 
surgery last year. Her fifffi 
win of the week, which wiU 
appreciably improve her 
present ranking of No 54, took 

her into the last eight 
As the top half of the draw 

lost the top seed, so the bottom 
half lost the No 2 seed. Jana 
Novotna, complaining of in¬ 
fluenza, conceded the last ten 
games to go out to Miriam 
Oremans. 64, 6-0-The curtain 
seems to have fallen prema¬ 
turely on the last tournament 
at Brighton, which doses on 
Sunday. 



England 
trail in 

cricket’s 

mind-game 

stakes 






By Simon Wm* 


SOUTH Africa and 

wfil break new g round this 

winter not only by contesting 

flie &st TestJrtwan 
die countries smee 1965, wn 
also in the extent to winch the. 
cricket wifi be fought on the 
batflefieMs ofmind and body. 

At Heathrow ye stggg^g 

.the England 

■ e _«a. A th jQU&D" 



■ a-. -w 


managers, —. —_ 
managers. physiotherapists, 
doctors andspecialist coaches. ■ 

Only tfhen tfay were shep¬ 
herded together farpboto- 
graphs, was it P 083 ®#® 
Iscfftaintiiat there were 16 of 

the famrer and six of ti« fatten 

Bob Woohner, fae South 
Africa coach, has assembted 
even 




.•#£ 
,,, • s«*aal 

l'j»WWSJL- 
v . .-*-A*0 




to bill 


dretirianT not to ““rf** 1 * 
battstom of jelly babies for 

tpitiTt waial support-There was 

_ »ilwm nlnwrli tinned UD 


pnri played, ffot.my mb®* 
Woohner was camplnneu- 
taiy yesterday about,™*' t* 5 ®? 1 
that Michael Atherton, the 

Eiigland captairu brings, catt¬ 
ing ft “srtfled am* restnWrf"- 
tt is South Africa, though.’who 
fire Test series with the 
advantage. They have won 

tireir past five Tests and have 

fn-Wootaher perhaps foe most 
mTKi v«tive coach in the wonn. 

. “He has revolutionised top- 
level cricket here," -Hansre 
Crane, the n&tiomdcaptam. 
said. "We flunk, talk and play 

the game difierenfly now." ^ 
Woohner himself vows the 
changes will continue and is 
not only preparing for foe 
England tour^bul also me 

So^SraSfest.Test series 
with iWest .todies in three 
yearsf time. ;*fNo coach, cap¬ 
tain or player c an say . fitey 
have achieved everytiring mini 
they have beaten tireWindies. 

Tliey came to Sooth Africa m 

199M9 and I hope Fm still 

around for tiie challenge-" 

• Woohner has a better 
dunce tinm Raymond I^ig- 
worth, his England counter- 
rart, of being around mm. 


;Euro 

tag on 
Heines 






L - : r 


i*. •- 


'..I 

- ****** 

'.•**»"***;' 
-Mttr. --pm 

*■ . 'ffi**-- -f 

-V *«£-•* 

• %*try*:!: 

: AM’*!, i 




part, onmiK 
EBmgworth* contract is up for 

renewal next siaing and wen 

. - _■_■ - HnM 


be, a -reluctant tourist, does 
not know 'what will happen 
after that 




answers afterber extraordinary defeat 

How Red Rum bulldozed his 
wav into National history 

*/ ____—---—- den into the groa 


• Photograph, page 24 
Warm welcome, page 4S 
Medical advice, page 46 


p- 

ifi 

Jt 

'iM'i# 

s< 

«'v-: iiKpSyr'is 

' 

r* -*■■■&■'■& 
;rc : * 
'• h?- T ~ jfrit riXif : 

^.—*1 i 

■>.. j : t< 


ACROSS 

I Idle slob (5.6} 

8 Chief Ring god (Wogneri (5) 

9 Friiu-aritmal institution (7] 

10 Called: ladder step (4) 

II Extinct reptile, some huge 
( 8 ) 

13 Trinket (6) 

14 Give power ttx push for¬ 
ward (6) 

17 Assumed but unspoken (8) 
19 Brewers' mix; pulverise (eg 
potatoes) (4) 

22 Take advantage of; daring 

feat (7) 

23 (Spoken) out (5) 

24 Coins, not notes (5,6) 


DOWN . r- . 

1 Cringe m fear (5) 

2 Until this moment (2.2.3) 

3 (Picture) jxit up: (jury) split 

(4) 

4 Flower, bee. fly. monkey 
versions (6) 

5 On which quadruped goes 
(33) 

6 Last Greek letter (5) 

7 Car fuel (6) 

12 Province, Winnipeg its capi¬ 
tal (8) 

13 Peter Britten’s fisherman (6) 

15 Mil. imii under lieutenant (7) 

16 Firearm; crony of Fals«ff(6) 

18 Samud—.diarist(5) 

20 Row of boundary shrubs (5) 

21 Reheated dish: a mess (4) 


'tfS'l 


THE WINNER will receive a return bdiet = 

BritishMMand 


Post your entry to Times Two Crwsword PO^*6^^ndo 
E21 SSPtear** by next Monday. The wuroenT names am 

solution will appear on Wednesday. 


Name/Address.. 


m oNTONo.«B .aaane lOUnckTom 

msc 7 Tread 12 Ecstatic WNoentty lSKiwen wiw* 
mT 19 Pair 


T he wind blew all Fri¬ 
day night and on Sat¬ 
urday morning the 
blustery sky was clear. In 
Birkdale Road, Southport, 

Red Rum fiexed his m uscles 
as he was led from his box 

and, like any athlete tuned to 

his peak, was invigorated by 
the keen air and wanned by 
the rays of the sun. 

The old turf at Aintree is 
extraordinary. As it poured 
with rain on Thursday, ute 
hopes of Red Rum* support¬ 
ers had sunk to their lowest 
ebb. At the start of Friday* 

raring, thirty had started to 
improve as John Burke, the 
rider of the first winner, 
Samuel Pepys, reported that 
the going was good. But soon 
afterwards, the heavens 

opened and everything again 
seemed lost 

But as 1 walked the course 
before the first race on Satur¬ 
day, the quick draining prop¬ 
erties of the Aintree ground 
and the drying conditions 
had done iheir work. In the 
Sun Ratings Steeplechase. 
Skymas, twice the two-mile 
champion steeplechaser and 
given a superb ride by Mouse 
Maris, shattered the track 
record when finishing like s 
tiger to catch Santm Brig 
dose to home. 

In the Templegate Hurdle, 
tire champion. Night Nurse, 

after surviving a tad blunder 

at the third-last, gave the 
51.000 crowd the thrill of a 
lifetime when forcmga dead 
heat with Monksfidd m 
another fast time. And so the 

scene was set and, for the first 

time this week, the incredible 
s ure*cs for Red Rum seemed 
on the cards. 

Just under an hour later, it 

was all over. Among scenes 
of unparalleled enthusiasm, 


------ den into the ground as two- 

_ . year-olds do not come tack to 

OnAoril 2 1977Red Rum won his third tmdi^t Grand ^ three Grand Nationals 
National The Times carried this report by Michael Seely. M wdl as being placed 



T*. 


• •• 


t ; ~ 
f T„. 


Red Ram had won his third 
Grand National. Hard-head¬ 
ed raring regulars were 
streaming from the stands. 
clatprf to a pitch of unbeliev¬ 
able enthusiasm. The large 
bowler-hatted figure of Lord 
Grimthorpe. with tears 
streaming down his cheeks, 

was hugging an equally emo¬ 
tional Mrs. Stack. 

Even Tommy Stack him¬ 
self , as cool a cat as ever left 
Co. Kilkenny, was furtively 
dabbing his eyes as he rode 
in triumph back to the unsad¬ 


dling enclosure. Ron Pollard, 
a director of Ladbrokes, add¬ 
ed a further bizarre touch to 

the scene by bursting into die 

press room, his eyes wud 

with excitement, shouti ng- 
“We’ve lost a quarter of 
tnflfion and I simply don’t 

rare." 

The feelings evoked by Red 
Rum are a sense of nation¬ 
wide identification with this 
remarkable survivor of 10 
seasons of arduous cam¬ 
paigning. Red Rum is 
uriqut Horses that are nd- 


second in two other runs. 

This' was the recurrent 
t h*™* of Stack* narrative 
after the race. Paul Cook. 
Geoff Lewis and Ieste 1 
Piggott are but three of the 
jockeys who subjected Red 
Rum to hard races an The 
Flat *Ta as guflty as any¬ 
one'’. Stack said with an air 
of wonderment inTns 'voice. 
“Many* the time in t he past 
that I’ve slogged him unmer- 
rifuR y around Catteridc." 

Red Rum* tough l ife has 
served only as the perfect 
: preparation for turning him. 

mto an Aintree specialist. It is 

, -_^ u U > .«m»rvatim 


four mainframe has gone to meet its 
rnaker-Nowy^ 

cSenriservtfareKtecture. dftribufed 
processrig - diH k vvhatyovlike/ ■ 


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But ncw.thert are 300 buddfeg FT 
Directors on die neotroric doing 

their own tfwn&vvreakkighavpc. 


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attiwl to an unusual mteui- 
gence as much as Ms cote- 
age. that has made Red Rum : 
a canny, watchful horse who 

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HewfemPackanfs OpenVfew b a sufce 
of took that wbric as your eyes and 

ears on the neovorit OpenVTewon 


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enormous 

stride. . « 

“He sees them as a diaB- 
eogerv. Stadc said. "We: 
weren't going to o wril as we 
set out mto the country the 
last tfrne round. But tire 

rooment we reached the next 

fence. Red Rum had forgot¬ 
ten about his gaDopmg and 
was omcentrating only in 
avending trouUe amd get ting - 
over the jumps." 

Jeff on What ABuck. 

ouiifi r m edtf. "At one tim e, a. 
horse ran straight 


bottlene ck s aid fix faults , vvtiars 

rnore,tekx3ksa^midtipteptaforros 
kKkK^UNDCsystemsand personal 
■ computer networks. 


' View Open Weir at a. MorseData 
-Technotogy: Briefing. And prerent 
■^yoor “Open" dream becOTrangyotir 
' worst n^mrare. 


down the fence in front of- 
There was no way that 
theycould have surviveikbut 
fluey , did." And so,, like a 
wary, inexorable tank. Red.. 
Bum bulldozed bos way-info' 
hismiy. 


Tommy Stack and Red Rum» 

on April 2.1977. Photograph: Stewart Rascr 


Smon Barnes, page 1 
National bera. page 45 










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